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Examples of Amino Acid

Sentences with the noun Amino Acid

2 examples:

However, the evolutionary consequences of expanding an organism's genetic code with a noncanonical amino acid are poorly understood.
(Nature Chemical Biology , )

Chemists have, for the first time, completely analyzed the fingerprint region of the Terahertz spectrum of a biologically relevant molecule in water, in this case, an amino acid.
(Science Daily - News, )

Questions

2 examples:

Is there a simpler amino acid than glycine?

To what extent is the convergent evolution of protein function attributable to convergent or parallel changes at the amino acid level?
(Nature Reviews Genetics, )

Other sentences

83 examples:

The report attributes watermelon's effects to the amino acid L-citrulline.
(Science Daily - News, )

Dietary restriction of the amino acid methionine extends the lifespan of rodents.
(Nature Communications, )

Here we develop a new lysine-based photo-reactive amino acid, termed photo-lysine.
(Nature Chemical Biology , )

Patterns of amino acid conservation have served as a tool for understanding protein evolution.
(Nature, )

Amino acid substitutions in K-Ras that constitutively activate the protein are common in cancer.
(Nature Communications, )

Scientists conducted research that suggests the amino acid tyrosine has a direct effect in diabetes.
(Science Daily - News, )

The expression of therapeutic transgenes in mice is made responsive to the amino acid content of the diet.
(Nature Biotechnology, )

The amino acid, L -arginine, has important applications in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries.
(Nature Communications, )

Because this amino acid is foreign to the human body, the virus cannot continue to reproduce, researchers report.
(Science Daily - News, )

Gut microbiota regulates the glutathione and amino acid metabolism of the host, a recently published study shows.
(Science Daily - News, )

Researchers have discovered how a drug that deprives the cells of a key amino acid specifically kills cancer cells.
(Science Daily - News, )

SUMO site identification is achieved using mutant SUMOs that release five amino acid remnants upon tryptic cleavage.
(Nature Protocols, )

The complexity of yeast amino acid metabolism has limited carbon channelling to produce valuable chemical metabolites.
(Nature Communications, )

Thus SLC38A9 is a physical and functional component of the amino acid sensing machinery that controls the activation of mTOR.
(Nature, )

Latest study by the MIT found that amino acid levels in the blood stream could define if a person has early pancreatic cancer.
(Tech Times - Health, )

Here a highly strained four-membered-ring amino acid is described that enables such couplings by the formation of serine residues.
(Nature Chemistry, )

Citrullination is the post-translational conversion of an arginine residue within a protein to the non-coded amino acid citrulline.
(Nature, )

Proteins with charged amino acid residues encounter an electric force as they transit through membranes holding membrane potential.
(Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, )

People’s trust in others increases after eating food that contains the amino acid tryptophan, found in fish, soya, eggs and spinach.
(Science Daily - News, )

The study found that a subset of glioblastoma tumor cells is dependent on a particular enzyme that breaks down the amino acid glycine.
(Science Daily - News, )

Proteins consist of long chains of 20 different amino acid building blocks that fold into a characteristic three-dimensional structure.
(Science Daily - News, )

Incorporation of a new unnatural amino acid during protein synthesis enables proteomic profiling of specific cell types in whole animals.
(Nature Biotechnology, )

Now, a combination of double unnatural amino acid mutagenesis and selective chemical modification offers a general method to achieve this.
(Nature Chemistry, )

Scientists have genetically recoded a strain of E. coli to depend on a synthetic amino acid so the bacteria can't survive outside the lab.
(Science Daily - News, )

Due to the similarity of the protein's amino acid sequence to spidroin of spider silk, the researchers dubbed the elastic protein cnidoin.
(Science Daily - News, )

Biochemists have discovered that these receptors do not, however, recognize the amino acid glutamate, but many other different amino acids.
(Science Daily - News, )

A driver who has recently eaten spinach or eggs will stop faster, thanks to the amino acid tyrosine found in these and other food products.
(Science Daily - News, )

An amino acid whose role in the body has been all but a mystery appears to act as a potent seizure inhibitor in mice, according to a study.
(Science Daily - News, )

In proteins, the sulfur-containing amino acid methionine is converted to methionine sulfoxide, which can cause a loss of biological activity.
(Nature, )

A nonribosomal peptide synthetase has now been engineered to incorporate a non-natural amino acid containing a reactive bio-orthogonal handle.
(Nature Chemistry, )

Using this amino acid tracer, researchers found that physicians could accurately differentiate the two types of lesions 83 percent of the time.
(Science Daily - News, )

Synonymous mutations, nucleotide changes that do not alter the encoded amino acid, are usually seen not to have an effect on organism survival.
(Nature Communications, )

Of the >1,300 amino acid changes identified, ∼13% were predicted to bind MHCI, a small fraction of which were confirmed by mass spectrometry.
(Nature, )

Indeed, this single amino acid substitution (G→V) at a residue invariant in vertebrate evolution is as protective as deletion of the protein.
(Nature, )

In response to amino acid and growth factor removal the TSC1/2 complex translocates to the lysosome to inactivate mTOR and inhibit cell growth.
(Nature Communications, )

Researchers at the Technical University of Cartagena, in Spain, found that an amino acid in watermelon juice can cut an athlete's recovery time.
(Daily Mail - Health, )

Researchers have reported they have identified a biochemical pathway linking oxidative stress and the amino acid cysteine in Huntington's disease.
(Science Daily - News, )

Cells from individuals with autism spectrum disorders showed significantly decreased metabolism of the amino acid L-tryptophan, new research shows.
(Science Daily - News, )

Researchers blocked the amino acid cystine in cancer cells and found nutrient deprivation can kill off cancer cells through necrosis or cell death.
(Tech Times - Health, )

General controlled non-repressed (GCN2) kinase is a key orchestrator of the ISR, and modulates protein synthesis in response to amino acid starvation.
(Nature, )

Here, the authors examine the amino acid transporter Slimfast from the yellow-fever mosquito and describe both its specificity and mechanism of action.
(Nature Communications, )

The amino acid acetylcarnitine may help predict an individual's neurobehavioral performance during chronic sleep restriction, according to new results.
(Science Daily - News, )

Their results have disproved the long-standing theory that frequencies in the Terahertz range provide no information regarding the amino acid’s motion.
(Science Daily - News, )

By combining spectroscopy and molecular-dynamics simulations, they rendered the motion of the most basic amino acid, glycine, visible in an aqueous solution.
(Science Daily - News, )

Gain of SLC38A9 function rendered cells resistant to amino acid withdrawal, whereas loss of SLC38A9 expression impaired amino-acid-induced mTORC1 activation.
(Nature, )

The research team blocked gateways through which the cancer cell was obtaining the amino acid glutamine and found the cells almost completely stopped growing.
(Science Daily - News, )

Phyre2 uses advanced remote homology detection methods to build 3D models, predict ligand binding sites, and analyze amino acid variants in a protein sequence.
(Nature Protocols, )

Here, the authors use amino acid evolutionary covariation patterns to fold these proteins de novo and generate the first three-dimensional models of insect ORs.
(Nature Communications, )

Mitochondria are involved in a variety of cellular functions, including ATP production, amino acid and lipid biogenesis and breakdown, signalling and apoptosis.
(Nature, )

The proteasomal sequence preferences for the amino acid composition of these regions identified here affect protein half-life and explain unusual stability trends.
(Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, )

Here, through experiment and theory, the authors demonstrate exquisite control over surface peptide assembly behaviour through manipulation of amino acid sequence.
(Nature Communications, )

Thus, diricore has the potential to reveal unknown amino acid deficiencies, vulnerabilities that can be used to target key metabolic pathways for cancer treatment.
(Nature, )

Scientists have discovered a new evolutionary mechanism: A single amino acid change in a female moth enzyme is responsible for the production of new sex pheromones.
(Science Daily - News, )

Enhanced activation of ISR was observed in intestinal antigen presenting cells (APCs) and epithelial cells during amino acid starvation, or intestinal inflammation.
(Nature, )

Additionally, a macrocyclic peptide containing a proline turn element is transformed via late-stage C–H oxidation to one containing a linear unnatural amino acid.
(Nature, )

Fatty acid transport from blood vessels to skeletal muscle, across endothelial cells, is regulated by the branched chain amino acid metabolite 3-hydroxy-isobutyrate.
(Nature Medicine, )

The scientists worked with bacteria that were deficient in the production of a certain amino acid and therefore depended on a partner to provide the missing nutrient.
(Science Daily - News, )

Here, Lu et al . present a Drosophila model that demonstrates the necessity of two distinct ‘sieves’ to ensure accurate amino acid loading for proper development.
(Nature Communications, )

X-ray crystallography shows that the X-domain is structurally related to condensation domains, but that its amino acid substitutions render it catalytically inactive.
(Nature, )

The integrated stress response (ISR) is a homeostatic mechanism by which eukaryotic cells sense and respond to stress-inducing signals, such as amino acid starvation.
(Nature, )

Metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer cells are highly dependent on LATs to deliver the amino acid leucine that the cells need for growth and proliferation.
(Science Daily - News, )

Here, the authors report that the sensor protein SKN-1/Nrf2 links catabolism of the amino acid proline with lipid metabolism in C. elegans and in cultured human cells.
(Nature Communications, )

A family of dipeptide-based metal–organic frameworks has been shown to respond to the presence of guests in a cooperative manner controlled by one amino acid residue.
(Nature Chemistry, )

Unbiased global metabolite profiling reveals that MiT/TFE-dependent autophagy–lysosome activation is specifically required to maintain intracellular amino acid pools.
(Nature, )

The group emphasizes the clinical value of PET imaging, particularly amino acid PET imaging, over conventional MRI, and recommends its use at every stage of management.
(Nature Reviews Neurology, )

Psychologists from Leiden University in the Netherlands say that a compound found in eggs (stock image shown), the amino acid called tryptophan, can increase generosity.
(Daily Mail - Science, )

Here we describe the uncharacterized human member 9 of the solute carrier family 38 (SLC38A9) as a lysosomal membrane-resident protein competent in amino acid transport.
(Nature, )

Missense mutations that cause amino acid substitutions in tumours can be recognized as foreign by the immune system, thereby initiating a tumour-specific T cell response.
(Nature Reviews Genetics, )

Here, the authors report a spacer-free method to directly functionalise an amino acid with a fluorogenic group and prepare peptide-based imaging agents for fungal infection.
(Nature Communications, )

A key mutation in the protein shell of canine parvovirus -- a single amino acid substitution -- plays a major role in the virus' ability to infect hosts of different species.
(Science Daily - News, )

Arginine, a common amino acid found naturally in foods, breaks down dental plaque, which could help millions of people avoid cavities and gum disease, researchers have discovered.
(Science Daily - News, )

Short segments of DNA that signal other organisms to stop adding building blocks or amino acids to a protein are instead interpreted as "add another amino acid," scientists report.
(Science Daily - News, )

Research published in the journal PLOS one found said that a high GI diet might affect sleep quality because of the effects of amino acid tryptophan and the sleep-hormone melatonin.
(Daily Mail - Health, )

Like normal cells, cancer cells require amino acids for growth, maintenance, and cell signaling, and L-type amino acid transporters (LATs) are the delivery vehicles that supply them.
(Science Daily - News, )

New cohort studies have shown the amino acid valine at position 11 of HLA-DRB1 gene to be the strongest independent genetic determinant of radiological damage in rheumatoid arthritis.
(Science Daily - News, )

Amino acid substitutions disrupting these contacts impinge on the ability of the intasome to engage nucleosomes in vitro and redistribute viral integration sites on the genomic scale.
(Nature, )

Functional testing of this model on two known human disease genes revealed discrete cis amino acid residues that, although benign on their own, could rescue the human mutations in vivo.
(Nature, )

A potential mechanism for directional proton transport is proposed, where high-pKa amino acid residues act as ‘tunnel diodes’ and as stabilizing elements within protein water wires.
(Nature Chemistry, )

Much of this diversity derives from a synthetic strategy that entails pre- and post-assembly oxidation of both the chiral amino acid building blocks and the assembled peptide scaffolds.
(Nature, )

Sanchez-Madrid and colleagues show that CD69 associates with the amino acid transporter LAT1-CD98 to control the uptake of tryptophan and AhR-dependent secretion of IL-22 by skin γδ T cells.
(Nature Immunology, )

An amino acid tag has the power to greatly influence the function of an enzyme called PRPS2, which is required for human life and can become hyperactive in cancer, researchers have demonstrated.
(Science Daily - News, )

An analysis comparing the individual differences between over 40 strains of Zika virus has identified significant changes in both amino acid and nucleotide sequences during the past half-century.
(Science Daily - News, )

Amino acid starvation is sensed by depletion of the aminoacylated tRNA pools, and this results in accumulation of ribosomes stalled with non-aminoacylated (uncharged) tRNA in the ribosomal A site.
(Nature, )

Other examples

See also examples for amino acids, essential amino acid.

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