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Cognitive Processes - nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

  1. 20/20 = normal visual acuity, as measured by the ability to read charts at a distance of 20 feet
  2. 3-D = having a three-dimensional form or appearance
  3. 3D = having a three-dimensional form or appearance
  4. 401-k = a retirement savings plan that is funded by employee contributions and (often) matching contributions from the employer; contributions are made from your salary before taxes and the funds grow tax-free until they are withdrawn, at which point they can be converted into an IRA
  5. 401-k plan = a retirement savings plan that is funded by employee contributions and (often) matching contributions from the employer; contributions are made from your salary before taxes and the funds grow tax-free until they are withdrawn, at which point they can be converted into an IRA
  6. abatable nuisance = a nuisance that can remedied
  7. ABC = the elementary stages of any subject
  8. ABC's = the elementary stages of any subject
  9. ABCs = the elementary stages of any subject
  10. Abelian group = a group that satisfies the commutative law
  11. ability = possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
  12. abnormal psychology = the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior
  13. abnormality = retardation sufficient to fall outside the normal range of intelligence
  14. ABO blood group system = a classification system for the antigens of human blood; used in blood transfusion therapy
  15. ABO group = a classification system for the antigens of human blood; used in blood transfusion therapy
  16. ABO system = a classification system for the antigens of human blood; used in blood transfusion therapy
  17. abolitionism = the doctrine that calls for the abolition of slavery
  18. Abraham's bosom = the place where the just enjoy the peace of heaven after death
  19. abscissa = the value of a coordinate on the horizontal axis
  20. absentmindedness = preoccupation so great that the ordinary demands on attention are ignored
  21. absolute = something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control
  22. absolute pitch = the ability to identify the pitch of a tone
  23. absolute threshold = the lowest level of stimulation that a person can detect
  24. absolutism = the doctrine of an absolute being / the principle of complete and unrestricted power in government
  25. absorption = the mental state of being preoccupied by something / complete attention
  26. abstract = a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
  27. abstract thought = thinking that is coherent and logical
  28. abstractedness = preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else
  29. abstraction = preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else / the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances / a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
  30. abstractionism = a representation having no reference to concrete objects or specific examples
  31. abstruseness = wisdom that is recondite and abstruse and profound
  32. abstrusity = wisdom that is recondite and abstruse and profound
  33. academic program = a program of education in liberal arts and sciences
  34. academic requirement = a requirement for admission to or completion of an academic program
  35. acceptance = the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true
  36. accidence = the part of grammar that deals with the inflections of words
  37. accident surgery = the branch of medicine that deals with the surgical repair of injuries and wounds arising from accidents
  38. accommodation = in the theories of Jean Piaget: the modification of internal representations in order to accommodate a changing knowledge of reality
  39. accomplishment = an ability that has been acquired by training
  40. accounting = a system that provides quantitative information about finances
  41. accounting principle = a principle that governs current accounting practice and that is used as a reference to determine the appropriate treatment of complex transactions
  42. accounting standard = a principle that governs current accounting practice and that is used as a reference to determine the appropriate treatment of complex transactions
  43. acculturation = the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure / all the knowledge and values shared by a society
  44. achromatic vision = vision using the rods
  45. acid test = a rigorous or crucial appraisal
  46. acidity = the taste experience when something acidic is taken into the mouth
  47. acidulousness = the taste experience when something acidic is taken into the mouth
  48. acoustics = the study of the physical properties of sound
  49. acquaintance = personal knowledge or information about someone or something
  50. acquirement = an ability that has been acquired by training
  51. acquisition = an ability that has been acquired by training / the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge
  52. acridity = having an acrid smell
  53. activism = a policy of taking direct action to achieve a political or social goal
  54. acuity = a quick and penetrating intelligence / sharpness of vision
  55. acumen = shrewdness shown by keen insight
  56. acuteness = a quick and penetrating intelligence / a sensitivity that is keen and highly developed
  57. adeptness = skillful performance or ability without difficulty
  58. adroitness = skillful performance or ability without difficulty
  59. adumbration = the act of providing vague advance indications
  60. Adventism = any Christian religion that believes the second coming of Christ is imminent
  61. advertence = the process of being heedful
  62. advertency = the process of being heedful
  63. advisement = careful consideration
  64. aerodynamics = the branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of gases (especially air) and their effects on bodies in the flow
  65. aerology = meteorology of the total extent of the atmosphere
  66. aeromechanics = the branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of gases (especially air) and their effects on bodies in the flow
  67. aeromedicine = the study and treatment of disorders associated with flight
  68. aeronautical engineering = the branch of engineering science concerned with the design and construction of aircraft
  69. aeronautics = the theory and practice of navigation through air or space
  70. aerospace medicine = the study and treatment of disorders associated with flight
  71. aesthesia = mental responsiveness and awareness
  72. aesthesis = an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation
  73. aesthetic = a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful
  74. aesthetics = the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste
  75. aetiology = the philosophical study of causation
  76. affair = a vaguely specified concern
  77. affairs = matters of personal concern
  78. affine geometry = the geometry of affine transformations
  79. affixation = the result of adding an affix to a root word
  80. afflatus = a strong creative impulse
  81. afterimage = an image (usually a negative image) that persists after stimulation has ceased
  82. aftersensation = an image (usually a negative image) that persists after stimulation has ceased
  83. aftertaste = an afterimage of a taste
  84. afterthought = thinking again about a choice previously made
  85. afterworld = the place where you are after you die
  86. age norm = the average age at which particular performances are expected to appear
  87. agenda = a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to
  88. agglutination test = a blood test used to identify unknown antigens; blood with the unknown antigen is mixed with a known antibody and whether or not agglutination occurs helps to identify the antigen
  89. agnosticism = the disbelief in any claims of ultimate knowledge / a religious orientation of doubt
  90. agreement = the thing arranged or agreed to
  91. agrobiology = the study of plant nutrition and growth especially as a way to increase crop yield
  92. agrology = science of soils in relation to crops
  93. agronomy = the application of soil and plant sciences to land management and crop production
  94. AI = the branch of computer science that deal with writing computer programs that can solve problems creatively
  95. aim = the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable) / an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions
  96. air castle = absentminded dreaming while awake
  97. airmanship = the art of operating aircraft
  98. albatross = something that hinders or handicaps
  99. Albigensianism = a Christian movement considered to be a medieval descendant of Manichaeism in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; characterized by dualism
  100. alchemy = a pseudoscientific forerunner of chemistry in medieval times
  101. alertness = the process of paying close and continuous attention
  102. alethic logic = the modal logic of necessity and possibility and contingency
  103. algebra = the mathematics of generalized arithmetical operations
  104. algology = the branch of botany that studies algae
  105. algorism = computation with Arabic figures
  106. algorithm = a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
  107. algorithmic program = a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
  108. algorithmic rule = a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
  109. alienism = an obsolete term for the study and treatment of mental illness
  110. all-or-none law = a nerve impulse resulting from a weak stimulus is just as strong as a nerve impulse resulting from a strong stimulus
  111. allergology = the branch of medical science that studies the causes and treatment of allergies
  112. allometry = the study of the relative growth of a part of an organism in relation to the growth of the whole
  113. allurement = attractiveness
  114. alpha test = a first test of an experimental product (such as computer software) carried out by the developer
  115. alphabet = the elementary stages of any subject
  116. alternative = one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  117. amateurishness = something that demonstrates a lack of professional competency
  118. amateurism = the conviction that people should participate in sports as a hobby (for the fun of it) rather than for money
  119. amentia = extreme mental retardation
  120. amnesia = partial or total loss of memory
  121. amoralism = the doctrine that moral distinctions are invalid
  122. amount = a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
  123. Amsler grid = a pattern of small boxes that is used for self-monitoring by patients who have age-related macular degeneration
  124. Anabaptism = a Protestant movement in the 16th century that believed in the primacy of the Bible, baptised only believers, not infants, and believed in complete separation of church and state
  125. anagoge = a mystical or allegorical interpretation
  126. analogy = an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others / the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater
  127. analphabetism = an inability to read
  128. analysis = the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations / a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits
  129. analysis of variance = a statistical method for making simultaneous comparisons between two or more means
  130. analysis situs = the branch of pure mathematics that deals only with the properties of a figure X that hold for every figure into which X can be transformed with a one-to-one correspondence that is continuous in both directions
  131. analytic geometry = the use of algebra to study geometric properties
  132. analytic thinking = the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations
  133. analytical geometry = the use of algebra to study geometric properties
  134. anamnesis = the ability to recall past occurrences
  135. anarchism = a political theory favoring the abolition of governments
  136. anatomy = the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
  137. anchor = a central cohesive source of support and stability
  138. ancient history = knowledge of some recent fact or event that has become so commonly known that it has lost its original pertinence
  139. anesthesiology = the branch of medical science that studies and applies anesthetics
  140. angelology = the branch of theology that is concerned with angels
  141. angiology = the branch of medical science that studies the blood and lymph vessels and their disorders
  142. angle = a biased way of looking at or presenting something
  143. Anglicanism = the faith and doctrine and practice of the Anglican Church
  144. Anglo-Catholicism = a doctrine and practice within the Church of England emphasizing the Catholic tradition
  145. Anglomania = an excessive enthusiasm for all things English
  146. anima = the inner self (not the external persona) that is in touch with the unconscious
  147. animal psychology = the branch of psychology concerned with the behavior of animals
  148. animalism = the doctrine that human beings are purely animal in nature and lacking a spiritual nature
  149. animatism = the attribution of consciousness and personality to natural phenomena such as thunderstorms and earthquakes and to objects such as plants and stones
  150. animatronics = the construction of robots to look like animals
  151. animism = the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
  152. annoyance = something or someone that causes trouble
  153. Annwfn = the other world
  154. Annwn = the other world
  155. ANOVA = a statistical method for making simultaneous comparisons between two or more means
  156. anterograde amnesia = loss of memory for events immediately following a trauma
  157. anthropocentricity = an inclination to evaluate reality exclusively in terms of human values
  158. anthropocentrism = an inclination to evaluate reality exclusively in terms of human values
  159. anthropology = the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
  160. anthropomorphism = the representation of objects (especially a god) as having human form or traits
  161. anthroposophy = a system of beliefs and practices based on the philosophy of Rudolf Steiner
  162. anti-Catholicism = a religious orientation opposed to Catholicism
  163. anti-Semitism = the intense dislike for and prejudice against Jewish people
  164. antialiasing = a technique that is used to smooth jagged distortions in curves and diagonal lines so they appear smoother
  165. anticipation = the act of predicting (as by reasoning about the future) / something expected
  166. antiestablishmentarianism = the doctrine of opposition to the social and political establishment
  167. antiestablishmentism = the doctrine of opposition to the social and political establishment
  168. antinomianism = the theological doctrine that by faith and God's grace a Christian is freed from all laws
  169. antipathy = the object of a feeling of intense aversion
  170. antisemitism = the intense dislike for and prejudice against Jewish people
  171. antitype = an opposite or contrasting type / a person or thing represented or foreshadowed by an earlier type or symbol
  172. Apgar score = an assessment of the physical condition of a newborn infant
  173. Apollo program = a program of space flights undertaken by US to land a man on the Moon
  174. apologetics = the branch of theology that is concerned with the defense of Christian doctrines
  175. apology = a poor example
  176. apophatism = the religious belief that God cannot be known but is completely `other' and must be described in negative terms
  177. apparition = something existing in perception only
  178. appearance = a mental representation
  179. apperception = the process whereby perceived qualities of an object are related to past experience
  180. applecart = the planning that is disrupted when someone `upsets the applecart'
  181. applied anatomy = the practical application of anatomical knowledge to diagnosis and treatment
  182. applied math = the branches of mathematics that are involved in the study of the physical or biological or sociological world
  183. applied mathematics = the branches of mathematics that are involved in the study of the physical or biological or sociological world
  184. applied psychology = any of several branches of psychology that seek to apply psychological principles to practical problems of education or industry or marketing etc.
  185. applied science = the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
  186. appraisal = the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
  187. appreciation = delicate discrimination (especially of aesthetic values) / understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something
  188. apprehension = the cognitive condition of someone who understands / painful expectation
  189. approximation = an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth
  190. aptitude = inherent ability
  191. archaeology = the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
  192. archeology = the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
  193. archetype = something that serves as a model or a basis for making copies
  194. Archimedes' principle = the apparent loss in weight of a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the weight of the displaced fluid
  195. architectonics = the science of architecture
  196. architectural engineering = the branch of engineering that deals with the construction of buildings
  197. architectural style = architecture as a kind of art form
  198. architecture = the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings
  199. area = a subject of study
  200. argument = a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or falsehood; the methodical process of logical reasoning / a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value determines the dependent variable
  201. argumentation = a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or falsehood
  202. Arianism = heretical doctrine taught by Arius that asserted the radical primacy of the Father over the Son
  203. Aristotelian logic = the syllogistic logic of Aristotle as developed by Boethius in the Middle Ages
  204. Aristotelianism = the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science
  205. arithmancy = divination by means of numbers
  206. arithmetic = the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculations
  207. arithmetic mean = the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values
  208. arity = the number of arguments that a function can take
  209. Arminianism = 17th century theology (named after its founder Jacobus Arminius) that opposes the absolute predestinarianism of John Calvin and holds that human free will is compatible with God's sovereignty
  210. armory = a collection of resources
  211. armoury = a collection of resources
  212. aroma = a distinctive odor that is pleasant
  213. arousal = awakening from sleep
  214. arrangement = an organized structure for arranging or classifying / the thing arranged or agreed to
  215. Arrhenius theory of dissociation = theory that describes aqueous solutions in terms of acids (which dissociate to give hydrogen ions) and bases
  216. arriere pensee = an unstated doubt that prevents you from accepting something wholeheartedly
  217. art = a superior skill that you can learn by study and practice and observation
  218. art form = a form of artistic expression
  219. art history = the academic discipline that studies the development of painting and sculpture
  220. article of faith = an unshakable belief in something without need for proof or evidence
  221. artificial intelligence = the branch of computer science that deal with writing computer programs that can solve problems creatively
  222. artistry = a superior skill that you can learn by study and practice and observation
  223. arts = studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills
  224. asceticism = the doctrine that through renunciation of worldly pleasures it is possible to achieve a high spiritual or intellectual state
  225. ascription = assigning to a cause or source / assigning some quality or character to a person or thing
  226. Asgard = the heavenly dwelling of the Norse gods (the Aesir) and slain war heroes
  227. Asian shamanism = an animistic religion of northern Asia having the belief that the mediation between the visible and the spirit worlds is effected by shamans
  228. aspect = a distinct feature or element in a problem / the visual percept of a region
  229. assay = an appraisal of the state of affairs
  230. assessment = the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
  231. assimilation = in the theories of Jean Piaget: the application of a general schema to a particular instance / the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
  232. association = the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination
  233. association theory = a theory that association is the basic principle of mental activity
  234. associationism = a theory that association is the basic principle of mental activity
  235. assumption = a hypothesis that is taken for granted
  236. assurance = freedom from doubt
  237. Assyriology = archeology of the ancient Assyrians
  238. astringence = a sharp astringent taste
  239. astringency = a sharp astringent taste
  240. astrobiology = the branch of biology concerned with the effects of outer space on living organisms and the search for extraterrestrial life
  241. astrodynamics = the branch of astronomy that studies the motion of natural and artificial bodies in space
  242. astrology = a pseudoscience claiming divination by the positions of the planets and sun and moon
  243. astrometry = the branch of astronomy that deals with the measurement of the position and motion of celestial bodies
  244. astronautics = the theory and practice of navigation through air or space
  245. astronomy = the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
  246. astrophysics = the branch of astronomy concerned with the physical and chemical properties of celestial bodies
  247. astuteness = the intellectual ability to penetrate deeply into ideas / intelligence manifested by being astute
  248. Athanasian Creed = a Christian profession of faith
  249. Athanasianism = the theological doctrine taught by Athanasius that Christ the Son is of the same substance as God the Father
  250. atheism = a lack of belief in the existence of God or gods
  251. Atlantis = according to legend, an island in the Atlantic Ocean that Plato said was swallowed by an earthquake
  252. atomic physics = the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
  253. atomic theory = any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles / a theory of the structure of the atom
  254. atomism = any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles / (psychology) a theory that reduces all mental phenomena to simple elements (sensations and feelings) that form complex ideas by association
  255. atomist theory = any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles
  256. atomistic theory = any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles
  257. attainment = an ability that has been acquired by training
  258. attending = the process whereby a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the (relative) exclusion of others
  259. attention = the faculty or power of mental concentration / the process whereby a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the (relative) exclusion of others / a general interest that leads people to want to know more
  260. attention span = the length of time you can concentrate on some idea or activity
  261. attentiveness = paying particular notice
  262. attitude = a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways
  263. attracter = a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts / (physics) a point in the ideal multidimensional phase space that is used to describe a system toward which the system tends to evolve regardless of the starting conditions of the system
  264. attraction = a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts
  265. attractive feature = a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts
  266. attractive nuisance = anything on your premises that might attract children into danger or harm
  267. attractor = a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts / (physics) a point in the ideal multidimensional phase space that is used to describe a system toward which the system tends to evolve regardless of the starting conditions of the system
  268. attribute = a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished
  269. attribution = assigning to a cause or source / assigning some quality or character to a person or thing
  270. audio lingual acquisition = system of language acquisition focusing intensively on listening and speaking
  271. audiology = the measurement of hearing
  272. audiometry = the measurement of hearing
  273. audit program = a listing of audit procedures to be performed in completing an audit
  274. audit programme = a listing of audit procedures to be performed in completing an audit
  275. audition = the ability to hear
  276. auditory image = a mental image that is similar to an auditory perception
  277. auditory modality = the ability to hear
  278. auditory perception = the perception of sound as a meaningful phenomenon
  279. auditory sensation = the subjective sensation of hearing something
  280. auditory sense = the ability to hear
  281. authority = freedom from doubt
  282. autism = an abnormal absorption with the self
  283. autocracy = a political theory favoring unlimited authority by a single individual
  284. automatic pilot = a cognitive state in which you act without self-awareness
  285. autopilot = a cognitive state in which you act without self-awareness
  286. autotelism = belief that a work of art is an end in itself or its own justification
  287. average = an intermediate scale value regarded as normal or usual / a statistic describing the location of a distribution
  288. aversive conditioning = conditioning to avoid an aversive stimulus
  289. aversive stimulus = any negative stimulus to which an organism will learn to make a response that avoids it
  290. aviation = the art of operating aircraft
  291. aviation medicine = the study and treatment of disorders associated with flight
  292. avionics = science and technology of electronic systems and devices for aeronautics and astronautics
  293. Avogadro's hypothesis = the principle that equal volumes of all gases (given the same temperature and pressure) contain equal numbers of molecules
  294. Avogadro's law = the principle that equal volumes of all gases (given the same temperature and pressure) contain equal numbers of molecules
  295. awareness = having knowledge of / state of elementary or undifferentiated consciousness
  296. awkwardness = unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training
  297. axiology = the study of values and value judgments
  298. axis = a straight line through a body or figure that satisfies certain conditions
  299. backbone = a central cohesive source of support and stability
  300. background = information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem / the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground
  301. background knowledge = information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem
  302. backwardness = lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
  303. bacteriology = the branch of medical science that studies bacteria in relation to disease
  304. badge = any feature that is regarded as a sign of status
  305. bafflement = confusion resulting from failure to understand
  306. bag of tricks = a supply of ways of accomplishing something
  307. Bahaism = a religion founded in Iran in 1863; emphasizes the spiritual unity of all humankind; incorporates Christian and Islamic tenets
  308. bail = the legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody
  309. bailiwick = a branch of knowledge
  310. bait = anything that serves as an enticement
  311. balk = something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  312. balletomania = extraordinary enthusiasm for ballets
  313. ballistics = the science of flight dynamics
  314. bamboo curtain = an ideological barrier around communist China especially in the 1950s and 1960s
  315. bandwagon = a popular trend that attracts growing support
  316. Baptistic doctrine = any of various doctrines closely related to Anabaptism
  317. bare bones = the most basic facts or elements
  318. barrier = any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
  319. base = the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
  320. basic assumption = an assumption that is basic to an argument
  321. basic cognitive process = cognitive processes involved in obtaining and storing knowledge
  322. basic principle = principles from which other truths can be derived
  323. basics = principles from which other truths can be derived
  324. basis = the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
  325. battle plan = plan for conducting a battle
  326. Bauhaus = a German style of architecture begun by Walter Gropius in 1918
  327. baulk = something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  328. Bayes' postulate = the difficulty of applying Bayes' theorem is that the probabilities of the different causes are seldom known, in which case it may be postulated that they are all equal
  329. Bayes' theorem = a theorem describing how the conditional probability of a set of possible causes for a given observed event can be computed from knowledge of the probability of each cause and the conditional probability of the outcome of each cause
  330. be all and end all = the essential factor; the all-important element
  331. be-all and end-all = the essential factor; the all-important element
  332. beau ideal = an ideal instance
  333. beaut = an outstanding example of its kind
  334. beauty = an outstanding example of its kind
  335. beaux arts = the study and creation of visual works of art
  336. bed check = a check that everyone is in bed by the time they should be
  337. bedrock = principles from which other truths can be derived
  338. befuddlement = confusion resulting from failure to understand
  339. beggar-my-neighbor policy = a policy of promoting oneself at the expense of others
  340. beggar-my-neighbor strategy = a policy of promoting oneself at the expense of others
  341. beggar-my-neighbour policy = a policy of promoting oneself at the expense of others
  342. beggar-my-neighbour strategy = a policy of promoting oneself at the expense of others
  343. beginning = the first part or section of something
  344. behaviorism = an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior
  345. behavioristic psychology = an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior
  346. behaviourism = an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior
  347. behaviouristic psychology = an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior
  348. Behmenism = the mystical theological doctrine of Jakob Boehme that influenced the Quakers
  349. beholding = perception by means of the eyes
  350. belief = a vague idea in which some confidence is placed / any cognitive content held as true
  351. believing = the cognitive process that leads to convictions
  352. bell-shaped curve = a symmetrical curve representing the normal distribution
  353. bemusement = confusion resulting from failure to understand
  354. Benday process = a photoengraving technique for adding shading or texture or tone to a printed image
  355. Benford's law = a law used by auditors to identify fictitious populations of numbers
  356. bent = a special way of doing something / a relatively permanent inclination to react in a particular way
  357. Bernoulli distribution = a theoretical distribution of the number of successes in a finite set of independent trials with a constant probability of success
  358. Bernoulli's law = law stating that a large number of items taken at random from a population will (on the average) have the population statistics
  359. beta test = a second test of an experimental product (such as computer software) carried out by an outside organization
  360. bewilderment = confusion resulting from failure to understand
  361. bewitchment = a magical spell
  362. bias = a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
  363. bibliotics = the scientific study of documents and handwriting etc. especially to determine authorship or authenticity
  364. big bang theory = the theory that the universe originated sometime between 10 billion and 20 billion years ago from the cataclysmic explosion of a small volume of matter at extremely high density and temperature
  365. big-bang theory = the theory that the universe originated sometime between 10 billion and 20 billion years ago from the cataclysmic explosion of a small volume of matter at extremely high density and temperature
  366. bigotry = the intolerance and prejudice of a bigot
  367. bilingualism = the ability to speak two languages colloquially
  368. bind = something that hinders as if with bonds
  369. binocular vision = vision involving the use of both eyes
  370. binomial = a quantity expressed as a sum or difference of two terms
  371. binomial distribution = a theoretical distribution of the number of successes in a finite set of independent trials with a constant probability of success
  372. binomial theorem = a theorem giving the expansion of a binomial raised to a given power
  373. bio-assay = appraisal of the biological activity of a substance by testing its effect on an organism and comparing the result with some agreed standard
  374. bioassay = appraisal of the biological activity of a substance by testing its effect on an organism and comparing the result with some agreed standard
  375. biochemistry = the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms
  376. bioclimatology = the study of effects of climate on living organisms
  377. bioengineering = the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
  378. bioethics = the branch of ethics that studies moral values in the biomedical sciences
  379. biofeedback = a training program in which a person is given information about physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them
  380. biogeography = dealing with the geographical distribution of animals and plants
  381. biological science = the science that studies living organisms
  382. biology = the science that studies living organisms
  383. biomedical science = the application of the principles of the natural sciences to medicine
  384. biomedicine = the branch of medical science that studies the ability of organisms to withstand environmental stress (as in space travel) / the branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice
  385. biometrics = a branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis
  386. biometry = a branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis
  387. bionics = application of biological principles to the study and design of engineering systems
  388. bionomics = the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
  389. biophysics = physics as applied to biological problems
  390. biopsy = examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease
  391. bioremediation = the branch of biotechnology that uses biological process to overcome environmental problems
  392. bioscience = any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms
  393. biostatistics = a branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis
  394. biosystematics = use of data (e.g. cytogenetic or biochemical) to assess taxonomic relations especially within an evolutionary framework
  395. biosystematy = use of data (e.g. cytogenetic or biochemical) to assess taxonomic relations especially within an evolutionary framework
  396. biotech = the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes
  397. biotechnology = the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments / the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes
  398. biquadratic = a polynomial of the fourth degree
  399. biquadratic polynomial = a polynomial of the fourth degree
  400. bird's eye view = a situation or topic as if viewed from an altitude or distance
  401. biserial correlation = a correlation coefficient in which one variable is many-valued and the other is dichotomous
  402. biserial correlation coefficient = a correlation coefficient in which one variable is many-valued and the other is dichotomous
  403. bit part = a small role
  404. bitter = the taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the mouth
  405. bitterness = the taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the mouth
  406. black art = the belief in magical spells that harness occult forces or evil spirits to produce unnatural effects in the world
  407. black magic = the belief in magical spells that harness occult forces or evil spirits to produce unnatural effects in the world
  408. blackout = partial or total loss of memory / a momentary loss of consciousness
  409. blastogenesis = theory that inherited characteristics are transmitted by germ plasm
  410. blind spot = a subject about which you are ignorant or prejudiced and fail to exercise good judgment
  411. block = an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do
  412. blood test = a serologic analysis of a sample of blood
  413. blueprint = something intended as a guide for making something else
  414. blur = a hazy or indistinct representation
  415. boatmanship = skill in handling boats
  416. body image = an individual's idea as assessment of his or her own body
  417. Boehmenism = the mystical theological doctrine of Jakob Boehme that influenced the Quakers
  418. Bohr theory = a theory of atomic structure that combined Rutherford's model with the quantum theory
  419. Boltzmann distribution law = a law expressing the distribution of energy among the molecules of a gas in thermal equilibrium
  420. bond rating = an evaluation by a rating company of the probability that a particular bond issue will default
  421. bonding = a technique for repairing a tooth
  422. bonus = anything that tends to arouse
  423. booby trap = an unforeseen or unexpected or surprising difficulty
  424. Boolean algebra = a system of symbolic logic devised by George Boole
  425. Boolean logic = a system of symbolic logic devised by George Boole
  426. Bose-Einstein statistics = statistical law obeyed by a system of particles whose wave function is not changed when two particles are interchanged
  427. bosom = the locus of feelings and intuitions
  428. bosom of Abraham = the place where the just enjoy the peace of heaven after death
  429. botany = the branch of biology that studies plants
  430. bother = something or someone that causes trouble
  431. botheration = something or someone that causes trouble
  432. bounded interval = an interval that includes its endpoints
  433. bourn = an archaic term for a goal or destination
  434. bourne = an archaic term for a goal or destination
  435. Boyle's law = the pressure of an ideal gas at constant temperature varies inversely with the volume
  436. Brahmanism = the religious beliefs of ancient India as prescribed in the sacred Vedas and Brahmanas and Upanishads
  437. Brahminism = the religious beliefs of ancient India as prescribed in the sacred Vedas and Brahmanas and Upanishads
  438. brain = that which is responsible for one's thoughts, feelings, and conscious brain functions
  439. brain science = the branch of neuroscience concerned with the brain
  440. brainpower = mental ability
  441. brainstorm = the clear (and often sudden) understanding of a complex situation
  442. brainwave = the clear (and often sudden) understanding of a complex situation
  443. brand = a recognizable kind
  444. Bravais lattice = a 3-dimensional geometric arrangement of the atoms or molecules or ions composing a crystal
  445. bravura = brilliant and showy technical skill
  446. bread-and-butter issue = an issue whose settlement will affect financial resources
  447. breadth = the capacity to understand a broad range of topics
  448. breakdown = an analysis into mutually exclusive categories
  449. breakthrough = a productive insight
  450. breed = a special type
  451. brightness = intelligence as manifested in being quick and witty
  452. brightness constancy = the tendency for a visual object to be perceived as having the same brightness under widely different conditions of illumination
  453. brilliance = unusual mental ability
  454. British empiricism = the predominant philosophical tradition in Great Britain since the 17th century
  455. broad interpretation = an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions
  456. broad-mindedness = an inclination to tolerate or overlook opposing or shocking opinions or behavior
  457. Brobdingnag = a land imagined by Jonathan Swift where everything was enormous
  458. brown study = a state of deep absorption or thoughtfulness
  459. brushwork = an artist's distinctive technique of applying paint with a brush
  460. bubble = an impracticable and illusory idea / a speculative scheme that depends on unstable factors that the planner cannot control
  461. Buddhism = the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
  462. bugaboo = a source of concern
  463. bugbear = an object of dread or apprehension
  464. bugology = the branch of zoology that studies insects
  465. burden = an onerous or difficult concern / the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse
  466. bus = the topology of a network whose components are connected by a busbar
  467. bus topology = the topology of a network whose components are connected by a busbar
  468. business = a rightful concern or responsibility / an immediate objective
  469. Byzantine architecture = the style of architecture developed in the Byzantine Empire developed after the 5th century
  470. Byzantinism = the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
  471. cabal = a plot to carry out some harmful or illegal act
  472. Cabala = an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries
  473. Cabalism = the doctrines of the Kabbalah
  474. Cabbala = an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries
  475. Cabbalah = an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries
  476. cacogenics = the study of the operation of factors causing degeneration in the type of offspring produced
  477. Caesaropapism = the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
  478. calculation = planning something carefully and intentionally / problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  479. calculus = the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions
  480. calculus of variations = the calculus of maxima and minima of definite integrals
  481. Call = a special disposition (as if from a divine source) to pursue a particular course
  482. calling card = a distinguishing characteristic or behavior
  483. Calvinism = the theological system of John Calvin and his followers emphasizing omnipotence of God and salvation by grace alone
  484. camp = something that is considered amusing not because of its originality but because of its unoriginality
  485. can of worms = a source of unpredictable trouble and complexity
  486. candor = ability to make judgments free from discrimination or dishonesty
  487. candour = ability to make judgments free from discrimination or dishonesty
  488. canker = a pernicious and malign influence that is hard to get rid of
  489. canvass = an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people
  490. capability = an aptitude that may be developed
  491. capableness = an aptitude that may be developed
  492. capaciousness = intellectual breadth
  493. capacity = the power to learn or retain knowledge
  494. capstone = a final touch; a crowning achievement
  495. cardiology = the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
  496. care = judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
  497. cargo cult = a religious cult that anticipates a time of joy, serenity, and justice when salvation comes
  498. carry-over = application of a skill learned in one situation to a different but similar situation
  499. Cartesian coordinate = one of the coordinates in a system of coordinates that locates a point on a plane or in space by its distance from two lines or three planes respectively
  500. Cartesian coordinate system = a coordinate system for which the coordinates of a point are its distances from a set perpendicular lines that intersect at the origin of the system
  501. case = the actual state of things
  502. case in point = an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time
  503. cash cow = a project that generates a continuous flow of money
  504. castle in Spain = absentminded dreaming while awake
  505. castle in the air = absentminded dreaming while awake
  506. Castroism = a form of communism developed in Cuba by Fidel Castro
  507. casuistry = moral philosophy based on the application of general ethical principles to resolve moral dilemmas / argumentation that is specious or excessively subtle and intended to be misleading
  508. cataphatism = the religious belief that God has given enough clues to be known to humans positively and affirmatively
  509. categorisation = the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories
  510. categorization = the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories
  511. category = a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations in a conceptual scheme
  512. Catharism = a Christian movement considered to be a medieval descendant of Manichaeism in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; characterized by dualism
  513. Catholicism = the beliefs and practices of a Catholic Church
  514. Catholicity = the beliefs and practices of a Catholic Church
  515. catoptrics = branch of optics dealing with formation of images by mirrors
  516. causal factor = a determining or causal element or factor
  517. caution = judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
  518. Celestial City = phrases used to refer to Heaven
  519. celestial mechanics = the branch of astronomy concerned with the application of Newton's laws of motion to the motions of heavenly bodies
  520. cell doctrine = the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and functional units of all living organisms
  521. cell theory = the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and functional units of all living organisms
  522. center = the object upon which interest and attention focuses / the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  523. center of attention = the object upon which interest and attention focuses
  524. centering = the concentration of attention or energy on something
  525. centerpiece = the central or most important feature
  526. centile = any of the 99 numbered points that divide an ordered set of scores into 100 parts each of which contains one-hundredth of the total
  527. central vision = vision using the fovea and parafovea
  528. centralism = the political policy of concentrating power in a central organization
  529. centre = the object upon which interest and attention focuses / the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  530. centre of attention = the object upon which interest and attention focuses
  531. centrepiece = the central or most important feature
  532. centrism = a political philosophy of avoiding the extremes of left and right by taking a moderate position or course of action
  533. CER = an emotional response that has been acquired by conditioning
  534. cerebration = the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
  535. certainty = the state of being certain
  536. certitude = total certainty or greater certainty than circumstances warrant
  537. Chabad = a form of Hasidism practiced by Lithuanian and Russian Jews under communist rule
  538. Chabad Hasidism = a form of Hasidism practiced by Lithuanian and Russian Jews under communist rule
  539. chance variable = a variable quantity that is random
  540. chance-half correlation = a correlation coefficient calculated between scores on two halves of a test
  541. change of mind = a decision to reverse an earlier decision
  542. chaos = a dynamical system that is extremely sensitive to its initial conditions
  543. chaotic attractor = an attractor for which the approach to its final point in phase space is chaotic
  544. character = a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something / an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  545. characteristic = a prominent attribute or aspect of something
  546. characteristic root of a square matrix = any number such that a given square matrix minus that number times the identity matrix has a zero determinant
  547. Charles's law = the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the temperature
  548. charm = one of the six flavors of quark
  549. Chartism = the principles of a body of 19th century English reformers who advocated better social and economic conditions for working people
  550. Chasidism = beliefs and practices of a sect of Orthodox Jews
  551. Chassidism = beliefs and practices of a sect of Orthodox Jews
  552. check = something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress / an appraisal of the state of affairs / additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct
  553. checksum = a digit representing the sum of the digits in an instance of digital data
  554. chemical engineering = the branch of engineering that is concerned with the design and construction and operation of the plants and machinery used in industrial chemical processes
  555. chemical science = the science of matter
  556. chemistry = the science of matter
  557. chemoimmunology = the field of chemistry concerned with chemical processes in immunology
  558. child psychology = the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children
  559. chiliasm = belief in the Christian doctrine of the millennium mentioned in the Book of Revelations
  560. chimaera = a grotesque product of the imagination
  561. chimera = a grotesque product of the imagination
  562. chirology = telling fortunes by lines on the palm of the hand
  563. chiromancy = telling fortunes by lines on the palm of the hand
  564. chiropody = the branch of medicine concerned with the feet
  565. chivalry = the medieval principles governing knighthood and knightly conduct
  566. choice = the person or thing chosen or selected / one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  567. chorionic villus biopsy = a prenatal test to detect birth defects at an early stage of pregnancy
  568. chorionic villus sampling = a prenatal test to detect birth defects at an early stage of pregnancy
  569. Christian religion = a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
  570. Christian Science = religious system based on teachings of Mary Baker Eddy emphasizing spiritual healing
  571. Christian theology = the teachings of Christian churches
  572. Christianity = a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
  573. Christology = the branch of theology concerned with the person and attributes and deeds of Christ / a religious doctrine or theory based on Jesus or Jesus' teachings
  574. chromaesthesia = a form of synesthesia in which nonvisual stimulation results in the experience of color sensations
  575. chromatic vision = the normal ability to see colors
  576. chromesthesia = a form of synesthesia in which nonvisual stimulation results in the experience of color sensations
  577. chronology = the determination of the actual temporal sequence of past events
  578. chunking = the configuration of smaller units of information into large coordinated units
  579. circumspection = knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress
  580. circumstance = information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
  581. City of God = phrases used to refer to Heaven
  582. cityscape = a viewpoint toward a city or other heavily populated area
  583. civics = the social science of municipal affairs
  584. civil engineering = the branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction of such public works as dams or bridges
  585. cladistic analysis = a taxonomic system of classifying species based on the branching patterns of cladograms that are built to infer phylogenetic relations
  586. cladistics = a taxonomic system of classifying species based on the branching patterns of cladograms that are built to infer phylogenetic relations
  587. classical architecture = architecture influenced by the ancient Greeks or Romans
  588. classical conditioning = conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex
  589. classical mechanics = the branch of mechanics based on Newton's laws of motion
  590. classicalism = a movement in literature and art during the 17th and 18th centuries in Europe that favored rationality and restraint and strict forms
  591. classicism = a movement in literature and art during the 17th and 18th centuries in Europe that favored rationality and restraint and strict forms
  592. classics = study of the literary works of ancient Greece and Rome
  593. classification = the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories
  594. classification system = a system for classifying things
  595. cleverness = intelligence as manifested in being quick and witty / the power of creative imagination
  596. climatology = meteorology of climates and their phenomena
  597. clincher = a point or fact or remark that settles something conclusively
  598. clinical anatomy = the practical application of anatomical knowledge to diagnosis and treatment
  599. clinical neurology = the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders
  600. clinical psychology = the branch of psychology concerned with the treatment of abnormal mentation and behavior
  601. clock-watching = paying excessive attention to the clock
  602. clockwork universe = the view that the universe resembles a clock built by God and ticking along according to Newtonian mechanics
  603. closed book = something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
  604. closed interval = an interval that includes its endpoints
  605. closure = something settled or resolved
  606. cloud-cuckoo-land = an imaginary place where you say people are when they seem optimistically out of touch with reality
  607. cloze procedure = a test for diagnosing reading ability
  608. cloze test = a test for diagnosing reading ability
  609. clumsiness = unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training
  610. co-ordinate = a number that identifies a position relative to an axis
  611. coast = the area within view
  612. Cockaigne = an imaginary land of luxury and idleness
  613. cocksureness = total certainty or greater certainty than circumstances warrant
  614. code of behavior = a set of conventional principles and expectations that are considered binding on any person who is a member of a particular group
  615. code of conduct = a set of conventional principles and expectations that are considered binding on any person who is a member of a particular group
  616. coefficient of concordance = a coefficient of agreement (concordance) between different sets of rank orderings of the same set of things
  617. coefficient of correlation = a statistic representing how closely two variables co-vary
  618. cogent evidence = any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something
  619. cogitation = attentive consideration and meditation / a carefully considered thought about something
  620. cognisance = having knowledge of
  621. cognitive content = the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
  622. cognitive factor = something immaterial (as a circumstance or influence) that contributes to producing a result
  623. cognitive neuroscience = the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological foundations of mental phenomena
  624. cognitive operation = the performance of some composite cognitive activity
  625. cognitive process = the performance of some composite cognitive activity
  626. cognitive psychology = an approach to psychology that emphasizes internal mental processes
  627. cognitive science = the field of science concerned with cognition
  628. cognitive semantics = the branch of semantics that studies the cognitive aspects of meaning
  629. cognitive state = the state of a person's cognitive processes
  630. cognizance = having knowledge of / range or scope of what is perceived / range of what one can know or understand
  631. cold = the sensation produced by low temperatures
  632. coldness = the sensation produced by low temperatures
  633. collectivism = a political theory that the people should own the means of production
  634. colligation = the connection of isolated facts by a general hypothesis
  635. collusion = secret agreement
  636. color = the characteristic of quarks that determines their role in the strong interaction
  637. color bar = barrier preventing blacks from participating in various activities with whites
  638. color barrier = the barrier preventing Blacks from participating in various activities with whites
  639. color constancy = the tendency for a color to look the same under widely different viewing conditions
  640. color line = barrier preventing blacks from participating in various activities with whites
  641. color vision = the normal ability to see colors
  642. colored audition = a form of chromesthesia in which experiences of color accompany auditory stimuli
  643. colored hearing = a form of chromesthesia in which experiences of color accompany auditory stimuli
  644. colour = the characteristic of quarks that determines their role in the strong interaction
  645. colour bar = barrier preventing blacks from participating in various activities with whites
  646. colour constancy = the tendency for a color to look the same under widely different viewing conditions
  647. colour line = barrier preventing blacks from participating in various activities with whites
  648. coma = a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness
  649. comatoseness = a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness
  650. come-on = anything that serves as an enticement
  651. comfort zone = the temperature range (between 28 and 30 degrees Centigrade) at which the naked human body is able to maintain a heat balance without shivering or sweating
  652. command = great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity
  653. commandment = a doctrine that is taught
  654. committal to memory = learning so as to be able to remember verbatim
  655. common fate = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that aspects of perceptual field that move or function in a similar manner will be perceived as a unit
  656. common knowledge = anything generally known to everyone
  657. common nuisance = a nuisance that unreasonably interferes with a right that is common to the general public
  658. common sense = sound practical judgment
  659. communication theory = the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered
  660. communications = the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered
  661. communism = a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
  662. commutative group = a group that satisfies the commutative law
  663. comparative anatomy = the study of anatomical features of animals of different species
  664. comparative literature = study of literary works from different cultures
  665. comparative psychology = the branch of psychology concerned with the behavior of animals
  666. compass = the limit of capability
  667. complement = either of two parts that mutually complete each other
  668. complement fixation test = a blood test in which a sample of serum is exposed to a particular antigen and complement in order to determine whether or not antibodies to that particular antigen are present
  669. complex = a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts
  670. complexion = a point of view or general attitude or inclination
  671. component = an abstract part of something
  672. composite = a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts
  673. compound = a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
  674. compound morphology = the part of grammar that deals with combinations of simple words into compound words
  675. comprehension = an ability to understand the meaning or importance of something
  676. comprehensiveness = the capacity to understand a broad range of topics
  677. computation = problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  678. computational linguistics = the use of computers for linguistic research and applications
  679. computer science = the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
  680. computer simulation = the technique of representing the real world by a computer program
  681. computing = the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
  682. Comtism = Auguste Comte's positivistic philosophy that metaphysics and theology should be replaced by a hierarchy of sciences from mathematics at the base to sociology at the top
  683. concentrate = a concentrated example of something
  684. concentration = complete attention
  685. concept = an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
  686. conception = the creation of something in the mind / an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
  687. conceptual semantics = the branch of semantics that studies the cognitive aspects of meaning
  688. conceptualisation = an elaborated concept
  689. conceptualism = the doctrine that the application of a general term to various objects indicates the existence of a mental entity that mediates the application
  690. conceptuality = an elaborated concept
  691. conceptualization = an elaborated concept
  692. concern = something that interests you because it is important or affects you / something or someone that causes anxiety
  693. conclusion = an intuitive assumption / a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration
  694. concoction = the invention of a scheme or story to suit some purpose
  695. concrete representation = a representation of an abstract idea in concrete terms
  696. concretism = a representation of an abstract idea in concrete terms
  697. condensation = an unconscious process whereby two ideas or images combine into a single symbol
  698. condition = the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition / information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
  699. conditioned emotion = an emotional response that has been acquired by conditioning
  700. conditioned emotional response = an emotional response that has been acquired by conditioning
  701. conditioned stimulus = the stimulus that is the occasion for a conditioned response
  702. conditioning = a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
  703. confabulation = a plausible but imagined memory that fills in gaps in what is remembered
  704. confidence = freedom from doubt
  705. confidentiality = discretion in keeping secret information
  706. configuration = an arrangement of parts or elements
  707. configurationism = a theory of psychology that emphasizes the importance of configurational properties
  708. confirmation = additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct
  709. conformism = orthodoxy in thoughts and belief
  710. conformity = orthodoxy in thoughts and belief
  711. Confucianism = the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity; high value given to learning and to devotion to family (including ancestors); peace; justice
  712. confusedness = a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior
  713. confusion = a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior
  714. confutation = evidence that refutes conclusively
  715. Congregationalism = system of beliefs and church government of a Protestant denomination in which each member church is self-governing
  716. conjecture = reasoning that involves the formation of conclusions from incomplete evidence / a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjecturing
  717. conjuration = calling up a spirit or devil
  718. conjuring = calling up a spirit or devil
  719. conjury = calling up a spirit or devil
  720. connection = the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination
  721. connexion = the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination
  722. connoisseurship = love of or taste for fine objects of art
  723. connotation = an idea that is implied or suggested
  724. consciousness = an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation / having knowledge of
  725. conservation = the maintenance of a certain quantities unchanged during chemical reactions or physical transformations
  726. conservation of charge = the principle that the total electric charge of a system remains constant despite changes inside the system
  727. conservation of electricity = the principle that the total electric charge of a system remains constant despite changes inside the system
  728. conservation of energy = the fundamental principle of physics that the total energy of an isolated system is constant despite internal changes
  729. conservation of mass = a fundamental principle of classical physics that matter cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system
  730. conservation of matter = a fundamental principle of classical physics that matter cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system
  731. conservation of momentum = the principle that the total linear momentum in a closed system is constant and is not affected by processes occurring inside the system
  732. conservation of parity = parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system
  733. conservatism = a political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes
  734. Conservative Judaism = beliefs and practices of Conservative Jews
  735. conservativism = a political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes
  736. consideration = the process of giving careful thought to something / information that should be kept in mind when making a decision
  737. conspiracy = a plot to carry out some harmful or illegal act
  738. constancy = the tendency for perceived objects to give rise to very similar perceptual experiences in spite of wide variations in the conditions of observation
  739. constant = a quantity that does not vary
  740. constant quantity = a quantity that does not vary
  741. constatation = an assumption that is basic to an argument
  742. constellation = an arrangement of parts or elements
  743. constituent = an abstract part of something
  744. constitutionalism = advocacy of a system of government according to constitutional principles
  745. constriction = a tight feeling in some part of the body
  746. construct = an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
  747. construction = the creation of a construct
  748. consubstantiation = the doctrine of the High Anglican Church that after the consecration of the Eucharist the substance of the body and blood of Christ coexists with the substance of the consecrated bread and wine
  749. consumerism = the theory that an increasing consumption of goods is economically beneficial
  750. containment = a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate peacefully
  751. contemplation = a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
  752. content = the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
  753. contextualism = any doctrine emphasizing the importance of the context in solving problems or establishing the meaning of terms
  754. continuation = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive a line as continuing its established direction
  755. continuous creation theory = the theory that the universe maintains a constant average density with matter created to fill the void left by galaxies that are receding from each other
  756. contour = a feature (or the order or arrangement of features) of anything having a complex structure
  757. contract law = that branch of jurisprudence that studies the rights and obligations of parties entering into contracts
  758. contradistinction = a distinction drawn on the basis of contrast
  759. contrast = the perceptual effect of the juxtaposition of very different colors / a conceptual separation or distinction
  760. contrivance = the faculty of contriving
  761. control = great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity / a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment
  762. control condition = a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment
  763. control experiment = an experiment designed to control for variables affecting the results of another experiment
  764. convention = something regarded as a normative example
  765. conventionality = unoriginality as a result of being too conventional / conformity with conventional thought and behavior
  766. convergence = a representation of common ground between theories or phenomena / the approach of an infinite series to a finite limit
  767. convergency = the approach of an infinite series to a finite limit
  768. convergent thinking = thinking that brings together information focussed on solving a problem
  769. conversance = personal knowledge or information about someone or something
  770. conversancy = personal knowledge or information about someone or something
  771. conversation piece = something interesting that stimulates conversation
  772. conversion = a change in the units or form of an expression:
  773. conviction = an unshakable belief in something without need for proof or evidence
  774. coordinate = a number that identifies a position relative to an axis
  775. coordinate axis = one of the fixed reference lines of a coordinate system
  776. coordinate geometry = the use of algebra to study geometric properties
  777. coordinate system = a system that uses coordinates to establish position
  778. coordination = being of coordinate importance, rank, or degree / the skillful and effective interaction of movements
  779. Copernican system = Copernicus' astronomical model in which the Earth rotates around the sun
  780. copestone = a final touch; a crowning achievement
  781. core = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  782. cornerstone = the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
  783. corollary = an inference that follows directly from the proof of another proposition
  784. corporation law = that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing corporations
  785. corpuscular theory = the theory that light is transmitted as a stream of particles
  786. corpuscular theory of light = the theory that light is transmitted as a stream of particles
  787. correlate = either of two or more related or complementary variables
  788. correlation = a statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the other / a statistic representing how closely two variables co-vary
  789. correlation coefficient = a statistic representing how closely two variables co-vary
  790. correlation matrix = a matrix giving the correlations between all pairs of data sets
  791. correlation table = a two-way tabulation of the relations between correlates
  792. correlational analysis = the use of statistical correlation to evaluate the strength of the relations between variables
  793. correlational statistics = a statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the other
  794. correlative = either of two or more related or complementary variables
  795. coruscation = a sudden or striking display of brilliance
  796. cosmetic dentistry = the branch of dentistry dealing with the appearance of the teeth
  797. cosmogeny = the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe
  798. cosmogony = the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe
  799. cosmography = the science that maps the general features of the universe
  800. cosmology = the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe / the metaphysical study of the origin and nature of the universe
  801. cost-benefit analysis = an analysis of the cost effectiveness of different alternatives in order to see whether the benefits outweigh the costs
  802. Coulomb's Law = a fundamental principle of electrostatics; the force of attraction or repulsion between two charged particles is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them
  803. counter conditioning = conditioning in which a second incompatible response is conditioned to an already conditioned stimulus
  804. countercheck = something that checks the correctness of a previous check
  805. counterculture = a culture with lifestyles and values opposed to those of the established culture
  806. counterexample = refutation by example
  807. counterpart = a person or thing having the same function or characteristics as another
  808. counterplan = a plot intended to subvert another plot
  809. counterplot = a plot intended to subvert another plot
  810. counterterrorism = a strategy intended to prevent or counter terrorism
  811. countertransference = the psychoanalyst's displacement of emotion onto the patient or more generally the psychoanalyst's emotional involvement in the therapeutic interaction
  812. coupon = a test sample of some substance
  813. courtly love = a highly conventionalized code of conduct for lovers
  814. covariance = the mean value of the product of the deviations of two variates from their respective means
  815. covariation = correlated variation
  816. craft = shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception / skill in an occupation or trade
  817. craftiness = shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
  818. craftsmanship = skill in an occupation or trade
  819. craniology = the scientific study of the skulls of various human races
  820. craniometry = the branch of physical anthropology dealing with the study and measurement of dry skulls after removal of its soft parts
  821. craze = an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  822. craziness = the quality of being rash and foolish
  823. creation science = an effort to give scientific support for the truth of the account of Creation given in the Book of Genesis
  824. creationism = the literal belief in the account of Creation given in the Book of Genesis
  825. creative thinking = the ability to create
  826. creativeness = the ability to create
  827. creativity = the ability to create
  828. credence = the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true
  829. credit = an estimate, based on previous dealings, of a person's or an organization's ability to fulfill their financial commitments
  830. credit rating = an estimate, based on previous dealings, of a person's or an organization's ability to fulfill their financial commitments
  831. credit system = a system for allowing people to purchase things on credit
  832. credo = any system of principles or beliefs
  833. creed = any system of principles or beliefs
  834. creepiness = an uneasy sensation as of insects creeping on your skin
  835. criminology = the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior and law enforcement
  836. criterion = the ideal in terms of which something can be judged
  837. critical analysis = an appraisal based on careful analytical evaluation
  838. critical appraisal = an appraisal based on careful analytical evaluation
  839. criticism = a serious examination and judgment of something
  840. critique = a serious examination and judgment of something
  841. cross product = a vector that is the product of two other vectors
  842. cross section = a sample meant to be representative of a whole population
  843. cross-classification = classification according to more than one attribute at the same time
  844. cross-division = classification according to more than one attribute at the same time
  845. cross-purpose = a contrary aim
  846. crosscheck = an instance of confirming something by considering information from several sources
  847. crosshairs = a center of interest
  848. crossroads = a point where a choice must be made
  849. cryobiology = the branch of biology that studies the effects of low temperatures on living tissues or organs or organisms
  850. cryogenics = the branch of physics that studies the phenomena that occur at very low temperatures
  851. cryogeny = the branch of physics that studies the phenomena that occur at very low temperatures
  852. cryonics = the freezing of a seriously ill or recently deceased person to stop tissues from decomposing
  853. cryptanalysis = the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms
  854. cryptanalytics = the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms
  855. cryptography = the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms
  856. cryptology = the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms
  857. crystal gazing = staring into a crystal ball to arouse visions of future or distant events
  858. crystal lattice = a 3-dimensional geometric arrangement of the atoms or molecules or ions composing a crystal
  859. crystallization = a mental synthesis that becomes fixed or concrete by a process resembling crystal formation
  860. crystallography = the branch of science that studies the formation and structure of crystals
  861. cue = a stimulus that provides information about what to do
  862. cull = the person or thing that is rejected or set aside as inferior in quality
  863. cult = an interest followed with exaggerated zeal / a system of religious beliefs and rituals / a religion or sect that is generally considered to be unorthodox, extremist, or false
  864. cult of personality = intense devotion to a particular person
  865. cultural anthropology = the branch of anthropology that deals with human culture and society
  866. culture = the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group / all the knowledge and values shared by a society / the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
  867. culture shock = a condition of disorientation affecting someone who is suddenly exposed to an unfamiliar culture or way of life or set of attitudes
  868. cultus = a system of religious beliefs and rituals
  869. cunning = shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
  870. curiosity = a state in which you want to learn more about something
  871. curiousness = a state of active curiosity
  872. curvilinear correlation = any correlation in which the rates of change of the variables is not constant
  873. curvilinear regression = the relation between variables when the regression equation is nonlinear
  874. custom = a specific practice of long standing
  875. cut = the style in which a garment is cut
  876. cutaneous sensation = a sensation localized on the skin
  877. cutaneous senses = the faculty by which external objects or forces are perceived through contact with the body
  878. cutting edge = the position of greatest importance or advancement
  879. cy pres = a rule that when literal compliance is impossible the intention of a donor or testator should be carried out as nearly as possible
  880. cy pres doctrine = a rule that when literal compliance is impossible the intention of a donor or testator should be carried out as nearly as possible
  881. cyberculture = the culture that emerges from the use of computers for communication and entertainment and business
  882. cybernetics = the field of science concerned with processes of communication and control
  883. cynosure = something that strongly attracts attention and admiration
  884. cytogenetics = the branch of biology that studies the cellular aspects of heredity
  885. cytology = the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
  886. Dalton's law = law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture
  887. Dalton's law of partial pressures = law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture
  888. Daoism = philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
  889. dark = an unenlightened state
  890. darkness = an unenlightened state
  891. Darsana = one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on the nature of reality and the release from bondage to karma
  892. Darwinism = a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selection
  893. data conversion = conversion from one way of encoding data to another way
  894. data point = an item of factual information derived from measurement or research
  895. data structure = the organization of data
  896. datum = an item of factual information derived from measurement or research
  897. daydream = absentminded dreaming while awake
  898. daydreaming = absentminded dreaming while awake
  899. daylight vision = normal vision in daylight
  900. daze = confusion characterized by lack of clarity
  901. dead reckoning = an estimate based on little or no information
  902. dead weight = an oppressive encumbrance
  903. deciding = the cognitive process of reaching a decision
  904. decile = any of nine points that divided a distribution of ranked scores into equal intervals where each interval contains one-tenth of the scores
  905. decimal system of classification = a system used by libraries to classify nonfictional publications into subject categories; the subject is indicated by a three-digit numeral and further specification is given by numerals following a decimal point
  906. decision = a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration
  907. decision making = the cognitive process of reaching a decision
  908. decisive factor = a point or fact or remark that settles something conclusively
  909. decomposition = the analysis of a vector field
  910. deconstruction = a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning
  911. deconstructionism = a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning
  912. deduction = reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect) / something that is inferred
  913. deductive reasoning = reasoning from the general to the particular
  914. deep water = serious trouble
  915. deepness = the intellectual ability to penetrate deeply into ideas
  916. default = an option that is selected automatically unless an alternative is specified
  917. default option = an option that is selected automatically unless an alternative is specified
  918. defence policy = a program for defending a country against its enemies
  919. defence program = a program for defending a country against its enemies
  920. defense policy = a program for defending a country against its enemies
  921. defense program = a program for defending a country against its enemies
  922. defensive = an attitude of defensiveness
  923. defensive attitude = an attitude of defensiveness
  924. definite integral = the integral of a function over a definite interval
  925. deftness = skillful performance or ability without difficulty
  926. degree = the highest power of a term or variable
  927. degree of a polynomial = the degree of the term in the polynomial that has the highest degree
  928. degree of a term = the sum of the exponents of the variables in the term
  929. degree of freedom = an unrestricted variable in a frequency distribution / one of the minimum number of parameters needed to describe the state of a physical system
  930. deism = the form of theological rationalism that believes in God on the basis of reason without reference to revelation
  931. deixis = the function of pointing or specifying from the perspective of a participant in an act of speech or writing
  932. deja vu = the experience of thinking that a new situation had occurred before
  933. deliberation = careful consideration / planning something carefully and intentionally
  934. delicacy = refined taste
  935. delight = something or someone that provides a source of happiness
  936. delusion = a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea
  937. demand = required activity
  938. demarcation = a conceptual separation or distinction
  939. democracy = the doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized group can make decisions binding on the whole group / the political orientation of those who favor government by the people or by their elected representatives
  940. demographic = a statistic characterizing human populations
  941. demography = the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations
  942. demonism = a belief in and reverence for devils
  943. dendrology = the study of wooden plants
  944. denominationalism = the tendency, in Protestantism, to separate into religious denominations or to advocate such separations / a narrow-minded adherence to a particular sect or party or denomination
  945. denotation = the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
  946. denseness = the quality of being mentally slow and limited
  947. dental anatomy = the branch of gross anatomy concerning with the morphology of teeth
  948. dental medicine = the branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth
  949. dental orthopaedics = the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth
  950. dental orthopedics = the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth
  951. dental surgery = the branch of dentistry involving surgical procedures
  952. dentistry = the branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth
  953. deontic logic = the modal logic of obligation and permissibility
  954. department = a specialized sphere of knowledge
  955. dependent variable = a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value depends on the independent variable
  956. depicting = a representation by picture or portraiture
  957. depiction = a representation by picture or portraiture
  958. depth = the intellectual ability to penetrate deeply into ideas
  959. derivation = a line of reasoning that shows how a conclusion follows logically from accepted propositions
  960. derivational morphology = the part of grammar that deals with the derivations of words
  961. derivative = the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another
  962. derived function = the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another
  963. dermatoglyphics = the study of the whorls and loops and arches in the fingertips and on the palms of the hand and the soles of the feet
  964. dermatology = the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases
  965. description = sort or variety
  966. descriptive anthropology = the branch of anthropology that provides scientific description of individual human societies
  967. descriptive geometry = the geometry of properties that remain invariant under projection
  968. descriptive grammar = a grammar that is produced by descriptive linguistics
  969. descriptive linguistics = a description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments
  970. descriptivism = a doctrine supporting or promoting descriptive linguistics / (ethics) a doctrine holding that moral statements have a truth value
  971. descriptor = a piece of stored information that is used to identify an item in an information storage and retrieval system
  972. design = the creation of something in the mind / an arrangement scheme / something intended as a guide for making something else / an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions
  973. design criteria = criteria that designers should meet in designing some system or device
  974. desire to know = curiosity that motivates investigation and study
  975. destination = the ultimate goal for which something is done
  976. detail = an isolated fact that is considered separately from the whole
  977. detection = the perception that something has occurred or some state exists
  978. determinant = a determining or causal element or factor
  979. determination = deciding or controlling something's outcome or nature / a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration
  980. determinative = a determining or causal element or factor
  981. determiner = a determining or causal element or factor
  982. determining factor = a determining or causal element or factor
  983. determinism = a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes
  984. deterrent = something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  985. developmental anatomy = the branch of anatomy that studies structural changes of an individual from fertilization to maturity
  986. developmental learning = learning that takes place as a normal part of cognitive development
  987. developmental psychology = the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children
  988. deviation = the difference between an observed value and the expected value of a variable or function
  989. devices = an inclination or desire
  990. Dewey decimal classification = a system used by libraries to classify nonfictional publications into subject categories; the subject is indicated by a three-digit numeral and further specification is given by numerals following a decimal point
  991. Dewey decimal system = a system used by libraries to classify nonfictional publications into subject categories; the subject is indicated by a three-digit numeral and further specification is given by numerals following a decimal point
  992. dexterity = adroitness in using the hands
  993. diabetic coma = coma that can develop in inadequately treated cases of diabetes mellitus
  994. diabolism = a belief in and reverence for devils
  995. diachronic linguistics = the study of linguistic change
  996. diachrony = the study of linguistic change
  997. diagnostic assay = an assay conducted for diagnostic purposes
  998. diagnostic test = an assay conducted for diagnostic purposes
  999. diagnostics = the branch of medical science dealing with the classification of disease
  1000. diagonalisation = changing a square matrix to diagonal form
  1001. diagonalization = changing a square matrix to diagonal form
  1002. dialect geography = the study of the geographical distribution of linguistic features
  1003. dialectic = any formal system of reasoning that arrives at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
  1004. dialectical materialism = the materialistic philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
  1005. dialectics = a rationale for dialectical materialism based on change through the conflict of opposing forces
  1006. dialectology = the branch of philology that is devoted to the study of dialects
  1007. Dick test = a skin test to determine your susceptibility to scarlet fever
  1008. dictate = a guiding principle
  1009. dietetics = the scientific study of food preparation and intake
  1010. difference limen = the smallest change in stimulation that a person can detect
  1011. difference threshold = the smallest change in stimulation that a person can detect
  1012. differential = the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another
  1013. differential calculus = the part of calculus that deals with the variation of a function with respect to changes in the independent variable (or variables) by means of the concepts of derivative and differential
  1014. differential coefficient = the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another
  1015. differential limen = the smallest change in stimulation that a person can detect
  1016. differential psychology = the branch of psychology that studies measurable differences between individuals
  1017. differential threshold = the smallest change in stimulation that a person can detect
  1018. differentiation = a discrimination between things as different and distinct on the basis of their characteristics or attributes
  1019. difficulty = a factor causing trouble in achieving a positive result or tending to produce a negative result
  1020. digestion = learning and coming to understand ideas and information
  1021. digitisation = conversion of analog information into digital information
  1022. digitization = conversion of analog information into digital information
  1023. dilemma = state of uncertainty or perplexity especially as requiring a choice between equally unfavorable options
  1024. dimension = a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished / one of three Cartesian coordinates that determine a position in space
  1025. direct correlation = a correlation in which large values of one variable are associated with large values of the other and small with small
  1026. direction = the concentration of attention or energy on something / a general course along which something has a tendency to develop
  1027. diriment impediment = an impediment that invalidates a marriage
  1028. dirty laundry = personal matters that could be embarrassing if made public
  1029. dirty linen = personal matters that could be embarrassing if made public
  1030. disapproval = an inclination to withhold approval from some person or group
  1031. disarray = a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior
  1032. disbelief = doubt about the truth of something / a rejection of belief
  1033. discernment = the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations / perception of that which is obscure / delicate discrimination (especially of aesthetic values) / the cognitive condition of someone who understands
  1034. discipline = a system of rules of conduct or method of practice / a branch of knowledge
  1035. discovery = a productive insight
  1036. discreetness = knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress
  1037. discretion = knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress / refined taste
  1038. discrimination = the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished
  1039. discriminative stimulus = a stimulus that provides information about what to do
  1040. disenchantment = freeing from false belief or illusions
  1041. disfavor = an inclination to withhold approval from some person or group
  1042. disfavour = an inclination to withhold approval from some person or group
  1043. disfluency = lack of skillfulness in speaking or writing
  1044. disillusion = freeing from false belief or illusions
  1045. disillusionment = freeing from false belief or illusions
  1046. disinterest = tolerance attributable to a lack of involvement
  1047. disinterestedness = freedom from bias or from selfish motives
  1048. dislike = an inclination to withhold approval from some person or group
  1049. disorientation = confusion (usually transient) about where you are and how to proceed
  1050. disposition = an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others
  1051. dispossession = freeing from evil spirits
  1052. disproof = any evidence that helps to establish the falsity of something
  1053. disregard = lack of attention and due care
  1054. disrespect = a disrespectful mental attitude
  1055. dissection = a minute and critical analysis
  1056. dissonance = the auditory experience of sound that lacks musical quality
  1057. distance vision = vision for objects that a 20 feet or more from the viewer
  1058. distinction = a discrimination between things as different and distinct on the basis of their characteristics or attributes
  1059. distinctive feature = an odd or unusual characteristic
  1060. distinguishing characteristic = an odd or unusual characteristic
  1061. distraction = mental turmoil / an obstacle to attention
  1062. distribution = an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
  1063. distribution free statistic = a statistic computed without knowledge of the form or the parameters of the distribution from which observations are drawn
  1064. distribution law = the total energy in an assembly of molecules is not distributed equally but is distributed around an average value according to a statistical distribution
  1065. distrust = doubt about someone's honesty
  1066. divergence = an infinite series that has no limit
  1067. divergency = an infinite series that has no limit
  1068. divergent thinking = thinking that moves away in diverging directions so as to involve a variety of aspects and which sometimes lead to novel ideas and solutions
  1069. dividing line = a conceptual separation or distinction
  1070. divination = the art or gift of prophecy (or the pretense of prophecy) by supernatural means
  1071. divine guidance = a special influence of a divinity on the minds of human beings
  1072. divine law = a law that is believed to come directly from God
  1073. divine right = the doctrine that kings derive their right to rule directly from God and are not accountable to their subjects
  1074. divine right of kings = the doctrine that kings derive their right to rule directly from God and are not accountable to their subjects
  1075. divinity = the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth
  1076. division = one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole
  1077. Docetism = the heretical doctrine (associated with the Gnostics) that Jesus had no human body and his sufferings and death on the cross were apparent rather than real
  1078. docket = a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to
  1079. doctrine = a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
  1080. doctrine of analogy = the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater
  1081. dodge = an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade
  1082. doghouse = an idiomatic term for being in disfavor
  1083. dogma = a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative
  1084. dogmatism = the intolerance and prejudice of a bigot
  1085. domain = the content of a particular field of knowledge
  1086. domestic science = theory and practice of homemaking
  1087. domino theory = the political theory that if one nation comes under communist control then neighboring nations will also come under communist control
  1088. Donatism = a schismatic Christian religion in northern Africa from the 4th to the 7th century
  1089. dot product = a real number (a scalar) that is the product of two vectors
  1090. double = a quantity that is twice as great as another
  1091. double bind = an unresolvable dilemma
  1092. double check = something that checks the correctness of a previous check
  1093. doublethink = believing two contradictory ideas at the same time
  1094. doubt = the state of being unsure of something
  1095. doubtfulness = the state of being unsure of something
  1096. dovishness = any political orientation favoring compromise to avoid conflict
  1097. downside = a negative aspect of something that is generally positive
  1098. dowse = searching for underground water or minerals by using a dowsing rod
  1099. dowsing = searching for underground water or minerals by using a dowsing rod
  1100. doxastic logic = the modal logic of belief and disbelief
  1101. drag = something that slows or delays progress
  1102. dream = a fantastic but vain hope (from fantasies induced by the opium pipe) / a state of mind characterized by abstraction and release from reality / a series of mental images and emotions occurring during sleep / imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake
  1103. dreaming = a series of mental images and emotions occurring during sleep / imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake
  1104. dreamland = a pleasing country existing only in dreams or imagination
  1105. dreamworld = a pleasing country existing only in dreams or imagination
  1106. drift = the pervading meaning or tenor / a general tendency to change
  1107. druidism = the system of religion and philosophy taught by the Druids and their rites and ceremonies
  1108. druthers = the right or chance to choose
  1109. dualism = the doctrine that reality consists of two basic opposing elements, often taken to be mind and matter (or mind and body), or good and evil
  1110. dub = the new sounds added by dubbing
  1111. dubiety = the state of being unsure of something
  1112. dubiousness = the state of being unsure of something
  1113. dullness = the quality of being slow to understand
  1114. dumbness = the quality of being mentally slow and limited
  1115. dynamical system = a phase space together with a transformation of that space
  1116. dynamics = the branch of mechanics concerned with the forces that cause motions of bodies
  1117. dynamism = any of the various theories or doctrines or philosophical systems that attempt to explain the phenomena of the universe in terms of some immanent force or energy
  1118. dysgenics = the study of the operation of factors causing degeneration in the type of offspring produced
  1119. ear = good hearing / attention to what is said
  1120. earth = the concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife
  1121. earth science = any of the sciences that deal with the earth or its parts
  1122. earthly concern = the concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife
  1123. Eastern Catholicism = the beliefs and practices of any of the eastern Catholic Churches based in Constantinople or Antioch or Alexandria or Moscow or Jerusalem
  1124. ecclesiasticism = religion appropriate to a church and to ecclesiastical principles and practices
  1125. ecclesiology = the branch of theology concerned with the nature and the constitution and the functions of a church
  1126. eclectic method = making decisions on the basis of what seems best instead of following some single doctrine or style
  1127. eclecticism = making decisions on the basis of what seems best instead of following some single doctrine or style
  1128. ecology = the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
  1129. econometrics = the application of mathematics and statistics to the study of economic and financial data
  1130. economic geography = the branch of geography concerned with the production and distribution of commodities
  1131. economic geology = the branch of geology that deals with economically valuable geological materials
  1132. economic science = the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
  1133. economic theory = a theory of commercial activities
  1134. economics = the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
  1135. economy = the efficient use of resources
  1136. ecstatic state = a trance induced by intense religious devotion
  1137. Eden = a beautiful garden where Adam and Eve were placed at the Creation
  1138. edification = uplifting enlightenment
  1139. edition = something a little different from others of the same type
  1140. education = the gradual process of acquiring knowledge / knowledge acquired by learning and instruction
  1141. educational program = a program for providing education
  1142. EE = the branch of engineering science that studies the uses of electricity and the equipment for power generation and distribution and the control of machines and communication
  1143. effect = an impression
  1144. efficiency = skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort
  1145. egalitarianism = the doctrine of the equality of mankind and the desirability of political and economic and social equality
  1146. ego = the conscious mind / your consciousness of your own identity
  1147. ego ideal = the part of the ego that contains an ideal of personal excellence toward which a person strives
  1148. egoism = the theory that the pursuit of your own welfare in the basis of morality
  1149. Egyptology = archeology of ancient Egyptian artifacts
  1150. eigenvalue = any number such that a given square matrix minus that number times the identity matrix has a zero determinant
  1151. eigenvalue of a matrix = any number such that a given square matrix minus that number times the identity matrix has a zero determinant
  1152. eigenvalue of a square matrix = any number such that a given square matrix minus that number times the identity matrix has a zero determinant
  1153. Einstein's general theory of relativity = a generalization of special relativity to include gravity
  1154. Einstein's special theory of relativity = a physical theory of relativity based on the assumption that the speed of light in a vacuum is a constant and the assumption that the laws of physics are invariant in all inertial systems
  1155. Einstein's theory of relativity = the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts
  1156. El Dorado = an imaginary place of great wealth and opportunity
  1157. eldorado = an imaginary place of great wealth and opportunity
  1158. election = the predestination of some individuals as objects of divine mercy
  1159. electoral system = a legal system for making democratic choices
  1160. electrical engineering = the branch of engineering science that studies the uses of electricity and the equipment for power generation and distribution and the control of machines and communication
  1161. electrochemistry = branch of chemistry that deals with the chemical action of electricity and the production of electricity by chemical reactions
  1162. electromagnetics = the branch of physics concerned with electromagnetic phenomena
  1163. electromagnetism = the branch of physics concerned with electromagnetic phenomena
  1164. electron optics = the branch of electronics that deals with beams of electrons and their focusing and deflection by magnetic fields
  1165. electronics = the branch of physics that deals with the emission and effects of electrons and with the use of electronic devices
  1166. electrosleep = unconsciousness brought about by the passage of a low voltage electric current through the brain
  1167. electrostatics = the branch of physics that deals with static electricity
  1168. element = an abstract part of something
  1169. elementary geometry = geometry based on Euclid's axioms
  1170. elicitation = stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors
  1171. elimination = analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives
  1172. elision = a deliberate act of omission
  1173. elitism = the attitude that society should be governed by an elite group of individuals
  1174. elliptic geometry = a non-Euclidean geometry that regards space as like a sphere and a line as like a great circle
  1175. Elysian Fields = the abode of the blessed after death
  1176. Elysium = the abode of the blessed after death / a place or condition of ideal happiness
  1177. embodiment = a concrete representation of an otherwise nebulous concept
  1178. embryology = the branch of biology that studies the formation and early development of living organisms
  1179. emergency medicine = the branch of medicine concerned with the prompt diagnosis and treatment of injuries or trauma or sudden illness
  1180. empirical research = an empirical search for knowledge
  1181. empiricism = the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
  1182. empiricist philosophy = the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
  1183. employee savings plan = a plan that allows employees to contribute to an investment pool managed the employer
  1184. employee stock ownership plan = a program under which employees regularly accumulate shares and may ultimately assume control of the company
  1185. emulation = technique of one machine obtaining the same results as another
  1186. enchantment = a magical spell
  1187. encumbrance = an onerous or difficult concern
  1188. encyclopaedism = profound scholarly knowledge
  1189. encyclopedism = profound scholarly knowledge
  1190. end = a final part or section / the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it
  1191. end-all = the ultimate goal
  1192. endaemonism = an ethical system that evaluates actions by reference to personal well-being through a life based on reason
  1193. endocrinology = the branch of medicine dealing with the endocrine glands and their secretions
  1194. endodontia = the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the dental pulp
  1195. endodontics = the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the dental pulp
  1196. endowment = natural abilities or qualities
  1197. engineering = the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
  1198. engineering science = the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
  1199. English = the discipline that studies the English language and literature
  1200. English-Gothic = a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England
  1201. English-Gothic architecture = a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England
  1202. engram = a postulated biochemical change (presumably in neural tissue) that represents a memory
  1203. engrossment = the mental state of being preoccupied by something / complete attention
  1204. enhancer = anything that serves by contrast to call attention to another thing's good qualities
  1205. enigma = something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
  1206. enlightenment = education that results in understanding and the spread of knowledge
  1207. enology = the art of wine making
  1208. enquiry = a search for knowledge
  1209. entailment = something that is inferred
  1210. enthusiasm = a lively interest
  1211. enticement = something that seduces or has the quality to seduce
  1212. entomology = the branch of zoology that studies insects
  1213. environmental science = the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
  1214. environmentalism = the philosophical doctrine that environment is more important than heredity in determining intellectual growth
  1215. envisioning = visual imagery
  1216. enzymology = the branch of biochemistry dealing with the chemical nature and biological activity of enzymes
  1217. epicureanism = a doctrine of hedonism that was defended by several ancient Greek philosophers
  1218. epidemiology = the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
  1219. epigraphy = the study of ancient inscriptions
  1220. Episcopalianism = the theological doctrine of church government by bishops
  1221. episodic memory = memory for episodes in your own life
  1222. episteme = the body of ideas that determine the knowledge that is intellectually certain at any particular time
  1223. epistemic logic = the modal logic of knowledge and uncertainty and ignorance
  1224. epistemology = the philosophical theory of knowledge
  1225. epitome = a standard or typical example
  1226. equalitarianism = the doctrine of the equality of mankind and the desirability of political and economic and social equality
  1227. equidistribution = a flat distribution having equal frequencies of occurrence
  1228. equilibrium = a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head
  1229. equilibrium law = the principle that (at chemical equilibrium) in a reversible reaction the ratio of the rate of the forward reaction to the rate of the reverse reaction is a constant for that reaction
  1230. equivalent = a person or thing equal to another in value or measure or force or effect or significance etc
  1231. Erastianism = the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
  1232. ergonomics = the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
  1233. eristic = the art of logical disputation
  1234. erroneous belief = a misconception resulting from incorrect information
  1235. error = a misconception resulting from incorrect information
  1236. ersatz = an artificial or inferior substitute or imitation
  1237. eruditeness = profound scholarly knowledge
  1238. erudition = profound scholarly knowledge
  1239. escapology = the study of methods of escaping
  1240. eschatology = the branch of theology that is concerned with such final things as death and Last Judgment; Heaven and Hell
  1241. ESOP = a program under which employees regularly accumulate shares and may ultimately assume control of the company
  1242. essence = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  1243. essential condition = a prerequisite
  1244. establishment = the cognitive process of establishing a valid proof
  1245. establishmentarianism = the doctrine of supporting the social or political establishment
  1246. establishmentism = the doctrine of supporting the social or political establishment
  1247. esteem = an attitude of admiration or esteem
  1248. esthesia = mental responsiveness and awareness
  1249. esthesis = an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation
  1250. esthetic = a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful
  1251. esthetics = the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste
  1252. estimate = an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth / the respect with which a person is held
  1253. estimation = an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth / the respect with which a person is held
  1254. ethic = the principles of right and wrong that are accepted by an individual or a social group
  1255. ethicism = a doctrine that ethics and ethical ideas are valid and important
  1256. ethics = the philosophical study of moral values and rules
  1257. ethnocentrism = belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group
  1258. ethnography = the branch of anthropology that provides scientific description of individual human societies
  1259. ethnology = the branch of anthropology that deals with the division of humankind into races and with their origins and distribution and distinctive characteristics
  1260. ethology = the branch of zoology that studies the behavior of animals in their natural habitats
  1261. etiology = the philosophical study of causation
  1262. etymology = the study of the sources and development of words
  1263. Euclid's axiom = any of five axioms that are generally recognized as the basis for Euclidean geometry
  1264. Euclid's fifth axiom = only one line can be drawn through a point parallel to another line
  1265. Euclid's first axiom = a straight line can be drawn between any two points
  1266. Euclid's fourth axiom = all right angles are equal
  1267. Euclid's postulate = any of five axioms that are generally recognized as the basis for Euclidean geometry
  1268. Euclid's second axiom = any terminated straight line can be projected indefinitely
  1269. Euclid's third axiom = a circle with any radius can be drawn around any point
  1270. Euclidean axiom = any of five axioms that are generally recognized as the basis for Euclidean geometry
  1271. Euclidean geometry = geometry based on Euclid's axioms
  1272. eudemonism = an ethical system that evaluates actions by reference to personal well-being through a life based on reason
  1273. eugenics = the study of methods of improving genetic qualities by selective breeding
  1274. euphony = any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds
  1275. Eurocentrism = belief in the preeminence of Europe and the Europeans
  1276. euthenics = the study of methods of improving human well-being and efficient functioning by improving environmental conditions
  1277. evaluation = an appraisal of the value of something
  1278. evangelicalism = stresses the importance of personal conversion and faith as the means of salvation
  1279. evidence = your basis for belief or disbelief
  1280. evocation = imaginative re-creation / stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors / calling up supposed supernatural forces by spells and incantations
  1281. evolutionary trend = a general direction of evolutionary change
  1282. evolutionism = a scientific theory of the origin of species of plants and animals
  1283. examen = a critical study (as of a writer's work) / a detailed inspection of your conscience
  1284. examination = a detailed inspection of your conscience
  1285. example = an item of information that is typical of a class or group / something to be imitated / a representative form or pattern
  1286. excellence = an outstanding feature
  1287. excellency = an outstanding feature
  1288. exception = a deliberate act of omission / an instance that does not conform to a rule or generalization
  1289. excitability = excessive sensitivity of an organ or body part
  1290. exclusion = a deliberate act of omission
  1291. exclusion principle = no two electrons or protons or neutrons in a given system can be in states characterized by the same set of quantum numbers
  1292. excogitation = the creation of something in the mind / thinking something out with care in order to achieve complete understanding of it
  1293. excuse = a poor example
  1294. execration = the object of cursing or detestation
  1295. exemplar = something to be imitated
  1296. exemplification = a representational or typifying form or model
  1297. existential philosophy = a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe
  1298. existentialism = a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe
  1299. existentialist philosophy = a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe
  1300. exit poll = a poll of voters as they leave the voting place
  1301. exobiology = the branch of biology concerned with the effects of outer space on living organisms and the search for extraterrestrial life
  1302. exodontia = the branch of dentistry dealing with extraction of teeth
  1303. exodontics = the branch of dentistry dealing with extraction of teeth
  1304. exorcism = freeing from evil spirits
  1305. expansionism = the doctrine of expanding the territory or the economic influence of a country
  1306. expectancy = something expected
  1307. expectation = belief about (or mental picture of) the future / the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values
  1308. expected value = the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values
  1309. experience = the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities / the content of direct observation or participation in an event
  1310. experiment = the testing of an idea
  1311. experimental condition = the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition
  1312. experimental extinction = a conditioning process in which the reinforcer is removed and a conditioned response becomes independent of the conditioned stimulus
  1313. experimental method = the use of controlled observations and measurements to test hypotheses
  1314. experimental psychology = the branch of psychology that uses experimental methods to study psychological issues
  1315. experimental variable = a variable whose values are independent of changes in the values of other variables
  1316. experimentalism = an empirical doctrine that advocates experimental principles / an orientation that favors experimentation and innovation
  1317. experimentation = the testing of an idea
  1318. experimenter bias = bias introduced by an experimenter whose expectations about the outcome of the experiment can be subtly communicated to the participants in the experiment
  1319. expertise = skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge
  1320. expertness = skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge
  1321. explanation = thought that makes something comprehensible
  1322. exploration = a systematic consideration
  1323. exposure = aspect resulting from the direction a building or window faces
  1324. extension = the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
  1325. external = outward features
  1326. externalisation = attributing to outside causes
  1327. externalization = attributing to outside causes
  1328. exteroception = sensitivity to stimuli originating outside of the body
  1329. extinction = a conditioning process in which the reinforcer is removed and a conditioned response becomes independent of the conditioned stimulus
  1330. extrapolation = an inference about the future (or about some hypothetical situation) based on known facts and observations / (mathematics) calculation of the value of a function outside the range of known values
  1331. extremism = any political theory favoring immoderate uncompromising policies
  1332. eye = good discernment (either visually or as if visually) / attention to what is seen
  1333. eye candy = visual images that are pleasing to see but are intellectually undemanding
  1334. eye-catcher = a striking person or thing that attracts attention
  1335. eyes = opinion or judgment
  1336. eyesight = normal use of the faculty of vision
  1337. Fabianism = socialism to be established by gradual reforms within the law
  1338. face recognition = the visual perception of familiar faces
  1339. facer = a serious difficulty with which one is suddenly faced
  1340. facet = a distinct feature or element in a problem
  1341. facility = skillful performance or ability without difficulty
  1342. fact = a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred / a concept whose truth can be proved
  1343. factor = an independent variable in statistics / an abstract part of something
  1344. factor analysis = any of several methods for reducing correlational data to a smaller number of dimensions or factors
  1345. factorial = the product of all the integers up to and including a given integer
  1346. factoring = the resolution of an expression into factors such that when multiplied together they give the original expression
  1347. factorisation = the resolution of an expression into factors such that when multiplied together they give the original expression
  1348. factorization = the resolution of an expression into factors such that when multiplied together they give the original expression
  1349. faculty = one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind
  1350. fad = an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  1351. faecal occult test = a test performed at home in which you collect specimens of your stool that are tested for traces of blood
  1352. faerie = the enchanted realm of fairies
  1353. faery = the enchanted realm of fairies
  1354. fair-mindedness = ability to make judgments free from discrimination or dishonesty
  1355. fairness = ability to make judgments free from discrimination or dishonesty
  1356. fairyland = the enchanted realm of fairies / something existing solely in the imagination
  1357. faith = complete confidence in a person or plan etc / a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
  1358. falconry = the art of training falcons to hunt and return
  1359. fallacy = a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning
  1360. false belief = a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning
  1361. falsification = any evidence that helps to establish the falsity of something
  1362. familiarisation = the experience of becoming familiar with something
  1363. familiarity = personal knowledge or information about someone or something
  1364. familiarization = the experience of becoming familiar with something
  1365. fanaticism = excessive intolerance of opposing views
  1366. fanatism = excessive intolerance of opposing views
  1367. fancy = imagination or fantasy
  1368. fantasm = something existing in perception only
  1369. fantasy = imagination unrestricted by reality / something many people believe that is false
  1370. fantasy life = an imaginary life lived in a fantasy world
  1371. fantasy world = something existing solely in the imagination
  1372. fardel = a burden
  1373. fare = an agenda of things to do
  1374. farsightedness = seeing ahead; knowing in advance
  1375. fascism = a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government
  1376. fashion = the latest and most admired style in clothes and cosmetics and behavior
  1377. fatalism = a philosophical doctrine holding that all events are predetermined in advance for all time and human beings are powerless to change them / a submissive mental attitude resulting from acceptance of the doctrine that everything that happens is predetermined and inevitable
  1378. favor = an inclination to approve
  1379. favorite = something regarded with special favor or liking
  1380. favoritism = an inclination to favor some person or group
  1381. favour = an inclination to approve
  1382. favourite = something regarded with special favor or liking
  1383. favouritism = an inclination to favor some person or group
  1384. feature = a prominent attribute or aspect of something / (linguistics) a distinctive characteristic of a linguistic unit that serves to distinguish it from other units of the same kind
  1385. feature of speech = a distinctive characteristic of a linguistic unit that serves to distinguish it from other units of the same kind
  1386. fecal occult test = a test performed at home in which you collect specimens of your stool that are tested for traces of blood
  1387. Fechner's law = the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation increases proportional to the logarithm of the stimulus intensity
  1388. fecundity = the intellectual productivity of a creative imagination
  1389. federalism = the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units
  1390. feeblemindedness = severe mental deficiency
  1391. feel = an intuitive awareness
  1392. feeling = an intuitive understanding of something / a physical sensation that you experience / the sensation produced by pressure receptors in the skin / a vague idea in which some confidence is placed
  1393. feeling of movement = the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc
  1394. feminism = a doctrine that advocates equal rights for women
  1395. femtochemistry = the branch of chemistry that studies elementary (often very fast) chemical reactions as they occur
  1396. feng shui = rules in Chinese philosophy that govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to patterns of yin and yang and the flow of energy
  1397. Fermi-Dirac statistics = law obeyed by a systems of particles whose wave function changes when two particles are interchanged
  1398. fetichism = a belief in the magical power of fetishes
  1399. fetishism = a belief in the magical power of fetishes
  1400. fetology = the branch of medicine concerned with the fetus in the uterus
  1401. fetor = a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  1402. fictitious place = a place that exists only in imagination
  1403. field = the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument) / a branch of knowledge
  1404. field of regard = all of the points of the physical environment that can be perceived by a stable eye at a given moment
  1405. field of study = a branch of knowledge
  1406. field of view = the area that is visible
  1407. field of vision = all of the points of the physical environment that can be perceived by a stable eye at a given moment
  1408. field test = a test of the performance of some new product under the conditions in which it will be used
  1409. field theory = a theory that explains a physical phenomenon in terms of a field and the manner in which it interacts with matter or with other fields
  1410. field trial = a test of the performance of some new product under the conditions in which it will be used
  1411. figment = a contrived or fantastic idea
  1412. figure = a unitary percept having structure and coherence that is the object of attention and that stands out against a ground
  1413. figuring = problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  1414. file system = a system of classifying into files
  1415. filing system = a system of classifying into files
  1416. fillip = anything that tends to arouse
  1417. final cause = the end or purpose of a thing or process
  1418. finance = the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets
  1419. find = a productive insight
  1420. fine arts = the study and creation of visual works of art
  1421. finish = the taste of a wine on the back of the tongue
  1422. finishing touch = a final touch; a crowning achievement
  1423. first blush = at the first glimpse or impression
  1424. first degree = a degree of one
  1425. first derivative = the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another
  1426. first harmonic = the lowest tone of a harmonic series
  1427. first law of motion = a body remains at rest or in motion with a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force
  1428. first law of thermodynamics = the fundamental principle of physics that the total energy of an isolated system is constant despite internal changes
  1429. first moment = the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values
  1430. first principles = the elementary stages of any subject
  1431. first-order correlation = a partial correlation in which the effects of only one variable are removed
  1432. fishing expedition = an investigation undertaken in the hope (but not the stated purpose) of discovering information
  1433. fixation = an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone
  1434. flair = a natural talent
  1435. flash = a sudden brilliant understanding
  1436. flatness = a deficiency in flavor
  1437. flavor = the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth / (physics) the six kinds of quarks
  1438. flavour = the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth / (physics) the six kinds of quarks
  1439. flight = passing above and beyond ordinary bounds
  1440. flip-flop = a decision to reverse an earlier decision
  1441. floodgate = something that restrains a flood or outpouring
  1442. flower power = a counterculture of young people in the US during the 1960s and 70s
  1443. fluency = skillfulness in speaking or writing
  1444. fluid mechanics = study of the mechanics of fluids
  1445. Flying Dutchman = a phantom ship that is said to appear in storms near the Cape of Good Hope
  1446. flying saucer = an (apparently) flying object whose nature is unknown
  1447. focal point = the concentration of attention or energy on something
  1448. focus = the concentration of attention or energy on something
  1449. focusing = the concentration of attention or energy on something
  1450. focussing = the concentration of attention or energy on something
  1451. foetology = the branch of medicine concerned with the fetus in the uterus
  1452. foetor = a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  1453. fog = confusion characterized by lack of clarity
  1454. foil = anything that serves by contrast to call attention to another thing's good qualities
  1455. folklore = the unwritten lore (stories and proverbs and riddles and songs) of a culture
  1456. folly = the quality of being rash and foolish
  1457. food = anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking
  1458. food for thought = anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking
  1459. foolishness = the quality of being rash and foolish
  1460. forbidden fruit = originally an apple from the tree of knowledge of good and evil in the Garden of Eden
  1461. forefront = the position of greatest importance or advancement
  1462. foreground = the part of a scene that is near the viewer
  1463. forensic medicine = the branch of medical science that uses medical knowledge for legal purposes
  1464. forensic pathology = the branch of medical science that uses medical knowledge for legal purposes
  1465. foreordination = being determined in advance
  1466. foreshadowing = the act of providing vague advance indications
  1467. foresight = seeing ahead; knowing in advance
  1468. forestry = the science of planting and caring for forests and the management of growing timber
  1469. foretaste = an early limited awareness of something yet to occur
  1470. foretelling = the art or gift of prophecy (or the pretense of prophecy) by supernatural means
  1471. forethought = judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger / planning or plotting in advance of acting
  1472. forgetfulness = tendency to forget / unawareness caused by neglectful or heedless failure to remember
  1473. form = a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality / a perceptual structure
  1474. formal logic = any logical system that abstracts the form of statements away from their content in order to establish abstract criteria of consistency and validity
  1475. formal semantics = the branch of semantics that studies the logical aspects of meaning
  1476. formalism = the doctrine that formal structure rather than content is what should be represented / (philosophy) the philosophical theory that formal (logical or mathematical) statements have no meaning but that its symbols (regarded as physical entities) exhibit a form that has useful applications
  1477. formula = something regarded as a normative example / (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems
  1478. fortification = the art or science of strengthening defenses
  1479. fortune telling = the art or gift of prophecy (or the pretense of prophecy) by supernatural means
  1480. fossilology = the earth science that studies fossil organisms and related remains
  1481. foundation = the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained / education or instruction in the fundamentals of a field of knowledge
  1482. fourfold point correlation = an index of the relation between any two sets of scores that can both be represented on ordered binary dimensions
  1483. Fourier analysis = analysis of a periodic function into a sum of simple sinusoidal components
  1484. Fourier series = the sum of a series of trigonometric expressions
  1485. foveal vision = vision with the fovea
  1486. foxiness = shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
  1487. fractal = a geometric pattern that is repeated at every scale and so cannot be represented by classical geometry
  1488. fractal geometry = the geometry of fractals
  1489. fragrance = a distinctive odor that is pleasant
  1490. frame = a system of assumptions and standards that sanction behavior and give it meaning
  1491. frame of reference = a system of assumptions and standards that sanction behavior and give it meaning / a system that uses coordinates to establish position
  1492. framework = a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process
  1493. freak out = a wild delusion
  1494. free association = a thought process in which ideas (words or images) suggest other ideas in a sequence
  1495. free thought = the form of theological rationalism that believes in God on the basis of reason without reference to revelation
  1496. freethinking = the doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct
  1497. frequency distribution = a distribution of observed frequencies of occurrence of the values of a variable
  1498. freshness = originality by virtue of being new and surprising
  1499. Freudian psychology = the psychological theories of Sigmund Freud
  1500. Friedman test = pregnancy test that involves injecting some of the woman's urine into an unmated female rabbit and later examining the ovaries of the rabbit
  1501. front = the outward appearance of a person
  1502. frontier = an undeveloped field of study
  1503. fruitfulness = the intellectual productivity of a creative imagination
  1504. fruitlessness = a lack of creative imagination
  1505. functional anatomy = the study of anatomy in its relation to function
  1506. functional calculus = a system of symbolic logic that represents individuals and predicates and quantification over individuals
  1507. functional genomics = the branch of genomics that determines the biological function of the genes and their products
  1508. functionalism = any doctrine that stresses utility or purpose / a psychology based on the assumption that all mental process are useful to an organism in adapting to the environment
  1509. fundament = the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
  1510. fundamental = the lowest tone of a harmonic series
  1511. fundamental frequency = the lowest tone of a harmonic series
  1512. fundamental principle = principles from which other truths can be derived
  1513. fundamentalism = the strict adherence to the basic principles or doctrines of a religion, ideology, etc. / a form of Protestantism that takes the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
  1514. fundamentals = principles from which other truths can be derived
  1515. furor = an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  1516. furore = an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  1517. fusion = the combining of images from the two eyes to form a single visual percept
  1518. futurism = the position that the meaning of life should be sought in the future
  1519. futuristics = the study or prediction of future developments on the basis of existing conditions
  1520. futurology = the study or prediction of future developments on the basis of existing conditions
  1521. fuzz = a hazy or indistinct representation
  1522. fuzzy logic = a form of mathematical logic in which truth can assume a continuum of values between 0 and 1
  1523. Galois theory = group theory applied to the solution of algebraic equations
  1524. gambling system = a system of rules for placing bets that is believed to lead to winning
  1525. game = a secret scheme to do something
  1526. game plan = a plan for achieving an objective in some sport / (figurative) a carefully thought out strategy for achieving an objective in war or politics or business or personal affairs
  1527. game theory = a theory of competition stated in terms of gains and losses among opposing players
  1528. garbology = the study of a society by analyzing its garbage
  1529. Garden of Eden = a beautiful garden where Adam and Eve were placed at the Creation
  1530. gastroenterology = the branch of medicine that studies the gastrointestinal tract and its diseases
  1531. Gaussian curve = a symmetrical curve representing the normal distribution
  1532. Gaussian distribution = a theoretical distribution with finite mean and variance
  1533. Gaussian shape = a symmetrical curve representing the normal distribution
  1534. Gay-Lussac's law = the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the temperature
  1535. Gehenna = a place where the wicked are punished after death
  1536. Gemini program = a program of space flights undertaken by US in 1965 and 1966
  1537. gemmule = the physically discrete element that Darwin proposed as responsible for heredity
  1538. gene-splicing = the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism
  1539. genealogy = the study or investigation of ancestry and family history
  1540. general = a fact about the whole
  1541. general anatomy = the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
  1542. general knowledge = knowledge that is available to anyone
  1543. general medicine = the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and (nonsurgical) treatment of diseases of the internal organs
  1544. general relativity = a generalization of special relativity to include gravity
  1545. general relativity theory = a generalization of special relativity to include gravity
  1546. general theory of relativity = a generalization of special relativity to include gravity
  1547. generalisation = transfer of a response learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus / reasoning from detailed facts to general principles / the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances / an idea or conclusion having general application
  1548. generality = an idea or conclusion having general application
  1549. generalization = transfer of a response learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus / reasoning from detailed facts to general principles / the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances / an idea or conclusion having general application
  1550. generalship = the leadership ability of a military general
  1551. generative grammar = a type of grammar that describes syntax in terms of a set of logical rules that can generate all and only the infinite number of grammatical sentences in a language and assigns them all the correct structural description
  1552. genetic engineering = the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism
  1553. genetic map = graphical representation of the arrangement of genes on a chromosome
  1554. genetic psychology = the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children
  1555. genetic science = the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  1556. geneticism = the belief that all human characteristics are determined genetically
  1557. genetics = the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  1558. genius = unusual mental ability / a natural talent / exceptional creative ability
  1559. genomics = the branch of genetics that studies organisms in terms of their genomes
  1560. genre = a kind of literary or artistic work
  1561. genus = a general kind of something
  1562. geochemistry = the chemistry of the earth's crust
  1563. geodesy = the branch of geology that studies the shape of the earth and the determination of the exact position of geographical points
  1564. geographics = study of the earth's surface
  1565. geography = study of the earth's surface
  1566. geology = a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
  1567. geomancy = divination by means of signs connected with the earth
  1568. geometric mean = the mean of n numbers expressed as the n-th root of their product
  1569. geometric series = a geometric progression written as a sum
  1570. geometry = the pure mathematics of points and lines and curves and surfaces
  1571. geomorphology = the branch of geology that studies the characteristics and configuration and evolution of rocks and land forms
  1572. geophysical science = geology that uses physical principles to study properties of the earth
  1573. geophysics = geology that uses physical principles to study properties of the earth
  1574. geopolitics = the study of the effects of economic geography on the powers of the state
  1575. geostrategy = the branch of geopolitics dealing with strategy
  1576. geriatrics = the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
  1577. germ = anything that provides inspiration for later work
  1578. germ theory = the theory that all contagious diseases are caused by microorganisms
  1579. gerontology = the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
  1580. gestalt = a configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that it cannot be described merely as a sum of its parts
  1581. Gestalt law of organization = a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization
  1582. Gestalt principle of organization = a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization
  1583. Gestalt psychology = a theory of psychology that emphasizes the importance of configurational properties
  1584. gestation = the conception and development of an idea or plan
  1585. ghost = a mental representation of some haunting experience
  1586. GI series = diagnostic tests of the alimentary canal
  1587. gift = natural abilities or qualities
  1588. Girondism = the doctrine of the Girondists
  1589. gist = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  1590. given = an assumption that is taken for granted
  1591. glimmer = a slight suggestion or vague understanding
  1592. glimmering = a slight suggestion or vague understanding
  1593. glimpse = a brief or incomplete view
  1594. glottochronology = the determination of how long ago different languages evolved from a common source language
  1595. glucose tolerance test = test of the body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates
  1596. gnosis = intuitive knowledge of spiritual truths
  1597. Gnosticism = a religious orientation advocating gnosis as the way to release a person's spiritual element
  1598. goal = the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it
  1599. gold standard = a paragon of excellence
  1600. Golden Rule = a command based on Jesus' words in the Sermon on the Mount
  1601. good continuation = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive a line as continuing its established direction
  1602. good example = something to be imitated
  1603. good sense = sound practical judgment
  1604. gospel = a doctrine that is believed to be of great importance
  1605. Gothic = a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries
  1606. Gothic architecture = a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries
  1607. government = the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed / the study of government of states and other political units
  1608. grab sample = a single sample or measurement taken at a specific time or over as short a period as feasible
  1609. grade = a number or letter indicating quality
  1610. grade point = a numerical value assigned to a letter grade received in a course taken at a college or university multiplied by the number of credit hours awarded for the course
  1611. grail = the object of any prolonged endeavor
  1612. grammar = the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology
  1613. grand total = the sum of the sums of several groups of numbers
  1614. graphology = the study of handwriting
  1615. grasp = the limit of capability / understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something
  1616. grasping = understanding with difficulty
  1617. gravitation = a figurative movement toward some attraction
  1618. gravitational theory = the theory that any two particles of matter attract one another with a force directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them
  1619. gray area = an intermediate area
  1620. Greco-Roman architecture = architecture influenced by the ancient Greeks or Romans
  1621. Greek architecture = the architecture of ancient Greece
  1622. Gresham's Law = the principle that when two kinds of money having the same denominational value are in circulation the intrinsically more valuable money will be hoarded and the money of lower intrinsic value will circulate more freely until the intrinsically more valuable money is driven out of circulation; bad money drives out good
  1623. grey area = an intermediate area
  1624. grid = a pattern of regularly spaced horizontal and vertical lines
  1625. grief = something that causes great unhappiness
  1626. Grimm's law = a sound law relating German consonants and consonants in other Indo-European languages
  1627. grogginess = marginal consciousness
  1628. gross anatomy = the study of the structure of the body and its parts without the use of a microscope
  1629. ground = a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused / the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground
  1630. grounding = education or instruction in the fundamentals of a field of knowledge
  1631. grounds = your basis for belief or disbelief
  1632. groundwork = the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
  1633. group = a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element and every element has an inverse
  1634. group dynamics = the branch of social psychology that studies the psychodynamics of interaction in social groups
  1635. group theory = the branch of mathematics dealing with groups
  1636. grouping = a system for classifying things into groups
  1637. groupthink = decision making by a group
  1638. growing pains = problems that arise in enlarging an enterprise
  1639. guess = an estimate based on little or no information
  1640. guessing = an estimate based on little or no information
  1641. guesstimate = an estimate that combines reasoning with guessing
  1642. guesswork = an estimate based on little or no information
  1643. guestimate = an estimate that combines reasoning with guessing
  1644. guide = a model or standard for making comparisons
  1645. guideline = a rule or principle that provides guidance to appropriate behavior / a detailed plan or explanation to guide you in setting standards or determining a course of action
  1646. guidepost = a rule or principle that provides guidance to appropriate behavior
  1647. guild socialism = a form of socialist theory advocating state ownership of industry but managements by guilds of workers
  1648. guile = shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
  1649. gumption = sound practical judgment
  1650. Gunpowder Plot = a conspiracy in 1605 in England to blow up James I and the Houses of Parliament to avenge the persecution of Catholics in England
  1651. gustation = the faculty of distinguishing sweet, sour, bitter, and salty properties in the mouth
  1652. gustatory modality = the faculty of distinguishing sweet, sour, bitter, and salty properties in the mouth
  1653. gustatory perception = the sensation that results when taste buds in the tongue and throat convey information about the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus
  1654. gustatory sensation = the sensation that results when taste buds in the tongue and throat convey information about the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus
  1655. gut issue = an issue that elicits strong emotional reactions
  1656. gymnosophy = the doctrine of a sect of Hindu philosophers who practiced nudity and asceticism and meditation
  1657. gynaecology = the branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and hygiene of women
  1658. gynecology = the branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and hygiene of women
  1659. habit = an established custom
  1660. Hades = the world of the dead
  1661. Hadith = a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions
  1662. hadj = the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Hijja
  1663. haecceity = the essence that makes something the kind of thing it is and makes it different from any other
  1664. haematology = the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
  1665. hairsplitting = making too fine distinctions of little importance
  1666. haj = the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Hijja
  1667. hajj = the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Hijja
  1668. half-cock = confusion resulting from lack of preparation
  1669. hallucination = an object perceived during a hallucinatory episode / a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea
  1670. hand = ability / one of two sides of an issue
  1671. handicap = something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  1672. handiness = skillfulness with the hands
  1673. hang = a special way of doing something
  1674. hang-up = an unforeseen obstacle / an emotional preoccupation
  1675. haptic sensation = a sensation localized on the skin
  1676. hard line = a firm and uncompromising stance or position
  1677. hardball = a no-nonsense attitude in business or politics
  1678. harmonic = a tone that is a component of a complex sound
  1679. harmonic analysis = analysis of a periodic function into a sum of simple sinusoidal components
  1680. harmonic law = a law stating that the ratio of the square of the revolutionary period (in years) to the cube of the orbital axis (in astronomical units) is the same for all planets
  1681. harmonic mean = the mean of n numbers expressed as the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of the reciprocals of the numbers
  1682. harmonics = the study of musical sound
  1683. Hasidism = beliefs and practices of a sect of Orthodox Jews
  1684. Hassidism = beliefs and practices of a sect of Orthodox Jews
  1685. haute couture = trend-setting fashions
  1686. hawkishness = any political orientation favoring aggressive policies
  1687. haze = confusion characterized by lack of clarity
  1688. head = that which is responsible for one's thoughts, feelings, and conscious brain functions
  1689. headache = something or someone that causes anxiety
  1690. hearing = the ability to hear
  1691. heart = the locus of feelings and intuitions / the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  1692. heart and soul = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  1693. heat = the sensation caused by heat energy
  1694. heathenism = any of various religions other than Christianity or Judaism or Islamism
  1695. Heaven = the abode of God and the angels
  1696. Heavenly City = phrases used to refer to Heaven
  1697. heavy = a serious (or tragic) role in a play
  1698. hebetude = mental lethargy or dullness
  1699. hedonism = an ethical system that evaluates the pursuit of pleasure as the highest good
  1700. heed = paying particular notice
  1701. heedlessness = a lack of attentiveness
  1702. Hell = the world of the dead / (Christianity) the abode of Satan and the forces of evil
  1703. Hellenism = the principles and ideals associated with classical Greek civilization
  1704. hellfire = a place of eternal fire envisaged as punishment for the damned
  1705. hematology = the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
  1706. hemodynamics = the branch of physiology that studies the circulation of the blood and the forces involved
  1707. Henry's law = law formulated by the English chemist William Henry
  1708. hepatic coma = coma that can occur in severe cases of liver disease
  1709. heraldry = the study and classification of armorial bearings and the tracing of genealogies
  1710. hereditarianism = the philosophical doctrine that heredity is more important than environment in determining intellectual growth
  1711. heresy = a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion / any opinions or doctrines at variance with the official or orthodox position
  1712. heritage = practices that are handed down from the past by tradition
  1713. hermeneutics = the branch of theology that deals with principles of exegesis
  1714. hero = the principal character in a play or movie or novel or poem
  1715. herpetology = the branch of zoology concerned with reptiles and amphibians
  1716. hesitation = indecision in speech or action
  1717. heterodoxy = any opinions or doctrines at variance with the official or orthodox position
  1718. heterophil test = a blood test to detect heterophil antibodies that agglutinate sheep red blood cells
  1719. heuristic = a commonsense rule (or set of rules) intended to increase the probability of solving some problem
  1720. heuristic program = a commonsense rule (or set of rules) intended to increase the probability of solving some problem
  1721. heuristic rule = a commonsense rule (or set of rules) intended to increase the probability of solving some problem
  1722. hierarchical classification system = a classification system where entries are arranged based on some hierarchical structure
  1723. hierarchical data structure = a structure of data having several levels arranged in a treelike structure
  1724. hierarchical structure = a structure of data having several levels arranged in a treelike structure
  1725. High Anglicanism = a doctrine and practice within the Church of England emphasizing the Catholic tradition
  1726. high energy physics = the branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
  1727. high fashion = trend-setting fashions
  1728. high horse = an attitude of arrogant superiority
  1729. high point = the most enjoyable part of a given experience
  1730. high style = trend-setting fashions
  1731. high-energy physics = the branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
  1732. higher cognitive process = cognitive processes that presuppose the availability of knowledge and put it to use
  1733. Hinayana = an offensive name for the early conservative Theravada Buddhism
  1734. Hinayana Buddhism = an offensive name for the early conservative Theravada Buddhism
  1735. Hinayanism = the religious doctrine of Hinayana Buddhism
  1736. hinderance = something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  1737. Hindooism = a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system
  1738. hindrance = something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  1739. hindsight = understanding the nature of an event after it has happened
  1740. Hinduism = a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system
  1741. histology = the branch of biology that studies the microscopic structure of animal or plant tissues
  1742. historical linguistics = the study of linguistic change
  1743. historicism = a theory that social and cultural events are determined by history
  1744. history = the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings / all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing
  1745. hitch = an unforeseen obstacle
  1746. hobbyhorse = a topic to which one constantly reverts
  1747. hobgoblin = an object of dread or apprehension
  1748. Hobson's choice = the choice of taking what is offered or nothing at all
  1749. hodgepodge = a theory or argument made up of miscellaneous or incongruous ideas
  1750. hold = understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something
  1751. holism = the theory that the parts of any whole cannot exist and cannot be understood except in their relation to the whole
  1752. holistic theory = the theory that the parts of any whole cannot exist and cannot be understood except in their relation to the whole
  1753. holography = the branch of optics that deals with the use of coherent light from a laser in order to make a hologram that can then be used to create a three-dimensional image
  1754. holotype = the original specimen from which the description of a new species is made
  1755. Holy City = phrases used to refer to Heaven
  1756. home ec = theory and practice of homemaking
  1757. home economics = theory and practice of homemaking
  1758. home truth = an important truth that is unpleasant to acknowledge
  1759. homiletics = the art of preaching / the branch of theology that deals with sermons and homilies
  1760. homogeneous polynomial = a polynomial consisting of terms all of the same degree
  1761. homophobia = prejudice against (fear or dislike of) homosexual people and homosexuality
  1762. honor system = a system of conduct in which participants are trusted not to take unfair advantage of others
  1763. hoodooism = a religious cult practiced chiefly in Caribbean countries
  1764. hook = anything that serves as an enticement
  1765. Hooke's law = the principle that (within the elastic limit) the stress applied to a solid is proportional to the strain produced
  1766. hope = grounds for feeling hopeful about the future
  1767. horology = the art of designing and making clocks
  1768. horoscopy = the drawing up and interpretation of horoscopes
  1769. horse sense = sound practical judgment
  1770. horsemanship = skill in handling and riding horses
  1771. hot-button issue = an issue that elicits strong emotional reactions
  1772. house of cards = a speculative scheme that depends on unstable factors that the planner cannot control
  1773. housecraft = skill in domestic management
  1774. household arts = theory and practice of homemaking
  1775. Houyhnhnms = a land imagined by Jonathan Swift where intelligent horses ruled the Yahoos
  1776. Hsuan Chiao = popular Chinese philosophical system based in teachings of Lao-tzu but characterized by a pantheism of many gods and the practices of alchemy and divination and magic
  1777. Hubble law = the generalization that the speed of recession of distant galaxies (the red shift) is proportional to their distance from the observer
  1778. Hubble's law = the generalization that the speed of recession of distant galaxies (the red shift) is proportional to their distance from the observer
  1779. human ecology = the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations
  1780. human language technology = the branch of information science that deals with natural language information
  1781. human palaeontology = the scientific study of human fossils
  1782. human paleontology = the scientific study of human fossils
  1783. humanism = the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
  1784. humanistic discipline = studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills
  1785. humanitarianism = the doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare
  1786. humanities = studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills
  1787. hunch = an impression that something might be the case
  1788. hunt = an instance of searching for something
  1789. hurdle = an obstacle that you are expected to overcome
  1790. Huygens' principle of superposition = the displacement of any point due to the superposition of wave systems is equal to the sum of the displacements of the individual waves at that point
  1791. hybrid = a composite of mixed origin
  1792. hydra = trouble that cannot be overcome by a single effort because of its many aspects or its persistent and pervasive quality
  1793. hydraulic engineering = the branch of civil engineering dealing with the use and control of water in motion
  1794. hydraulics = study of the mechanics of fluids
  1795. hydrodynamics = study of fluids in motion
  1796. hydrography = the science of the measurement and description and mapping of the surface waters of the earth with special reference to navigation
  1797. hydrokinetics = study of fluids in motion
  1798. hydrology = the branch of geology that studies water on the earth and in the atmosphere: its distribution and uses and conservation
  1799. hydromancy = divination by water
  1800. hydrostatics = study of the mechanical properties of fluids that are not in motion
  1801. hygiene = the science concerned with the prevention of illness and maintenance of health
  1802. hygienics = the science concerned with the prevention of illness and maintenance of health
  1803. hyperbolic geometry = a non-Euclidean geometry in which the parallel axiom is replaced by the assumption that through any point in a plane there are two or more lines that do not intersect a given line in the plane
  1804. hypersensitivity = extreme sensitivity
  1805. hypnotic trance = a trance induced by the use of hypnosis
  1806. hypostasis = essential nature or underlying reality
  1807. hypothesis = a tentative insight into the natural world
  1808. hypothetical = a hypothetical possibility, circumstance, statement, proposal, situation, etc.
  1809. hypsography = the scientific study of the earth's configuration above sea level
  1810. hysteron proteron = the logical fallacy of using as a true premise a proposition that is yet to be proved
  1811. ichthyology = the branch of zoology that studies fishes
  1812. iconoclasm = the orientation of an iconoclast
  1813. iconology = the branch of art history that studies visual images and their symbolic meaning
  1814. id = primitive instincts and energies underlying all psychic activity
  1815. idea = an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth / the content of cognition; the main thing you are thinking about / a personal view / your intention
  1816. ideal = the idea of something that is perfect
  1817. idealisation = something that exists only as an idea
  1818. idealism = the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality
  1819. idealization = something that exists only as an idea
  1820. ideation = the process of forming and relating ideas
  1821. identification = the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering
  1822. identity = the individual characteristics by which a thing or person is recognized or known
  1823. ideological barrier = a barrier to cooperation or interaction resulting from conflicting ideologies
  1824. ideology = imaginary or visionary theorization / an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
  1825. idiocy = extreme mental retardation
  1826. idol = an ideal instance
  1827. ignis fatuus = an illusion that misleads
  1828. ignorance = the lack of knowledge or education
  1829. ignorantness = ignorance
  1830. ignoratio elenchi = the logical fallacy of supposing that an argument proving an irrelevant point has proved the point at issue
  1831. ilk = a kind of person
  1832. illation = the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
  1833. illiteracy = an inability to read / ignorance resulting from not reading
  1834. illusion = something many people believe that is false / an erroneous mental representation
  1835. illustration = an item of information that is typical of a class or group
  1836. image = an iconic mental representation / a standard or typical example
  1837. imagery = the ability to form mental images of things or events
  1838. imaginary place = a place that exists only in imagination
  1839. imagination = the formation of a mental image of something that is not perceived as real and is not present to the senses / the ability to deal resourcefully with unusual problems / the ability to form mental images of things or events
  1840. imagination image = a mental image produced by the imagination
  1841. imaginativeness = the formation of a mental image of something that is not perceived as real and is not present to the senses
  1842. imaging = the ability to form mental images of things or events
  1843. imago = an idealized image of someone (usually a parent) formed in childhood
  1844. imbecility = retardation more severe than a moron but not as severe as an idiot
  1845. imitation = the doctrine that representations of nature or human behavior should be accurate imitations
  1846. immediacy = immediate intuitive awareness
  1847. immediate apprehension = immediate intuitive awareness
  1848. immediate memory = what you can repeat immediately after perceiving it
  1849. immersion = complete attention
  1850. immunoassay = identification of a substance (especially a protein) by its action as an antigen
  1851. immunochemical assay = identification of a substance (especially a protein) by its action as an antigen
  1852. immunochemistry = the field of chemistry concerned with chemical processes in immunology
  1853. immunofluorescence = a technique that uses antibodies linked to a fluorescent dye in order to study antigens in a sample of tissue
  1854. immunology = the branch of medical science that studies the body's immune system
  1855. immunopathology = the branch of immunology that deals with pathologies of the immune system
  1856. impartiality = an inclination to weigh both views or opinions equally
  1857. impediment = something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
  1858. imperfectibility = the capability of becoming imperfect
  1859. imperialism = a political orientation that advocates imperial interests
  1860. implication = something that is inferred (deduced or entailed or implied) / a meaning that is not expressly stated but can be inferred
  1861. imponderable = a factor whose effects cannot be accurately assessed
  1862. import = a meaning that is not expressly stated but can be inferred
  1863. imposition = an uncalled-for burden
  1864. impossibility = an alternative that is not available
  1865. impossible = something that cannot be done
  1866. impossible action = an alternative that is not available
  1867. impression = a vague idea in which some confidence is placed / a clear and telling mental image
  1868. imprint = a distinctive influence
  1869. imprinting = a learning process in early life whereby species specific patterns of behavior are established
  1870. imputation = the attribution to a source or cause
  1871. inability = lack of ability (especially mental ability) to do something
  1872. inadvertence = an unintentional omission resulting from failure to notice something
  1873. inaptitude = a lack of aptitude
  1874. inattention = lack of attention
  1875. inattentiveness = a lack of attentiveness
  1876. incapability = lack of potential for development
  1877. incapableness = lack of potential for development
  1878. incapacity = lack of intellectual power
  1879. incense = the pleasing scent produced when incense is burned
  1880. incertitude = the state of being unsure of something
  1881. inclination = an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others
  1882. incognizance = a lack of knowledge or recognition
  1883. incomprehension = an inability to understand
  1884. incoordination = a lack of coordination of movements
  1885. incorporation = learning (of values or attitudes etc.) that is incorporated within yourself
  1886. incredulity = doubt about the truth of something
  1887. incumbrance = an onerous or difficult concern
  1888. indecision = doubt concerning two or more possible alternatives or courses of action
  1889. indecisiveness = doubt concerning two or more possible alternatives or courses of action
  1890. indefinite integral = the set of functions F(x) + C, where C is any real number, such that F(x) is the integral of f
  1891. independent variable = a variable whose values are independent of changes in the values of other variables
  1892. indeterminacy principle = the theory that it is impossible to measure both energy and time (or position and momentum) completely accurately at the same time
  1893. indication = a datum about some physical state that is presented to a user by a meter or similar instrument
  1894. indirect correlation = a correlation in which large values of one variable are associated with small values of the other
  1895. indiscreetness = lacking good judgment
  1896. individual retirement account = a retirement plan that allows you to contribute a limited yearly sum toward your retirement
  1897. individualisation = discriminating the individual from the generic group or species
  1898. individualism = the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs / a belief in the importance of the individual and the virtue of self-reliance and personal independence
  1899. individualization = discriminating the individual from the generic group or species
  1900. individuation = discriminating the individual from the generic group or species
  1901. induction = reasoning from detailed facts to general principles / stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors
  1902. inductive reasoning = reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
  1903. industrial engineering = the branch of engineering that deals with the creation and management of systems that integrate people and materials and energy in productive ways
  1904. industrial management = the branch of engineering that deals with the creation and management of systems that integrate people and materials and energy in productive ways
  1905. industrial psychology = any of several branches of psychology that seek to apply psychological principles to practical problems of education or industry or marketing etc.
  1906. inefficiency = unskillfulness resulting from a lack of efficiency
  1907. ineptitude = unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training
  1908. ineptness = unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training
  1909. inertial frame = a coordinate system in which Newton's first law of motion is valid
  1910. inertial reference frame = a coordinate system in which Newton's first law of motion is valid
  1911. inexperience = lack of experience and the knowledge and understanding derived from experience
  1912. infantile autism = a rare but serious syndrome of childhood characterized by withdrawal and lack of social responsiveness or interest in others and serious linguistic deficits
  1913. infatuation = an object of extravagant short-lived passion
  1914. inference = the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
  1915. infernal region = the world of the dead / (Christianity) the abode of Satan and the forces of evil
  1916. Inferno = the abode of Satan and the forces of evil
  1917. infinitesimal = a variable that has zero as its limit
  1918. infinitesimal calculus = the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions
  1919. inflectional morphology = the part of grammar that deals with the inflections of words
  1920. infliction = something or someone that causes trouble
  1921. influence = a cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do
  1922. informatics = the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information
  1923. information = knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
  1924. information processing = the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information
  1925. information science = the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information
  1926. information technology = the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information
  1927. information theory = a statistical theory dealing with the limits and efficiency of information processing
  1928. ingeniousness = the power of creative imagination
  1929. ingenue = the role of an innocent artless young woman in a play
  1930. ingenuity = the power of creative imagination
  1931. ingredient = an abstract part of something
  1932. inherent aptitude = inborn pattern of behavior often responsive to specific stimuli
  1933. injudiciousness = lacking good judgment
  1934. inkling = a slight suggestion or vague understanding
  1935. inner product = a real number (a scalar) that is the product of two vectors
  1936. innovation = the creation of something in the mind
  1937. innovativeness = originality by virtue of introducing new ideas
  1938. inorganic chemistry = the chemistry of compounds that do not contain hydrocarbon radicals
  1939. input = any stimulating information or event
  1940. inquiry = a search for knowledge
  1941. inquisitiveness = a state of active curiosity
  1942. insensibility = a lack of sensibility
  1943. insight = grasping the inner nature of things intuitively / clear or deep perception of a situation / the clear (and often sudden) understanding of a complex situation
  1944. insightfulness = shrewdness shown by keen insight
  1945. inspiration = a special influence of a divinity on the minds of human beings / a sudden intuition as part of solving a problem / arousal of the mind to special unusual activity or creativity
  1946. instance = an item of information that is typical of a class or group
  1947. instantiation = a representation of an idea in the form of an instance of it
  1948. instinct = inborn pattern of behavior often responsive to specific stimuli
  1949. institution = a custom that for a long time has been an important feature of some group or society
  1950. instrumental conditioning = operant conditioning that pairs a response with a reinforcement in discrete trials
  1951. instrumentalism = a system of pragmatic philosophy that considers idea to be instruments that should guide our actions and their value is measured by their success
  1952. insurrectionism = the principle of revolt against constituted authority
  1953. integral = the result of a mathematical integration
  1954. integral calculus = the part of calculus that deals with integration and its application in the solution of differential equations and in determining areas or volumes etc.
  1955. intellect = knowledge and intellectual ability / the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination
  1956. intellection = the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
  1957. intellectual nourishment = anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking
  1958. intelligence = the ability to comprehend
  1959. intent = an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions
  1960. intention = an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions / (usually plural) the goal with respect to a marriage proposal
  1961. intercept = the point at which a line intersects a coordinate axis
  1962. interest = a sense of concern with and curiosity about someone or something
  1963. interestedness = the state of being interested
  1964. interface = the overlap where two theories or phenomena affect each other or have links with each other
  1965. interior design = the art of designing the interior decoration for a house, office, or other architectural space
  1966. internal medicine = the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and (nonsurgical) treatment of diseases of the internal organs
  1967. internal representation = a presentation to the mind in the form of an idea or image
  1968. internalisation = learning (of values or attitudes etc.) that is incorporated within yourself
  1969. internalization = learning (of values or attitudes etc.) that is incorporated within yourself
  1970. internationalism = the doctrine that nations should cooperate because their common interests are more important than their differences
  1971. interoception = sensitivity to stimuli originating inside of the body
  1972. interpolation = calculation of the value of a function between the values already known
  1973. interpretation = an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious / a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something
  1974. interpreting = an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious
  1975. intersection = a representation of common ground between theories or phenomena / a point where lines intersect
  1976. intersection point = a point where lines intersect
  1977. interval = a set containing all points (or all real numbers) between two given endpoints
  1978. intimation = a slight suggestion or vague understanding
  1979. intolerance = unwillingness to recognize and respect differences in opinions or beliefs
  1980. intradermal test = a form of skin test in which the suspected allergen is injected into the skin
  1981. intrigue = a crafty and involved plot to achieve your (usually sinister) ends
  1982. introject = parental figures (and their values) that you introjected as a child
  1983. introjection = unconscious internalization of aspects of the world (especially aspects of persons) within the self in such a way that the internalized representation takes over the psychological functions of the external objects / (psychoanalysis) the internalization of the parent figures and their values
  1984. introspection = the contemplation of your own thoughts and desires and conduct
  1985. intuition = instinctive knowing (without the use of rational processes) / an impression that something might be the case
  1986. intuitionism = the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by intuition
  1987. intuitive feeling = an intuitive understanding of something
  1988. invariable = a quantity that does not vary
  1989. invariant = a feature (quantity or property or function) that remains unchanged when a particular transformation is applied to it
  1990. invention = the creation of something in the mind
  1991. inventiveness = the power of creative imagination
  1992. inventory = a collection of resources
  1993. investigation = an inquiry into unfamiliar or questionable activities
  1994. invocation = calling up a spirit or devil
  1995. involvement = a sense of concern with and curiosity about someone or something
  1996. inwardness = preoccupation especially with one's attitudes and ethical or ideological values / the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  1997. IP = the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information
  1998. IRA = a retirement plan that allows you to contribute a limited yearly sum toward your retirement
  1999. iron curtain = an impenetrable barrier to communication or information especially as imposed by rigid censorship and secrecy
  2000. iron trap = a trap from which there is no escape
  2001. irradiation = the elicitation of a conditioned response by stimulation similar but not identical to the original stimulus / the apparent enlargement of a bright object when viewed against a dark background
  2002. irrational hostility = extreme prejudice
  2003. irredentism = the doctrine that irredenta should be controlled by the country to which they are ethnically or historically related
  2004. irresolution = doubt concerning two or more possible alternatives or courses of action
  2005. irreverence = an irreverent mental attitude
  2006. irridentism = the doctrine that irredenta should be controlled by the country to which they are ethnically or historically related
  2007. irritability = excessive sensitivity of an organ or body part
  2008. irritant = something that causes irritation and annoyance
  2009. Islam = the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
  2010. Islamism = the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
  2011. Islamophobia = prejudice against Muslims
  2012. ism = a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
  2013. Ismailism = the branch of Shiism noted for its esoteric philosophy
  2014. issue = some situation or event that is thought about / an important question that is in dispute and must be settled
  2015. IT = the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information
  2016. itch = an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch
  2017. itchiness = an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch
  2018. itching = an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch
  2019. item = an isolated fact that is considered separately from the whole
  2020. itinerary = a proposed route of travel
  2021. ivory tower = a state of mind that is discussed as if it were a place
  2022. Jacobinism = the ideology of the most radical element of the French Revolution that instituted the Reign of Terror
  2023. Jainism = religion founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism; emphasizes asceticism and immortality and transmigration of the soul
  2024. jamais vu = the experience of being unfamiliar with a person or situation that is actually very familiar
  2025. Jansenism = the Roman Catholic doctrine of Cornelis Jansen and his disciples
  2026. jealousy = zealous vigilance
  2027. Jesuitism = the theology or the practices of the Jesuits
  2028. Jesuitry = the theology or the practices of the Jesuits
  2029. Jim Crow = barrier preventing blacks from participating in various activities with whites
  2030. jnd = the difference between two stimuli that (under properly controlled experimental conditions) is detected as often as it is undetected
  2031. joy = something or someone that provides a source of happiness
  2032. Judaism = the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
  2033. judgement = the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations / the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions / an opinion formed by judging something
  2034. judging = the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
  2035. judgment = the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations / the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions / an opinion formed by judging something
  2036. judicial activism = an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions
  2037. judicial doctrine = a principle underlying the formulation of jurisprudence
  2038. judicial principle = a principle underlying the formulation of jurisprudence
  2039. judiciousness = good judgment
  2040. juju = the power associated with a juju
  2041. jumble = a theory or argument made up of miscellaneous or incongruous ideas
  2042. Jungian psychology = the psychological theories of Carl Jung
  2043. jurisprudence = the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
  2044. jury system = a legal system for determining the facts at issue in a law suit
  2045. jus sanguinis = the principle that a person's nationality at birth is the same as that of his natural parents
  2046. jus soli = the principle that a person's nationality at birth is determined by the place of birth
  2047. just-noticeable difference = the difference between two stimuli that (under properly controlled experimental conditions) is detected as often as it is undetected
  2048. justification = something (such as a fact or circumstance) that shows an action to be reasonable or necessary
  2049. Kabala = an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries
  2050. Kabbala = an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries
  2051. Kabbalah = an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries
  2052. Kabbalism = the doctrines of the Kabbalah
  2053. Kalashnikov culture = the attitudes and behavior in a social group that resolves political disputes by force of arms
  2054. kaleidoscope = a complex pattern of constantly changing colors and shapes
  2055. keenness = a quick and penetrating intelligence
  2056. ken = the range of vision / range of what one can know or understand
  2057. Kendall partial rank correlation = a nonparametric measure of partial correlation
  2058. Kendall rank correlation = a nonparametric measure of the agreement between two rankings
  2059. Kendall test = any of several nonparametric measures of correlation
  2060. Kendall's tau = a nonparametric measure of the agreement between two rankings
  2061. kenosis = the concept of emptying one's own will and receive God's will, in Catholicism
  2062. Keogh plan = a tax-deferred pension plan for employees of unincorporated businesses or for self-employed persons
  2063. Kepler's first law = a law stating that the orbit of each planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus of the ellipse
  2064. Kepler's law = one of three empirical laws of planetary motion stated by Johannes Kepler
  2065. Kepler's law of planetary motion = one of three empirical laws of planetary motion stated by Johannes Kepler
  2066. Kepler's second law = a law concerning the speed at which planets travel
  2067. Kepler's third law = a law stating that the ratio of the square of the revolutionary period (in years) to the cube of the orbital axis (in astronomical units) is the same for all planets
  2068. kernel = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  2069. key = something crucial for explaining
  2070. Keynesianism = the economic theories of John Maynard Keynes who advocated government monetary and fiscal programs intended to stimulate business activity and increase employment
  2071. keynote = a fundamental or central idea
  2072. keystone = a central cohesive source of support and stability
  2073. kick = the sudden stimulation provided by strong drink
  2074. killer = a difficulty that is hard to deal with
  2075. kinaesthesia = the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body / the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc
  2076. kinaesthesis = the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body
  2077. kinanesthesia = inability to sense movement
  2078. kind = a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality
  2079. kinematics = the branch of mechanics concerned with motion without reference to force or mass
  2080. kinesiology = the branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement
  2081. kinesthesia = the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body / the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc
  2082. kinesthesis = the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body
  2083. kinesthetics = the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body
  2084. kinetic theory = a theory that gases consist of small particles in random motion
  2085. kinetic theory of gases = a theory that gases consist of small particles in random motion
  2086. kinetic theory of heat = a theory that the temperature of a body increases when kinetic energy increases
  2087. kinetics = the branch of mechanics concerned with the forces that cause motions of bodies
  2088. kink = a difficulty or flaw in a plan or operation / an eccentric idea
  2089. kinship system = the system of social relationships that constitute kinship in a particular culture, including the terminology that is used and the reciprocal obligations that are entailed
  2090. Kirchhoff's laws = two laws governing electric networks in which steady currents flow: the sum of all the currents at a point is zero and the sum of the voltage gains and drops around any closed circuit is zero
  2091. knack = a special way of doing something
  2092. knight errantry = the code of conduct observed by a knight errant who is wandering in search of deeds of chivalry
  2093. knightliness = the medieval principles governing knighthood and knightly conduct
  2094. knock = negative criticism
  2095. know = the fact of being aware of information that is known to few people
  2096. know-how = the (technical) knowledge and skill required to do something
  2097. knowing = a clear and certain mental apprehension
  2098. knowingness = shrewdness demonstrated by knowledge / having knowledge of
  2099. knowledge base = the content of a particular field of knowledge
  2100. knowledge domain = the content of a particular field of knowledge
  2101. Krishnaism = worship of Krishna the 8th avatar of Vishnu
  2102. Kussmaul's coma = coma that can develop in inadequately treated cases of diabetes mellitus
  2103. labyrinthine sense = a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head
  2104. laissez faire = the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs
  2105. Lamaism = a Buddhist doctrine that includes elements from India that are not Buddhist and elements of preexisting shamanism
  2106. Lamarckism = a theory of organic evolution claiming that acquired characteristics are transmitted to offspring
  2107. landscape = an extensive mental viewpoint
  2108. landscape architecture = the art, planning, design, management, preservation and rehabilitation of the land and the design of large man-made constructs
  2109. language = the mental faculty or power of vocal communication / the cognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic communication
  2110. language barrier = barrier to communication resulting from speaking different languages
  2111. language learning = learning to use a language
  2112. language requirement = a requirement that a student know certain languages
  2113. Laputa = a land imagined by Jonathan Swift where impractical projects were pursued and practical projects neglected
  2114. largeness = the capacity to understand a broad range of topics
  2115. lateral thinking = a heuristic for solving problems
  2116. lateralisation = localization of function on either the right or left sides of the brain
  2117. laterality = localization of function on either the right or left sides of the brain
  2118. lateralization = localization of function on either the right or left sides of the brain
  2119. lattice = an arrangement of points or particles or objects in a regular periodic pattern in 2 or 3 dimensions
  2120. law = a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society / a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature / the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
  2121. law of action and reaction = action and reaction are equal and opposite
  2122. law of Archimedes = the apparent loss in weight of a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the weight of the displaced fluid
  2123. law of areas = a law concerning the speed at which planets travel
  2124. law of averages = a law affirming that in the long run probabilities will determine performance
  2125. law of chemical equilibrium = the principle that (at chemical equilibrium) in a reversible reaction the ratio of the rate of the forward reaction to the rate of the reverse reaction is a constant for that reaction
  2126. law of closure = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric
  2127. law of common fate = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that aspects of perceptual field that move or function in a similar manner will be perceived as a unit
  2128. law of conservation of energy = the fundamental principle of physics that the total energy of an isolated system is constant despite internal changes
  2129. law of conservation of mass = a fundamental principle of classical physics that matter cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system
  2130. law of conservation of matter = a fundamental principle of classical physics that matter cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system
  2131. law of constant proportion = law stating that every pure substance always contains the same elements combined in the same proportions by weight
  2132. law of continuation = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive a line as continuing its established direction
  2133. law of definite proportions = law stating that every pure substance always contains the same elements combined in the same proportions by weight
  2134. law of diminishing returns = a law affirming that to continue after a certain level of performance has been reached will result in a decline in effectiveness
  2135. law of effect = the principle that behaviors are selected by their consequences
  2136. law of equal areas = a law concerning the speed at which planets travel
  2137. law of equivalent proportions = law stating that the proportions in which two elements separately combine with a third element are also the proportions in which they combine together
  2138. law of gravitation = the law that states any two bodies attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them
  2139. law of independent assortment = each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates independently of the members of other pairs so the results are random
  2140. law of large numbers = law stating that a large number of items taken at random from a population will (on the average) have the population statistics
  2141. law of mass action = the law that states the following principle: the rate of a chemical reaction is directly proportional to the molecular concentrations of the reacting substances
  2142. law of motion = one of three basic laws of classical mechanics
  2143. law of multiple proportions = law stating that when two elements can combine to form more than one compound the amounts of one of them that combines with a fixed amount of the other will exhibit a simple multiple relation
  2144. law of nature = a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature
  2145. law of parsimony = the principle that entities should not be multiplied needlessly
  2146. law of partial pressures = law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture
  2147. law of proximity = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) objects or events that are near to one another (in space or time) are perceived as belonging together as a unit
  2148. law of reciprocal proportions = law stating that the proportions in which two elements separately combine with a third element are also the proportions in which they combine together
  2149. law of segregation = members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during the formation of gametes and are distributed to different gametes so that every gamete receives only one member of the pair
  2150. law of similarity = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) parts of a stimulus field that are similar to each other tend to be perceived as belonging together as a unit
  2151. law of thermodynamics = a law governing the relations between states of energy in a closed system
  2152. law of volumes = the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the temperature
  2153. layer = an abstract place usually conceived as having depth
  2154. layout = a plan or design of something that is laid out
  2155. lcm = the smallest multiple that is exactly divisible by every member of a set of numbers
  2156. Le Chatelier principle = the principle that if any change is imposed on a system that is in equilibrium then the system tends to adjust to a new equilibrium counteracting the change
  2157. Le Chatelier's law = the principle that if any change is imposed on a system that is in equilibrium then the system tends to adjust to a new equilibrium counteracting the change
  2158. Le Chatelier's principle = the principle that if any change is imposed on a system that is in equilibrium then the system tends to adjust to a new equilibrium counteracting the change
  2159. Le Chatelier-Braun principle = the principle that if any change is imposed on a system that is in equilibrium then the system tends to adjust to a new equilibrium counteracting the change
  2160. lead = evidence pointing to a possible solution
  2161. leadership = the ability to lead
  2162. leaning = a natural inclination
  2163. learnedness = profound scholarly knowledge
  2164. learning = the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge / profound scholarly knowledge
  2165. learning ability = mental ability
  2166. least = something that is of no importance
  2167. least common multiple = the smallest multiple that is exactly divisible by every member of a set of numbers
  2168. least squares = a method of fitting a curve to data points so as to minimize the sum of the squares of the distances of the points from the curve
  2169. leaven = an influence that works subtly to lighten or modify something
  2170. leavening = an influence that works subtly to lighten or modify something
  2171. leftism = the ideology of the political left
  2172. legal philosophy = the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
  2173. legal principle = a principle underlying the formulation of jurisprudence
  2174. legal system = a system for interpreting and enforcing the laws
  2175. legalism = strict conformity to the letter of the law rather than its spirit
  2176. lemon = a distinctive tart flavor characteristic of lemons
  2177. Leninism = the political and economic theories of Lenin which provided the guiding doctrine of the Soviet Union
  2178. lepidopterology = the branch of entomology dealing with Lepidoptera
  2179. lepidoptery = the branch of entomology dealing with Lepidoptera
  2180. letters = the literary culture / scholarly attainment
  2181. level = an abstract place usually conceived as having depth
  2182. levirate = the biblical institution whereby a man must marry the widow of his childless brother in order to maintain the brother's line
  2183. lexical semantics = the branch of semantics that studies the meanings and relations of words
  2184. lexicalized concept = a concept that is expressed by a word
  2185. lexicology = the branch of linguistics that studies the lexical component of language
  2186. lexicon = a language user's knowledge of words
  2187. lexicostatistics = a statistical technique used in glottochronology
  2188. lexis = all of the words in a language
  2189. liberal arts = studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills
  2190. liberalism = an economic theory advocating free competition and a self-regulating market / a political orientation that favors social progress by reform and by changing laws rather than by revolution
  2191. liberality = an inclination to favor progress and individual freedom
  2192. liberalness = an inclination to favor progress and individual freedom
  2193. liberation theology = a form of Christian theology (developed by South American Roman Catholics) that emphasizes social and political liberation as the anticipation of ultimate salvation
  2194. libertarianism = an ideological belief in freedom of thought, speech and action
  2195. library science = the study of the principles and practices of library administration
  2196. life = the experience of being alive
  2197. life science = any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms
  2198. lifeline = support that enables people to survive or to continue doing something
  2199. light = public awareness / mental understanding as an enlightening experience / a particular perspective or aspect of a situation
  2200. like = a kind of person / a similar kind
  2201. Lilliput = a land imagined by Jonathan Swift that was inhabited by tiny people
  2202. limbo = in Roman Catholicism, the place of unbaptized but innocent or righteous souls (such as infants and virtuous individuals) / an imaginary place for lost or neglected things
  2203. limen = the smallest detectable sensation
  2204. limitation = a principle that limits the extent of something
  2205. limnology = the scientific study of bodies of fresh water for their biological and physical and geological properties
  2206. linchpin = a central cohesive source of support and stability
  2207. line = a conceptual separation or distinction / a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or falsehood
  2208. line of inquiry = an ordering of questions so as to develop a particular argument
  2209. line of questioning = an ordering of questions so as to develop a particular argument
  2210. line of reasoning = a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or falsehood
  2211. line of thought = a particular way of thinking that is characteristic of some individual or group
  2212. lineament = a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something
  2213. linear algebra = the part of algebra that deals with the theory of linear equations and linear transformation
  2214. linear programming = a mathematical technique used in economics
  2215. linear regression = the relation between variables when the regression equation is linear: e.g., y = ax + b
  2216. linguistic geography = the study of the geographical distribution of linguistic features
  2217. linguistic process = the cognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic communication
  2218. linguistics = the humanistic study of language and literature / the scientific study of language
  2219. list system = based on the principle of proportional representation
  2220. lit = the humanistic study of a body of literature
  2221. lit crit = the informed analysis and evaluation of literature
  2222. literacy = the ability to read and write
  2223. literalism = the doctrine of realistic (literal) portrayal in art or literature / a disposition to interpret statements in their literal sense
  2224. literary criticism = the informed analysis and evaluation of literature
  2225. literary study = the humanistic study of literature
  2226. literature = the humanistic study of a body of literature
  2227. lithology = the branch of geology that studies rocks: their origin and formation and mineral composition and classification
  2228. lithomancy = divination by means of stones or stone talismans
  2229. liturgics = the study of liturgies
  2230. liturgiology = the study of liturgies
  2231. living = the experience of being alive
  2232. living arrangement = an arrangement to allow people (or ideas) to coexist
  2233. load = an onerous or difficult concern
  2234. loadstar = something that serves as a model or guide
  2235. localisation = the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
  2236. localisation of function = the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
  2237. localisation principle = the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
  2238. localism = a partiality for some particular place
  2239. localization = the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
  2240. localization of function = the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
  2241. localization principle = the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
  2242. lodestar = something that serves as a model or guide
  2243. logic = reasoned and reasonable judgment / a system of reasoning / the principles that guide reasoning within a given field or situation / the system of operations performed by a computer that underlies the machine's representation of logical operations / the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
  2244. logical argument = a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or falsehood
  2245. logical fallacy = a fallacy in logical argumentation
  2246. logical positivism = the form of empiricism that bases all knowledge on perceptual experience
  2247. logical system = a system of reasoning
  2248. logical thinking = thinking that is coherent and logical
  2249. logical topology = the way the network works
  2250. logicism = the philosophical theory that all of mathematics can be derived from formal logic
  2251. long-term memory = your general store of remembered information
  2252. loop = the topology of a network whose components are serially connected in such a way that the last component is connected to the first component
  2253. loop topology = the topology of a network whose components are serially connected in such a way that the last component is connected to the first component
  2254. lore = knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote
  2255. love = any object of warm affection or devotion
  2256. lowest common multiple = the smallest multiple that is exactly divisible by every member of a set of numbers
  2257. LTM = your general store of remembered information
  2258. lucubration = laborious cogitation
  2259. lure = anything that serves as an enticement
  2260. lust for learning = curiosity that motivates investigation and study
  2261. Lutheranism = teachings of Martin Luther emphasizing the cardinal doctrine of justification by faith alone
  2262. lynchpin = a central cohesive source of support and stability
  2263. M-theory = a theory that involves an eleven-dimensional universe in which the weak and strong forces and gravity are unified and to which all the string theories belong
  2264. MacGuffin = a plot element that catches the viewers' attention or drives the plot
  2265. Machiavellianism = the political doctrine of Machiavelli: any means (however unscrupulous) can be used by a ruler in order to create and maintain his autocratic government
  2266. machination = a crafty and involved plot to achieve your (usually sinister) ends
  2267. machine translation = the use of computers to translate from one language to another
  2268. macrobiotics = the theory of promoting health and longevity by means of diet
  2269. macroeconomics = the branch of economics that studies the overall working of a national economy
  2270. macroscopic anatomy = the study of the structure of the body and its parts without the use of a microscope
  2271. macumba = a Brazilian religious cult of African origin
  2272. madness = the quality of being rash and foolish
  2273. magic = any art that invokes supernatural powers
  2274. magnet = a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts
  2275. magnetics = the branch of science that studies magnetism
  2276. magnetism = the branch of science that studies magnetism
  2277. magnetohydrodynamics = the study of the interaction of magnetic fields and electrically conducting fluids
  2278. Mahayana = one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing a common search for universal salvation especially through faith alone
  2279. Mahayana Buddhism = one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing a common search for universal salvation especially through faith alone
  2280. Mahayanism = the religious doctrine of Mahayana Buddhism
  2281. Mahdism = belief in the appearance of the Mahdi
  2282. maieutic method = a method of teaching by question and answer
  2283. mainstay = a central cohesive source of support and stability
  2284. mainstream = the prevailing current of thought
  2285. major = the principal field of study of a student at a university
  2286. major axis = the longest axis of an ellipse or ellipsoid
  2287. majority rule = the doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized group can make decisions binding on the whole group
  2288. make = a recognizable kind
  2289. make-believe = imaginative intellectual play
  2290. malacology = the branch of zoology that studies the structure and behavior of mollusks
  2291. maladroitness = unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training
  2292. malice aforethought = criminal intent; the thoughts and intentions behind a wrongful act
  2293. malodor = a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  2294. malodour = a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  2295. Malthusian theory = Malthus' theory that population increase would outpace increases in the means of subsistence
  2296. Malthusianism = Malthus' theory that population increase would outpace increases in the means of subsistence
  2297. mammalogy = the branch of zoology that studies mammals
  2298. Mandaeanism = a Gnostic religion originating the 2nd and 3rd centuries that believes John the Baptist was the Messiah and that incorporates Jewish and Christian elements into a framework of dualistic beliefs
  2299. Mandeanism = a Gnostic religion originating the 2nd and 3rd centuries that believes John the Baptist was the Messiah and that incorporates Jewish and Christian elements into a framework of dualistic beliefs
  2300. maneuver = a plan for attaining a particular goal
  2301. Manichaeanism = a religion founded by Manes in the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity
  2302. Manichaeism = a religion founded by Manes in the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity
  2303. manner = a kind
  2304. manoeuvre = a plan for attaining a particular goal
  2305. Mantoux test = tuberculin (a derivative of tubercle bacillus) is injected intradermally
  2306. manual dexterity = adroitness in using the hands
  2307. Maoism = a form of communism developed in China by Mao Zedong
  2308. marbles = the basic human power of intelligent thought and perception
  2309. Marcionism = the Christian heresy of the 2nd and 3rd centuries that rejected the Old Testament and denied the incarnation of God in Jesus as a human
  2310. marine archaeology = the archeology of underwater sites
  2311. marine archeology = the archeology of underwater sites
  2312. Mariotte's law = the pressure of an ideal gas at constant temperature varies inversely with the volume
  2313. mark = a number or letter indicating quality
  2314. marksmanship = skill in shooting
  2315. marrow = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  2316. Marxism = the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will ultimately be superseded by communism
  2317. Marxism-Leninism = the political and economic theories of Lenin which provided the guiding doctrine of the Soviet Union
  2318. masking = the blocking of one sensation resulting from the presence of another sensation
  2319. mass action = the principle that the cortex of the brain operates as a coordinated system with large masses of neural tissue involved in all complex functioning
  2320. mass culture = the culture that is widely disseminated via the mass media
  2321. mass-action principle = the principle that the cortex of the brain operates as a coordinated system with large masses of neural tissue involved in all complex functioning
  2322. mass-energy equivalence = the principle that a measured quantity of mass is equivalent (according to relativity theory) to a measured quantity of energy
  2323. master plan = a long-term outline of a project or government function
  2324. mastering = becoming proficient in the use of something
  2325. mastership = the skill of a master
  2326. mastery = great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity
  2327. match = something that resembles or harmonizes with
  2328. materia medica = the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  2329. materialism = the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality
  2330. math = a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
  2331. mathematical group = a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element and every element has an inverse
  2332. mathematical logic = any logical system that abstracts the form of statements away from their content in order to establish abstract criteria of consistency and validity
  2333. mathematical product = a quantity obtained by multiplication
  2334. mathematics = a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
  2335. maths = a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
  2336. matrimonial law = that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing matrimony
  2337. matrix algebra = the part of algebra that deals with the theory of matrices
  2338. matter = a vaguely specified concern / a problem / some situation or event that is thought about
  2339. matter of fact = a matter that is an actual fact or is demonstrable as a fact
  2340. Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution law = a law expressing the distribution of energy among the molecules of a gas in thermal equilibrium
  2341. Mazdaism = system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster; set forth in the Zend-Avesta
  2342. maze = something jumbled or confused
  2343. McGuffin = a plot element that catches the viewers' attention or drives the plot
  2344. mean = an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n
  2345. mean deviation = the arithmetic mean of the absolute values of deviations from the mean of a distribution
  2346. mean deviation from the mean = the arithmetic mean of the absolute values of deviations from the mean of a distribution
  2347. mean sun = a theoretical sun that moves along the celestial equator at a constant speed and completes its annual course in the same amount of time the real sun takes at variable speeds
  2348. mean value = an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n
  2349. meaning = the idea that is intended
  2350. meat = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  2351. meat and potatoes = the fundamental part
  2352. mechanical engineering = the branch of engineering that deals with the design and construction and operation of machinery
  2353. mechanics = the branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodies in a frame of reference
  2354. mechanism = the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes
  2355. median = the number midway between the two middle numbers in a series containing an even or odd number of items
  2356. median value = the number midway between the two middle numbers in a series containing an even or odd number of items
  2357. medical science = the science of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of disease
  2358. medical specialty = the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
  2359. medicine = the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
  2360. meditation = continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature / (religion) contemplation of spiritual matters
  2361. meliorism = the belief that the world can be made better by human effort
  2362. mellowness = a taste (especially of fruit) that is ripe and of full flavor
  2363. melody = the perception of pleasant arrangements of musical notes
  2364. meme = a cultural unit (an idea or value or pattern of behavior) that is passed from one person to another by non-genetic means
  2365. memento = a reminder of past events
  2366. memento mori = a reminder (as a death's head) of your mortality
  2367. memorisation = learning so as to be able to remember verbatim
  2368. memorization = learning so as to be able to remember verbatim
  2369. memory = the power of retaining and recalling past experience / the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered / something that is remembered / the area of cognitive psychology that studies memory processes
  2370. memory image = a mental image of something previously experienced
  2371. memory loss = partial or total loss of memory
  2372. memory picture = a memory image that is similar to a visual perception
  2373. memory trace = a postulated biochemical change (presumably in neural tissue) that represents a memory
  2374. Mendel's law = one of two principles of heredity formulated by Gregor Mendel on the basis of his experiments with plants
  2375. Mendeleev's law = the principle that chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers
  2376. Mendelianism = the theory of inheritance based on Mendel's laws
  2377. Mendelism = the theory of inheritance based on Mendel's laws
  2378. Mennonitism = system of beliefs and practices including belief in scriptural authority; plain dress; adult baptism; foot washing
  2379. mens rea = criminal intent; the thoughts and intentions behind a wrongful act
  2380. mental ability = the power to learn or retain knowledge
  2381. mental attitude = a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways
  2382. mental block = an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do
  2383. mental capacity = mental ability
  2384. mental confusion = a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior
  2385. mental defectiveness = retardation sufficient to fall outside the normal range of intelligence
  2386. mental deficiency = mild mental retardation
  2387. mental dexterity = intelligence as revealed by quickness and alertness of mind
  2388. mental faculty = one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind
  2389. mental hygiene = the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  2390. mental image = an iconic mental representation
  2391. mental imagery = the ability to form mental images of things or events
  2392. mental lexicon = a language user's knowledge of words
  2393. mental note = special attention with intent to remember
  2394. mental object = the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
  2395. mental picture = a clear and telling mental image
  2396. mental process = the performance of some composite cognitive activity
  2397. mental quickness = intelligence as revealed by an ability to give correct responses without delay
  2398. mental rejection = doubt about the truth of something
  2399. mental representation = a presentation to the mind in the form of an idea or image
  2400. mental reservation = an unstated doubt that prevents you from accepting something wholeheartedly
  2401. mental retardation = lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
  2402. mental synthesis = the creation of a construct
  2403. mentalism = a doctrine that mind is the true reality and that objects exist only as aspects of the mind's awareness
  2404. mentality = mental ability / a habitual or characteristic mental attitude that determines how you will interpret and respond to situations
  2405. mentation = the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
  2406. menu = an agenda of things to do
  2407. mephitis = a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  2408. Mercury program = a program of rocket-powered flights undertaken by US between 1961 and 1963 with the goal of putting a man in orbit around the earth
  2409. merit system = the system of employing and promoting civil servants on the basis of ability
  2410. meritocracy = the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth
  2411. mesh = the topology of a network whose components are all connected directly to every other component
  2412. mesh topology = the topology of a network whose components are all connected directly to every other component
  2413. metacenter = the point of intersection between two vertical lines, one line through the center of buoyancy of the hull of a ship in equilibrium and the other line through the center of buoyancy of the hull when the ship is inclined to one side
  2414. metacentre = the point of intersection between two vertical lines, one line through the center of buoyancy of the hull of a ship in equilibrium and the other line through the center of buoyancy of the hull when the ship is inclined to one side
  2415. metaknowledge = knowledge about knowledge
  2416. metallurgy = the science and technology of metals
  2417. metamathematics = the logical analysis of mathematical reasoning
  2418. metaphysics = the philosophical study of being and knowing
  2419. metarule = a rule that describes how other rules should be used
  2420. meteorology = the earth science dealing with phenomena of the atmosphere
  2421. meter reading = a datum about some physical state that is presented to a user by a meter or similar instrument
  2422. method = a way of doing something, especially a systematic way
  2423. method of choice = the best method to achieve a desired result
  2424. method of fluxions = the part of calculus that deals with the variation of a function with respect to changes in the independent variable (or variables) by means of the concepts of derivative and differential
  2425. method of least squares = a method of fitting a curve to data points so as to minimize the sum of the squares of the distances of the points from the curve
  2426. Methodism = the religious beliefs and practices of Methodists characterized by concern with social welfare and public morals
  2427. methodological analysis = the branch of philosophy that analyzes the principles and procedures of inquiry in a particular discipline
  2428. methodology = the system of methods followed in a particular discipline / the branch of philosophy that analyzes the principles and procedures of inquiry in a particular discipline
  2429. metrics = the study of poetic meter and the art of versification
  2430. metrology = the scientific study of measurement
  2431. microbiology = the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans
  2432. microcosm = a miniature model of something
  2433. microeconomics = the branch of economics that studies the economy of consumers or households or individual firms
  2434. microelectronics = the branch of electronics that deals with miniature components
  2435. micropaleontology = the paleontology of microfossils
  2436. microscopic anatomy = the study of microscopic structures of tissues and organs
  2437. microscopic field = the areas that is visible through a microscope
  2438. middle = an intermediate part or section
  2439. middle distance = the part of a scene between the foreground and the background
  2440. Midgard = the abode of humans in Norse mythology
  2441. midwifery = the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  2442. militarism = a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
  2443. military science = the discipline dealing with the principles of warfare
  2444. millenarianism = belief in the Christian doctrine of the millennium mentioned in the Book of Revelations
  2445. millenarism = belief in the Christian doctrine of the millennium mentioned in the Book of Revelations
  2446. millenniumism = belief in the Christian doctrine of the millennium mentioned in the Book of Revelations
  2447. millstone = something that hinders or handicaps
  2448. Mimamsa = one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on ritual traditions rooted in the Vedas and the Brahmanas as opposed to Vedanta which relies mostly on the Upanishads
  2449. mimesis = the imitative representation of nature and human behavior in art and literature
  2450. mind = that which is responsible for one's thoughts, feelings, and conscious brain functions; the seat of the faculty of reason / knowledge and intellectual ability / attention / recall or remembrance / an opinion formed by judging something / your intention
  2451. mind's eye = the imaging of remembered or invented scenes
  2452. mind-set = a habitual or characteristic mental attitude that determines how you will interpret and respond to situations
  2453. mindset = a habitual or characteristic mental attitude that determines how you will interpret and respond to situations
  2454. mineralogy = the branch of geology that studies minerals: their structure and properties and the ways of distinguishing them
  2455. mining geology = the branch of economic geology that deals with the applications of geology to mining
  2456. minor axis = the shorter or shortest axis of an ellipse or ellipsoid
  2457. minor role = a small role
  2458. minstrelsy = the art of a minstrel
  2459. minutia = a small or minor detail
  2460. mirage = something illusory and unattainable
  2461. mirror = a faithful depiction or reflection
  2462. mirror symmetry = parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system
  2463. misapprehension = an understanding of something that is not correct
  2464. misconception = an incorrect conception
  2465. misgiving = doubt about someone's honesty / painful expectation
  2466. mismatch = a bad or unsuitable match
  2467. mistake = an understanding of something that is not correct
  2468. mistrust = doubt about someone's honesty
  2469. misunderstanding = an understanding of something that is not correct
  2470. Mithraicism = ancient Persian religion
  2471. Mithraism = ancient Persian religion
  2472. mitigating circumstance = a circumstance that does not exonerate a person but which reduces the penalty associated with the offense
  2473. mitsvah = a precept or commandment of the Jewish law
  2474. mittelschmerz = pain in the area of the ovary that is felt at the time of ovulation
  2475. mitzvah = a precept or commandment of the Jewish law
  2476. mixed nuisance = a nuisance that is both a public nuisance and a private nuisance at the same time
  2477. mixology = skill in preparing mixed drinks
  2478. mnemonics = a method or system for improving the memory
  2479. modal logic = a system of logic whose formal properties resemble certain moral and epistemological concepts / the logical study of necessity and possibility
  2480. modal value = the most frequent value of a random variable
  2481. modality = a particular sense
  2482. mode = the most frequent value of a random variable
  2483. model = a type of product / a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process / something to be imitated / a representative form or pattern
  2484. moderationism = the policy of being moderate or acting with moderation
  2485. moderatism = a political philosophy of avoiding the extremes of left and right by taking a moderate position or course of action
  2486. module = one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind
  2487. Mohammedanism = the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
  2488. mojo = a magic power or magic spell
  2489. molecular biology = the branch of biology that studies the structure and activity of macromolecules essential to life
  2490. molecular genetics = the branch of genetics concerned with the structure and activity of genetic material at the molecular level
  2491. moment = the n-th moment of a distribution is the expected value of the n-th power of the deviations from a fixed value
  2492. monarchism = a belief in and advocacy of monarchy as a political system
  2493. monetarism = an economic theory holding that variations in unemployment and the rate of inflation are usually caused by changes in the supply of money
  2494. money-spinner = a project that generates a continuous flow of money
  2495. moneymaker = a project that generates a continuous flow of money
  2496. monic polynomial = a polynomial in one variable
  2497. monism = the doctrine that reality consists of a single basic substance or element
  2498. monocular vision = vision with only one eye
  2499. Monophysitism = a Christian heresy of the 5th and 6th centuries that challenged the orthodox definition of the two natures (human and divine) in Jesus and instead believed there was a single divine nature
  2500. monotheism = belief in a single God
  2501. Monothelitism = the theological doctrine that Christ had only one will even though he had two natures
  2502. Moorish = a style of architecture common in Spain from the 13th to 16th centuries
  2503. Moorish architecture = a style of architecture common in Spain from the 13th to 16th centuries
  2504. moral philosophy = the philosophical study of moral values and rules
  2505. moral principle = the principles of right and wrong that are accepted by an individual or a social group
  2506. morale builder = something or someone who influences by building or strengthening morale
  2507. morbidity = an abnormally gloomy or unhealthy state of mind
  2508. morbidness = an abnormally gloomy or unhealthy state of mind
  2509. mores = the conventions that embody the fundamental values of a group
  2510. Mormonism = the doctrines and practices of the Mormon Church based on the Book of Mormon
  2511. moronity = mild mental retardation
  2512. morphology = the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animals and plants / the branch of geology that studies the characteristics and configuration and evolution of rocks and land forms / the admissible arrangement of sounds in words / studies of the rules for forming admissible words
  2513. morphophonemics = the study of the phonological realization of the allomorphs of the morphemes of a language
  2514. morphophysiology = the study of anatomy in its relation to function
  2515. mosaic = a pattern resembling a mosaic
  2516. mosaic culture = a highly diverse culture
  2517. mother = a condition that is the inspiration for an activity or situation
  2518. mother wit = sound practical judgment
  2519. motif = a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work
  2520. motor memory = your memory for motor skills
  2521. movement = a general tendency to change
  2522. MT = the use of computers to translate from one language to another
  2523. muddiness = a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior
  2524. Muhammadanism = the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
  2525. multicollinearity = a case of multiple regression in which the predictor variables are themselves highly correlated
  2526. multiculturalism = the doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country
  2527. multinomial = a mathematical function that is the sum of a number of terms
  2528. multiple = the product of a quantity by an integer
  2529. multiple correlation = a statistical technique that predicts values of one variable on the basis of two or more other variables
  2530. multiple correlation coefficient = an estimate of the combined influence of two or more variables on the observed (dependent) variable
  2531. multiple regression = a statistical technique that predicts values of one variable on the basis of two or more other variables
  2532. multivariate analysis = a generic term for any statistical technique used to analyze data from more than one variable
  2533. mumpsimus = a traditional notion that is obstinately held although it is unreasonable
  2534. muscle memory = your memory for motor skills
  2535. muscle sense = the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body
  2536. muse = the source of an artist's inspiration
  2537. music = any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds / (music) the sounds produced by singers or musical instruments
  2538. music of the spheres = an inaudible music that Pythagoras thought was produced by the celestial
  2539. musical perception = the auditory perception of musical sounds
  2540. musicianship = artistry in performing music
  2541. musicology = the scholarly and scientific study of music
  2542. musing = a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
  2543. musk = the scent of a greasy glandular secretion from the male musk deer
  2544. musketry = the technique of using small arms
  2545. Muslimism = the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
  2546. mycology = the branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases
  2547. myology = the branch of physiology that studies muscles
  2548. mystery = something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
  2549. mysticism = obscure or irrational thought / a religion based on mystical communion with an ultimate reality
  2550. mystification = confusion resulting from failure to understand
  2551. mythical place = a place that exists only in imagination
  2552. mythology = the study of myths
  2553. Naegele's rule = rule for calculating an expected delivery date
  2554. naive realism = the philosophical doctrine that physical objects continue to exist when not perceived
  2555. name part = the role of the character after whom the play is named
  2556. nanotechnology = the branch of engineering that deals with things smaller than 100 nanometers
  2557. narcosis = unconsciousness induced by narcotics or anesthesia
  2558. narrow-mindedness = an inclination to criticize opposing opinions or shocking behavior
  2559. narrowness = a restriction of range or scope / an inclination to criticize opposing opinions or shocking behavior
  2560. nationalism = the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other / the doctrine that nations should act independently (rather than collectively) to attain their goals
  2561. nativism = the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate
  2562. Nativity = the theological doctrine that Jesus Christ had no human father; Christians believe that Jesus's birth fulfilled Old Testament prophecies and was attended by miracles
  2563. natural ability = ability that is inherited
  2564. natural endowment = natural abilities or qualities
  2565. natural history = the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals
  2566. natural language processing = the branch of information science that deals with natural language information
  2567. natural law = a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
  2568. natural philosophy = the science of matter and energy and their interactions
  2569. natural science = the sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
  2570. natural theology = a theology that holds that knowledge of God can be acquired by human reason without the aid of divine revelation
  2571. naturalism = the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
  2572. nature = a particular type of thing
  2573. nature study = the study of animals and plants in the natural world
  2574. nature worship = a system of religion that deifies and worships natural forces and phenomena
  2575. naval engineering = the branch of engineering that deals with the design and construction and operation of ships
  2576. navel-gazing = literally, the contemplation of one's navel, which is an idiom usually meaning complacent self-absorption
  2577. near vision = vision for objects 2 feet or closer to the viewer
  2578. nebular hypothesis = the theory that the solar system evolved from a hot gaseous nebula
  2579. necromancy = conjuring up the dead, especially for prophesying / the belief in magical spells that harness occult forces or evil spirits to produce unnatural effects in the world
  2580. needle biopsy = biopsy of deep tissue that is obtained through a hollow needle
  2581. negative correlation = a correlation in which large values of one variable are associated with small values of the other
  2582. negative reinforcer = a reinforcing stimulus whose removal serves to decrease the likelihood of the response that produced it
  2583. negative reinforcing stimulus = a reinforcing stimulus whose removal serves to decrease the likelihood of the response that produced it
  2584. negative stimulation = something causing antagonism or loss of interest
  2585. negative stimulus = a stimulus with undesirable consequences
  2586. neglect = lack of attention and due care
  2587. Negritude = an ideological position that holds Black culture to be independent and valid on its own terms
  2588. neo-Darwinism = a modern Darwinian theory that explains new species in terms of genetic mutations
  2589. Neo-Lamarckism = a modern Lamarckian theory emphasizing the importance of environmental factors in genetic changes and retaining the notion of the inheritance of acquired characters
  2590. neoclassicism = revival of a classical style (in art or literature or architecture or music) but from a new perspective or with a new motivation
  2591. neoconservatism = an approach to politics or theology that represents a return to a traditional point of view
  2592. neoliberalism = a political orientation originating in the 1960s
  2593. neonatology = that branch of pediatric medicine concerned with the newborn
  2594. Neoplatonism = a system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism
  2595. neoteny = an evolutionary trend to be born earlier so that development is cut off at an earlier stage and juvenile characteristics are retained in adults of the species
  2596. nephology = the branch of meteorology that studies clouds and cloud formation
  2597. nephrology = the branch of medicine concerned with the kidney - its development and anatomy and physiology and disorders
  2598. nescience = ignorance
  2599. Nestorianism = the theological doctrine (named after Nestorius) that Christ is both the son of God and the man Jesus
  2600. nether region = the abode of Satan and the forces of evil
  2601. netherworld = the world of the dead
  2602. network topology = the configuration of a communication network
  2603. neuroanatomy = the anatomy of the nervous system
  2604. neurobiology = the branch of biology that deals with the anatomy and physiology and pathology of the nervous system
  2605. neuroethics = the study of ethical implications of treatments for neurological diseases
  2606. neurolinguistics = the branch of linguistics that studies the relation between language and the structure and function of the nervous system
  2607. neurology = the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders / the branch of medical science that deals with the nervous system
  2608. neurophysiology = the branch of neuroscience that studies the physiology of the nervous system
  2609. neuropsychiatry = the branch of medicine dealing with mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system
  2610. neuropsychology = the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
  2611. neuroscience = the scientific study of the nervous system
  2612. neutrality = tolerance attributable to a lack of involvement
  2613. never-never land = a pleasing country existing only in dreams or imagination
  2614. New Look = a style of women's clothing created by Christian Dior in 1947
  2615. Newton's first law = a body remains at rest or in motion with a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force
  2616. Newton's first law of motion = a body remains at rest or in motion with a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force
  2617. Newton's law = one of three basic laws of classical mechanics
  2618. Newton's law of gravitation = the law that states any two bodies attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them
  2619. Newton's law of motion = one of three basic laws of classical mechanics
  2620. Newton's second law = the rate of change of momentum is proportional to the imposed force and goes in the direction of the force
  2621. Newton's second law of motion = the rate of change of momentum is proportional to the imposed force and goes in the direction of the force
  2622. Newton's theory of gravitation = the theory that any two particles of matter attract one another with a force directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them
  2623. Newton's third law = action and reaction are equal and opposite
  2624. Newton's third law of motion = action and reaction are equal and opposite
  2625. Newtonian mechanics = the branch of mechanics based on Newton's laws of motion
  2626. niff = an unpleasant smell
  2627. night vision = the ability to see in reduced illumination
  2628. night-sight = the ability to see in reduced illumination
  2629. nightmare = a terrifying or deeply upsetting dream
  2630. nihilism = a revolutionary doctrine that advocates destruction of the social system for its own sake
  2631. nimbleness = intelligence as revealed by quickness and alertness of mind
  2632. nip = the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth
  2633. nitrogen narcosis = confused or stuporous state caused by high levels of dissolved nitrogen in the blood
  2634. nitty-gritty = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  2635. NLP = the branch of information science that deals with natural language information
  2636. no-goal = a nonexistent goal
  2637. noddle = an informal British expression for head or mind
  2638. noise = the auditory experience of sound that lacks musical quality
  2639. nominalism = the doctrine that the various objects labeled by the same term have nothing in common but their name
  2640. non sequitur = a conclusion that does not follow from the premises
  2641. non-Euclidean geometry = geometry based on axioms different from Euclid's
  2642. nonconformance = a lack of orthodoxy in thoughts or beliefs
  2643. nonconformism = a lack of orthodoxy in thoughts or beliefs
  2644. nonconformity = a lack of orthodoxy in thoughts or beliefs
  2645. nonlinear correlation = any correlation in which the rates of change of the variables is not constant
  2646. nonparametric statistic = a statistic computed without knowledge of the form or the parameters of the distribution from which observations are drawn
  2647. nonparametric statistics = the branch of statistics dealing with variables without making assumptions about the form or the parameters of their distribution
  2648. nonpartisanship = an inclination to weigh both views or opinions equally
  2649. nonverbal intelligence = intelligence that is manifested in the performance of tasks requiring little or no use of language
  2650. nook and cranny = something remote
  2651. nooks and crannies = something remote
  2652. norm = a statistic describing the location of a distribution
  2653. normal = something regarded as a normative example
  2654. normal curve = a symmetrical curve representing the normal distribution
  2655. normal distribution = a theoretical distribution with finite mean and variance
  2656. Norman architecture = a Romanesque style first appearing in Normandy around 950 AD and used in Britain from the Norman Conquest until the 12th century
  2657. nose = a natural skill / the sense of smell
  2658. nosiness = offensive inquisitiveness
  2659. nosology = the branch of medical science dealing with the classification of disease
  2660. notice = the act of noticing or paying attention / polite or favorable attention
  2661. notion = a general inclusive concept / a vague idea in which some confidence is placed / an odd or fanciful or capricious idea
  2662. noumenon = the intellectual conception of a thing as it is in itself, not as it is known through perception
  2663. nous = that which is responsible for one's thoughts, feelings, and conscious brain functions
  2664. novelty = originality by virtue of being new and surprising
  2665. nub = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  2666. nuclear chemistry = the chemistry of radioactive substances
  2667. nuclear engineering = the branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction and operation of nuclear reactors
  2668. nuclear medicine = the branch of medicine that uses radioactive materials either to image a patient's body or to destroy diseased cells
  2669. nuclear physics = the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
  2670. nucleonics = the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
  2671. nuisance = a broad legal concept including anything that disturbs the reasonable use of your property or endangers life and health or is offensive
  2672. nullification = the states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress
  2673. numeracy = skill with numbers and mathematics
  2674. numerical analysis = the branch of mathematics that studies algorithms for approximating solutions to problems in the infinitesimal calculus
  2675. numerical quantity = a quantity expressed as a number
  2676. numerology = the study of the supposed occult influence of numbers on human affairs
  2677. nutrition = the scientific study of food and drink
  2678. oarsmanship = skill as an oarsman
  2679. OB = the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  2680. obeah = a religious belief of African origin involving witchcraft and sorcery
  2681. obfuscation = confusion resulting from failure to understand
  2682. obi = a religious belief of African origin involving witchcraft and sorcery
  2683. obiism = belief in a kind of sorcery that originated in Africa and is practiced in the West Indies
  2684. object = the focus of cognitions or feelings / the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable) / (computing) a discrete item that provides a description of virtually anything known to a computer
  2685. object recognition = the visual perception of familiar objects
  2686. objective = the goal intended to be attained
  2687. oblivion = total forgetfulness
  2688. obliviousness = total forgetfulness
  2689. obscurantism = a policy of opposition to enlightenment or the spread of knowledge
  2690. observance = the act of noticing or paying attention
  2691. observation = the act of noticing or paying attention / facts learned by observing
  2692. obsession = an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone
  2693. obstacle = something immaterial that stands in the way and must be circumvented or surmounted
  2694. obstetrics = the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  2695. obstruction = something immaterial that stands in the way and must be circumvented or surmounted
  2696. obtuseness = the quality of being slow to understand
  2697. obverse = the more conspicuous of two alternatives or cases or sides
  2698. Occam's Razor = the principle that entities should not be multiplied needlessly
  2699. occasions = something you have to do
  2700. Occidentalism = the scholarly knowledge of western cultures and languages and people
  2701. occultism = a belief in supernatural powers and the possibility of bringing them under human control / the study of the supernatural
  2702. oceanography = the branch of science dealing with physical and biological aspects of the oceans
  2703. oceanology = the branch of science dealing with physical and biological aspects of the oceans
  2704. Ockham's Razor = the principle that entities should not be multiplied needlessly
  2705. odd-even check = a system of checking for errors in computer functioning
  2706. odontology = the branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth
  2707. odor = the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form
  2708. odour = the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form
  2709. oenology = the art of wine making
  2710. Ohm's law = electric current is directly proportional to voltage and inversely proportional to resistance
  2711. old wives' tale = a bit of lore passed on by word of mouth
  2712. olfaction = the faculty that enables us to distinguish scents
  2713. olfactory modality = the faculty that enables us to distinguish scents
  2714. olfactory perception = the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form
  2715. olfactory sensation = the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form
  2716. ology = an informal word (abstracted from words with this ending) for some unidentified branch of knowledge
  2717. omission = neglecting to do something
  2718. omphaloskepsis = literally, the contemplation of one's navel, which is an idiom usually meaning complacent self-absorption
  2719. oncology = the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of tumors
  2720. one = a single person or thing
  2721. one-way street = unilateral interaction
  2722. oneirism = absentminded dreaming while awake
  2723. oneiromancy = divination through the interpretation of dreams
  2724. onomancy = divination by the letters of a name
  2725. onomastics = the branch of lexicology that studies the forms and origins of proper names
  2726. ontology = the metaphysical study of the nature of being and existence / (computer science) a rigorous and exhaustive organization of some knowledge domain that is usually hierarchical and contains all the relevant entities and their relations
  2727. onus = an onerous or difficult concern
  2728. oology = the branch of zoology that studies eggs
  2729. open = information that has become public
  2730. open interval = an interval that does not include its endpoints
  2731. opening = a possible alternative
  2732. operand = a quantity upon which a mathematical operation is performed
  2733. operant conditioning = conditioning in which an operant response is brought under stimulus control by virtue of presenting reinforcement contingent upon the occurrence of the operant response
  2734. operation = the performance of some composite cognitive activity
  2735. operationalism = the doctrine that the meaning of a proposition consists of the operations involved in proving or applying it
  2736. operative field = the area that is open during surgery
  2737. ophthalmology = the branch of medicine concerned with the eye and its diseases
  2738. opinion = a vague idea in which some confidence is placed / a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty / a belief or sentiment shared by most people
  2739. opinion poll = an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people
  2740. opposite number = a person or thing having the same function or characteristics as another
  2741. optic axis = a line that passes through the center of curvature of a lens so that light is neither reflected nor refracted / in a doubly refracting crystal, the line in the direction of which no double refraction occurs
  2742. optical fusion = the combining of images from the two eyes to form a single visual percept
  2743. optics = the branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light
  2744. option = one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  2745. ordinate = the value of a coordinate on the vertical axis
  2746. organic chemistry = the chemistry of compounds containing carbon
  2747. organicism = theory that the total organization of an organism rather than the functioning of individual organs is the determinant of life processes
  2748. organisation = an organized structure for arranging or classifying
  2749. organization = an organized structure for arranging or classifying
  2750. organon = a system of principles for philosophic or scientific investigations
  2751. Oriental Studies = the scholarly knowledge of Asian cultures and languages and people
  2752. Orientalism = the scholarly knowledge of Asian cultures and languages and people
  2753. orientation = a person's awareness of self with regard to position and time and place and personal relationships / a predisposition in favor of something / an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs
  2754. origin = the point of intersection of coordinate axes
  2755. original = something that serves as a model or a basis for making copies
  2756. originalism = the belief that the United States Constitution should be interpreted in the way the authors originally intended it
  2757. originality = the ability to think and act independently
  2758. Orleanism = the political philosophy of the Orleanists
  2759. ornithology = the branch of zoology that studies birds
  2760. orography = the science of mountains
  2761. orology = the science of mountains
  2762. orthodontia = the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth
  2763. orthodontics = the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth
  2764. orthodonture = the branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention or correction of irregularities of the teeth
  2765. Orthodox Judaism = beliefs and practices of a Judaic sect that strictly observes Mosaic law
  2766. orthodoxy = a belief or orientation agreeing with conventional standards
  2767. orthoepy = a term formerly used for the part of phonology that dealt with the `correct' pronunciation of words and its relation to `correct' orthography
  2768. orthopaedics = the branch of medical science concerned with disorders or deformities of the spine and joints
  2769. orthopedics = the branch of medical science concerned with disorders or deformities of the spine and joints
  2770. osteology = the branch of anatomy that studies the bones of the vertebrate skeleton
  2771. Ostwald's theory of indicators = the theory that all indicators are either weak acids or weak bases in which the color of the ionized form is different from the color before dissociation
  2772. otherworld = an abstract spiritual world beyond earthly reality
  2773. otolaryngology = the medical specialty that deals with diseases of the ear, nose and throat
  2774. otology = the branch of medicine concerned with the ear
  2775. otorhinolaryngology = the medical specialty that deals with diseases of the ear, nose and throat
  2776. out-of-the-box thinking = thinking that moves away in diverging directions so as to involve a variety of aspects and which sometimes lead to novel ideas and solutions
  2777. outlier = an extreme deviation from the mean
  2778. outline = a schematic or preliminary plan
  2779. outlook = belief about (or mental picture of) the future / a habitual or characteristic mental attitude that determines how you will interpret and respond to situations
  2780. outwardness = concern with outward things or material objects as opposed to the mind and spirit
  2781. overconfidence = total certainty or greater certainty than circumstances warrant
  2782. overestimate = a calculation that results in an estimate that is too high
  2783. overestimation = a calculation that results in an estimate that is too high
  2784. overlap = a representation of common ground between theories or phenomena
  2785. overrating = a calculation that results in an estimate that is too high
  2786. overreckoning = a calculation that results in an estimate that is too high
  2787. oversight = an unintentional omission resulting from failure to notice something
  2788. overtone = a harmonic with a frequency that is a multiple of the fundamental frequency
  2789. overvaluation = too high a value or price assigned to something
  2790. oxyopia = unusually acute vision
  2791. pabulum = insipid intellectual nourishment
  2792. pacemaker = a leading instance in its field
  2793. pacesetter = a leading instance in its field
  2794. pacificism = the belief that all international disputes can be settled by arbitration / the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable
  2795. pacifism = the belief that all international disputes can be settled by arbitration / the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable
  2796. paediatrics = the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
  2797. pagan religion = any of various religions other than Christianity or Judaism or Islamism
  2798. paganism = any of various religions other than Christianity or Judaism or Islamism
  2799. pain = a somatic sensation of acute discomfort / something or someone that causes trouble
  2800. pain in the ass = something or someone that causes trouble
  2801. pain in the neck = something or someone that causes trouble
  2802. pain sensation = a somatic sensation of acute discomfort
  2803. pain threshold = the lowest intensity of stimulation at which pain is experienced
  2804. painful sensation = a somatic sensation of acute discomfort
  2805. palaeoanthropology = the scientific study of human fossils
  2806. palaeobiology = a branch of paleontology that deals with the origin and growth and structure of fossil animals and plants as living organisms
  2807. palaeobotany = the study of fossil plants
  2808. palaeoclimatology = the study of the climate of past ages
  2809. palaeodendrology = the branch of paleobotany that studies fossil trees
  2810. palaeoecology = the branch of ecology that studies ancient ecology
  2811. palaeoethnography = the ethnography of paleolithic humans
  2812. palaeogeography = the study of the geography of ancient times or ancient epochs
  2813. palaeogeology = the study of geologic features once at the surface of the earth but now buried beneath rocks
  2814. palaeology = the study of (especially prehistoric) antiquities
  2815. palaeontology = the earth science that studies fossil organisms and related remains
  2816. palaeopathology = the study of disease of former times
  2817. palaeornithology = the paleobiology of birds
  2818. palaeozoology = the study of fossil animals
  2819. palaetiology = the explanation of past events in terms of scientific causes
  2820. paleoanthropology = the scientific study of human fossils
  2821. paleobiology = a branch of paleontology that deals with the origin and growth and structure of fossil animals and plants as living organisms
  2822. paleobotany = the study of fossil plants
  2823. paleoclimatology = the study of the climate of past ages
  2824. paleodendrology = the branch of paleobotany that studies fossil trees
  2825. paleoecology = the branch of ecology that studies ancient ecology
  2826. paleoethnography = the ethnography of paleolithic humans
  2827. paleogeography = the study of the geography of ancient times or ancient epochs
  2828. paleogeology = the study of geologic features once at the surface of the earth but now buried beneath rocks
  2829. paleography = the study of ancient forms of writing
  2830. paleology = the study of (especially prehistoric) antiquities
  2831. paleomammalogy = the paleobiology of ancient mammals
  2832. paleontology = the earth science that studies fossil organisms and related remains
  2833. paleopathology = the study of disease of former times
  2834. paleornithology = the paleobiology of birds
  2835. paleozoology = the study of fossil animals
  2836. paletiology = the explanation of past events in terms of scientific causes
  2837. palm reading = telling fortunes by lines on the palm of the hand
  2838. palmistry = telling fortunes by lines on the palm of the hand
  2839. pandeism = the belief that God created the universe and its phenomena by becoming the universe, thereafter the sole manifestation of God
  2840. panenthesism = the belief that God is in part of the universe and its phenomena and also transcends the universe and intervenes in its operations
  2841. panorama = the visual percept of a region
  2842. panoramic view = a situation or topic as if viewed from an altitude or distance
  2843. pantheism = the doctrine or belief that God is the universe and its phenomena (taken or conceived of as a whole) or the doctrine that regards the universe as a manifestation of God / (rare) worship that admits or tolerates all gods
  2844. Pap test = a method of examining stained cells in a cervical smear for early diagnosis of uterine cancer
  2845. Papanicolaou test = a method of examining stained cells in a cervical smear for early diagnosis of uterine cancer
  2846. papism = the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church based in Rome
  2847. parabolic geometry = geometry based on Euclid's axioms
  2848. paracosm = a prolonged fantasy world invented by children
  2849. paradigm = a standard or typical example / the generally accepted perspective of a particular discipline at a given time
  2850. Paradise = the abode of righteous souls after death
  2851. paragon = an ideal instance
  2852. parallel axiom = only one line can be drawn through a point parallel to another line
  2853. paralogism = an unintentionally invalid argument
  2854. parameter = a constant in the equation of a curve that can be varied to yield a family of similar curves / a quantity (such as the mean or variance) that characterizes a statistical population and that can be estimated by calculations from sample data
  2855. parametric quantity = a constant in the equation of a curve that can be varied to yield a family of similar curves
  2856. parametric statistic = any statistic computed by procedures that assume the data were drawn from a particular distribution
  2857. paramnesia = a disorder of memory in which dreams or fantasies are confused with reality
  2858. paramount issue = an issue whose settlement is more important than anything else
  2859. parity = parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system
  2860. parity check = a system of checking for errors in computer functioning
  2861. parochialism = a limitation of views or interests like that defined by a local parish
  2862. Parseeism = the faith of a Zoroastrian sect in India
  2863. Parsiism = the faith of a Zoroastrian sect in India
  2864. part = that which concerns a person with regard to a particular role or situation / one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole / an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  2865. parti pris = an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence
  2866. partial = a harmonic with a frequency that is a multiple of the fundamental frequency / the derivative of a function of two or more variables with respect to a single variable while the other variables are considered to be constant
  2867. partial correlation = a correlation between two variables when the effects of one or more related variables are removed
  2868. partial derivative = the derivative of a function of two or more variables with respect to a single variable while the other variables are considered to be constant
  2869. partial tone = a harmonic with a frequency that is a multiple of the fundamental frequency
  2870. partiality = an inclination to favor one group or view or opinion over alternatives
  2871. particle physics = the branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
  2872. particular = a fact about some part
  2873. particularism = a focus on something particular
  2874. partisanship = an inclination to favor one group or view or opinion over alternatives
  2875. partitioning = an analysis into mutually exclusive categories
  2876. Pascal's law = pressure applied anywhere to a body of fluid causes a force to be transmitted equally in all directions
  2877. Pascal's law of fluid pressures = pressure applied anywhere to a body of fluid causes a force to be transmitted equally in all directions
  2878. passion = any object of warm affection or devotion
  2879. passivism = the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable
  2880. patch test = a test to determine allergic sensitivity by applying small pads soaked with allergen to the unbroken skin
  2881. patchwork = a theory or argument made up of miscellaneous or incongruous ideas
  2882. patent law = that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing patents
  2883. patent system = a legal system for protecting the rights of inventors
  2884. paternalism = the attitude (of a person or a government) that subordinates should be controlled in a fatherly way for their own good
  2885. paternity test = a test based on blood groups to determine whether a particular man could be the biological father of a particular child
  2886. pathetic fallacy = the fallacy of attributing human feelings to inanimate objects
  2887. pathology = the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
  2888. patristics = the study of the lives, writings, and doctrines of the Church Fathers
  2889. patrology = the study of the lives, writings, and doctrines of the Church Fathers
  2890. pattern = something regarded as a normative example / something intended as a guide for making something else / a perceptual structure / a model considered worthy of imitation
  2891. Pauli exclusion principle = no two electrons or protons or neutrons in a given system can be in states characterized by the same set of quantum numbers
  2892. paying attention = paying particular notice
  2893. peace advocacy = any policy that advocates maintaining peaceful international relations
  2894. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient = the most commonly used method of computing a correlation coefficient between variables that are linearly related
  2895. peculiarity = an odd or unusual characteristic
  2896. pedagogics = the principles and methods of instruction
  2897. pedagogy = the principles and methods of instruction
  2898. pediatric medicine = the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
  2899. pediatrics = the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
  2900. pedology = the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
  2901. Pelagianism = the theological doctrine put forward by Pelagius which denied original sin and affirmed the ability of humans to be righteous
  2902. penetration = clear or deep perception of a situation
  2903. penology = the branch of criminology concerned with prison management and prisoner rehabilitation
  2904. pension account = a plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement
  2905. pension plan = a plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement
  2906. pentecostalism = the principles and practices of Pentecostal religious groups
  2907. peradventure = doubt or uncertainty as to whether something is the case
  2908. percentile = any of the 99 numbered points that divide an ordered set of scores into 100 parts each of which contains one-hundredth of the total
  2909. percept = the representation of what is perceived
  2910. perception = the process of perceiving / knowledge gained by perceiving / a way of conceiving something / the representation of what is perceived
  2911. perceptiveness = perception of that which is obscure / delicate discrimination
  2912. perceptual constancy = the tendency for perceived objects to give rise to very similar perceptual experiences in spite of wide variations in the conditions of observation
  2913. perceptual experience = the representation of what is perceived
  2914. perdition = the abode of Satan and the forces of evil
  2915. perfect pitch = the ability to identify the pitch of a tone
  2916. perfectibility = the capability of becoming perfect
  2917. perfection = an ideal instance
  2918. performing arts = arts or skills that require public performance
  2919. perfume = a distinctive odor that is pleasant
  2920. perinatology = the branch of obstetrics concerned with the anatomy and physiology and diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the mother and the fetus or newborn baby during late pregnancy and childbirth and the puerperium
  2921. periodic law = the principle that chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers
  2922. periodontia = the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the gums and other structures around the teeth
  2923. periodontics = the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the gums and other structures around the teeth
  2924. peripateticism = the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science
  2925. peripheral vision = vision at the edges of the visual field using only the periphery of the retina
  2926. perpendicular = a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England
  2927. perpendicular style = a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England
  2928. perplexity = trouble or confusion resulting from complexity
  2929. perseveration = the tendency for a memory or idea to persist or recur without any apparent stimulus for it
  2930. persona = an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  2931. personal business = matters of personal concern
  2932. personal matters = matters of personal concern
  2933. personal memory = memory for episodes in your own life
  2934. perspective = a way of regarding situations or topics etc.
  2935. perspicaciousness = intelligence manifested by being astute
  2936. perspicacity = intelligence manifested by being astute
  2937. persuasion = a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty
  2938. pestilence = a pernicious and malign influence that is hard to get rid of
  2939. petitio = the logical fallacy of assuming the conclusion in the premises
  2940. petitio principii = the logical fallacy of assuming the conclusion in the premises
  2941. petroleum geology = the branch of economic geology that deals with the occurrence and exploitation of oil and gas fields
  2942. petrology = the branch of geology that studies rocks: their origin and formation and mineral composition and classification
  2943. pettiness = narrowness of mind or ideas or views
  2944. phantasm = something existing in perception only
  2945. phantasma = something existing in perception only
  2946. phantasmagoria = a constantly changing medley of real or imagined images
  2947. phantasy = imagination unrestricted by reality / something many people believe that is false
  2948. phantasy life = an imaginary life lived in a fantasy world
  2949. phantasy world = something existing solely in the imagination
  2950. phantom = something existing in perception only
  2951. phantom limb = the illusion that a limb still exists after it has been amputated
  2952. phantom limb pain = pain felt by an amputee that seems to be located in the missing limb
  2953. pharmaceutics = the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,
  2954. pharmacogenetics = the branch of genetics that studies the genetically determined variations in responses to drugs in humans or laboratory organisms
  2955. pharmacokinetics = the study of the action of drugs in the body: method and rate of excretion; duration of effect
  2956. pharmacological medicine = the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  2957. pharmacology = the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  2958. pharmacy = the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,
  2959. phenomenology = a philosophical doctrine proposed by Edmund Husserl based on the study of human experience in which considerations of objective reality are not taken into account
  2960. phi coefficient = an index of the relation between any two sets of scores that can both be represented on ordered binary dimensions
  2961. phi correlation = an index of the relation between any two sets of scores that can both be represented on ordered binary dimensions
  2962. philology = the humanistic study of language and literature
  2963. philosophical doctrine = a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
  2964. philosophical system = a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
  2965. philosophical theory = a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
  2966. philosophy = a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school / any personal belief about how to live or how to deal with a situation / the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
  2967. phonemics = the study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes
  2968. phonetics = the branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and acoustic analysis
  2969. phonology = the study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes
  2970. photochemistry = branch of chemistry that deals with the chemical action of light
  2971. photomechanics = the technique of using photomechanical methods to make photographs into plates for printing
  2972. photopic vision = normal vision in daylight
  2973. photosensitivity = sensitivity to the action of radiant energy
  2974. phrase structure = the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
  2975. phrenology = a now abandoned study of the shape of skull as indicative of the strengths of different faculties
  2976. phycology = the branch of botany that studies algae
  2977. physical anthropology = the branch of anthropology dealing with the genesis and variation of human beings
  2978. physical chemistry = the branch of chemistry dealing with the physical properties of chemical substances
  2979. physical education = training in the development of and care for the human body; stresses athletics
  2980. physical geography = the study of physical features of the earth's surface
  2981. physical science = the physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something
  2982. physical topology = the appearance of the network
  2983. physicalism = the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality
  2984. physics = the science of matter and energy and their interactions / the physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something
  2985. physiography = the study of physical features of the earth's surface
  2986. physiological anatomy = the study of anatomy in its relation to function
  2987. physiological psychology = the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
  2988. physiology = the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
  2989. phytochemistry = the branch of organic chemistry dealing with the chemistry of plants
  2990. phytology = the branch of biology that studies plants
  2991. piano music = the sound of music produced by a piano
  2992. pick = the person or thing chosen or selected
  2993. picture = a typical example of some state or quality / a clear and telling mental image
  2994. picturing = visual imagery
  2995. pigeonhole = a specific (often simplistic) category
  2996. pigeonholing = a system for classifying things into groups
  2997. pill = something unpleasant or offensive that must be tolerated or endured
  2998. pillar = a fundamental principle or practice
  2999. pillar of Islam = one of the five religious obligations accepted by all Muslims
  3000. pilot = something that serves as a model or a basis for making copies
  3001. pilot experiment = a preliminary experiment whose outcome can lead to a more extensive experiment
  3002. pins and needles = a sharp tingling sensation from lack of circulation
  3003. pipe dream = a fantastic but vain hope
  3004. pisser = a very disagreeable difficulty
  3005. pit = the abode of Satan and the forces of evil
  3006. pitfall = an unforeseen or unexpected or surprising difficulty
  3007. pith = the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  3008. PKU test = a test of newborn infants for phenylketonuria
  3009. place = an abstract mental location
  3010. plague = an annoyance
  3011. plan = an arrangement scheme / a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished
  3012. plan of action = a plan for actively doing something
  3013. Planck's law = the basis of quantum theory; the energy of electromagnetic waves is contained in indivisible quanta that have to be radiated or absorbed as a whole
  3014. Planck's radiation law = an equation that expresses the distribution of energy in the radiated spectrum of an ideal black body
  3015. plane geometry = the geometry of 2-dimensional figures
  3016. planetesimal hypothesis = the theory that the solar system was formed by the gravitational accumulation of planetesimals
  3017. planning = the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening
  3018. plant = something planted secretly for discovery by another
  3019. plasma physics = the branch of physics concerned with matter in its plasma phase
  3020. plate tectonic theory = the branch of geology studying the folding and faulting of the earth's crust
  3021. plate tectonics = the branch of geology studying the folding and faulting of the earth's crust
  3022. Platonism = the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names
  3023. playbook = a scheme or set of strategies for conducting a business campaign or a political campaign
  3024. pleasure = a formal expression / something or someone that provides a source of happiness
  3025. pleasure principle = the governing principle of the id
  3026. pleasure-pain principle = the governing principle of the id
  3027. pleasure-unpleasure principle = the governing principle of the id
  3028. plot = a secret scheme to do something
  3029. plot element = a component or element of the plot of a story
  3030. pluralism = the doctrine that reality consists of several basic substances or elements
  3031. pneumatics = the branch of mechanics that deals with the mechanical properties of gases
  3032. pocketbook issue = an issue whose settlement will affect financial resources
  3033. podiatry = the branch of medicine concerned with the feet
  3034. poenology = the branch of criminology concerned with prison management and prisoner rehabilitation
  3035. poetics = study of poetic works
  3036. point = an isolated fact that is considered separately from the whole / a geometric element that has position but no extension / the object of an activity
  3037. point of honor = a concern that seriously reflects on your honor
  3038. point of intersection = a point where lines intersect
  3039. point of no return = a line that when crossed permits of no return and typically results in irrevocable commitment
  3040. point of view = a mental position from which things are viewed
  3041. point system = a system of evaluation based on awarding points according to rules
  3042. Poisson distribution = a theoretical distribution that is a good approximation to the binomial distribution when the probability is small and the number of trials is large
  3043. polar coordinate = either of two values that locate a point on a plane by its distance from a fixed pole and its angle from a fixed line passing through the pole
  3044. pole = one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions
  3045. polemics = the branch of Christian theology devoted to the refutation of errors
  3046. policy = a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
  3047. political economy = the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
  3048. political orientation = an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
  3049. political science = the study of government of states and other political units
  3050. political sympathies = the opinion you hold with respect to political questions
  3051. political theory = an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
  3052. politics = the study of government of states and other political units / the opinion you hold with respect to political questions
  3053. poll = an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people
  3054. polynomial = a mathematical function that is the sum of a number of terms
  3055. polytheism = belief in multiple Gods
  3056. pomology = the branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruits
  3057. pong = an unpleasant smell
  3058. popular opinion = a belief or sentiment shared by most people
  3059. population = the entire aggregation of items from which samples can be drawn
  3060. populism = the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite
  3061. portrayal = a representation by picture or portraiture
  3062. portraying = a representation by picture or portraiture
  3063. position = a rationalized mental attitude / a way of regarding situations or topics etc.
  3064. positive correlation = a correlation in which large values of one variable are associated with large values of the other and small with small
  3065. positive reinforcer = a reinforcing stimulus that serves to increase the likelihood of the response that produces it
  3066. positive reinforcing stimulus = a reinforcing stimulus that serves to increase the likelihood of the response that produces it
  3067. positive stimulus = a stimulus with desirable consequences
  3068. positivism = the form of empiricism that bases all knowledge on perceptual experience
  3069. posology = the pharmacological determination of appropriate doses of drugs and medicines
  3070. possibility = a possible alternative / a tentative insight into the natural world
  3071. possible = something that can be done
  3072. possible action = a possible alternative
  3073. post hoc = the logical fallacy of believing that temporal succession implies a causal relation
  3074. post hoc ergo propter hoc = the logical fallacy of believing that temporal succession implies a causal relation
  3075. posthypnotic amnesia = selective amnesia after being in a hypnotic state of events occurring during hypnosis or of information designated by the hypnotist
  3076. posthypnotic suggestion = a suggestion that is made to a person who is hypnotized that specifies an action he will perform (usually in response to a cue) after he has awakened
  3077. posttraumatic amnesia = loss of memory for events immediately following a trauma
  3078. posture = a rationalized mental attitude
  3079. potentiality = an aptitude that may be developed
  3080. powder metallurgy = the metallurgy of powdered metals
  3081. power = possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
  3082. power law = the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation increases proportional to a power of the stimulus intensity
  3083. power series = the sum of terms containing successively higher integral powers of a variable
  3084. practical politics = politics based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations
  3085. practice = knowledge of how something is usually done
  3086. pragmatics = the study of language use
  3087. pragmatism = the doctrine that practical consequences are the criteria of knowledge and meaning and value
  3088. pre-emption = the judicial principle asserting the supremacy of federal over state legislation on the same subject
  3089. prearrangement = something arranged in advance
  3090. precaution = judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
  3091. precedent = an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time
  3092. precept = a doctrine that is taught
  3093. precociousness = intelligence achieved far ahead of normal developmental schedules
  3094. precocity = intelligence achieved far ahead of normal developmental schedules
  3095. preconceived idea = an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence
  3096. preconceived notion = an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence
  3097. preconceived opinion = an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence
  3098. preconception = an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence / a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
  3099. precondition = a condition that is a prerequisite / an assumption that is taken for granted
  3100. predestinarianism = the belief or doctrine of predestinarians
  3101. predestination = being determined in advance
  3102. predetermination = a mental determination or resolve in advance; an antecedent intention to do something / (theology) being determined in advance
  3103. predicate calculus = a system of symbolic logic that represents individuals and predicates and quantification over individuals
  3104. prediction = the act of predicting
  3105. predictor = information that supports a probabilistic estimate of future events
  3106. predictor variable = a variable that can be used to predict the value of another variable
  3107. predilection = a predisposition in favor of something
  3108. predisposition = an inclination beforehand to interpret statements in a particular way
  3109. preemployment training program = a training program to prepare you for employment
  3110. preemption = the judicial principle asserting the supremacy of federal over state legislation on the same subject
  3111. preference = the right or chance to choose / a predisposition in favor of something
  3112. prefiguration = the act of providing vague advance indications
  3113. preformation = a theory (popular in the 18th century and now discredited) that an individual develops by simple enlargement of a tiny fully formed organism (a homunculus) that exists in the germ cell
  3114. pregnancy test = a physiological test to determine whether a woman is pregnant
  3115. prejudgement = a judgment reached before the evidence is available
  3116. prejudgment = a judgment reached before the evidence is available
  3117. prejudice = a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
  3118. premeditation = thought and intention to commit a crime well in advance of the crime
  3119. preoccupancy = the mental state of being preoccupied by something
  3120. preoccupation = the mental state of being preoccupied by something / an idea that preoccupies the mind and holds the attention
  3121. preordination = being determined in advance
  3122. preparation = the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening
  3123. prepossession = an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence
  3124. prerequisite = something that is required in advance
  3125. Presbyterianism = the doctrines and practices of the Presbyterian Church: based in Calvinism
  3126. prescience = the power to foresee the future
  3127. prescriptive grammar = a grammar that is produced by prescriptive linguistics
  3128. prescriptive linguistics = an account of how a language should be used instead of how it is actually used
  3129. prescriptivism = a doctrine supporting or promoting prescriptive linguistics / (ethics) a doctrine holding that moral statements prescribe appropriate attitudes and behavior
  3130. presence = the impression that something is present
  3131. presentism = the doctrine that the Scripture prophecies of the Apocalypse (as in the Book of Revelations) are presently in the course of being fulfilled
  3132. pressure = the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin
  3133. pressure point = where problems or difficulties are likely to occur
  3134. pressure sensation = the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin
  3135. presumption = an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved or admitted or judicially noticed / an assumption that is taken for granted
  3136. presupposition = the act of presupposing
  3137. pretence = imaginative intellectual play
  3138. pretense = imaginative intellectual play
  3139. pretermission = letting pass without notice
  3140. prevision = the act of predicting (as by reasoning about the future) / a prophetic vision (as in a dream) / seeing ahead; knowing in advance
  3141. price gouging = pricing above the market price when no alternative retailer is available
  3142. pricing = the evaluation of something in terms of its price
  3143. pricing system = a system for setting prices on goods or services
  3144. prickling = a somatic sensation as from many tiny stings
  3145. priestcraft = the skills involved in the work of a priest / a derogatory reference to priests who use their influence to control secular or political affairs
  3146. primatology = the branch of zoology that studies primates
  3147. principal axis = a line that passes through the center of curvature of a lens so that light is neither reflected nor refracted
  3148. principle = an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature) / a basic truth or law or assumption / a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system / a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct / a rule or standard especially of good behavior
  3149. principle of equivalence = the principle that an observer has no way of distinguishing whether his laboratory is in a uniform gravitational field or is in an accelerated frame of reference
  3150. principle of liquid displacement = the volume of a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the volume of the displaced fluid
  3151. principle of parsimony = the principle that entities should not be multiplied needlessly
  3152. principle of relativity = a universal law that states that the laws of mechanics are not affected by a uniform rectilinear motion of the system of coordinates to which they are referred
  3153. principle of superposition = the displacement of any point due to the superposition of wave systems is equal to the sum of the displacements of the individual waves at that point / (geology) the principle that in a series of stratified sedimentary rocks the lowest stratum is the oldest
  3154. private nuisance = a nuisance that interferes with your interest in and private use and enjoyment of your land
  3155. probabilism = the doctrine that (since certainty is unattainable) probability is a sufficient basis for belief and action / a Roman Catholic system of casuistry that when expert opinions differ an actor can follow any solidly probable opinion that he wishes even though some different opinion might be more probable
  3156. probability theory = the branch of applied mathematics that deals with probabilities
  3157. probable cause = evidence sufficient to warrant an arrest or search and seizure
  3158. probe = an inquiry into unfamiliar or questionable activities
  3159. problem = a source of difficulty
  3160. problem solving = the thought processes involved in solving a problem / the area of cognitive psychology that studies the processes involved in solving problems
  3161. process = the performance of some composite cognitive activity
  3162. proclivity = a natural inclination
  3163. proctology = the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the colon or rectum or anus
  3164. prodigy = an impressive or wonderful example of a particular quality
  3165. product = a quantity obtained by multiplication
  3166. product-moment correlation coefficient = the most commonly used method of computing a correlation coefficient between variables that are linearly related
  3167. profaneness = an attitude of irreverence or contempt for a divinity
  3168. professionalism = the expertness characteristic of a professional person
  3169. proficiency = skillfulness in the command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity
  3170. profoundness = the intellectual ability to penetrate deeply into ideas / wisdom that is recondite and abstruse and profound
  3171. profundity = the intellectual ability to penetrate deeply into ideas / wisdom that is recondite and abstruse and profound
  3172. prognostication = knowledge of the future
  3173. program = a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished / a system of projects or services intended to meet a public need
  3174. programme = a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished / a system of projects or services intended to meet a public need
  3175. progressivism = the political orientation of those who favor progress toward better conditions in government and society
  3176. project = a planned undertaking
  3177. projection = a prediction made by extrapolating from past observations / a planned undertaking
  3178. projective geometry = the geometry of properties that remain invariant under projection
  3179. promise = grounds for feeling hopeful about the future
  3180. Promised Land = the goal towards which Christians strive
  3181. promotion system = a system for advancing participants to higher-status positions
  3182. proof = any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something
  3183. propensity = a natural inclination
  3184. property = a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished
  3185. prophecy = knowledge of the future
  3186. proportional = one of the quantities in a mathematical proportion
  3187. proportional sample = the population is divided into strata and a random sample is taken from each stratum
  3188. propositional calculus = a branch of symbolic logic dealing with propositions as units and with their combinations and the connectives that relate them
  3189. propositional logic = a branch of symbolic logic dealing with propositions as units and with their combinations and the connectives that relate them
  3190. proprioception = the ability to sense the position and location and orientation and movement of the body and its parts
  3191. prosody = the study of poetic meter and the art of versification
  3192. prospect = the visual percept of a region / belief about (or mental picture of) the future
  3193. prospicience = seeing ahead; knowing in advance
  3194. prosthetics = the branch of medicine dealing with the production and use of artificial body parts
  3195. prosthodontia = the branch of dentistry dealing with the replacement of teeth and related mouth or jaw structures by artificial devices
  3196. prosthodontics = the branch of dentistry dealing with the replacement of teeth and related mouth or jaw structures by artificial devices
  3197. proteomics = the branch of genetics that studies the full set of proteins encoded by a genome
  3198. Protestantism = the theological system of any of the churches of western Christendom that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation
  3199. protoanthropology = the study humans prior to the invention of writing
  3200. protoarchaeology = the study of prehistoric human artifacts and human fossils
  3201. protoarcheology = the study of prehistoric human artifacts and human fossils
  3202. protocol = code of correct conduct
  3203. protohistory = the study humans prior to the invention of writing
  3204. protology = the study of origins and first things
  3205. prototype = a standard or typical example
  3206. protozoology = the branch of zoology that studies protozoans
  3207. provincialism = a partiality for some particular place / a lack of sophistication
  3208. provision = the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening
  3209. prowess = a superior skill that you can learn by study and practice and observation
  3210. proxemics = the study of spatial distances between individuals in different cultures and situations
  3211. proximity = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) objects or events that are near to one another (in space or time) are perceived as belonging together as a unit
  3212. prudence = knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress
  3213. pruritus = an intense itching sensation that can have various causes
  3214. pruritus ani = chronic itching of the skin around the anus
  3215. pruritus vulvae = persistent itching of the external female genitalia
  3216. prying = offensive inquisitiveness
  3217. PSA blood test = a blood test that measures levels of a protein called prostate specific antigen that is manufactured exclusively by the prostate gland
  3218. psephology = the branch of sociology that studies election trends
  3219. pseudoscience = an activity resembling science but based on fallacious assumptions
  3220. psyche = that which is responsible for one's thoughts, feelings, and conscious brain functions
  3221. psychiatry = the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
  3222. psychodynamics = the branch of social psychology that deals with the processes and emotions that determine psychology and motivation
  3223. psycholinguistics = the branch of cognitive psychology that studies the psychological basis of linguistic competence and performance
  3224. psychological medicine = the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
  3225. psychological science = the science of mental life
  3226. psychology = the science of mental life
  3227. psychometrics = any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements
  3228. psychometrika = any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements
  3229. psychometry = any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements
  3230. psychonomics = the branch of psychology that uses experimental methods to study psychological issues
  3231. psychopathology = the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders / the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior
  3232. psychopharmacology = the study of drugs that affect the mind
  3233. psychophysics = the branch of psychology concerned with quantitative relations between physical stimuli and their psychological effects
  3234. psychophysiology = the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
  3235. psychosexuality = the mental representation of sexual activities
  3236. psychotherapeutics = the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  3237. psychotherapy = the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  3238. pteridology = the branch of botany that studies ferns
  3239. Ptolemaic system = Ptolemy's model of the universe with the Earth at the center
  3240. public knowledge = knowledge that is available to anyone
  3241. public nuisance = a nuisance that unreasonably interferes with a right that is common to the general public
  3242. public opinion = a belief or sentiment shared by most people
  3243. public opinion poll = an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people
  3244. pump-and-dump scheme = an illegal scheme for making money by manipulating stock prices
  3245. punctuated equilibrium = a theory of evolution holding that evolutionary change in the fossil record came in fits and starts rather than in a steady process of slow change
  3246. puppetry = the art of making puppets and presenting puppet shows
  3247. pure mathematics = the branches of mathematics that study and develop the principles of mathematics for their own sake rather than for their immediate usefulness
  3248. pure tone = a steady sound without overtones
  3249. purgatory = in Roman Catholic theology the place where those who have died in a state of grace undergo limited torment to expiate their sins
  3250. Puritanism = the beliefs and practices characteristic of Puritans
  3251. purport = the pervading meaning or tenor
  3252. purpose = an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions
  3253. pursuance = a search for an alternative that meets cognitive criteria
  3254. pursuit = a search for an alternative that meets cognitive criteria
  3255. Puseyism = principles of the founders of the Oxford movement as expounded in pamphlets called `Tracts for the Times'
  3256. puzzlement = confusion resulting from failure to understand
  3257. pyramid scheme = a fraudulent scheme in which people are recruited to make payments to the person who recruited them while expecting to receive payments from the persons they recruit
  3258. pyromancy = divination by fire or flames
  3259. pyrotechnics = brilliance of display
  3260. Qabbala = an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries
  3261. Qabbalah = an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries
  3262. QCD = a theory of strong interactions between elementary particles
  3263. QED = a relativistic quantum theory of the electromagnetic interactions of photons and electrons and muons
  3264. quadratic = a polynomial of the second degree
  3265. quadratic polynomial = a polynomial of the second degree
  3266. quadratics = a branch of algebra dealing with quadratic equations
  3267. quadrivium = a higher division of the curriculum in a medieval university involving arithmetic and music and geometry and astronomy
  3268. quadruple = a quantity that is four times as great as another
  3269. Quakerism = the theological doctrine of the Society of Friends characterized by opposition to war and rejection of ritual and a formal creed and an ordained ministry
  3270. quality = a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something
  3271. quandary = state of uncertainty or perplexity especially as requiring a choice between equally unfavorable options
  3272. quantic = a homogeneous polynomial having at least two variables
  3273. quantification = a limitation imposed on the variables of a proposition
  3274. quantity = the concept that something has a magnitude and can be represented in mathematical expressions by a constant or a variable
  3275. quantum = the smallest discrete quantity of some physical property that a system can possess (according to quantum theory) / a discrete amount of something that is analogous to the quantities in quantum theory
  3276. quantum chromodynamics = a theory of strong interactions between elementary particles
  3277. quantum electrodynamics = a relativistic quantum theory of the electromagnetic interactions of photons and electrons and muons
  3278. quantum field theory = the branch of quantum physics that is concerned with the theory of fields
  3279. quantum mechanics = the branch of quantum physics that accounts for matter at the atomic level
  3280. quantum physics = the branch of physics based on quantum theory
  3281. quantum theory = a physical theory that certain properties occur only in discrete amounts
  3282. quartic polynomial = a polynomial of the fourth degree
  3283. quartile = any of three points that divide an ordered distribution into four parts each containing one quarter of the scores
  3284. quasiparticle = a quantum of energy (in a crystal lattice or other system) that has position and momentum and can in some respects be regarded as a particle
  3285. Queckenstedt's test = a test to determine whether there is a blockage of the spinal canal
  3286. quest = a search for an alternative that meets cognitive criteria
  3287. quick-wittedness = intelligence as revealed by an ability to give correct responses without delay
  3288. quickness = intelligence as revealed by an ability to give correct responses without delay / skillful performance or ability without difficulty
  3289. quiddity = the essence that makes something the kind of thing it is and makes it different from any other
  3290. quietism = a form of religious mysticism requiring withdrawal from all human effort and passive contemplation of God
  3291. quintessence = the most typical example or representative of a type / the purest and most concentrated essence of something
  3292. quodlibet = an issue that is presented for formal disputation
  3293. rabbit test = pregnancy test that involves injecting some of the woman's urine into an unmated female rabbit and later examining the ovaries of the rabbit
  3294. racism = the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
  3295. racket = the auditory experience of sound that lacks musical quality
  3296. radicalism = the political orientation of those who favor revolutionary change in government and society
  3297. radio astronomy = the branch of astronomy that detects and studies the radio waves emitted by celestial bodies
  3298. radioactive iodine excretion test = radioactive iodine test that measures the amount of radioactive iodine excreted in the urine
  3299. radioactive iodine test = test of thyroid function in which the patient is given an oral dose of radioactive iodine-131
  3300. radioactive iodine uptake test = radioactive iodine test that measures the amount of radioactive iodine taken up by the thyroid gland
  3301. radiobiology = the branch of biology that studies the effects of radiation on living organisms
  3302. radiochemistry = the chemistry of radioactive substances
  3303. radioimmunoassay = immunoassay of a substance that has been radioactively labeled
  3304. radiology = the branch of medical science dealing with the medical use of X-rays or other penetrating radiation
  3305. radiosensitivity = sensitivity to the action of radiant energy
  3306. radius vector = a line connecting a point in space to the origin of a polar coordinate system / a line connecting a satellite to the center of the body around which it is rotating
  3307. rage = an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  3308. rainbow = an illusory hope
  3309. raison d'etre = reason for being
  3310. RAIU = radioactive iodine test that measures the amount of radioactive iodine taken up by the thyroid gland
  3311. random sample = a sample grabbed at random / a sample in which every element in the population has an equal chance of being selected
  3312. random variable = a variable quantity that is random
  3313. range = the limit of capability
  3314. rank-difference correlation = the most commonly used method of computing a correlation coefficient between the ranks of scores on two variables
  3315. rank-difference correlation coefficient = the most commonly used method of computing a correlation coefficient between the ranks of scores on two variables
  3316. rank-order correlation = the most commonly used method of computing a correlation coefficient between the ranks of scores on two variables
  3317. rank-order correlation coefficient = the most commonly used method of computing a correlation coefficient between the ranks of scores on two variables
  3318. Rastafarianism = a religious cult based on a belief that Ras Tafari (Haile Selassie) is the Messiah and that Africa (especially Ethiopia) is the Promised Land
  3319. rating = an appraisal of the value of something
  3320. rating system = a system of classifying according to quality or merit or amount
  3321. ratiocination = logical and methodical reasoning
  3322. rationale = an explanation of the fundamental reasons
  3323. rationalisation = the cognitive process of making something seem consistent with or based on reason
  3324. rationalism = the doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct / (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience / the theological doctrine that human reason rather than divine revelation establishes religious truth
  3325. rationalization = the cognitive process of making something seem consistent with or based on reason
  3326. raw talent = powerfully impressive talent
  3327. rawness = lack of experience and the knowledge and understanding derived from experience
  3328. re-experiencing = a recurrence of a prior experience
  3329. reach = the limit of capability
  3330. reaction = an idea evoked by some experience / extreme conservatism in political or social matters
  3331. reactionism = the political orientation of reactionaries
  3332. reactivity = responsive to stimulation
  3333. readiness = being temporarily ready to respond in a particular way
  3334. reading = the cognitive process of understanding a written linguistic message / a datum about some physical state that is presented to a user by a meter or similar instrument / a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something
  3335. real life = the practical world as opposed to the academic world
  3336. real world = the practical world as opposed to the academic world
  3337. realisation = coming to understand something clearly and distinctly
  3338. realism = the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names / (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that physical objects continue to exist when not perceived
  3339. reality = all of your experiences that determine how things appear to you
  3340. reality principle = the governing principle of the ego
  3341. realization = coming to understand something clearly and distinctly
  3342. realm = a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about
  3343. realpolitik = politics based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations
  3344. reappraisal = a new appraisal or evaluation
  3345. reason = the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination / a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion
  3346. reasoning = thinking that is coherent and logical
  3347. reasoning backward = the reasoning involved when you assume the conclusion is true and reason backward to the evidence
  3348. reasoning by elimination = analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives
  3349. reassessment = a new appraisal or evaluation
  3350. recall = the process of remembering
  3351. reckoning = problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  3352. recognition = the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering / coming to understand something clearly and distinctly / an acceptance (as of a claim) as true and valid
  3353. recollection = the process of remembering (especially the process of recovering information by mental effort) / the ability to recall past occurrences / something recalled to the mind
  3354. recombinant DNA technology = the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism
  3355. reconditeness = wisdom that is recondite and abstruse and profound
  3356. reconsideration = thinking again about a choice previously made
  3357. reconstruction = recall that is hypothesized to work by storing abstract features which are then used to construct the memory during recall
  3358. reconstructive memory = recall that is hypothesized to work by storing abstract features which are then used to construct the memory during recall
  3359. rectilinear regression = the relation between variables when the regression equation is linear: e.g., y = ax + b
  3360. recursion = an expression such that each term is generated by repeating a particular mathematical operation
  3361. red region = a place of eternal fire envisaged as punishment for the damned
  3362. reductio = a disproof by showing that the consequences of the proposition are absurd
  3363. reductio ad absurdum = a disproof by showing that the consequences of the proposition are absurd
  3364. reductionism = the analysis of complex things into simpler constituents / a theory that all complex systems can be completely understood in terms of their components
  3365. redundancy = a system design that duplicates components to provide alternatives in case one component fails
  3366. redundancy check = a system of checking for errors in computer functioning
  3367. reek = a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  3368. reevaluation = the evaluation of something a second time
  3369. reference = the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
  3370. reference frame = a system that uses coordinates to establish position
  3371. reference system = a system that uses coordinates to establish position
  3372. reflection = a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
  3373. reflexion = a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
  3374. reflexology = the study of reflex action as it relates to the behavior of organisms
  3375. Reform Judaism = beliefs and practices of Reform Jews
  3376. reformism = a doctrine of reform
  3377. refutation = any evidence that helps to establish the falsity of something
  3378. regard = paying particular notice (as to children or helpless people) / (usually preceded by `in') a detail or point / an attitude of admiration or esteem
  3379. regime = a systematic plan for therapy
  3380. regimen = a systematic plan for therapy
  3381. region = a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about
  3382. regional anatomy = the study of anatomy based on regions or divisions of the body and emphasizing the relations between various structures (muscles and nerves and arteries etc.) in that region
  3383. regress = the reasoning involved when you assume the conclusion is true and reason backward to the evidence
  3384. regression = the relation between selected values of x and observed values of y
  3385. regression analysis = the use of regression to make quantitative predictions of one variable from the values of another
  3386. regression coefficient = when the regression line is linear (y = ax + b) the regression coefficient is the constant (a) that represents the rate of change of one variable (y) as a function of changes in the other
  3387. regression curve = a smooth curve fitted to the set of paired data in regression analysis
  3388. regression equation = the equation representing the relation between selected values of one variable (x) and observed values of the other
  3389. regression line = a smooth curve fitted to the set of paired data in regression analysis
  3390. regression of y on x = the equation representing the relation between selected values of one variable (x) and observed values of the other
  3391. regression toward the mean = the relation between selected values of x and observed values of y
  3392. regulation = a principle or condition that customarily governs behavior
  3393. regurgitation = recall after rote memorization
  3394. rehabilitation program = a program for restoring someone to good health
  3395. reincarnation = the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that a person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of Hell) depending on the person's own actions
  3396. reincarnationism = a doctrine that on the death of the body the soul migrates to or is born again in another body
  3397. reinforcement = a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
  3398. reinforcer = a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
  3399. reinforcing stimulus = a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
  3400. reinterpretation = a new or different meaning
  3401. reject = the person or thing that is rejected or set aside as inferior in quality
  3402. relation = the principle that an act done at a later time is deemed by law to have occurred at an earlier time
  3403. relation back = the principle that an act done at a later time is deemed by law to have occurred at an earlier time
  3404. relativism = the philosophical doctrine that all criteria of judgment are relative to the individuals and situations involved
  3405. relativity = the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts
  3406. relativity theory = the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts
  3407. reliance = certainty based on past experience
  3408. religion = a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
  3409. religionism = exaggerated religious zealotry
  3410. religious belief = a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
  3411. religious cult = a system of religious beliefs and rituals
  3412. religious mysticism = a religion based on mystical communion with an ultimate reality
  3413. religious orientation = an attitude toward religion or religious practices
  3414. religious trance = a trance induced by intense religious devotion
  3415. relish = the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth
  3416. reliving = a recurrence of a prior experience
  3417. remark = explicit notice
  3418. remembering = the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered
  3419. remembrance = the ability to recall past occurrences
  3420. reminder = an experience that causes you to remember something
  3421. reminiscence = the process of remembering (especially the process of recovering information by mental effort) / a mental impression retained and recalled from the past
  3422. remit = the topic that a person, committee, or piece of research is expected to deal with or has authority to deal with
  3423. rendering = an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious
  3424. rendition = an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious
  3425. rent seeking = the theory that a person or firm seeks to make money by manipulating the economic environment rather than by making a profit through production or trade
  3426. rent-seeking = the theory that a person or firm seeks to make money by manipulating the economic environment rather than by making a profit through production or trade
  3427. reorientation = a fresh orientation
  3428. replacement = a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another
  3429. report = the general estimation that the public has for a person
  3430. representation = a presentation to the mind in the form of an idea or image
  3431. representational process = any basic cognitive process in which some entity comes to stand for or represent something else
  3432. representative = an item of information that is typical of a class or group
  3433. representative sample = the population is divided into strata and a random sample is taken from each stratum
  3434. reprobation = severe disapproval
  3435. reproduction = recall that is hypothesized to work by storing the original stimulus input and reproducing it during recall
  3436. reproductive memory = recall that is hypothesized to work by storing the original stimulus input and reproducing it during recall
  3437. republicanism = the political orientation of those who hold that a republic is the best form of government
  3438. reputation = the general estimation that the public has for a person
  3439. requirement = something that is required in advance / required activity
  3440. res adjudicata = a matter already settled in court
  3441. res judicata = a matter already settled in court
  3442. research = a search for knowledge
  3443. reservation = an unstated doubt that prevents you from accepting something wholeheartedly / something reserved in advance
  3444. resolution = analysis into clear-cut components / something settled or resolved
  3445. resolving = analysis into clear-cut components
  3446. resource = the ability to deal resourcefully with unusual problems
  3447. resourcefulness = the ability to deal resourcefully with unusual problems
  3448. respect = a detail or point / an attitude of admiration or esteem
  3449. responsiveness = responsive to stimulation
  3450. restraint = a rule or condition that limits freedom
  3451. restriction = a principle that limits the extent of something
  3452. resultant = a vector that is the sum of two or more other vectors
  3453. retardation = lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
  3454. retention = the power of retaining and recalling past experience
  3455. retentiveness = the power of retaining and recalling past experience
  3456. retentivity = the power of retaining and recalling past experience
  3457. rethink = thinking again about a choice previously made
  3458. retirement account = a plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement
  3459. retirement plan = a plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement
  3460. retirement program = a plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement
  3461. retirement savings account = a plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement
  3462. retirement savings plan = a plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement
  3463. retrieval = the cognitive operation of accessing information in memory
  3464. retro = a fashion reminiscent of the past
  3465. retrograde amnesia = loss of memory for events immediately preceding a trauma
  3466. retrospect = contemplation of things past
  3467. retrospection = memory for experiences that are past
  3468. retrovision = a vision of events in the distant past
  3469. revaluation = a new appraisal or evaluation
  3470. revealed religion = a religion founded primarily on the revelations of God to humankind
  3471. revelation = an enlightening or astonishing disclosure
  3472. reverence = a reverent mental attitude
  3473. reverie = an abstracted state of absorption / absentminded dreaming while awake
  3474. reversal = a decision to reverse an earlier decision
  3475. revery = an abstracted state of absorption / absentminded dreaming while awake
  3476. review = a new appraisal or evaluation
  3477. revivalism = an attempt to reawaken the evangelical faith
  3478. revolutionism = a belief in the spread of revolutionary principles
  3479. rhabdomancy = searching for underground water or minerals by using a dowsing rod
  3480. rheology = the branch of physics that studies the deformation and flow of matter
  3481. rhetoric = study of the technique and rules for using language effectively
  3482. rheumatology = the branch of medicine dealing with the study and treatment of pathologies of the muscles or tendons or joints
  3483. rhinolaryngology = the medical specialty that deals with diseases of the ear, nose and throat
  3484. Riemannian geometry = a non-Euclidean geometry that regards space as like a sphere and a line as like a great circle
  3485. rightism = the ideology of the political right
  3486. ritualism = the study of religious or magical rites and ceremonies
  3487. road map = a detailed plan or explanation to guide you in setting standards or determining a course of action
  3488. road sense = good judgment in avoiding trouble or accidents on the road
  3489. road test = a test to insure that a vehicle is roadworthy
  3490. roadblock = any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
  3491. roast = negative criticism
  3492. robotics = the area of AI concerned with the practical use of robots
  3493. rocketry = the branch of engineering science that studies rocket design and operation
  3494. role = an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  3495. Roman architecture = the architecture of ancient Rome
  3496. Roman Catholicism = the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church based in Rome
  3497. Romanesque = a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD
  3498. Romanesque architecture = a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD
  3499. Romanism = the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church based in Rome
  3500. Romantic Movement = a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization
  3501. Romanticism = a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization
  3502. roominess = intellectual breadth
  3503. Rosicrucianism = the theological doctrine that venerates the rose and the cross as symbols of Christ's Resurrection and redemption
  3504. rote = memorization by repetition
  3505. rote learning = memorization by repetition
  3506. rub = an unforeseen obstacle
  3507. Rubicon = a line that when crossed permits of no return and typically results in irrevocable commitment
  3508. Rubin test = test to determine the patency or occlusion of the Fallopian tubes
  3509. rubric = category name
  3510. rudiments = the elementary stages of any subject
  3511. rugged individualism = individualism in social and economic affairs
  3512. rule = something regarded as a normative example / a principle or condition that customarily governs behavior / (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems / a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system / a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct
  3513. rule of cy pres = a rule that when literal compliance is impossible the intention of a donor or testator should be carried out as nearly as possible
  3514. rule of thumb = a rule or principle that provides guidance to appropriate behavior
  3515. rumination = a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
  3516. Ruritania = an imaginary kingdom in central Europe
  3517. rustiness = ineptitude or awkwardness as a consequence of age or lack of practice
  3518. Rutherford atom = first modern concept of atomic structure; all of the positive charge and most of the mass of the atom are contained in a compact nucleus
  3519. sacerdotalism = a belief that priests can act as mediators between human beings and God
  3520. safety feature = feature of an artifact that is added to insure a user's safety
  3521. sagaciousness = the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations
  3522. sagacity = the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations
  3523. sake = the purpose of achieving or obtaining
  3524. Saktism = worship of Shakti as the wife of Shiva
  3525. salaah = the second pillar of Islam is prayer
  3526. salaat = the second pillar of Islam is prayer
  3527. Salafi movement = a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels
  3528. Salafism = a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels
  3529. salah = the second pillar of Islam is prayer
  3530. salat = the second pillar of Islam is prayer
  3531. salesmanship = skill in selling
  3532. salinity = the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth
  3533. salt = the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth
  3534. saltiness = the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth
  3535. sample = a small part of something intended as representative of the whole / items selected at random from a population and used to test hypotheses about the population
  3536. sample distribution = items selected at random from a population and used to test hypotheses about the population
  3537. sampling = items selected at random from a population and used to test hypotheses about the population
  3538. sapidity = the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth
  3539. sapience = ability to apply knowledge or experience or understanding or common sense and insight
  3540. Satanism = a belief in and reverence for devils
  3541. satori = a state of sudden spiritual enlightenment
  3542. savor = the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth
  3543. savour = the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth
  3544. savvy = the cognitive condition of someone who understands
  3545. sawm = the third pillar of Islam is fasting
  3546. scalar = a variable quantity that cannot be resolved into components
  3547. scalar product = a real number (a scalar) that is the product of two vectors
  3548. scale value = a value on some scale of measurement
  3549. scene = the visual percept of a region
  3550. scent = an odor left in passing by which a person or animal can be traced / a distinctive odor that is pleasant
  3551. scepticism = the disbelief in any claims of ultimate knowledge
  3552. schedule = a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to
  3553. schema = a schematic or preliminary plan / an internal representation of the world
  3554. scheme = a schematic or preliminary plan / an elaborate and systematic plan of action / an internal representation of the world
  3555. Scheol = the world of the dead
  3556. Schick test = a skin test for immunity to diphtheria
  3557. scholarship = profound scholarly knowledge
  3558. Scholasticism = the system of philosophy dominant in medieval Europe
  3559. school = the process of being formally educated at a school
  3560. school of thought = a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
  3561. schooling = the process of being formally educated at a school
  3562. science = ability to produce solutions in some problem domain / a particular branch of scientific knowledge
  3563. scientific agriculture = the application of soil and plant sciences to land management and crop production
  3564. scientific discipline = a particular branch of scientific knowledge
  3565. scientific fact = an observation that has been confirmed repeatedly and is accepted as true
  3566. scientific knowledge = knowledge accumulated by systematic study and organized by general principles
  3567. scientific method = a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific hypotheses
  3568. scientific theory = a theory that explains scientific observations
  3569. scintillation = a brilliant display of wit
  3570. score = a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student's performance) / the facts about an actual situation
  3571. scoring system = a system of classifying according to quality or merit or amount
  3572. scotopic vision = the ability to see in reduced illumination
  3573. scratch test = a test to determine allergic sensitivity to various substances by applying them to scratches in the skin
  3574. screen memory = an imagined memory of a childhood experience
  3575. scruple = an ethical or moral principle that inhibits action
  3576. scrutin de liste = based on the principle of proportional representation
  3577. scrutin de liste system = based on the principle of proportional representation
  3578. scrutin uninomial system = based on the principle of having only one member (as of a legislature) selected from each electoral district
  3579. scrutin uninominal voting system = based on the principle of having only one member (as of a legislature) selected from each electoral district
  3580. seamanship = skill in sailing
  3581. search = the examination of alternative hypotheses
  3582. secernment = the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished
  3583. secessionism = a doctrine that maintains the right of secession
  3584. Second Adventism = any Christian religion that believes the second coming of Christ is imminent
  3585. second law of motion = the rate of change of momentum is proportional to the imposed force and goes in the direction of the force
  3586. second law of thermodynamics = a law stating that mechanical work can be derived from a body only when that body interacts with another at a lower temperature
  3587. second moment = the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from the point of origin
  3588. second thought = thinking again about a choice previously made
  3589. secret = something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
  3590. secret plan = a secret scheme to do something
  3591. sectarianism = a narrow-minded adherence to a particular sect or party or denomination
  3592. section = one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole
  3593. sectionalism = a partiality for some particular place
  3594. sector = a particular aspect of life or activity
  3595. secular humanism = the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
  3596. secularism = a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
  3597. seed = anything that provides inspiration for later work
  3598. seeing = normal use of the faculty of vision / perception by means of the eyes
  3599. segregationism = a political orientation favoring political or racial segregation
  3600. seismology = the branch of geology that studies earthquakes
  3601. selection = the person or thing chosen or selected
  3602. selective amnesia = amnesia about particular events that is very convenient for the person who cannot remember
  3603. selenology = the branch of astronomy that deals with the moon
  3604. self = your consciousness of your own identity
  3605. self-absorption = preoccupation with yourself to the exclusion of everything else
  3606. self-analysis = a penetrating examination of your own beliefs and motives
  3607. self-assurance = freedom from doubt
  3608. self-awareness = awareness of your own individuality
  3609. self-confidence = freedom from doubt
  3610. self-consciousness = self-awareness plus the additional realization that others are similarly aware of you
  3611. self-contemplation = the contemplation of your own thoughts and desires and conduct
  3612. self-criticism = criticism of yourself
  3613. self-cultivation = the process of educating yourself
  3614. self-deceit = a misconception that is favorable to the person who holds it
  3615. self-deception = a misconception that is favorable to the person who holds it
  3616. self-education = the process of educating yourself
  3617. self-evident truth = an assumption that is basic to an argument
  3618. self-examination = the contemplation of your own thoughts and desires and conduct
  3619. self-knowledge = an understanding of yourself and your goals and abilities
  3620. semantic memory = your memory for meanings and general (impersonal) facts
  3621. semantics = the meaning of a word, phrase, sentence, or text / the study of language meaning
  3622. semasiology = the branch of semantics that studies the cognitive aspects of meaning
  3623. semblance = an erroneous mental representation
  3624. semicoma = a mild comatose state
  3625. semiconsciousness = marginal consciousness
  3626. semimajor axis = one-half the major axis of an ellipse
  3627. semiminor axis = one-half the minor axis of an ellipse
  3628. semiology = a philosophical theory of the functions of signs and symbols
  3629. semiotics = a philosophical theory of the functions of signs and symbols
  3630. semitrance = a trancelike state in which the person can follow instructions but voluntary action is weak or absent
  3631. senior moment = a momentary lapse of memory
  3632. sensation = the faculty through which the external world is apprehended / an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation
  3633. sensationalism = the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience / (philosophy) the ethical doctrine that feeling is the only criterion for what is good
  3634. sense = sound practical judgment / the faculty through which the external world is apprehended / a general conscious awareness / a natural appreciation or ability
  3635. sense datum = an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation
  3636. sense experience = an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation
  3637. sense impression = an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation
  3638. sense modality = a particular sense
  3639. sense of balance = a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head
  3640. sense of direction = an awareness of your orientation in space
  3641. sense of equilibrium = a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head
  3642. sense of hearing = the ability to hear
  3643. sense of movement = the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body
  3644. sense of responsibility = an awareness of your obligations
  3645. sense of smell = the faculty that enables us to distinguish scents
  3646. sense of taste = the faculty of distinguishing sweet, sour, bitter, and salty properties in the mouth
  3647. sense of touch = the faculty by which external objects or forces are perceived through contact with the body
  3648. sensibility = responsiveness to external stimuli
  3649. sensing = the perception that something has occurred or some state exists
  3650. sensitiveness = responsiveness to external stimuli
  3651. sensitivity = responsiveness to external stimuli
  3652. sensory faculty = the faculty through which the external world is apprehended
  3653. sensory system = a particular sense
  3654. sensualism = the ethical doctrine that feeling is the only criterion for what is good
  3655. sentence structure = the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
  3656. sentience = the faculty through which the external world is apprehended / state of elementary or undifferentiated consciousness
  3657. sentiency = the faculty through which the external world is apprehended
  3658. sentiment = a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty
  3659. series = the sum of a finite or infinite sequence of expressions
  3660. serology = the branch of medical science that deals with serums
  3661. set = being temporarily ready to respond in a particular way / a relatively permanent inclination to react in a particular way
  3662. set theory = the branch of pure mathematics that deals with the nature and relations of sets
  3663. settlement = something settled or resolved
  3664. Seventh-Day Adventism = Adventism that is strongly Protestant and observes Saturday as the Sabbath
  3665. shade = a mental representation of some haunting experience
  3666. shades = something that reminds you of someone or something
  3667. shadow = something existing in perception only
  3668. shahadah = the first pillar of Islam is an affirmation of faith
  3669. Shaktism = worship of Shakti as the wife of Shiva
  3670. shamanism = an animistic religion of northern Asia having the belief that the mediation between the visible and the spirit worlds is effected by shamans / any animistic religion similar to Asian shamanism
  3671. shape = a perceptual structure / a concrete representation of an otherwise nebulous concept
  3672. shape constancy = the tendency to perceive the shape of a rigid object as constant despite differences in the viewing angle
  3673. sharp-sightedness = sharpness of vision
  3674. sharpness = a quick and penetrating intelligence
  3675. Shiism = the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
  3676. Shingon = a form of Buddhism emphasizing mystical symbolism of mantras and mudras and the Buddha's ideal which is inexpressible
  3677. Shinto = the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma
  3678. Shintoism = the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma
  3679. Shivaism = worship of Shiva one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon
  3680. short-term memory = what you can repeat immediately after perceiving it
  3681. shot = an estimate based on little or no information
  3682. showmanship = the ability to present something (especially theatrical shows) in an attractive manner
  3683. shrewdness = intelligence manifested by being astute
  3684. side = an aspect of something
  3685. side view = a view from the side of something
  3686. sight = the range of vision / the ability to see
  3687. sightedness = normal use of the faculty of vision
  3688. significance = a meaning that is not expressly stated but can be inferred
  3689. Sikhism = the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
  3690. silver bullet = a simple guaranteed solution for a difficult problem
  3691. silviculture = the branch of forestry dealing with the development and care of forests
  3692. similarity = a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) parts of a stimulus field that are similar to each other tend to be perceived as belonging together as a unit
  3693. simple regression = the relation between selected values of x and observed values of y
  3694. simulation = the technique of representing the real world by a computer program
  3695. sine qua non = a prerequisite
  3696. single-member system = based on the principle of having only one member (as of a legislature) selected from each electoral district
  3697. Sinology = the study of Chinese history and language and culture
  3698. Sion = an imaginary place considered to be perfect or ideal
  3699. Sivaism = worship of Shiva one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon
  3700. sixth sense = grasping the inner nature of things intuitively
  3701. size constancy = the tendency to perceive the veridical size of a familiar object despite differences in their distance
  3702. skepticism = doubt about the truth of something / the disbelief in any claims of ultimate knowledge
  3703. skew correlation = any correlation in which the rates of change of the variables is not constant
  3704. skill = ability to produce solutions in some problem domain / an ability that has been acquired by training
  3705. skillfulness = the state of being cognitively skillful
  3706. skin perceptiveness = the faculty of perceiving (via the skin) pressure or heat or pain
  3707. skin sensation = a sensation localized on the skin
  3708. skin senses = the faculty by which external objects or forces are perceived through contact with the body
  3709. skin test = any test to determine immunity or sensitivity to a disease by introducing small amounts on or into the skin
  3710. slant = a biased way of looking at or presenting something
  3711. sleeping = the state of being asleep
  3712. sleight = adroitness in using the hands
  3713. slow-wittedness = the quality of being mentally slow and limited
  3714. slowness = lack of normal development of intellectual capacities / unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training
  3715. slyness = shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
  3716. smack = the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth
  3717. smartness = intelligence as manifested in being quick and witty
  3718. smattering = a slight or superficial understanding of a subject
  3719. smear test = a method of examining stained cells in a cervical smear for early diagnosis of uterine cancer
  3720. smell = the faculty that enables us to distinguish scents / the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form
  3721. snag = an unforeseen obstacle
  3722. snare = something (often something deceptively attractive) that catches you unawares
  3723. snarl = something jumbled or confused
  3724. Snellen test = a test of visual acuity using a Snellen chart
  3725. snoopiness = offensive inquisitiveness
  3726. snorter = something outstandingly difficult
  3727. social anthropology = the branch of anthropology that deals with human culture and society
  3728. social democracy = the belief in a gradual transition from capitalism to socialism by democratic means
  3729. social psychology = the branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups and with society as a whole
  3730. social science = the branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society
  3731. socialism = a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
  3732. sociobiology = the branch of biology that conducts comparative studies of the social organization of animals (including human beings) with regard to its evolutionary history
  3733. sociolinguistics = the study of language in relation to its sociocultural context
  3734. sociology = the study and classification of human societies
  3735. sociometry = the quantitative study of social relationships
  3736. Socratic method = a method of teaching by question and answer
  3737. soft option = an easier alternative
  3738. solar physics = the branch of astronomy that deals with the sun
  3739. soldiering = skills that are required for the life of soldier
  3740. soldiership = skills that are required for the life of soldier
  3741. solid geometry = the geometry of 3-dimensional space
  3742. solid-state physics = the branch of physics that studies the properties of materials in the solid state: electrical conduction in crystals of semiconductors and metals; superconductivity
  3743. solipsism = the philosophical theory that the self is all that you know to exist
  3744. solution = a method for solving a problem
  3745. somaesthesia = the faculty of bodily perception; sensory systems associated with the body
  3746. somaesthesis = the faculty of bodily perception; sensory systems associated with the body
  3747. somataesthesis = the faculty of bodily perception; sensory systems associated with the body
  3748. somatesthesia = the faculty of bodily perception; sensory systems associated with the body
  3749. somatic sensation = the perception of tactual or proprioceptive or gut sensations
  3750. somatic sense = the faculty of bodily perception; sensory systems associated with the body
  3751. somatic sensory system = the faculty of bodily perception; sensory systems associated with the body
  3752. somatosense = any of the sensory systems that mediate sensations of pressure and tickle and warmth and cold and vibration and limb position and limb movement and pain
  3753. somatosensory system = the faculty of bodily perception; sensory systems associated with the body
  3754. somesthesia = the faculty of bodily perception; sensory systems associated with the body
  3755. somesthesis = the faculty of bodily perception; sensory systems associated with the body
  3756. sonata form = the form of a movement, which consists of exposition and development and recapitulation
  3757. soothsaying = the art or gift of prophecy (or the pretense of prophecy) by supernatural means
  3758. sophism = a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone
  3759. sophistication = being expert or having knowledge of some technical subject / a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone / uplifting enlightenment
  3760. sophistry = a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone
  3761. sorcery = the belief in magical spells that harness occult forces or evil spirits to produce unnatural effects in the world
  3762. sorrow = something that causes great unhappiness
  3763. sort = a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality
  3764. sorting = the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories
  3765. sorting algorithm = an algorithm for sorting a list
  3766. soteriology = the branch of Christian theology that deals with salvation as the effect of a divine agency
  3767. soubrette = a minor female role as a pert flirtatious lady's maid in a comedy
  3768. soul-searching = a penetrating examination of your own beliefs and motives
  3769. sound = the subjective sensation of hearing something
  3770. sound effect = an effect that imitates a sound called for in the script of a play
  3771. sound law = a law describing sound changes in the history of a language
  3772. sound perception = the perception of sound as a meaningful phenomenon
  3773. sound structure = the admissible arrangement of sounds in words
  3774. sour = the taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice is taken into the mouth
  3775. source = anything that provides inspiration for later work
  3776. sourness = the taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice is taken into the mouth
  3777. southernism = an attitude characteristic of Southerners
  3778. souvenir = a reminder of past events
  3779. space biology = the branch of biology concerned with the effects of outer space on living organisms and the search for extraterrestrial life
  3780. space lattice = a 3-dimensional geometric arrangement of the atoms or molecules or ions composing a crystal
  3781. space medicine = the branch of medicine concerned with the effects of space flight on human beings
  3782. space program = a technological program intended to explore outer space
  3783. space-reflection symmetry = parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system
  3784. space-time = the four-dimensional coordinate system (3 dimensions of space and 1 of time) in which physical events are located
  3785. space-time continuum = the four-dimensional coordinate system (3 dimensions of space and 1 of time) in which physical events are located
  3786. speaker identification = identification of a person from the sound of their voice
  3787. special education = education of physically or mentally handicapped children whose needs cannot be met in an ordinary classroom
  3788. special effect = an effect used to produce scenes that cannot be achieved by normal techniques
  3789. special relativity = a physical theory of relativity based on the assumption that the speed of light in a vacuum is a constant and the assumption that the laws of physics are invariant in all inertial systems
  3790. special relativity theory = a physical theory of relativity based on the assumption that the speed of light in a vacuum is a constant and the assumption that the laws of physics are invariant in all inertial systems
  3791. special theory of relativity = a physical theory of relativity based on the assumption that the speed of light in a vacuum is a constant and the assumption that the laws of physics are invariant in all inertial systems
  3792. specialism = the concentration of your efforts on a particular field of study or occupation
  3793. species = a specific kind of something
  3794. specific = a fact about some part
  3795. specimen = an example regarded as typical of its class
  3796. specter = a mental representation of some haunting experience
  3797. spectre = a mental representation of some haunting experience
  3798. speculation = continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature / a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjecturing
  3799. speech = the mental faculty or power of vocal communication
  3800. speech perception = the auditory perception (and comprehension) of speech
  3801. speed trap = a trap arranged on a roadway for catching speeders
  3802. speed-reading = reading at speeds significantly faster than normal
  3803. spelaeology = the scientific study of caves
  3804. speleology = the scientific study of caves
  3805. sphere = a particular aspect of life or activity
  3806. spherical geometry = the geometry of figures on the surface of a sphere
  3807. spherical trigonometry = the trigonometry of spherical triangles
  3808. spirit world = any imaginary place where spiritual beings (demons or fairies or angels or the like) abide
  3809. spiritual domain = a belief that there is a realm controlled by a divine spirit
  3810. spiritual world = a belief that there is a realm controlled by a divine spirit
  3811. spiritualism = the belief that the spirits of dead people can communicate with people who are still alive (especially via a medium) / (theology) any doctrine that asserts the separate existence of God
  3812. split-half correlation = a correlation coefficient calculated between scores on two halves of a test
  3813. spoils system = the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power
  3814. spook = a mental representation of some haunting experience
  3815. sports medicine = the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of injuries or illness resulting from athletic activities
  3816. sprachgefuhl = an intuitive feeling for the natural idiom of a language
  3817. spurious correlation = a correlation between two variables (e.g., between the number of electric motors in the home and grades at school) that does not result from any direct relation between them (buying electric motors will not raise grades) but from their relation to other variables
  3818. stage effect = a special effect created on the stage
  3819. stagecraft = skill in writing or staging plays
  3820. staleness = unoriginality as a result of being dull and hackneyed
  3821. stance = a rationalized mental attitude
  3822. stand = a mental position from which things are viewed
  3823. standard = the ideal in terms of which something can be judged
  3824. standard deviation = the square root of the variance
  3825. standpoint = a mental position from which things are viewed
  3826. star = the topology of a network whose components are connected to a hub
  3827. star divination = a pseudoscience claiming divination by the positions of the planets and sun and moon
  3828. star topology = the topology of a network whose components are connected to a hub
  3829. state of mind = the state of a person's cognitive processes
  3830. states' rights = a doctrine that federal powers should be curtailed and returned to the individual states
  3831. statics = the branch of mechanics concerned with forces in equilibrium
  3832. statistic = a datum that can be represented numerically
  3833. statistical distribution = an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
  3834. statistical mechanics = the branch of physics that makes theoretical predictions about the behavior of macroscopic systems on the basis of statistical laws governing its component particles
  3835. statistical method = a method of analyzing or representing statistical data
  3836. statistical procedure = a method of analyzing or representing statistical data
  3837. statistical regression = the relation between selected values of x and observed values of y
  3838. statistics = a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters
  3839. steady state theory = the theory that the universe maintains a constant average density with matter created to fill the void left by galaxies that are receding from each other
  3840. steel trap = an acute intelligence
  3841. stemmatics = the humanistic discipline that attempts to reconstruct the transmission of a text (especially a text in manuscript form) on the basis of relations between the various surviving manuscripts
  3842. stemmatology = the humanistic discipline that attempts to reconstruct the transmission of a text (especially a text in manuscript form) on the basis of relations between the various surviving manuscripts
  3843. stemmer = an algorithm for removing inflectional and derivational endings in order to reduce word forms to a common stem
  3844. stemming algorithm = an algorithm for removing inflectional and derivational endings in order to reduce word forms to a common stem
  3845. stench = a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  3846. stereoscopic vision = three-dimensional vision produced by the fusion of two slightly different views of a scene on each retina
  3847. stereoscopy = three-dimensional vision produced by the fusion of two slightly different views of a scene on each retina
  3848. stereotype = a conventional or formulaic conception or image
  3849. Stevens' law = the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation increases proportional to a power of the stimulus intensity
  3850. Stevens' power law = the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation increases proportional to a power of the stimulus intensity
  3851. sticking point = a point at which an impasse arises in progress toward an agreement or a goal
  3852. stigmatism = normal eyesight
  3853. stimulant = any stimulating information or event
  3854. stimulation = any stimulating information or event
  3855. stimulus = any stimulating information or event
  3856. stimulus generalisation = transfer of a response learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus
  3857. stimulus generalization = transfer of a response learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus
  3858. stink = a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  3859. STM = what you can repeat immediately after perceiving it
  3860. stochastic variable = a variable quantity that is random
  3861. stock purchase plan = an organized plan for employees of a company to buy shares of its stock
  3862. stock-taking = reappraisal of a situation or position or outlook
  3863. stocktaking = reappraisal of a situation or position or outlook
  3864. Stoicism = the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno
  3865. stool test = a test performed at home in which you collect specimens of your stool that are tested for traces of blood
  3866. straddle = a noncommittal or equivocal position
  3867. strain = the general meaning or substance of an utterance
  3868. straitjacket = anything immaterial that severely hinders or confines
  3869. strand = a pattern forming a unity within a larger structural whole
  3870. strange attractor = an attractor for which the approach to its final point in phase space is chaotic
  3871. strangeness = one of the six flavors of quark
  3872. stratagem = an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade
  3873. strategics = the science or art of strategy
  3874. strategy = an elaborate and systematic plan of action / the branch of military science dealing with military command and the planning and conduct of a war
  3875. stratified sample = the population is divided into strata and a random sample is taken from each stratum
  3876. stratigraphy = the branch of geology that studies the arrangement and succession of strata
  3877. stratum = a subpopulation divided into a stratified sampling / an abstract place usually conceived as having depth
  3878. straw poll = an unofficial vote taken to determine opinion on some issue
  3879. straw vote = an unofficial vote taken to determine opinion on some issue
  3880. stream of consciousness = the continuous flow of ideas and feelings that constitute an individual's conscious experience
  3881. street smarts = a shrewd ability to survive in a dangerous urban environment
  3882. stress test = a test measuring how a system functions when subjected to controlled amounts of stress
  3883. string theory = a theory that postulates that subatomic particles are one-dimensional strings
  3884. stripe = a kind or category
  3885. strong belief = an unshakable belief in something without need for proof or evidence
  3886. structural anthropology = an anthropological theory that there are unobservable social structures that generate observable social phenomena
  3887. structural genomics = the branch of genomics that determines the three-dimensional structures of proteins
  3888. structural linguistics = linguistics defined as the analysis of formal structures in a text or discourse
  3889. structural sociology = a sociological theory based on the premise that society comes before individuals
  3890. structuralism = a sociological theory based on the premise that society comes before individuals / an anthropological theory that there are unobservable social structures that generate observable social phenomena / linguistics defined as the analysis of formal structures in a text or discourse
  3891. structure = the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations
  3892. study = a state of deep mental absorption / applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading) / attentive consideration and meditation / a branch of knowledge
  3893. stuff = a critically important or characteristic component
  3894. stupefaction = marginal consciousness
  3895. stupidity = a poor ability to understand or to profit from experience
  3896. stupor = marginal consciousness
  3897. style = the popular taste at a given time / a particular kind
  3898. style of architecture = architecture as a kind of art form
  3899. stymie = a thwarting and distressing situation
  3900. stymy = a thwarting and distressing situation
  3901. sub-interval = an interval that is included in another interval
  3902. subconscious = psychic activity just below the level of awareness
  3903. subconscious mind = psychic activity just below the level of awareness
  3904. subconsciousness = a state of mind not immediately available to consciousness
  3905. subcutaneous test = a form of skin test in which the suspected allergen is injected into the skin
  3906. subgroup = a subset (that is not empty) of a mathematical group
  3907. subject = some situation or event that is thought about / a branch of knowledge
  3908. subject area = a branch of knowledge
  3909. subject field = a branch of knowledge
  3910. subjectivism = the doctrine that knowledge and value are dependent on and limited by your subjective experience
  3911. subnormality = lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
  3912. subpopulation = a population that is part of a larger population
  3913. substance = the idea that is intended / the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  3914. substantiation = additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct
  3915. substitute = a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another
  3916. subsumption = incorporating something under a more general category
  3917. subtotal = the sum of part of a group of numbers
  3918. succedaneum = something that can be used as a substitute
  3919. successor = a thing or person that immediately replaces something or someone
  3920. suffragism = the belief that the right to vote should be extended
  3921. Sufism = Islamic mysticism
  3922. sugariness = the taste experience when sugar dissolves in the mouth
  3923. suggestion = the sequential mental process in which one thought leads to another by association / an idea that is suggested
  3924. sum = a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers / the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  3925. Sumerology = the archeology of ancient Sumerians
  3926. summoning = calling up supposed supernatural forces by spells and incantations
  3927. superego = that part of the unconscious mind that acts as a conscience
  3928. Superfund = the federal government's program to locate and investigate and clean up the worst uncontrolled and abandoned toxic waste sites nationwide
  3929. Superfund program = the federal government's program to locate and investigate and clean up the worst uncontrolled and abandoned toxic waste sites nationwide
  3930. superior skill = more than ordinary ability
  3931. supernaturalism = a belief in forces beyond ordinary human understanding
  3932. superposition = the principle that in a series of stratified sedimentary rocks the lowest stratum is the oldest
  3933. superposition principle = the principle that in a series of stratified sedimentary rocks the lowest stratum is the oldest
  3934. superstition = an irrational belief arising from ignorance or fear
  3935. superstitious notion = an irrational belief arising from ignorance or fear
  3936. supersymmetry = a theory that tries to link the four fundamental forces
  3937. supply-side economics = the school of economic theory that stresses the costs of production as a means of stimulating the economy
  3938. support = something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest
  3939. supposal = the cognitive process of supposing / a hypothesis that is taken for granted
  3940. supposition = the cognitive process of supposing / a hypothesis that is taken for granted
  3941. supremacism = the belief that some particular group or race is superior to all others
  3942. sureness = freedom from doubt
  3943. surface = information that has become public / a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something
  3944. surface chemistry = the branch of chemistry that studies processes occurring at interfaces between phases
  3945. surgery = the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures
  3946. suspense = an uncertain cognitive state
  3947. suspicion = doubt about someone's honesty / an impression that something might be the case
  3948. sweet = the taste experience when sugar dissolves in the mouth
  3949. sweetener = anything that serves as an enticement
  3950. sweetness = the taste experience when sugar dissolves in the mouth
  3951. swordsmanship = skill in fencing
  3952. syllable structure = the admissible arrangement of sounds in words
  3953. syllogism = deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises
  3954. symbol = something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
  3955. symbolic logic = any logical system that abstracts the form of statements away from their content in order to establish abstract criteria of consistency and validity
  3956. symbolic representation = something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
  3957. symbolisation = something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
  3958. symbolization = something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
  3959. symbology = the study or the use of symbols and symbolism
  3960. sympathy = an inclination to support or be loyal to or to agree with an opinion
  3961. synaesthesia = a sensation that normally occurs in one sense modality occurs when another modality is stimulated
  3962. synchronic linguistics = the study of a language without reference to its historical context
  3963. syndrome = a complex of concurrent things
  3964. synergism = the theological doctrine that salvation results from the interaction of human will and divine grace
  3965. synesthesia = a sensation that normally occurs in one sense modality occurs when another modality is stimulated
  3966. syntax = the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences / studies of the rules for forming admissible sentences
  3967. synthesis = reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect) / the combination of ideas into a complex whole
  3968. synthetic thinking = the combination of ideas into a complex whole
  3969. system = a complex of methods or rules governing behavior / an organized structure for arranging or classifying / a procedure or process for obtaining an objective
  3970. system of logic = a system of reasoning
  3971. system of rules = a complex of methods or rules governing behavior
  3972. systematics = the science of systematic classification
  3973. systems analysis = analysis of all aspects of a project along with ways to collect information about the operation of its parts
  3974. tableau = any dramatic scene
  3975. taboo = a prejudice (especially in Polynesia and other South Pacific islands) that prohibits the use or mention of something because of its sacred nature
  3976. tabu = a prejudice (especially in Polynesia and other South Pacific islands) that prohibits the use or mention of something because of its sacred nature
  3977. tabula rasa = a young mind not yet affected by experience
  3978. tactic = a plan for attaining a particular goal
  3979. tactics = a plan for attaining a particular goal / the branch of military science dealing with detailed maneuvers to achieve objectives set by strategy
  3980. tactile sensation = the sensation produced by pressure receptors in the skin
  3981. tactility = the faculty of perceiving (via the skin) pressure or heat or pain
  3982. tactual sensation = the faculty of perceiving (via the skin) pressure or heat or pain / the sensation produced by pressure receptors in the skin
  3983. talent = natural abilities or qualities
  3984. talentlessness = a lack of talent
  3985. talker identification = identification of a person from the sound of their voice
  3986. tang = the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth
  3987. tangle = something jumbled or confused
  3988. Tantra = doctrine of enlightenment as the realization of the oneness of one's self and the visible world; combines elements of Hinduism and paganism including magical and mystical elements like mantras and mudras and erotic rites
  3989. Tantrism = doctrine of enlightenment as the realization of the oneness of one's self and the visible world; combines elements of Hinduism and paganism including magical and mystical elements like mantras and mudras and erotic rites
  3990. Tao = the ultimate principle of the universe
  3991. Taoism = philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events / popular Chinese philosophical system based in teachings of Lao-tzu but characterized by a pantheism of many gods and the practices of alchemy and divination and magic
  3992. taproot = something that provides an important central source for growth or development
  3993. target = the goal intended to be attained
  3994. Tartarus = a place where the wicked are punished after death
  3995. tartness = the taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice is taken into the mouth
  3996. taste = the faculty of distinguishing sweet, sour, bitter, and salty properties in the mouth / the sensation that results when taste buds in the tongue and throat convey information about the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus / delicate discrimination
  3997. taste perception = the sensation that results when taste buds in the tongue and throat convey information about the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus
  3998. taste sensation = the sensation that results when taste buds in the tongue and throat convey information about the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus
  3999. tasting = a small amount
  4000. tau coefficient of correlation = a nonparametric measure of the agreement between two rankings
  4001. tax policy = a program for setting taxes
  4002. tax program = a program for setting taxes
  4003. tax system = a legal system for assessing and collecting taxes
  4004. taxidermy = the art of mounting the skins of animals so that they have lifelike appearance
  4005. taxonomy = study of the general principles of scientific classification
  4006. teacher = a personified abstraction that teaches
  4007. teaching = a doctrine that is taught
  4008. teaching method = the principles and methods of instruction
  4009. technicality = a specific detail in a set of rules or terms belonging to a particular field
  4010. technicolor = a trademarked method of making color motion pictures
  4011. technique = skillfulness in the command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity / a practical method or art applied to some particular task
  4012. technology = the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
  4013. tectonics = the branch of geology studying the folding and faulting of the earth's crust / the science of architecture
  4014. telecommunication = the branch of electrical engineering concerned with the technology of electronic communication at a distance
  4015. teleology = a doctrine explaining phenomena by their ends or purposes
  4016. telerobotics = the area of robotics that is concerned with the control of robots from a distance
  4017. telescopy = the art of making and using telescopes
  4018. temperature = the somatic sensation of cold or heat
  4019. template = a model or standard for making comparisons
  4020. templet = a model or standard for making comparisons
  4021. temptation = something that seduces or has the quality to seduce
  4022. tendency = an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others
  4023. tendentiousness = an intentional and controversial bias
  4024. tenor = the general meaning or substance of an utterance / a settled or prevailing or habitual course of a person's life
  4025. tensor = a generalization of the concept of a vector
  4026. teratology = the branch of biology concerned with the development of malformations or serious deviations from the normal type of organism
  4027. term = any distinct quantity contained in a polynomial
  4028. terminal emulation = having a computer act exactly like a terminal
  4029. terminus = the ultimate goal for which something is done
  4030. territory = an area of knowledge or interest
  4031. test = trying something to find out about it
  4032. test drive = test of the roadworthiness of a vehicle one is considering buying
  4033. testament = a profession of belief
  4034. tetrachoric correlation = a correlation coefficient computed for two normally distributed variables that are both expressed as a dichotomy
  4035. tetrachoric correlation coefficient = a correlation coefficient computed for two normally distributed variables that are both expressed as a dichotomy
  4036. texture = the essential quality of something
  4037. thanatology = the branch of science that studies death
  4038. Thatcherism = the political policy of Margaret Thatcher
  4039. thaumaturgy = any art that invokes supernatural powers
  4040. the like = a similar kind
  4041. the likes of = a similar kind
  4042. theanthropism = the representation of objects (especially a god) as having human form or traits / (theology) the doctrine that Jesus was a union of the human and the divine
  4043. theatrical role = an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  4044. theism = the doctrine or belief in the existence of a God or gods
  4045. theme = a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work
  4046. theocracy = the belief in government by divine guidance
  4047. theodicy = the branch of theology that defends God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil
  4048. theogony = the study of the origins and genealogy of the gods
  4049. theological doctrine = the doctrine of a religious group
  4050. theological system = a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings
  4051. theology = the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth / a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings
  4052. theorem = an idea accepted as a demonstrable truth
  4053. theoretical account = a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process
  4054. theorisation = the production or use of theories
  4055. theorization = the production or use of theories
  4056. theory = a tentative insight into the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena / a belief that can guide behavior / a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world
  4057. theory of dissociation = theory that describes aqueous solutions in terms of acids (which dissociate to give hydrogen ions) and bases
  4058. theory of electrolytic dissociation = theory that describes aqueous solutions in terms of acids (which dissociate to give hydrogen ions) and bases
  4059. theory of evolution = a scientific theory of the origin of species of plants and animals
  4060. theory of games = a theory of competition stated in terms of gains and losses among opposing players
  4061. theory of gravitation = the theory that any two particles of matter attract one another with a force directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them
  4062. theory of gravity = the theory that any two particles of matter attract one another with a force directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them
  4063. theory of indicators = the theory that all indicators are either weak acids or weak bases in which the color of the ionized form is different from the color before dissociation
  4064. theory of inheritance = a theory of how characteristics of one generation are derived from earlier generations
  4065. theory of organic evolution = a scientific theory of the origin of species of plants and animals
  4066. theory of preformation = a theory (popular in the 18th century and now discredited) that an individual develops by simple enlargement of a tiny fully formed organism (a homunculus) that exists in the germ cell
  4067. theory of probability = the branch of applied mathematics that deals with probabilities
  4068. theory of punctuated equilibrium = a theory of evolution holding that evolutionary change in the fossil record came in fits and starts rather than in a steady process of slow change
  4069. theory of relativity = the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts
  4070. theosophism = belief in theosophy
  4071. theosophy = a system of belief based on mystical insight into the nature of God and the soul
  4072. therapeutics = branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of disease
  4073. Theravada = one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts; a conservative form of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the non-theistic ideal of self purification to nirvana
  4074. Theravada Buddhism = one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts; a conservative form of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the non-theistic ideal of self purification to nirvana
  4075. thermionics = the branch of electronics dealing with thermionic phenomena
  4076. thermochemistry = the branch of chemistry that studies the relation between chemical action and the amount of heat absorbed or generated
  4077. thermodynamics = the branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy
  4078. thermodynamics of equilibrium = the aspect of thermodynamics concerned with thermal equilibrium
  4079. thermostatics = the aspect of thermodynamics concerned with thermal equilibrium
  4080. theurgy = white magic performed with the help of beneficent spirits
  4081. thing = a vaguely specified concern / a special abstraction / a special objective
  4082. thing-in-itself = the intellectual conception of a thing as it is in itself, not as it is known through perception
  4083. think = an instance of deliberate thinking
  4084. thinking = the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
  4085. third law of motion = action and reaction are equal and opposite
  4086. third law of thermodynamics = law stating that the entropy of a substance approaches zero as its temperature approaches absolute zero
  4087. thirst for knowledge = curiosity that motivates investigation and study
  4088. Thomism = the comprehensive theological doctrine created by Saint Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century and still taught by the Dominicans
  4089. thoracic medicine = the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the chest
  4090. thorn = something that causes irritation and annoyance
  4091. thought = the process of using your mind to consider something carefully / the content of cognition
  4092. thought process = the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
  4093. thought-image = a mental image produced by the imagination
  4094. thoughtfulness = a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
  4095. thread = the connections that link the various parts of an event or argument together
  4096. three-D = having a three-dimensional form or appearance
  4097. threshold = the smallest detectable sensation
  4098. Tibetan Buddhism = a Buddhist doctrine that includes elements from India that are not Buddhist and elements of preexisting shamanism
  4099. tickle = a cutaneous sensation often resulting from light stroking
  4100. tightness = a tight feeling in some part of the body
  4101. tilt = a slight but noticeable partiality
  4102. time series = a series of values of a variable at successive times
  4103. tine test = a tuberculin test in which a disk with several tines bearing tuberculin antigen is used to puncture the skin
  4104. tingle = a somatic sensation as from many tiny stings
  4105. tingling = a somatic sensation as from many tiny stings
  4106. tip-off = inside information that something is going to happen
  4107. tissue typing = a series of diagnostic tests before an organ transplant to determine whether the tissues of a donor and recipient are compatible
  4108. title role = the role of the character after whom the play is named
  4109. tocology = the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  4110. tolerance = willingness to recognize and respect the beliefs or practices of others
  4111. tonal pattern = the perception of pleasant arrangements of musical notes
  4112. tone = a steady sound without overtones
  4113. topic = some situation or event that is thought about
  4114. topognosia = recognition of the location of a stimulus on the skin
  4115. topognosis = recognition of the location of a stimulus on the skin
  4116. topographic anatomy = the study of anatomy based on regions or divisions of the body and emphasizing the relations between various structures (muscles and nerves and arteries etc.) in that region
  4117. topography = precise detailed study of the surface features of a region
  4118. topology = the configuration of a communication network / the branch of pure mathematics that deals only with the properties of a figure X that hold for every figure into which X can be transformed with a one-to-one correspondence that is continuous in both directions / the study of anatomy based on regions or divisions of the body and emphasizing the relations between various structures (muscles and nerves and arteries etc.) in that region / topographic study of a given place
  4119. toponomy = the branch of lexicology that studies the place names of a region or a language
  4120. toponymy = the branch of lexicology that studies the place names of a region or a language
  4121. topos = a traditional theme or motif or literary convention
  4122. total = a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
  4123. total depravity = the Calvinist doctrine that everyone is born in a state of corruption as a result of original sin
  4124. totalism = the principle of complete and unrestricted power in government
  4125. totalitarianism = the principle of complete and unrestricted power in government
  4126. totemism = belief in the kinship of a group of people with a common totem
  4127. touch = deftness in handling matters / the faculty by which external objects or forces are perceived through contact with the body (especially the hands) / the sensation produced by pressure receptors in the skin
  4128. touch modality = the faculty by which external objects or forces are perceived through contact with the body
  4129. touch perception = the faculty of perceiving (via the skin) pressure or heat or pain
  4130. touch sensation = the sensation produced by pressure receptors in the skin
  4131. tourist attraction = a characteristic that attracts tourists
  4132. toxicology = the branch of pharmacology that deals with the nature and effects and treatments of poisons
  4133. track = evidence pointing to a possible solution
  4134. Tractarianism = principles of the founders of the Oxford movement as expounded in pamphlets called `Tracts for the Times'
  4135. tradecraft = skill acquired through experience in a trade
  4136. tradition = a specific practice of long standing / an inherited pattern of thought or action
  4137. traditional knowledge = knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote
  4138. traditionalism = the doctrine that all knowledge was originally derived by divine revelation and that it is transmitted by traditions
  4139. trail = evidence pointing to a possible solution
  4140. train of thought = the connections that link the various parts of an event or argument together
  4141. training program = a program designed for training in specific skills
  4142. trance = a state of mind in which consciousness is fragile and voluntary action is poor or missing
  4143. transcendental philosophy = any system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material
  4144. transcendentalism = any system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material
  4145. transfer = application of a skill learned in one situation to a different but similar situation
  4146. transfer of training = application of a skill learned in one situation to a different but similar situation
  4147. transference = the process whereby emotions are passed on or displaced from one person to another
  4148. transient global amnesia = memory disorder seen in middle aged and elderly persons; characterized by an episode of amnesia and bewilderment that lasts for several hours
  4149. transubstantiation = the Roman Catholic doctrine that the whole substance of the bread and the wine changes into the substance of the body and blood of Christ when consecrated in the Eucharist
  4150. trap = something (often something deceptively attractive) that catches you unawares
  4151. traumatology = the branch of medicine that deals with the surgical repair of injuries and wounds arising from accidents
  4152. travel plan = a proposed route of travel
  4153. treadmill test = a stress test in which the patient walks on a moving treadmill while the heart and breathing rates are monitored
  4154. trend = the popular taste at a given time / a general tendency to change
  4155. trend analysis = analysis of changes over time
  4156. trial = trying something to find out about it
  4157. trial balloon = a test of public opinion
  4158. trial run = trying something to find out about it
  4159. triangulation = a trigonometric method of determining the position of a fixed point from the angles to it from two fixed points a known distance apart
  4160. tribalism = the beliefs of a tribal society
  4161. tribology = the branch of engineering that deals with the interaction of surfaces in relative motion (as in bearings or gears): their design and friction and wear and lubrication
  4162. trichromacy = the normal ability to see colors
  4163. trifle = a detail that is considered insignificant
  4164. trig = the mathematics of triangles and trigonometric functions
  4165. trigonometry = the mathematics of triangles and trigonometric functions
  4166. Trinitarianism = Christian doctrine stressing belief in the Trinity
  4167. triple = a quantity that is three times as great as another
  4168. triteness = unoriginality as a result of being dull and hackneyed
  4169. tritheism = the heretical belief that the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit are three separate gods
  4170. triviality = a detail that is considered insignificant
  4171. trivium = an introductory curriculum at a medieval university involving grammar and logic and rhetoric
  4172. tropical medicine = the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that are found most often in tropical regions
  4173. Trotskyism = the form of communism advocated by Leon Trotsky
  4174. trouble = a source of difficulty
  4175. trust = certainty based on past experience / complete confidence in a person or plan etc
  4176. truth = a fact that has been verified
  4177. tryout = trying something to find out about it
  4178. tuberculin skin test = a skin test to determine past or present infection with the tuberculosis bacterium
  4179. tuberculin test = a skin test to determine past or present infection with the tuberculosis bacterium
  4180. Tudor architecture = a style of English-Gothic architecture popular during the Tudor period
  4181. turn-on = something causing excitement or stimulating interest
  4182. turnabout = a decision to reverse an earlier decision
  4183. turnaround = a decision to reverse an earlier decision
  4184. turnoff = something causing antagonism or loss of interest
  4185. twenty-twenty = normal visual acuity, as measured by the ability to read charts at a distance of 20 feet
  4186. twilight vision = the ability to see in reduced illumination
  4187. twinge = a sharp stab of pain
  4188. type = a subdivision of a particular kind of thing
  4189. type of architecture = architecture as a kind of art form
  4190. type specimen = the original specimen from which the description of a new species is made
  4191. typification = a representational or typifying form or model
  4192. UFO = an (apparently) flying object whose nature is unknown
  4193. ultramontanism = the policy that the absolute authority of the church should be vested in the pope
  4194. unawareness = unconsciousness resulting from lack of knowledge or attention
  4195. unbelief = a rejection of belief
  4196. unbounded interval = an interval that does not include its endpoints
  4197. uncertainty = the state of being unsure of something
  4198. uncertainty principle = the theory that it is impossible to measure both energy and time (or position and momentum) completely accurately at the same time
  4199. unconscious = that part of the mind wherein psychic activity takes place of which the person is unaware
  4200. unconscious mind = that part of the mind wherein psychic activity takes place of which the person is unaware
  4201. unconscious process = a mental process that you are not directly aware of
  4202. unconsciousness = a state lacking normal awareness of the self or environment
  4203. unconventionality = originality by virtue of being unconventional
  4204. uncreativeness = a lack of creativity
  4205. undercurrent = a subdued emotional quality underlying an utterance
  4206. underestimate = an estimation that is too low
  4207. underestimation = an estimation that is too low
  4208. underevaluation = an appraisal that underestimates the value of something
  4209. underrating = an estimation that is too low
  4210. underreckoning = an estimation that is too low
  4211. understanding = the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination / the cognitive condition of someone who understands / an inclination to support or be loyal to or to agree with an opinion
  4212. undertone = a subdued emotional quality underlying an utterance
  4213. undervaluation = too low a value or price assigned to something
  4214. underwater archaeology = the archeology of underwater sites
  4215. underwater archeology = the archeology of underwater sites
  4216. underworld = the world of the dead
  4217. undulatory theory = the theory that light is transmitted as waves
  4218. unenlightenment = a lack of understanding
  4219. unfairness = partiality that is not fair or equitable
  4220. unidentified flying object = an (apparently) flying object whose nature is unknown
  4221. unilateralism = the doctrine that nations should conduct their foreign affairs individualistically without the advice or involvement of other nations
  4222. uninominal system = based on the principle of having only one member (as of a legislature) selected from each electoral district
  4223. uninominal voting system = based on the principle of having only one member (as of a legislature) selected from each electoral district
  4224. unit = a single undivided whole
  4225. Unitarianism = a non-doctrinal religion that stresses individual freedom of belief and rejects the Trinity
  4226. unitisation = the configuration of smaller units of information into large coordinated units
  4227. unitization = the configuration of smaller units of information into large coordinated units
  4228. universal = a behavioral convention or pattern characteristic of all members of a particular culture or of all human beings
  4229. universalism = the theological doctrine that all people will eventually be saved
  4230. universe = everything stated or assumed in a given discussion / (statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which samples can be drawn
  4231. universe of discourse = everything stated or assumed in a given discussion
  4232. unknowing = ignorance
  4233. unknowingness = unconsciousness resulting from lack of knowledge or attention / ignorance
  4234. unoriginality = uncreativeness due to a lack of originality
  4235. unorthodoxy = a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion / any opinions or doctrines at variance with the official or orthodox position
  4236. unrealism = a representation having no reference to concrete objects or specific examples
  4237. unseen = a belief that there is a realm controlled by a divine spirit
  4238. unselfconsciousness = the quality of being not self-conscious
  4239. unskillfulness = a lack of cognitive skill
  4240. unsoundness = a misconception that is fallacious and not true or valid
  4241. upgrade = a reservation that is improved
  4242. uranology = the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
  4243. urban planning = the branch of architecture dealing with the design and organization of urban space and activities
  4244. urogenital medicine = the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the urinary tract or urogenital system
  4245. urology = the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the urinary tract or urogenital system
  4246. urtication = a sensation of having been stung by nettles
  4247. utilitarianism = doctrine that the useful is the good; especially as elaborated by Jeremy Bentham and James Mill
  4248. Utopia = an imaginary place considered to be perfect or ideal
  4249. utopian socialism = socialism achieved by voluntary sacrifice
  4250. Utopianism = the political orientation of a Utopian who believes in impossibly idealistic schemes of social perfection
  4251. vacillation = indecision in speech or action
  4252. vacuousness = indicative of or marked by mental vacuity and an absence of ideas
  4253. Vaishnavism = worship of Vishnu one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon
  4254. Vaisnavism = worship of Vishnu one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon
  4255. Valhalla = the hall in which the souls of heros slain in battle were received by Odin
  4256. validation = the cognitive process of establishing a valid proof
  4257. valuation = an appraisal of the value of something
  4258. value = a numerical quantity measured or assigned or computed / an ideal accepted by some individual or group
  4259. value orientation = the principles of right and wrong that are accepted by an individual or a social group
  4260. value-system = the principles of right and wrong that are accepted by an individual or a social group
  4261. values = beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment
  4262. vampirism = belief in the existence of vampires
  4263. vanguard = the position of greatest importance or advancement
  4264. vanilla = a distinctive fragrant flavor characteristic of vanilla beans
  4265. variable = a quantity that can assume any of a set of values
  4266. variable quantity = a quantity that can assume any of a set of values
  4267. variance = the second moment around the mean
  4268. variant = something a little different from others of the same type / a variable quantity that is random
  4269. variate = a variable quantity that is random
  4270. variation = something a little different from others of the same type
  4271. variety = a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality
  4272. vaticination = knowledge of the future
  4273. vector = a variable quantity that can be resolved into components
  4274. vector algebra = the part of algebra that deals with the theory of vectors and vector spaces
  4275. vector decomposition = the analysis of a vector field
  4276. vector product = a vector that is the product of two other vectors
  4277. vector sum = a vector that is the sum of two or more other vectors
  4278. Vedanta = one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas
  4279. Vedism = the form of Hinduism that revolves primarily around the mythic version and ritual ideologies in the Vedas
  4280. velleity = volition in its weakest form
  4281. ventriloquism = the art of projecting your voice so that it seems to come from another source
  4282. ventriloquy = the art of projecting your voice so that it seems to come from another source
  4283. verbal intelligence = intelligence in the use and comprehension of language
  4284. verification = additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct
  4285. verity = an enduring or necessary ethical or religious or aesthetic truth
  4286. Verner's law = a qualification of Grimm's law
  4287. versatility = having a wide variety of skills
  4288. version = something a little different from others of the same type / a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something
  4289. vertebrate paleontology = the paleontology of vertebrates
  4290. vertex = the point of intersection of lines or the point opposite the base of a figure
  4291. vertu = love of or taste for fine objects of art
  4292. vestibular sense = a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head
  4293. veterinary medicine = the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries of animals
  4294. vexation = something or someone that causes anxiety
  4295. Victorian architecture = a style of architecture used in Britain during the reign of Queen Victoria
  4296. view = the visual percept of a region / a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty / purpose
  4297. viewpoint = a mental position from which things are viewed
  4298. vigil = a period of sleeplessness
  4299. vigilance = the process of paying close and continuous attention
  4300. Virgin Birth = the theological doctrine that Jesus Christ had no human father; Christians believe that Jesus's birth fulfilled Old Testament prophecies and was attended by miracles
  4301. virology = the branch of medical science that studies viruses and viral diseases
  4302. virtu = love of or taste for fine objects of art
  4303. virtuosity = technical skill or fluency or style exhibited by a virtuoso
  4304. vis-a-vis = a person or thing having the same function or characteristics as another
  4305. Vishnuism = worship of Vishnu one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon
  4306. vision = the formation of a mental image of something that is not perceived as real and is not present to the senses / the ability to see
  4307. vista = the visual percept of a region
  4308. visual acuity = sharpness of vision
  4309. visual field = all of the points of the physical environment that can be perceived by a stable eye at a given moment
  4310. visual image = a percept that arises from the eyes
  4311. visual modality = the ability to see
  4312. visual percept = a percept that arises from the eyes
  4313. visual perception = perception by means of the eyes
  4314. visual sensation = the perceptual experience of seeing
  4315. visual sense = the ability to see
  4316. visual space = the visual perception of space
  4317. visualisation = a mental image that is similar to a visual perception
  4318. visualization = a mental image that is similar to a visual perception
  4319. vital statistics = data relating to births and deaths and health and diseases and marriages
  4320. vitalism = a doctrine that life is a vital principle distinct from physics and chemistry
  4321. vocabulary = a language user's knowledge of words / the system of techniques or symbols serving as a means of expression
  4322. vocational education = training for a specific vocation in industry or agriculture or trade
  4323. vocational program = a program of vocational education
  4324. vocational rehabilitation program = a program of rehabilitation through job training with an eye to gainful employment
  4325. vocational training = training for a specific vocation in industry or agriculture or trade
  4326. vodoun = a religious cult practiced chiefly in Caribbean countries
  4327. vogue = the popular taste at a given time
  4328. volcanology = the branch of geology that studies volcanoes
  4329. volition = the capability of conscious choice and decision and intention
  4330. voodoo = a religious cult practiced chiefly in Caribbean countries
  4331. voodooism = a religious cult practiced chiefly in Caribbean countries
  4332. vote = the total number of voters who participated
  4333. voter turnout = the total number of voters who participated
  4334. voting system = a legal system for making democratic choices
  4335. vox populi = a belief or sentiment shared by most people
  4336. vulcanology = the branch of geology that studies volcanoes
  4337. Wahabism = a conservative and intolerant form of Islam that is practiced in Saudi Arabia
  4338. Wahhabism = a conservative and intolerant form of Islam that is practiced in Saudi Arabia
  4339. waiting game = a strategy of delay
  4340. wakefulness = a periodic state during which you are conscious and aware of the world / the process of paying close and continuous attention
  4341. waking = the state of remaining awake
  4342. Walhalla = the hall in which the souls of heros slain in battle were received by Odin
  4343. wangle = an instance of accomplishing something by scheming or trickery
  4344. wangling = an instance of accomplishing something by scheming or trickery
  4345. war advocacy = a policy of advocating war
  4346. warmongering = a policy of advocating war
  4347. warmth = the sensation caused by heat energy
  4348. Wasserman reaction = a blood test to detect syphilis; a complement fixation test is used to detect antibodies to the syphilis organism treponema
  4349. Wassermann = a blood test to detect syphilis; a complement fixation test is used to detect antibodies to the syphilis organism treponema
  4350. Wassermann test = a blood test to detect syphilis; a complement fixation test is used to detect antibodies to the syphilis organism treponema
  4351. watchfulness = the process of paying close and continuous attention
  4352. watercraft = skill in the management of boats
  4353. wave mechanics = the modern form of quantum theory; an extension of quantum mechanics based on Schrodinger's equation
  4354. wave theory = the theory that light is transmitted as waves
  4355. wave theory of light = the theory that light is transmitted as waves
  4356. wavelength = a shared orientation leading to mutual understanding
  4357. wavering = indecision in speech or action
  4358. way = doing as one pleases or chooses / a general category of things
  4359. Weber's law = the concept that a just-noticeable difference in a stimulus is proportional to the magnitude of the original stimulus
  4360. Weber-Fechner law = the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation increases proportional to the logarithm of the stimulus intensity
  4361. weighing = careful consideration
  4362. Weltanschauung = a comprehensive view of the world and human life
  4363. Wesleyanism = evangelical principles taught by John Wesley
  4364. Wesleyism = evangelical principles taught by John Wesley
  4365. wet dream = an erotic dream (usually at night) accompanied by the (nocturnal) emission of semen
  4366. wheeze = a clever or amusing scheme or trick
  4367. whim = an odd or fanciful or capricious idea
  4368. whimsey = an odd or fanciful or capricious idea
  4369. whimsy = an odd or fanciful or capricious idea
  4370. white magic = magic used only for good purposes
  4371. white supremacy = the prejudice that members of the white race are superior to members of other races
  4372. whole = all of something including all its component elements or parts
  4373. Wicca = the polytheistic nature religion of modern witchcraft whose central deity is a mother goddess
  4374. Widal test = a test for detecting typhoid fever and other salmonella infections
  4375. Widal's test = a test for detecting typhoid fever and other salmonella infections
  4376. wiliness = shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
  4377. will = the capability of conscious choice and decision and intention / a fixed and persistent intent or purpose
  4378. will-o'-the-wisp = an illusion that misleads
  4379. wisdom = ability to apply knowledge or experience or understanding or common sense and insight / accumulated knowledge or erudition or enlightenment
  4380. wish = the particular preference that you have
  4381. wishful thinking = the illusion that what you wish for is actually true
  4382. wit = mental ability
  4383. witchcraft = the art of sorcery
  4384. witchery = the art of sorcery
  4385. wits = the basic human power of intelligent thought and perception
  4386. wizardry = exceptional creative ability
  4387. wonder = a state in which you want to learn more about something
  4388. wonderland = an imaginary realm of marvels or wonders
  4389. wont = an established custom
  4390. woodcraft = skill in carving or fashioning objects from wood / skill and experience in matters relating to the woods
  4391. woolgathering = an idle indulgence in fantasy
  4392. word structure = the admissible arrangement of sounds in words
  4393. word-splitting = making too fine distinctions of little importance
  4394. work = applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject
  4395. working memory = memory for intermediate results that must be held during thinking
  4396. working principle = a rule that is adequate to permit work to be done
  4397. working rule = a rule that is adequate to permit work to be done
  4398. workmanship = skill in an occupation or trade
  4399. works program = a program to provide jobs on public works paid for by government funds
  4400. world = the concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife / all of your experiences that determine how things appear to you
  4401. world view = a comprehensive view of the world and human life
  4402. worldly concern = the concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife
  4403. worry = something or someone that causes anxiety
  4404. wraith = a mental representation of some haunting experience
  4405. wrinkle = a clever method of doing something (especially something new and different) / a minor difficulty
  4406. writer's block = an inability to write
  4407. x-axis = the horizontal axis in a plane coordinate system
  4408. y-axis = the vertical axis in a plane coordinate system
  4409. yang = the bright positive masculine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology
  4410. yin = the dark negative feminine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology
  4411. yoga = discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility that is achieved through the three paths of actions and knowledge and devotion
  4412. Yogacara = one of the main traditions of Mahayana Buddhism
  4413. z-axis = the third axis in a 3-dimensional coordinate system
  4414. zakat = the fourth pillar of Islam is almsgiving as an act of worship
  4415. zealotry = excessive intolerance of opposing views
  4416. Zen = a Buddhist doctrine that enlightenment can be attained through direct intuitive insight
  4417. Zen Buddhism = a Buddhist doctrine that enlightenment can be attained through direct intuitive insight
  4418. zero = the point on a scale from which positive or negative numerical quantities can be measured
  4419. zero point = the point on a scale from which positive or negative numerical quantities can be measured
  4420. zero tolerance = extreme intolerance of antisocial behavior
  4421. zeroth law of thermodynamics = the law that if two bodies are in thermal equilibrium with a third body then the first two bodies are in thermal equilibrium with each other
  4422. Zion = an imaginary place considered to be perfect or ideal
  4423. zoological science = the branch of biology that studies animals
  4424. zoology = the branch of biology that studies animals
  4425. zoomorphism = the attribution of animal forms or qualities to a god
  4426. Zoroastrianism = system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster; set forth in the Zend-Avesta
  4427. Zurvanism = a heretical Zoroastrian doctrine holding that Zurvan was the ultimate source of the universe and that both Ahura Mazda and Ahriman were Zurvan's offspring
  4428. zymology = the branch of chemistry concerned with fermentation
  4429. zymurgy = the branch of chemistry concerned with fermentation

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