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To Cram

Video footage: CIRCA 1956 - A schoolboy postpones studying and then tries to cram the night before taking a test in a high school classroom.
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Definition of the verb to cram

What does to cram mean as a doing phrase?

verb - inflections: crammed, cramming

  1. crowd or pack to capacity
    • example: They cram the books into the box
    • syntax:
      Syntactic formulaExample for the syntactic formula
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Destination]Jessica sprayed the wall | Leslie staffed the store
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Destination] with [Theme]Jessica loaded the wagon with boxes
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme]Jessica squirted water
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme] at [Destination]Jessica squirted water at me
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme] [Locative Preposition] [Destination]Jessica loaded boxes into the wagon
      [Theme - substance or concrete object, plural] [Verb] [Destination]Crowds packed the stands
      [Theme - substance or concrete object, plural] [Verb] [Locative or Directional Preposition] [Destination]Paint sprayed onto the wall

      Verbs of Putting (with the same syntax): crowd, jam, pack, pile.

    • lexical domain: Contact - verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging
    • synonyms of cram: chock up / jam / jampack / ram / wad
    • more generic word: stuff = cram into a cavity
  2. put something somewhere so that the space is completely filled
    • examples: cram books into the suitcase | They cram the books into the box
    • syntax:
      Syntactic formulaExample for the syntactic formulaVerbs with the same syntax
      [Agent - being] [Verb]She studiedLearn Verbs: learn, read, study
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Topic]Kissinger learned his lesson
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Topic] from [Source]Rhoda learned French from an old book
      [Agent - being] [Verb] from [Source]Rhoda learned from an old book
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Destination]Jessica sprayed the wall | Leslie staffed the storeVerbs of Putting: crowd, jam, pack, pile
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Destination] with [Theme]Jessica loaded the wagon with boxes
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme]Jessica squirted water
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme] at [Destination]Jessica squirted water at me
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Theme] [Locative Preposition] [Destination]Jessica loaded boxes into the wagon
      [Theme - substance or concrete object, plural] [Verb] [Destination]Crowds packed the stands
      [Theme - substance or concrete object, plural] [Verb] [Locative or Directional Preposition] [Destination]Paint sprayed onto the wall
    • lexical domain: Contact - verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging
    • more generic words: lay / place / pose / position / put / set = put into a certain place or abstract location
    • more specific word: stuff = cram into a cavity
  3. study intensively, as before an exam
    • syntax:
      Syntactic formulaExample for the syntactic formula
      [Agent - being] [Verb]She studied
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Topic]Kissinger learned his lesson
      [Agent - being] [Verb] [Topic] from [Source]Rhoda learned French from an old book
      [Agent - being] [Verb] from [Source]Rhoda learned from an old book

      Learn Verbs (with the same syntax): learn, read, study.

    • lexical domain: Cognition - verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting
    • synonyms of cram: bone / bone up / drum / get up / grind away / mug up / swot / swot up
    • more generic terms: hit the books / study = learn by reading books
  4. prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam
    • syntax: the same syntax as for the sense 3
    • lexical domain: Change - verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.
    • more generic terms: fix / gear up / prepare / ready / set / set up = make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc

Alternative definition of the verb to cram

verb

  1. To press, force, or drive, particularly in filling, or in thrusting one thing into another; to stuff; to crowd; to fill to superfluity; as, to cram anything into a basket; to cram a room with people.
  2. To fill with food to satiety; to stuff.
  3. To put hastily through an extensive course of memorizing or study, as in preparation for an examination; as, a pupil is crammed by his tutor.
  4. Study hard, swot.
  5. To eat greedily, and to satiety; to stuff.
  6. To make crude preparation for a special occasion, as an examination, by a hasty and extensive course of memorizing or study.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for To Cram

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Google previewTHE SCIENTIFIC WAY TO STUDY: an evidenced based approach

by Chigbo Johnbosco

To cram means to highlight important points in your notes, material/textbooks and focus on them. It's never an in depth method of learning and normally done when in a haste, knowledge gotten varnishes into thin air after it has been utilized, ...

Google previewreadings and communication skills in english

To cram is a bad study habit. Something to do at home Underline the infinitives in the 258.

Google previewBoost Your GP (2017)

by Sam O Salau

To cram means to stuff, shove, or fill up forcefully into any available place, without any specific or proper order. When you read like this, you can be sure that the essence of your reading will be defeated, since you will not be able to accurately ...

Google previewSubsymbolic Natural Language Processing (1993)

An Integrated Model of Scripts, Lexicon, and Memory by Risto Miikkulainen

Central to CRAM is a mechanism for subsymbolic variable binding based on tensor products of distributed representations (section 13.7.7). Several hybrid systems that combine PDP with localist connection- ist techniques have also been built.

Google previewThe British Architect (1899)

A Journal of Architecture and the Accessory Arts

Besides a parasitic growth clings to them : they lend themselves to cramming, whilst to cram is the last thing we should wish any architectural student to do, for it is a pure effort of memory to recollect what has been before written or said and ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Slang, Jargon & Cant (1889)

Embracing English, American, and Anglo-Indian Slang, Pidgin English, Tinker's Jargon and Other Irregular Phraseology by Albert Barrère, Charles Godfrey Leland

To cram, to lie ; also to acquire or impart instruction hastily in view of an approaching examination. This is an almost recognised term. A very clever lad can dispense with the expense of being crammed. — United Ser- vice Gazette. 279 To ...

Google previewA Dictionary of Slang, Jargon & Cant Embracing English, American, and Anglo-Indian Slang, Pidgin English, Gypsies' Jargon and Other Irregular Phraseology (1897)

by Albert Barrère, Charles Godfrey Leland

To cram, to lie ; also to acquire or impart instruction hastily in view of an approaching examination. This is an almost recognised term. A very clever lad can dispense with the expense of being crammed. — United Service Gazette. To cram up ...

Google previewDictionary: English-Neapolitan; Neapolitan-English (2014)

by Dale Erwin, Tessa Fedele

to cram v.t. ...

Google previewBusiness Man's Dictionary and Guide to English (1920)

to cram.

Google previewLondon Encyclopaedia; Or, Universal Dictionary of Science, Art, Literature and Practical Mechanics (1829)

Comprising a Popular View of the Present State of Knowledge

enough to cram ourselves with a great load of collections j unless we chew them over again, they will not give us strength and nourishment. Locke. Fate has crammed us all into one lease, And that even now expiring. Dryden's Cleomencs.

Google previewA Romanized Hindūstāni and English Dictionary (1864)

Designed for the Use of Schools ... by Nathaniel Brice

to cram, to stuff. Thonth, 8. m. a bird's beak or bill.

Google previewA Complete Dictionary of the English Language, Both with Regard to Sound and Meaning (1790)

by Thomas Sheridan

To CRAM, kräm'. v. a. To eat beyond satiety. CRAMBO, kräm'-bö. s. A play in which one gives a word, to which another finds rhyme. CRAMP, krämp'. s. A spasm or contraction of the limbs; a restriction, a confinement; a piece of iron bent at ...

Google previewA new dictionary of the English language (1839)

by Charles Richardson

To cram, to press or compress, to constrict. And see Cusp and Crump. CRANCH. See Craunch. CRANE, s. v. App. to — A machine for -age. raising weights, as well as to the -lino, bird, both in the ancient and modern languages. A. S. Craen ...

Online dictionaries and encyclopedias with entries for To Cram

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Usage statistics about to cram

The following statistics are based on the British National Corpus, so they are representative for the British English from the later part of the 20th century, both spoken and written.

Distribution of usage frequency for the most common synonyms of the verb to cram:

drumramcramjam

Photo about To Cram

to cram

How to cram 5 million people...

How to cram 5 million people into 700 square kilometers: #stack up a pile of #skyscrapers! #OMA #interlace #condo #architecture #singapore

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ckdewi: @gamepadpro ohh yaa ini pod!! Bsk senen tk fotono jadiane..

Photo credit: Jonathan Choe

Quotes about To Cram

What's a man's age He must hurry more, that's all Cram in a day, what his youth took a year to hold. (Robert Browning)
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Anagrams of TO CRAM

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Semordnilap

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Other anagrams

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See also the blanagrams of To Cram!

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