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Definition of SIADH

What does SIADH mean?


  1. [medicine] Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone hypersecretion.


SIADH a.k.a. The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion or SIADH is characterized by excessive release of antidiuretic hormone from the posterior pituitary gland or another source. The result is often dilutional hyponatremia in which the plasma sodium levels are lowered and total body fluid is increased. It was originally described in people with small-cell carcinoma of the lung, but it can be caused by a number of underlying medical conditions. The treatment may consist of fluid intake restriction, various medicines, and management of the underlying cause. SIADH was first described in 1957.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for SIADH

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Google previewBiology of Disease (2007)

by Nessar Ahmed, Maureen Dawson, Chris Smith, Ed Wood

The SIADH is a common finding in clinical practice. Patients present with reduced plasma osmolality, normal kidney function and a low output of urine. This syndrome is associated with many conditions, including malignancies, for example ...

Google previewPharmacology Success (2014)

A Q&A Review Applying Critical Thinking to Test Taking by Ray A Hargrove-Huttel, Kathyrn Cadenhead Colgrove

SIADH is an overproduction of vasopressin, the antidiuretic hormone. MEDICATION MEMORY JOGGER: The nurse must be knowledgeable about accepted standards of practice for medication administration, including which client ...

Google previewThe Brigham Intensive Review of Internal Medicine (2012)

by Ajay Singh (M.D.), Joseph Loscalzo

SIADH is a result of the nonphysiological release ofarginine vasopressin (AVP) secreted from either the posterior pituitary or an ectopic source. SIADH is usually caused by the production of an ADH-like substance through ectopic production, ...

Google previewFluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Imbalances (2013)

Content Review Plus Practice Questions by Allison Hale, Mary Jo Hovey

SIADH is a disorder of the posterior pituitary gland in which vasopressin (ADH) is secreted even when plasma osmolarity is normal or low. As a result, the body retains water, causing dilutional hyponatremia (decreased serum sodium).

Google previewOski's Pediatrics (2006)

Principles & Practice by Julia A. McMillan, Ralph D. Feigin, Catherine DeAngelis, M. Douglas Jones

SIADH is a common complication of infantile botulism; venous pooling secondary to the generalized hypotonia may ...

Google previewClinical Pediatric Nephrology, Third Edition (2016)

by Kanwal Kher, H. William Schnaper, Larry A. Greenbaum

Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion SIADH is a common. Hyponatremia / Euvolemic hyponatremia 265.

Google previewSmith's Anesthesia for Infants and Children (2010)

Expert Consult Premium by Peter J. Davis, Franklyn P. Cladis, Etsuro K. Motoyama

SIADH is a diagnosis by exclusion. It is a hypo-osmolar, salineresistant form of hyponatremia that occurs in the absence of dehydration, hypoadrenalism, renal failure, hypothyroidism, or myxedema. The nonhypovolemic and nonhypotonic ...

Google previewTextbook of Critical Care (2011)

by Jean-Louis Vincent, Edward Abraham, Patrick Kochanek, Frederick A. Moore, Mitchell P. Fink

Severe hyponatremia secondary to SIADH is a relatively common adverse effect of carbamazepine.2 Nausea, aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia, bone marrow suppression, and hepatic failure all have been reported.

Google previewBrenner and Rector's The Kidney (2011)

by Maarten W. Taal, Glenn M. Chertow, Philip A. Marsden, Karl Skorecki, Alan S. L. Yu, Barry M. Brenner

Since SIADH is a diagnosis of exclusion, it cannot be made if the patient has another condition that leads to a low distal delivery of filtrate. There are two reasons for a low distal delivery of filtrate: enhanced proximal reabsorption of Na+ and ...

Google previewNelson Textbook of Pediatrics (2011)

by Robert M. Kliegman, Bonita M.D. Stanton, Joseph St. Geme, Nina F Schor, Richard E. Behrman

Because SIADH is a state of intravascular volume expansion, low serum uric acid and BUN levels are supportive of the diagnosis. A rare gain-of-function mutation in the renal ADH receptor causes nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate ...

Google previewMosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and Health Professions - Australian & New Zealand Edition (2014)

by Peter Harris, Sue Nagy, Nicholas Vardaxis

syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), an abnormal condition characterised by the excessive release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) that alters the body's ...

Google previewConcise Dictionary of Modern Medicine (2010)

by Joseph Segen

SIADH. Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, dilutional hyponatremia A complex characterized by Increased vasopressin–ADH secretion despite low plasma osmolarity, water retention, dilutional hyponatremia aetiology ...

Google previewMosby's Medical Dictionary (2016)

by Mosby

syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), an abnormal condition characterized by the excessive release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which alters the body's fluid and electrolytic ...

Google previewLexicon of Psychiatry, Neurology, and the Neurosciences (2000)

by Frank J. Ayd

Seizure and transient SIADH associated with sertraline [letter].

Google previewMosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing & Health Professions (2012)

by Mosby, Inc

syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), an abnormal condition characterized by the excessive release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) that alters the body's ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine (2015)

SIADH, which initiates mild increase in blood volume (hypervolemia), leading to excretion of sodium and water by release of natriuretic peptides b. Severe hyperglycemia, which induces water movement into plasma to normalize plasma ...

Google previewCampbell's Psychiatric Dictionary (2009)

by Robert Jean Campbell

See cen- tral anticholinergic syndrome; serotonin syndrome; SIADH. antidipsotropic An antialcohol agent, such as acamprosate or naltrexone (q.v.), used to promote abstinence and prevent relapse. Sometimes drugs that trigger an aversive ...

Google previewThe Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Adulthood and Aging, 3 Volume Set (2016)

by Susan Krauss Whitbourne

In addition, disease states commonly encountered in the elderly such as heart failure, liver failure, and cancer can cause syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Antidiuretic hormone regulates electrolyte and water balance in ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Molecular Mechanisms of Disease (2009)

With 213 Tables by Florian Lang

SIADH is a diagnosis of exclusion; if renal, adrenal, and thyroid functions are normal, its hallmarks are mild volume expansion with low to normal plasma concentration of urea, creatinine and uric acid with an elevated urine sodium (> 20 mEq/l, ...

Google previewConcise Encyclopedia of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (2000)

by Roberto Patarca Montero

/Arginine vasopressin: A significant clinical overlap has been noted between chronic fatigue disorders and the syndrome of serum inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH), which is characterized by lethargy and ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (2014)

Both hyponatremia and hypernatremia can occur due to vasopressin abnormalities leading to diabetes insipidus or the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIADH). Derangements in sodium place the TBI patient at risk of osmotic shifts that ...

Google previewJablonski's Dictionary of Medical Acronyms & Abbreviations (2008)

by Stanley Jablonski

stress-induced analgesia; stress-induced anesthesia; stretch- induced arrhythmia; subacute infectious arthritis; supplementary immunization activities SIADH syndromeof inappropriatesecretion of antidiuretic hormone SIAM Streptokinase in ...

Google previewSaunders Comprehensive Veterinary Dictionary (2011)

by Virginia P. Studdert, Clive C. Gay, Douglas C. Blood

hormone (SIADH) one in whichthere is abnormal production of ADH leadingto hyponatremia. See also syndrome of inappropriate secretion ...

Google previewAustralian Nurses' Dictionary (2007)

by Jennie King, Rhonda Hawley

SIADH syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. sialography ( ֽsieә'logrәfee) radiographic examination of the salivary ducts afterthe introductionofa radioopaque contrast medium. sialolith ('sieәlohֽlith)a salivary calculus.

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SIADH Meaning

Video shows what SIADH means. syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone hypersecretion. SIADH Meaning. How to pronounce, definition audio ...

Scrabble value of S1I1A1D2H4

The value of this 5-letter word is 9 points, but it's not an accepted word in the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary.

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