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Usage statistics for the noun process:

spoken English23.68%written English76.32% conversational speech5.84%task-oriented speech94.16% imaginative writing7.51%informational writing92.49%
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The word process and its family (processed, processes, processing) are included in the Academic Word List by Dr. Averil Coxhead, which contains the 570 most frequent word families used in academic texts from a variety of subject areas, of interest for students that learn the words most needed to study at tertiary institutions.

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Definition of the noun process

What does process mean as a name of something?

Process is one of the top 1000 most common nouns. It is used mostly in informational writing, being one of the top 100 most common nouns in informational written English.View more statistics!

noun - plural: processes

  1. a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
  2. (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents
  3. a writ issued by authority of law; usually compels the defendant's attendance in a civil suit; failure to appear results in a default judgment against the defendant
    • domain: jurisprudence / law
    • lexical domain: Communicative Processes - nouns denoting communicative processes and contents
    • synonym of process: summons
    • more generic terms: judicial writ / writ = a legal document issued by a court or judicial officer
    • more specific terms:
      • citation = a summons that commands the appearance of a party at a proceeding
      • process of monition / monition = a summons issued after the filing of a libel or claim directing all parties concerned to show cause why the judgment asked for should not be granted
      • ticket = a summons issued to an offender
  4. a mental process that you are not directly aware of
  5. a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant
    • example: a bony process
    • lexical domain: Body Parts - nouns denoting body parts
    • synonyms of process: appendage / outgrowth
    • more generic term: body part = any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity
    • more specific terms:
      • horn = one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulates
      • horn = any hard protuberance from the head of an organism that is similar to or suggestive of a horn
      • crest = a showy growth of e.g. feathers or skin on the head of a bird or other animal
      • pseudopodium / pseudopod = temporary outgrowth used by some microorganisms as an organ of feeding or locomotion
      • flagellum = a lash-like appendage used for locomotion
      • hair = a filamentous projection or process on an organism
      • cirrus = a slender flexible animal appendage as on barnacles or crinoids or many insects
      • spine = a sharp rigid animal process or appendage
      • aculea = small spiny outgrowth on the wings of certain insects
      • style = a slender bristlelike or tubular process
      • villus = a minute hairlike projection on mucous membrane
      • tail = the posterior part of the body of a vertebrate especially when elongated and extending beyond the trunk or main part of the body
      • fetlock = projection behind and above a horse's hoof
      • tentacle = any of various elongated tactile or prehensile flexible organs that occur on the head or near the mouth in many animals
      • arista = bristlelike process near the tip of the antenna of certain flies
      • acromial process / acromion = the outermost point of the spine of the shoulder blade
      • ala = a flat wing-shaped process or winglike part of an organism
      • alveolar arch = the part of the upper or lower jawbones in which the teeth are set
      • alveolar process / alveolar ridge / gum ridge = a ridge that forms the borders of the upper and lower jaws and contains the sockets of the teeth
      • acrosome = a process at the anterior end of a sperm cell that produces enzymes to facilitate penetration of the egg
      • caruncula / caruncle = an outgrowth on a plant or animal such as a fowl's wattle or a protuberance near the hilum of certain seeds
      • condyle = a round bump on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone
      • processus coronoideus / coronoid process = a sharp triangular process projecting from a bone
      • epicondyle = a projection on a bone above a condyle serving for the attachment of muscles and ligaments
      • fimbria = thin projections forming a fringe
      • apophysis = a natural outgrowth or projection on an organ or body part such as the process of a vertebra
      • spiculum / spicule = small pointed structure serving as a skeletal element in various marine and freshwater invertebrates e.g. sponges and corals
      • osteophyte = small abnormal bony outgrowth
      • papilla = a small projection of tissue at the base of a hair or tooth or feather
      • papilla = a small nipple-shaped protuberance concerned with taste, touch, or smell
      • vermiform appendix / vermiform process / cecal appendage / appendix = a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch
      • mastoid process / mastoid bone / mastoidal / mastoid = process of the temporal bone behind the ear at the base of the skull
      • styloid process = extends from the base of the temporal bone
      • pterygoid process = two bony processes descending from the body of the sphenoid bone
      • tuberosity / eminence / tubercle = a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament
      • zygomatic process = a slender process of the temporal bone that strengthens the zygomatic arch
      • trochanter = one of the bony prominences developed near the upper extremity of the femur to which muscles are attached
      • transverse process = one of two processes that extend from each vertebra and provide the point of articulation for the ribs
      • odontoid process = a toothlike process at the back of 2nd vertebra of the neck
      • metaphysis = the growing part of a long bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis
      • olecranon process / olecranon = process of the ulna that forms the outer bump of the elbow and fits into the fossa of the humerus when the arm is extended
      • ridge = any long raised border or margin of a bone or tooth or membrane
      • excrescence = an abnormal outgrowth or enlargement of some part of the body
      • papilla = a tiny outgrowth on the surface of a petal or leaf
      • plant process / enation = a natural projection or outgrowth from a plant body or organ
  6. a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states
    • examples: events now in process | the process of calcification begins later for boys than for girls
    • lexical domain: Tops - unique beginner for nouns
    • synonym of process: physical process
    • more generic term: physical entity = an entity that has physical existence
    • more specific terms:

Alternative definition of the noun process


  1. A series of events to produce a result, especially as contrasted to product.
  2. [legal] The act of serving a defendant with a summons or a writ.
  3. [biology] An outgrowth of tissue or cell.
  4. [computing] A task or program that is or was executing.
  5. [manufacturing] A set of procedures used to produce a product, most commonly in the food and chemical industries.
  6. A path of succession of states through which a system passes.

Specialised definition of the noun process

Glossary of management / IT service management / security management

a series of actions or operations designed to achieve an end

Glossary of management / IT service management / service support

A connected series of actions, activities, Changes etc. performed by agents with the intent of satisfying a purpose or achieving goal.

Definition of the verb process

What does process mean as a doing word?

Process is one of the top 1000 most common verbs in the English language.View more statistics!

verb - inflections: processed | processing | processes

  1. subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
  2. deal with in a routine way
    • examples: process a loan | process the applicants
    • lexical domain: Activities - verbs of political and social activities and events
    • more generic words: care / deal / handle / manage = be in charge of, act on, or dispose of
  3. perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information
    • example: The results of the elections were still being processed when he gave his acceptance speech
    • lexical domain: Cognition - verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting
    • more generic terms: calculate / cipher / compute / cypher / figure / reckon / work out = make a mathematical calculation or computation
  4. institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against
    • example: He was warned that the district attorney would process him
    • lexical domain: Activities - verbs of political and social activities and events
    • synonyms of process: action / litigate / sue
    • more generic word: challenge = issue a challenge to
    • more specific word: expedite = process fast and efficiently
  5. march in a procession
    • examples: They processed into the dining room | The children process to the playground
    • lexical domain: Motions - verbs of walking, flying, swimming
    • synonym of process: march
    • more generic word: walk = use one's feet to advance
    • more specific terms:
  6. shape, form, or improve a material
  7. deliver a warrant or summons to someone
    • example: He was processed by the sheriff
    • lexical domain: Contact - verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging
    • synonyms of process: serve / swear out
    • more generic word: deliver = bring to a destination, make a delivery
    • more specific words:
      • subpoena = serve or summon with a subpoena
      • rinse / wash = clean with some chemical process

Alternative definition of the verb process


  1. [transitive] To perform a particular process.
  2. [transitive] To treat with a substance
  3. To walk in a procession.


  1. "Process" is a musical album of Dream.
    • released on (13 years ago)
  2. "Process" is the soundtrack album by Welsh multi-instrumentalist and composer John Cale. It was released in August 2005 on French independent label Syntax Records. It was produced, composed and performed by John Cale. It is the original music score for C.S. Leigh's film Process. It was primarily released on CD and three tracks from album was also released on limited 10" vinyl album.
    • also known as Process Soundtrack
    • genre: Classical music
    • released on (10 years ago)
  3. "Process" is Candy Lo's 12th album overall and her 2nd mini-album since Bat Seui Yiu...Yun Mei Dak Ho Pa.
  4. "Process" is a cataloged instance, composition.
  5. "Process" is a musical EP of Olivier Elfezzani & Thierry Elfezzani.
    • released in (9 years ago)
  6. "Process" is a musical album of AADF.
    • released on (4 years ago)
  7. "Process" is a musical EP of Beppu.
    • released in (6 years ago)
  8. "Process" is a composition.
  9. "Process" a.k.a. "_process" is a musical album of Jarboe.
    • released in (11 years ago)
  10. "Process" is a musical single of Elegant Machinery.
    • released in (24 years ago)
  11. "Process" is a musical single of Ring.
    • released on (17 years ago)
  12. "Process" is a composition.
  13. "Process" is a composition.


"Process" is a written work, published work, work of fiction, short story.


  1. "Process" is a 2005 film directed by C.S. Leigh.
  2. "Process" is a 2013 short film directed by Brecht Van't Hof.


"Process" is a video game.

  • developer: TrainYard
  • genre: Adventure game
  • publisher: TrainYard
  • released on (4 years ago)


  1. Process: In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed. It contains the program code and its current activity.
    • also known as Procesas, 行程
  2. Process: In anatomy, a process, or apophysis, is a projection or outgrowth of tissue from a larger body. For instance, in a vertebra, a process may serve for muscle attachment and leverage, or to fit, with another vertebra.
    • also known as Apophyse
  3. Process: In engineering a process is a set of interrelated tasks that, together, transform inputs into outputs. These tasks may be carried out by people, nature, or machines using resources; so an engineering process must be considered in the context of the agents carrying out the tasks, and the resource attributes involved. Systems Engineering normative documents and those related to Maturity Models are typically based on processes. For example, System Engineering processes of the EIA-632 and processes involved in the Capability Maturity Model Integration institutionalization and improvement approach. Constraints imposed on the tasks and resources required to implement them are essential for executing the tasks mentioned.
  4. The process of science is the scientific method. This is the process of constructing an accurate, reliable, repeatable model of the real world, by scientists collectively working towards this goal over time.
  5. Process is non-linear editing photography software designed for iOS devices. Released in December 2011, Process can import, edit, and share digital photos, and perform non-destructive editing using hardware acceleration.
  6. The process that this tool is used in.
  7. The process which this actor uses the tools to carry out.

Phrases with Process

Phrases starting with the word Process:

  1. Process art
  2. Process Oil
  3. Process Color

Phrases ending with the word Process:

  1. R-process
  2. S-process
  3. to process
  4. due process
  5. body process
  6. Soda Process
  7. Batch Process
  8. haber process
  9. human process
  10. Libeb Process
  11. peace process
  12. plant process
  13. benday process
  14. bodily process
  15. carbon process
  16. markov process
  17. mental process

View more phrases with the word Process in thesaurus!

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Process

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewThe Rise and Decline of Irish Industries (1884)

by Joseph Aldrich Bermingham

The third process is the drying. This is carried on in a room where the wool is spread on wire sheets and exposed to currents of hot air, which are produced hy revolving fans. The fourth process is the mixing and oiling, which is a preparatory ...

Google previewCommunity Health Nursing

INTRODUCTION “Nursing process is an orderly, systematic manner of determining the patients, problems, making plans to solve them, initiating the plan or...

"The nursing process is a method for organising and delivering nursing care to understand its functions, components and interactions, the nurse should ... The nursing process is the method by which this framework is applied to practise nursing.

Google previewLévy Processes and Their Applications in Reliability and Storage (2013)

by Mohamed Abdel-Hameed

the log-run average cost for PMλ,τ policy in a finite dam, when the input process is a compound Poisson process, with a negative drift term, is treated. In [ 6], the author treats the case where the water input is a compound Poisson process ...

Google previewMedical Terminology & Anatomy for ICD-10 Coding (2014)

by Betsy J. Shiland

The zygomatic process is the section of the frontal bone that extends toward...

The styloid process is a thin, pointed projection at the base of the temporal bone that serves as a point of attachment for ligaments and muscles. Ethmoid bone: ...

Google previewPractical Auditing Techniques for ISO/TS-16949 (2003)

by Raymond Ness

There have been too many instances where the auditee believes that the auditing process is a punitive one. This is definitely not the case. The audit process is an objective learning process where the auditee knows of the strengths and ...

Google previewDiffusion of Innovations, 4th Edition (2010)

by Everett M. Rogers

The innovation-decision process is the process through which an individual (or other decision-making unit) passes from first knowledge of an innovation to forming an attitude toward the innovation, to a decision to adopt or reject, ...

Google previewThermodynamics of Natural Systems (2009)

by G. M. Anderson

The difference between a quasi-static and a reversible process is that the reversible process refers to a series of stable equilibrium states, while the quasi- static process is a series of metastable equilibrium states. After every step of a reversible ...

Google previewContinuous Processing in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing (2014)

by Ganapathy Subramanian

also the MCSGP process is the optimal choice. If only relatively small amounts of ...

Google previewFuture Information Engineering and Manufacturing Science (2015)

Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Future Information Engineering and Manufacturing Science (FIEMS 2014), June 26-27, 2014, Beijing, China by Dawei Zheng

A software process is a set of activities, methods, practices, and transformations that people use to develop and maintain software and associated products ( project plans, design documents, code, test cases, user manuals, and so on) [1].

Google previewSystems Biology and Bioinformatics (2009)

A Computational Approach by Kayvan Najarian, Siamak Najarian, Shahriar Gharibzadeh, Christopher N. Eichelberger

Since a stochastic process is a more general formulation of a probabilistic process (due to time dependency), in the formulations below of probabilistic systems, we focus on stochastic...

Google previewTechniques and Concepts of High Energy Physics X (1999)

by Thomas Ferbel

The paradigm process is the investigation of the short-distance structure of hadrons using virtual electroweak gauge boson probes...

The importance of this process is that it allows a detailed study of how quarks 'shower' into 61 T. Ferbel ( ed.).

Google previewThe Standard-phonographic Dictionary (1862)

by Andrew Jackson Graham

Process [add]. (PI, Processes, Persea- las.) Procese of decomposition, Pers1- Dee:Peeseshon.

Google previewThe American and English Encyclopedia of Law (1896)

by John Houston Merrill, Thomas Johnson Michie, Charles Frederic Williams, David Shephard Garland

Abandoned process, 22, 533 Amendment of direction, 22, 532 As protected when acting ...

Google previewEncyclopaedia Britannica, Or a Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature (1810)

D, The cuneiform process of the occipital bone. E., The cruciform ridge.

Google previewEncyclopaedia Perthensis; or, Universal dictionary of Knowledge. [With] Supp (1816)

by Encyclopaedia Perthensis

From the cuneiform process of the ...

Google previewComprehensive Dictionary of Electrical Engineering (1999)

by Phillip A. Laplante

process window the model of uncertainty and the way of composition of the standard operations in the model. probabilistic neural network a term applied loosely to networks that exhibit some form of probabilistic behavior but also applied ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Quantitative Risk Analysis and Assessment (2008)

by Edward L. Melnick, Brian S. Everitt

This is similar to the Markov-modulated case except that the intensity is now modeled as a diffusion process or a diffusion with jumps. Moments and Overdispersion The assumption of independence between the intensity and the underlying ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Nursing Research, Third Edition (2011)

by Joyce J. Fitzpatrick, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN, Meredith Kazer, PhD, APRN, A/GNP-BC

Nearly all authors define the nursing process as a problem-solving process composed of the elements of assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Many a priori assumptions have been identified and studied concerning the ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Law and Higher Education (2009)

by Charles J. Russo

In Dixon, the Fifth Circuit held that the Fourteenth Amendment's right to due process extended to university students who were involved in disciplinary situations. Dixon involved a group of African American college students who were expelled ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for Process

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Usage statistics about process

The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English from the later part of the 20th century, both spoken and written.

Usage statistics for the noun process:

spoken English23.68%written English76.32% conversational speech5.84%task-oriented speech94.16% imaginative writing7.51%informational writing92.49%

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the noun process:


Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the verb process:


Photos about Process

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If you need related images for an article or a report, you can download stock photos:
Small photo of Natural Coffee ProcessSmall photo of Business Process Concept Shapes PaperSmall photo of Business process and workflow automation with flowchart, businessman in backgroundSmall photo of Businessman or engineer working on business process automation or algorithm with flowchart on computer screenSmall photo of Process flow analysis. Planned and real progress of the project scheduleSmall photo of Business process management and automation concept with icons of hiring workflow, document validation, information in connected gear cogs, businessman touching screenSmall photo of Businessman is standing in front of concrete wall with drawn arrows. Thinking about structuring business process and solutions. More...

Video language resources about Process

Click on an item to play that video:

View more videos about Due process, Plant Process, Mastoid Process, Xiphoid Process, Zygomatic process, Service of process, and Fischer-Tropsch process.

See also the pronunciation examples of Process!

Quotes about Process

Life is a process. We are a process. The universe is a process. (Anne Wilson Schaef)
more quotes about process...

Scrabble value of P3R1O1C3E1S1S1

The value of this 7-letter word is 11 points. It is included in the first and second editions of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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