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Syntactic category

Definition of the noun syntactic category

What does syntactic category mean as a name of something?

noun

  1. (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
    • domain: grammar
    • lexical domain: Communicative Processes - nouns denoting communicative processes and contents
    • synonym of syntactic category: grammatical category
    • more generic words: category / class / family = a collection of things sharing a common attribute
    • more specific terms:
      • grammatical case / case = nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
      • part of speech / form class / word class = one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context
      • number = the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved
      • person = a grammatical category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms according to whether they indicate the speaker, the addressee, or a third party
      • grammatical gender / gender = a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives
      • tense = a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
      • participant role / semantic role = the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause

Explanation

Syntactic category: A syntactic category is a type of syntactic unit that theories of syntax assume. The traditional parts of speech are syntactic categories, and in phrase structure grammars, the phrasal categories are also syntactic categories. Phrase structure grammars draw an important distinction between lexical categories and phrasal categories. Dependency grammars, in contrast, do not acknowledge phrasal categories, which means they work with lexical categories alone. Many grammars also draw a distinction between lexical categories and functional categories. In this regard, the terminology is by no means consistent. The one opposition and the other opposition are orthogonal to each other.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Syntactic category

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Google previewA Student's Dictionary of Language and Linguistics (2014)

by Larry Trask

Many theories of grammar also recognize certain intermediate categories, suchasNbar, and some theories treat sentence as adistinct syntactic category of its owntype. syntactic featureIn sometheories ofgrammar, oneofaset of elementary ...

Google previewEncyclopedia of Language Development (2014)

by Patricia J. Brooks, Vera Kempe

Experiments with infants hearing English suggest that knowledge of thismapping between syntactic category and meaning develops between 16and 20months. By 18 monthsof age, children can combine the conceptual and syntactic ...

Google previewRoutledge Dictionary of Language and Linguistics (2006)

by Hadumod Bussmann

syntactic category => grammatical category, syntactic function syntactic function (also grammatical function, grammatical relation, part of speech, syntactic relation) General term for such notions as 'subject,' 'predicate ,' ...

Google previewDictionary of philosophical terms (1997)

by Elmar Waibl

-> amphiboly syntactic category...

syntactic category syntactical determinacy e syntaktische Determiniertheit f ...

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Quotes about Syntactic category

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