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Pyocyanase

Definition of the noun pyocyanase

What does pyocyanase mean as a name of something?

noun - plural: -

  1. a yellow-green mixture of antibiotics obtained from the bacillus of green pus
    • lexical domain: Artifacts - nouns denoting man-made objects
    • more generic terms: antibiotic / antibiotic drug = a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections

Explanation

Pyocyanase was the first antibiotic drug to be used in hospitals. It is no longer used today. Rudolph Emmerich and Oscar Löw, two German physicians who were the first to make an effective medication from microbes, conducted experiments in the 1890s, roughly 30 years after Louis Pasteur showed that many diseases were caused by bacteria and nearly 40 years before the effective prescription of penicillin. They proved that the germs that caused one disease may be the cure for another.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Pyocyanase

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Google previewProgressive Medicine (1903)

A Quarterly Digest of Advances, Discoveries, and Improvements in the Medical and Surgical Sciences by Hobart Amory Hare

Emmerich, Law, and Korschun' claim in opposition to Dietrich5 and to Kliniofi that pyocyanase is a thermostabile ferment,

Google previewThe Dental Cosmos (1910)

by J. D. White, John Hugh McQuillen, George Jacob Ziegler, James William White, Edward Cameron Kirk, Lovick Pierce Anthony

Pyocyanase is a bacterial product gained from the bacillus pyocyaneus ( bacterium pyocyaneum), the bacillus of the...

Pyocyanase is a thick, greenish- brown liquid of high specific gravity with jasmin or glue-like odor and strong, salty , aromatic ...

Google previewProceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association at the Annual Meeting (1908)

by American Pharmaceutical Association

Pyocyanase is the name given to a mixture of bactericidal bodies and nucleases, obtained by the autolysis of certain bacteria, which, like the proteolytic enzyme of bacillus ...

Google previewNew International Yearbook (1909)

A Compendium of the World's Progress by Frank Moore Colby, Allen Leon Churchill

Pyocyanase is the filtrate of a three weeks' old culture of the pyocyaneus bacillus. This substance has been used as an adjuvant to antitoxin in the treatment of diphtheria. It is used locally as a spray and possesses the property of rapidly killing ...

Google previewTherapeutics (1912)

by Armand Darier

For example, pyocyanase is a cytase which has the power of destroying and of rapidly digesting a multitude of bacteria, and that not only in vitro but also in the organism itself if it be injected hypodermically. It is prepared from three- weeks- old ...

Google previewAnnual Report on the Year ... (1907)

by Emanuel Merck

Pyocyanase. Pyocyanase is the name given by Emmerich and Low”) to a product consisting of bacterial proteids, obtainable by a process of autolysis from bacillus pyocyaneus.

Google previewInternational Clinics (1909)

A Quarterly of Clinical Lectures

Pyocyanase is an enzyme obtained from cultures of Bacillus pyocyaneus. It has a marked bacteriolytic action, and, according to Emmerich and Low, not only on the pyocyaneus bacilli, but also on diphtheria, cholera, typhoid, and other bacilli, ...

Google previewJournal of the Royal Army Medical Corps (1908)

Pyocyanase is the ferment or enzyme which can be extracted from mass cultures of the B._p_1/ocyaneus, and it has been proved to possess powerful bactericidal and bacteriolytic properties, while its use in diphtheria in the form of a spray has ...

Google previewA Text Book of General Bacteriology (1910)

by William Dodge Frost, Eugene Franklin McCampbell

It is called pyocyanase. It is probable that autolysis of bacteria takes place, in the majority of cases, when the bacteria are lacking in some requisite food product. It is the opinion of some investigators that, normally, the proteolytic (autolytic) ...

Google previewApplied Immunology (1916)

The Practical Application of Sera and Bacterins, Prophylactically, Diagnostically and Therapeutically, with an Appendix on Serum Treatment of Hemorrhage, Organotherapy and Chemotherapy by Benjamin Abraham Thomas, Robert Henry Ivy

Pyocyanase is a ferment isolated from cultures of B. pyocyaneus, said to have high digestive powers for proteids. It has been employed in the treatment of diphtheria, the protein digestive action facilitating the removal of the membrane.

Google previewBoston Medical and Surgical Journal (1908)

Pyocyanase is a bacteriolytic enzyme, ...

Google previewVan Nostrand’s Scientific Encyclopedia (2013)

by Douglas M. Considine, Glenn D. Considine

Pyocyanase was the first microbially derived antibiotic product to be used in treating bacterial infections in humans. Although it had only limited clinical use, it is interesting historically because it demonstrated as early as 1906 the principle of ...

Google previewThe Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia: Supplement (1910)

by William Dwight Whitney

The gratifying results obtained by von Emmerich in the treatment of diphtheria by means of pyocyanase, a product formed in cultures of the Bacillus pyocyaneus, have been ...

Google previewPocket Medical Dictionary (1999)

by B. Jain Publishers Staff

Pyocyanase, pi-o-si"-an-as. The specific bacteriolytic enzyme of B. pyocyaneus, recommended in the treatment of microbic affections. Pyocyanin, pi- o-si"-an-in ...

Google previewPhysiology, Pathology, Bacteriology, Anatomy, Dictionary (1904)

Special enzymes are named according to the producing bacteria, thus pyocyanase. cholerase. etc. dominal parietes for the treatment of ascites from hepatic cirrhosis. Opsonln. [L. ops, aid.] The theoretical quality of a serum which renders a ...

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Scrabble value of P3Y4O1C3Y4A1N1A1S1E1

The value of this 10-letter word is 20 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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