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States - nouns denoting stable states of affairs

  1. A level = the advanced level of a subject taken in school
  2. AAA = an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta associated with old age and hypertension
  3. abarticulation = dislocation of a joint
  4. abasement = a low or downcast state
  5. abasia = inability to walk
  6. abasia trepidans = abasia due to trembling of the legs
  7. abdominal actinomycosis = a serious form of actinomycosis that affects the abdomen
  8. abdominal aortic aneurysm = an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta associated with old age and hypertension
  9. abdominal pregnancy = ectopic pregnancy in the abdominal cavity
  10. aberrance = a state or condition markedly different from the norm
  11. aberrancy = a state or condition markedly different from the norm
  12. aberration = a disorder in one's mental state / a state or condition markedly different from the norm
  13. abetalipoproteinemia = a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism
  14. abeyance = temporary cessation or suspension
  15. abjection = a low or downcast state
  16. ablepharia = a congenital absence of eyelids
  17. abnormalcy = an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
  18. abnormality = an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
  19. abocclusion = the condition in which the upper teeth do not touch the lower teeth when biting
  20. aboulia = a loss of will power
  21. abrachia = the condition of having no arms
  22. abrasion = an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
  23. abruptio placentae = a disorder of pregnancy in which the placenta prematurely separates from the wall of the uterus
  24. abscess = symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  25. abscessed tooth = an abscess of a common kind in the tissue around a tooth
  26. absence = the state of being absent / the occurrence of an abrupt, transient loss or impairment of consciousness (which is not subsequently remembered), sometimes with light twitching, fluttering eyelids, etc.
  27. absence seizure = the occurrence of an abrupt, transient loss or impairment of consciousness (which is not subsequently remembered), sometimes with light twitching, fluttering eyelids, etc.
  28. absolution = the condition of being formally forgiven by a priest in the sacrament of penance
  29. absolutism = dominance through threat of punishment and violence
  30. absurd = a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless
  31. abulia = a loss of will power
  32. academic freedom = the freedom of teachers and students to express their ideas in school without religious or political or institutional restrictions
  33. acanthocytosis = the presence of acanthocytes in the blood stream
  34. acantholysis = a breakdown of a cell layer in the epidermis
  35. acanthoma = a neoplasm originating in the epidermis
  36. acanthosis = an abnormal but benign thickening of the prickle-cell layer of the skin
  37. acanthosis nigricans = a skin disease characterized by dark wartlike patches in the body folds
  38. acapnia = a state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal
  39. acardia = congenital absence of the heart
  40. acariasis = infestation with itch mites
  41. acaridiasis = infestation with itch mites
  42. acariosis = infestation with itch mites
  43. acarophobia = a morbid fear of small insects and mites and worms
  44. acataphasia = a disorder in which a lesion to the central nervous system leaves you unable to formulate a statement or to express yourself in an organized manner
  45. acathexia = an inability to retain bodily secretions
  46. accent = special importance or significance
  47. acceptance = the state of being acceptable and accepted
  48. acceptation = acceptance as true or valid
  49. accord = harmony of people's opinions or actions or characters
  50. account = a formal contractual relationship established to provide for regular banking or brokerage or business services
  51. account payable = a liability account showing how much is owed for goods and services purchased on credit
  52. acephalia = absence of the head
  53. acephalism = absence of the head
  54. acephaly = absence of the head
  55. acetonemia = an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
  56. acetonuria = excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
  57. ache = a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain
  58. achievability = the state of being achievable
  59. aching = a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain
  60. achlorhydria = an abnormal deficiency or absence of free hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice
  61. acholia = a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  62. achondroplasia = an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth
  63. achondroplasty = an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth
  64. achylia = absence of gastric juices
  65. achylia gastrica = absence of gastric juices
  66. acid precipitation = rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water
  67. acid rain = rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water
  68. acidemia = a blood disorder characterized by an increased concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood
  69. acidosis = abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  70. acknowledgement = the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged
  71. acknowledgment = the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged
  72. acme = the highest level or degree attainable
  73. acne = an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin
  74. acne rosacea = a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance
  75. acne vulgaris = the most common form of acne
  76. acorea = absence of the pupil in an eye
  77. acousma = illusory auditory perception of strange nonverbal sounds
  78. acoustic aphasia = an impairment in understanding spoken language that is not attributable to hearing loss
  79. acousticophobia = a morbid fear of sounds including your own voice
  80. acquaintance = a relationship less intimate than friendship
  81. acquaintanceship = a relationship less intimate than friendship
  82. acquiescence = acceptance without protest
  83. acquired hemochromatosis = hemochromatosis resulting from repeated transfusions or from excessive intake of foods containing iron
  84. acquired immune deficiency syndrome = a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  85. acquired immunity = immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during life
  86. acroanaesthesia = loss of sensation in the extremities
  87. acroanesthesia = loss of sensation in the extremities
  88. acrocephaly = a congenital abnormality of the skull
  89. acrocyanosis = cyanosis of the extremities
  90. acromegalia = enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances
  91. acromegaly = enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances
  92. acromicria = abnormally small extremities
  93. acromikria = abnormally small extremities
  94. acromphalus = abnormal protrusion of the navel
  95. acromyotonia = myotonia of the extremities only
  96. acrophobia = a morbid fear of great heights
  97. actinic dermatitis = dermatitis caused exposure to sunlight
  98. actinic keratosis = an overgrowth of skin layers resulting from extended exposure to the sun
  99. actinomycosis = disease of cattle that can be transmitted to humans; results from infection with actinomycetes
  100. action = the state of being active
  101. active immunity = a form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its own antibodies against disease-causing antigens
  102. activeness = the state of being active
  103. activity = the state of being active / (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction
  104. actuality = the state of actually existing objectively
  105. acute anterior poliomyelitis = an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  106. acute brain disorder = any disorder (as sudden confusion or disorientation) in an otherwise normal person that is due to reversible (temporary) impairment of brain tissues
  107. acute gastritis = gastritis caused by ingesting an irritant
  108. acute glaucoma = glaucoma in which the iris blocks the outflow of aqueous humor
  109. acute glossitis = glossitis resulting from injury or infection and characterized by swelling and pain
  110. acute hemorrhagic encephalitis = encephalitis that resembles apoplexy due to blood extravasation
  111. acute inclusion body encephalitis = common form of acute encephalitis caused by herpes simplex 1
  112. acute kidney failure = renal failure associated with burns or other trauma or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tract
  113. acute leukemia = rapidly progressing leukemia
  114. acute lymphoblastic leukemia = acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of immature lymphoblast-like cells in bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and blood
  115. acute lymphocytic leukemia = acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of immature lymphoblast-like cells in bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and blood
  116. acute myelocytic leukemia = acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of granular leukocytes
  117. acute myeloid leukemia = acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of granular leukocytes
  118. acute organic brain syndrome = any disorder (as sudden confusion or disorientation) in an otherwise normal person that is due to reversible (temporary) impairment of brain tissues
  119. acute pyelonephritis = pyelonephritis resulting from the spread of a bladder infection
  120. acute renal failure = renal failure associated with burns or other trauma or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tract
  121. acute schizophrenic episode = schizophrenia of abrupt onset and relatively short duration
  122. ADA-SCID = SCID resulting from mutation of a gene that codes for adenosine deaminase
  123. adactylia = congenital absence of fingers and/or toes
  124. adactylism = congenital absence of fingers and/or toes
  125. adactyly = congenital absence of fingers and/or toes
  126. Adams-Stokes syndrome = recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat
  127. ADD = a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  128. addiction = being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming
  129. Addison's disease = a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
  130. Addison's syndrome = a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
  131. adenitis = inflammation of a gland or lymph node
  132. adenocarcinoma = malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  133. adenoma = a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  134. adenomatous polyp = a polyp that consists of benign neoplastic tissue derived from glandular epithelium
  135. adenomegaly = gland enlargement
  136. adenomyosarcoma = malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass
  137. adenomyosis = the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus
  138. adenopathy = a glandular disease or enlargement of glandular tissue
  139. adenosis = a disorder of the glands of the body
  140. ADHD = a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  141. adhesion = abnormal union of bodily tissues
  142. adipose tumor = a tumor consisting of fatty tissue
  143. admixture = the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something
  144. adolescence = in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood
  145. adult respiratory distress syndrome = acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen
  146. adult-onset diabetes = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  147. adult-onset diabetes mellitus = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  148. adulteration = being mixed with extraneous material
  149. adulthood = the state (and responsibilities) of a person who has attained maturity
  150. adversity = a state of misfortune or affliction
  151. aerodontalgia = pain in the teeth that results from a change in air pressure
  152. aeroembolism = pain resulting from rapid change in pressure / obstruction of the circulatory system caused by an air bubble as, e.g., accidentally during surgery or hypodermic injection or as a complication from scuba diving
  153. aestivation = cessation or slowing of activity during the summer
  154. affair = a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship
  155. affaire = a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship
  156. affective disorder = any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant
  157. affiliation = a social or business relationship
  158. affliction = a condition of suffering or distress due to ill health / a state of great suffering and distress due to adversity
  159. affluence = abundant wealth
  160. afibrinogenemia = the absence of fibrinogen in the plasma leading to prolonged bleeding
  161. aftereffect = a delayed effect of a drug or therapy
  162. afterpains = pains felt by a woman after her baby is born
  163. agalactia = a condition in which milk is not secreted in the mother's breasts after her child has been delivered
  164. agalactosis = a condition in which milk is not secreted in the mother's breasts after her child has been delivered
  165. agammaglobulinemia = a rare immunological disorder characterized by the virtual absence of gamma globulin in the blood and consequent susceptibility to infection
  166. age-related macular degeneration = macular degeneration that is age-related
  167. agency = the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent / the state of being in action or exerting power
  168. agitated depression = a state of clinical depression in which the person exhibits irritability and restlessness
  169. agitation = a state of agitation or turbulent change or development / a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
  170. agnosia = inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
  171. agony = a state of acute pain
  172. agoraphobia = a morbid fear of open spaces
  173. agranulocytosis = an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
  174. agranulosis = an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
  175. agraphia = a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
  176. agreement = harmony of people's opinions or actions or characters
  177. ague = a fit of shivering or shaking / successive stages of chills and fever that is a symptom of malaria
  178. AIDS = a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  179. ailment = an often persistent bodily disorder or disease
  180. ailurophobia = a morbid fear of cats
  181. air alert = the condition in which combat aircraft are airborne and ready for an operation
  182. air embolism = pain resulting from rapid change in pressure / obstruction of the circulatory system caused by an air bubble as, e.g., accidentally during surgery or hypodermic injection or as a complication from scuba diving
  183. air mass = a large body of air with uniform characteristics horizontally
  184. air pollution = pollution of the atmosphere
  185. air sickness = motion sickness experienced while traveling by air
  186. airsickness = motion sickness experienced while traveling by air
  187. airworthiness = fitness to fly
  188. akinesia = motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  189. akinesis = motionlessness attributable to a temporary paralysis
  190. akinetic epilepsy = epilepsy characterized by akinesia
  191. alalia = paralysis of the vocal cords resulting in an inability to speak
  192. alastrim = a mild form of smallpox caused by a less virulent form of the virus
  193. Albers-Schonberg disease = an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density
  194. albinism = the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
  195. Albright's disease = fibrous dysplasia of bone affecting multiple bones
  196. albuminuria = the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine
  197. alcaptonuria = a rare recessive metabolic anomaly marked by ochronosis and the presence of alkapton in the urine
  198. alcohol addiction = habitual intoxication
  199. alcohol amnestic disorder = dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism
  200. alcoholic dementia = dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism
  201. alcoholism = habitual intoxication
  202. alder blight = a disease of alders caused by the woolly alder aphid
  203. aldosteronism = a condition caused by overproduction of aldosterone
  204. Aleppo boil = leishmaniasis of the skin
  205. alert = condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
  206. alerting = a state of readiness to respond
  207. alertness = a state of readiness to respond
  208. alexia = inability to perceive written words
  209. algidity = prostration characterized by cold and clammy skin and low blood pressure
  210. algophobia = a morbid fear of pain
  211. alienation = separation resulting from hostility
  212. aliveness = the condition of living or the state of being alive
  213. alkalemia = a blood disorder characterized by a lower concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood
  214. alkali poisoning = poisoning resulting from the ingestion of an alkali compound
  215. alkalinuria = a condition in which the urine (which is normally slightly acidic) is alkaline
  216. alkalosis = abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  217. alkaluria = a condition in which the urine (which is normally slightly acidic) is alkaline
  218. alkaptonuria = a rare recessive metabolic anomaly marked by ochronosis and the presence of alkapton in the urine
  219. allergic eczema = eczema caused by an allergic reaction
  220. allergic reaction = hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen
  221. allergic rhinitis = rhinitis caused by an allergic reaction
  222. allergy = hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen
  223. alliance = the state of being allied or confederated
  224. allopatry = the occurrence of related organisms in separate geographical areas with no overlap
  225. alloy = the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something
  226. alopecia = loss of hair (especially on the head) or loss of wool or feathers
  227. alopecia areata = patchy baldness
  228. Alpine scurvy = a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders
  229. ALS = thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord
  230. altitude sickness = effects (as nosebleed or nausea) of oxygen deficiency in the blood and tissues at high altitudes
  231. altogether = informal terms for nakedness
  232. alveolar ectasia = abnormal enlargement of the air sacs in the lungs
  233. alveolar resorption = wasting of the bony socket
  234. alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma = form of rhabdomyosarcoma occurring mainly in adolescents and young adults
  235. alveolar rhabdosarcoma = form of rhabdomyosarcoma occurring mainly in adolescents and young adults
  236. alveolitis = inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs caused by inhaling dust; with repeated exposure the condition may become chronic / inflammation in the socket of a tooth
  237. Alzheimer's = a progressive form of presenile dementia that is similar to senile dementia except that it usually starts in the 40s or 50s
  238. Alzheimer's disease = a progressive form of presenile dementia that is similar to senile dementia except that it usually starts in the 40s or 50s
  239. Alzheimers = a progressive form of presenile dementia that is similar to senile dementia except that it usually starts in the 40s or 50s
  240. amastia = absence of the mammary glands
  241. amaurosis = partial or total loss of sight without pathology of the eye
  242. ambiance = a particular environment or surrounding influence
  243. ambience = a particular environment or surrounding influence
  244. amblyopia = visual impairment without apparent organic pathology
  245. ambulant plague = a mild form of bubonic plague
  246. ambulatory plague = a mild form of bubonic plague
  247. AMD = macular degeneration that is age-related
  248. amebiasis = infection by a disease-causing ameba
  249. amebic dysentery = inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces
  250. amebiosis = infection by a disease-causing ameba
  251. amelia = congenital absence of an arm or leg
  252. amenia = absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  253. amenorrhea = absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  254. amenorrhoea = absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  255. American leishmaniasis = a form of leishmaniasis endemic in Mexico and Central American and South America
  256. ametria = congenital absence of the uterus
  257. ametropia = faulty refraction of light rays in the eye as in astigmatism or myopia
  258. aminoaciduria = abnormal presence of amino acids in the urine
  259. amity = a state of friendship and cordiality
  260. ammoniuria = excessive ammonia in the urine
  261. amnesic aphasia = inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
  262. amnestic aphasia = inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
  263. amnesty = a period during which offenders are exempt from punishment
  264. amoebiasis = infection by a disease-causing ameba
  265. amoebic dysentery = inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces
  266. amoebiosis = infection by a disease-causing ameba
  267. amour = a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship
  268. amphidiploidy = the condition of being amphidiploid
  269. amputation = a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs
  270. amyloidosis = a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues
  271. amyotonia = lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
  272. amyotrophia = progressive wasting of muscle tissues
  273. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis = thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord
  274. amyotrophy = progressive wasting of muscle tissues
  275. amyxia = a condition in which no mucus in produced
  276. anabiosis = suspended animation in organisms during periods of extreme drought from which they revive when moisture returns
  277. anaclisis = relationship marked by strong dependence on others
  278. anaclitic depression = severe and progressive depression in infants who lose their mother and do not get a suitable substitute
  279. anaemia = a deficiency of red blood cells / a lack of vitality
  280. anaesthesia = loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  281. analbuminemia = an abnormally low level of albumin in the blood serum
  282. analgesia = absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
  283. anaphylactic shock = a severe and rapid and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reaction to a substance (especially a vaccine or penicillin or shellfish or insect venom) to which the organism has become sensitized by previous exposure
  284. anaphylaxis = hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
  285. anaplasia = loss of structural differentiation within a cell or group of cells often with increased capacity for multiplication, as in a malignant tumor
  286. anaplasmosis = a disease of cattle that is transmitted by cattle ticks
  287. anarchy = a state of lawlessness and disorder
  288. anarthria = partial or total loss of articulate speech resulting from lesions of the central nervous system
  289. anasarca = generalized edema with accumulation of serum in subcutaneous connective tissue
  290. anchorage = the condition of being secured to a base
  291. anchylosis = abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint
  292. androphobia = a morbid fear of men
  293. anemia = a deficiency of red blood cells / a lack of vitality
  294. anemic anoxia = anoxia resulting from a decreased concentration of hemoglobin
  295. anemic hypoxia = hypoxia resulting from a decreased concentration of hemoglobin
  296. anencephalia = a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
  297. anencephaly = a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
  298. anergy = inactivity and lack of energy / reduction or lack of an immune response to a specific antigen
  299. anesthesia = loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  300. anestrum = applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or interval of sexual inactivity between two periods of estrus
  301. anestrus = applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or interval of sexual inactivity between two periods of estrus
  302. aneuploidy = an abnormality involving a chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number
  303. aneurism = a cardiovascular disease characterized by a saclike widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
  304. aneurysm = a cardiovascular disease characterized by a saclike widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
  305. anger = the state of being angry
  306. angiitis = inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph duct
  307. angina = a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart / any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain
  308. angina pectoris = a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  309. angioedema = recurrent large circumscribed areas of subcutaneous edema; onset is sudden and it disappears within 24 hours
  310. angiohemophilia = a form of hemophilia discovered by Erik von Willebrand; a genetic disorder that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
  311. angioma = a tumor consisting of a mass of blood or lymphatic vessels
  312. angiopathy = any disease of the blood vessels or lymph ducts
  313. angiosarcoma = a rare malignant neoplasm arising from vascular tissue
  314. angiotelectasia = dilation and enlargement of arterioles
  315. angle-closure glaucoma = glaucoma in which the iris blocks the outflow of aqueous humor
  316. angriness = the state of being angry
  317. anguish = extreme distress of body or mind
  318. anhedonia = an inability to experience pleasure
  319. anhidrosis = failure of the sweat glands
  320. anhydrosis = failure of the sweat glands
  321. animal disease = a disease that typically does not affect human beings
  322. animation = the condition of living or the state of being alive
  323. aniseikonia = visual defect in which the shape and size of an ocular image differ in the two eyes
  324. anisometropia = difference in the refractive power of the two eyes
  325. ankyloglossia = a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
  326. ankylosing spondylitis = a chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine
  327. ankylosis = abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint
  328. annoyance = the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed
  329. annular scotoma = a circular scotoma surrounding the center of the field of vision
  330. annulment = the state of being cancelled or annulled
  331. anoestrum = applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or interval of sexual inactivity between two periods of estrus
  332. anoestrus = applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or interval of sexual inactivity between two periods of estrus
  333. anomalousness = deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
  334. anomaly = deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
  335. anomia = inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
  336. anomic aphasia = inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
  337. anomie = personal state of isolation and anxiety resulting from a lack of social control and regulation
  338. anomy = personal state of isolation and anxiety resulting from a lack of social control and regulation
  339. anonymity = the state of being anonymous
  340. anopia = sightlessness
  341. anorchia = absence of one of both testes
  342. anorchidism = absence of one of both testes
  343. anorchism = absence of one of both testes
  344. anorexia = a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  345. anorexia nervosa = a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
  346. anorgasmia = absence of an orgasm in sexual relations
  347. anorthography = a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
  348. anorthopia = distorted vision in which straight lines appear curved
  349. anosmia = absence of the sense of smell
  350. anoxemia = abnormally low oxygen content in arterial blood
  351. anoxia = severe hypoxia
  352. anoxic anoxia = anoxia resulting from defective oxygenation of the blood in the lungs
  353. antagonism = a state of deep-seated ill-will
  354. anterior synechia = adhesion between the iris and the cornea
  355. anthracosis = lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
  356. anthrax = a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia / a highly infectious animal disease
  357. anthrax pneumonia = a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis
  358. anticipation = anticipating with confidence of fulfillment
  359. anticyclone = winds spiraling outward from a high pressure center
  360. antisepsis = the state of being free of pathogenic organisms
  361. antisocial personality disorder = a personality disorder characterized by amorality and lack of affect
  362. anuresis = inability to urinate
  363. anuria = inability to urinate
  364. anxiety = a relatively permanent state of worry and nervousness occurring in a variety of mental disorders, usually accompanied by compulsive behavior or attacks of panic
  365. anxiety attack = a sudden acute episode of intense anxiety and feelings of panic
  366. anxiety disorder = a cover term for a variety of mental disorders in which severe anxiety is a salient symptom
  367. anxiety hysteria = a form of hysteria having features of both conversion disorder and anxiety neurosis
  368. anxiety neurosis = characterized by diffuse anxiety and often somatic manifestations of fear
  369. anxiety reaction = an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free-floating anxiety and such symptoms as tension or sweating or trembling or lightheadedness or irritability etc that has lasted for more than six months
  370. anxiousness = a relatively permanent state of worry and nervousness occurring in a variety of mental disorders, usually accompanied by compulsive behavior or attacks of panic
  371. aortic aneurysm = an aneurysm of the aorta
  372. aortic stenosis = abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve
  373. aortitis = inflammation of the aorta
  374. aphagia = loss of the ability to swallow
  375. aphakia = absence of the natural lens of the eye
  376. aphasia = inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
  377. aphonia = a disorder of the vocal organs that results in the loss of voice
  378. aphthous ulcer = a blister on the mucous membranes of the lips or mouth or gastrointestinal tract
  379. aplasia = failure of some tissue or organ to develop
  380. aplastic anaemia = anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow
  381. aplastic anemia = anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow
  382. apnea = transient cessation of respiration
  383. apoplexy = a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  384. apostasy = the state of having rejected your religious beliefs or your political party or a cause
  385. appendicitis = inflammation of the vermiform appendix
  386. apple blight = a disease of apple trees
  387. apple canker = a disease of apple trees
  388. appro = an informal British abbreviation of approval
  389. approval = acceptance as satisfactory
  390. apraxia = inability to make purposeful movements
  391. apyretic tetanus = clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures
  392. aquaphobia = a morbid fear of drowning
  393. arachnophobia = a morbid fear of spiders
  394. archidiaconate = office or position of an archdeacon
  395. ARDS = acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen
  396. area = a particular environment or walk of life
  397. areflexia = absence of a reflex
  398. arena = a particular environment or walk of life
  399. Argentine hemorrhagic fever = hemorrhagic fever with neurological signs
  400. aridity = a deficiency of moisture
  401. aridness = a deficiency of moisture
  402. armistice = a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
  403. Arnold-Chiari deformity = deformity in which part of the brain protrudes through the skull
  404. arousal = a state of heightened physiological activity
  405. arrears = the state of being behind in payments
  406. arrest = the state of inactivity following an interruption
  407. arrested development = an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  408. arrhythmia = an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
  409. arterial sclerosis = sclerosis of the arterial walls
  410. arteriectasia = an abnormal distension of an artery
  411. arteriectasis = an abnormal distension of an artery
  412. arteriolosclerosis = sclerosis of the arterioles
  413. arteriosclerosis = sclerosis of the arterial walls
  414. arteriosclerosis obliterans = a stage of arteriosclerosis involving closure of blood vessels
  415. arteritis = inflammation of an artery
  416. arthralgia = pain in a joint or joints
  417. arthritis = inflammation of a joint or joints
  418. arthropathy = a pathology or abnormality of a joint
  419. asbestosis = lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos particles
  420. ascariasis = infestation of the human intestine with Ascaris roundworms
  421. ascendance = the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
  422. ascendancy = the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
  423. ascendant = position or state of being dominant or in control
  424. ascendence = the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
  425. ascendency = the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
  426. ascendent = position or state of being dominant or in control
  427. ascites = accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
  428. asepsis = the state of being free of pathogenic organisms
  429. Asian influenza = influenza caused by the Asian virus that was first isolated in 1957
  430. Asiatic cholera = an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  431. Asiatic flu = influenza caused by the Asian virus that was first isolated in 1957
  432. Asperger's syndrome = a psychiatric disorder usually noted during early school years
  433. aspergillosis = disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs / an opportunistic infection by a fungus of the genus Aspergillus
  434. asphyxia = a condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis
  435. asphyxiation = the condition of being deprived of oxygen
  436. aspiration pneumonia = inflammation of the lungs caused by inhaling or choking on vomitus
  437. Assam fever = leishmaniasis of the viscera
  438. assimilation = the state of being assimilated
  439. association = a social or business relationship / the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination
  440. associative aphasia = aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various language centers in the brain
  441. astasia = inability to stand due to muscular incoordination
  442. astereognosis = a loss of the ability to recognize objects by handling them
  443. asthenia = an abnormal loss of strength
  444. asthenopia = a tiredness of the eyes caused by prolonged close work by a person with an uncorrected vision problem
  445. astheny = an abnormal loss of strength
  446. asthma = respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing
  447. asthma attack = respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing
  448. astigmatism = defect in an optical system in which light rays from a single point fail to converge in a single focal point / (ophthalmology) impaired eyesight resulting usually from irregular conformation of the cornea
  449. astigmia = defect in an optical system in which light rays from a single point fail to converge in a single focal point / (ophthalmology) impaired eyesight resulting usually from irregular conformation of the cornea
  450. astraphobia = a morbid fear of thunder and lightning
  451. asynclitism = the presentation during labor of the head of the fetus at an abnormal angle
  452. asynergia = absence of coordination of organs or body parts that usually work together harmoniously
  453. asynergy = absence of coordination of organs or body parts that usually work together harmoniously
  454. asystole = absence of systole
  455. atactic abasia = abasia due to ataxia of the legs
  456. ataxia = inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements
  457. ataxic abasia = abasia due to ataxia of the legs
  458. ataxic aphasia = aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
  459. ataxy = inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements
  460. atelectasis = collapse of an expanded lung
  461. ateleiosis = a form of infantilism characterized by physical underdevelopment but normal intelligence
  462. ateliosis = a form of infantilism characterized by physical underdevelopment but normal intelligence
  463. atherogenesis = the formation of atheromas on the walls of the arteries as in atherosclerosis
  464. atherosclerosis = a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls, thus narrowing the arteries
  465. athetosis = a continuous succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of the hands and feet and other body parts
  466. athlete's foot = fungal infection of the feet
  467. atmosphere = the weather or climate at some place / a particular environment or surrounding influence
  468. atmospheric state = the weather or climate at some place
  469. atonia = lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
  470. atonicity = lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
  471. atony = lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
  472. atopic allergy = an allergic reaction that becomes apparent in a sensitized person only minutes after contact
  473. atopic dermatitis = a severe form of dermatitis characterized by atopy
  474. atopic eczema = a severe form of dermatitis characterized by atopy
  475. atopognosia = absence or loss of topognosia
  476. atopognosis = absence or loss of topognosia
  477. atopy = an allergic reaction that becomes apparent in a sensitized person only minutes after contact
  478. atresia = an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
  479. atrial fibrillation = fibrillation of the muscles of the atria of the heart
  480. atrial septal defect = an abnormal opening between the left and right atria of the heart
  481. atrioventricular block = recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat
  482. atrophedema = recurrent large circumscribed areas of subcutaneous edema; onset is sudden and it disappears within 24 hours
  483. atrophic arthritis = a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities
  484. atrophy = a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
  485. attack = a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition
  486. attainability = the state of being achievable
  487. attainableness = the state of being achievable
  488. attention deficit disorder = a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  489. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder = a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  490. atypical pneumonia = an acute respiratory disease marked by high fever and coughing; caused by mycoplasma
  491. atypicality = any state that is not typical
  492. audience = an opportunity to state your case and be heard
  493. auditory agnosia = inability to recognize or understand the meaning of spoken words
  494. auditory aphasia = an impairment in understanding spoken language that is not attributable to hearing loss
  495. auditory hallucination = illusory auditory perception of strange nonverbal sounds
  496. auditory hyperesthesia = abnormal acuteness of hearing due to increased irritability of the sensory neural mechanism
  497. aura = a sensation (as of a cold breeze or bright light) that precedes the onset of certain disorders such as a migraine attack or epileptic seizure
  498. autarchy = economic independence as a national policy
  499. autarky = economic independence as a national policy
  500. autoimmune diabetes = severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis
  501. autoimmune disease = any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
  502. autoimmune disorder = any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
  503. autoimmunity = production of antibodies against the tissues of your own body
  504. automation = the condition of being automatically operated or controlled
  505. automysophobia = a morbid fear of being dirty
  506. autonomy = immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence / personal independence
  507. autosomal dominant disease = a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome
  508. autosomal dominant disorder = a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome
  509. autosomal recessive defect = a disease caused by the presence of two recessive mutant genes on an autosome
  510. autosomal recessive disease = a disease caused by the presence of two recessive mutant genes on an autosome
  511. averageness = the state of being that is average
  512. avitaminosis = any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins
  513. awayness = the state of being elsewhere than in particular place
  514. azotaemia = accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
  515. azotemia = accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
  516. azoturia = excess of urea in the urine
  517. azymia = absence of an enzyme
  518. babyhood = the earliest state of immaturity
  519. bachelorhood = the state of being an unmarried man
  520. bacillary dysentery = an acute infection of the intestine by shigella bacteria
  521. bacillary white diarrhea = a serious bacterial disease of young chickens
  522. bacillary white diarrhoea = a serious bacterial disease of young chickens
  523. back burner = reduced priority
  524. backache = an ache localized in the back
  525. background = the state of the environment in which a situation exists
  526. backseat = a secondary or inferior position or status
  527. bacteremia = transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
  528. bacteriaemia = transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
  529. bacteriemia = transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
  530. bad luck = an unfortunate state resulting from unfavorable outcomes
  531. bad weather = weather unsuitable for outdoor activities
  532. bagascosis = alveolitis caused by inhaling bagasse
  533. bagassosis = alveolitis caused by inhaling bagasse
  534. baker's eczema = allergic eczema caused by flour or other ingredients handled by bakers
  535. balagan = a word for chaos or fiasco borrowed from modern Hebrew
  536. balance = a state of equilibrium
  537. balance of power = an equilibrium of power between nations
  538. balance-of-payments problem = an economic problem caused by payments for imports being greater than receipts for exports
  539. balanitis = inflammation of the head of the penis
  540. balanoposthitis = inflammation of both the head of the penis and the foreskin
  541. baldness = the condition of having no hair on the top of the head
  542. ballgame = a particular situation that is radically different from the preceding situation
  543. balminess = the quality of weather that is deliciously mild and soothing
  544. bandy legs = outward curvature of the legs
  545. bane = something causing misery or death
  546. Bang's disease = an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion
  547. banishment = the state of being banished or ostracized
  548. bank failure = the inability of a bank to meet its credit obligations
  549. bankruptcy = inability to discharge all your debts as they come due / a state of complete lack of some abstract property
  550. Banti's disease = a disease characterized by congestion and enlargement of the spleen
  551. Banti's syndrome = a disease characterized by congestion and enlargement of the spleen
  552. bar sinister = the status of being born to parents who were not married
  553. barber's itch = fungal infection of the face and neck
  554. bareness = the state of being unclothed and exposed (especially of a part of the body) / a bleak and desolate atmosphere
  555. baronetcy = the rank or dignity or position of a baronet or baroness
  556. barony = the rank or dignity or position of a baronet or baroness
  557. barrenness = the state (usually of a woman) of having no children or being unable to have children
  558. bastardy = the status of being born to parents who were not married
  559. battle fatigue = a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare
  560. bean blight = a blight of bean plants
  561. beatification = a state of supreme happiness
  562. beatitude = a state of supreme happiness
  563. Becker muscular dystrophy = a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in in adolescence or adulthood and progresses slowly but will affect all voluntary muscles; characterized by generalized weakness and muscle wasting that affects limb and trunk muscles first; similar to Duchenne's muscular dystrophy but less severe
  564. bedlam = a state of extreme confusion and disorder
  565. bedsore = a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it
  566. bee sting = a sting inflicted by a bee
  567. beet blight = a disease of beet plants
  568. befoulment = the state of being polluted
  569. beggary = the state of being a beggar or mendicant
  570. behavior = the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances
  571. behaviour = the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances
  572. being = the state or fact of existing
  573. beingness = the state or fact of existing
  574. bellyache = an ache localized in the stomach or abdominal region
  575. bends = pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  576. benign prostatic hyperplasia = enlarged prostate
  577. benign tumor = a tumor that is not cancerous
  578. benign tumour = a tumor that is not cancerous
  579. bereavement = state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one
  580. beriberi = avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine
  581. betterment = an improvement that adds to the value of a property or facility
  582. big time = the highest level of an occupation
  583. bigamy = the state of having two spouses at the same time
  584. bighead = any of various diseases of animals characterized by edema of the head and neck
  585. bilharzia = an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East
  586. bilharziasis = an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East
  587. biliousness = gastric distress caused by a disorder of the liver or gall bladder
  588. binge-eating syndrome = a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self-condemnation
  589. binge-purge syndrome = a disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food
  590. binge-vomit syndrome = a disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food
  591. biodegradable pollution = pollution that is rendered harmless by natural processes and so causes no permanent harm
  592. biohazard = hazard to humans or the environment resulting from biological agents or conditions
  593. biosafety = safety from exposure to infectious agents
  594. biosafety level = the level of safety from exposure to infectious agents
  595. biosafety level 1 = exposure only to infectious agents that do not ordinarily cause human disease
  596. biosafety level 2 = exposure to infectious agents that can cause disease in humans but whose potential for transmission is limited
  597. biosafety level 3 = exposure to infectious agents that can be transmitted by the respiratory route and which can cause serious infection
  598. biosafety level 4 = exposure to exotic infectious agents that pose a high risk of life-threatening disease and can be transmitted as an aerosol and for which there is no vaccine or therapy
  599. bipolar disorder = a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  600. birth defect = a defect that is present at birth
  601. birth pangs = a regularly recurrent spasm of pain that is characteristic of childbirth
  602. birth trauma = emotional injury inflicted on an infant by events incident to birth that is alleged to appear in symbolic form in patients with mental illness / physical injury to an infant during the birth process
  603. birthday suit = informal terms for nakedness
  604. bitch = an unpleasant difficulty
  605. bite = a wound resulting from biting by an animal or a person / a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin
  606. bitter end = the final extremity
  607. black = total absence of light
  608. Black Death = the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
  609. black disease = a disease of the liver (especially in sheep and cattle) caused by liver flukes and their by-products
  610. black eye = a swollen bruise caused by a blow to the eye / a bad reputation
  611. black knot = disease of plum and cherry trees characterized by black excrescences on the branches
  612. black lung = lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
  613. black lung disease = lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
  614. Black Plague = the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
  615. black rot = a fungous disease causing darkening and decay of the leaves of fruits and vegetables
  616. black spot = any of several fungous diseases of plants that produce small black spots on the plant
  617. black tongue = a benign side effect of some antibiotics
  618. black vomit = caused by a flavivirus transmitted by a mosquito
  619. blackheart = any of various diseases in which the central tissues blacken
  620. blackness = total absence of light
  621. blackout = darkness resulting from the extinction of lights
  622. blackwater = any of several human or animal diseases characterized by dark urine resulting from rapid breakdown of red blood cells
  623. blackwater fever = severe and often fatal malaria characterized by kidney damage resulting in dark urine
  624. bladder disorder = a disorder of the urinary bladder
  625. blain = an inflammatory swelling or sore
  626. blamelessness = a state of innocence
  627. blameworthiness = a state of guilt
  628. blank check = freedom to do as you see fit
  629. blankness = the state of being blank; void
  630. blast trauma = injury caused the explosion of a bomb
  631. blastocytoma = a tumor composed of immature undifferentiated cells
  632. blastoma = a tumor composed of immature undifferentiated cells
  633. blastomycosis = any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
  634. bleakness = a bleak and desolate atmosphere
  635. bleeder's disease = congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding
  636. bleeding = the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel
  637. blepharism = condition in which a person blinks continuously
  638. blepharitis = inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
  639. blepharospasm = spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
  640. blessedness = a state of supreme happiness
  641. blessing = a desirable state
  642. blight = any plant disease resulting in withering without rotting / a state or condition being blighted
  643. blight canker = a phase of fire blight in which cankers appear
  644. blind staggers = a disease of the central nervous system affecting especially horses and cattle
  645. blindness = the state of being blind or lacking sight
  646. bliss = a state of extreme happiness
  647. blissfulness = a state of extreme happiness
  648. blister = a flaw on a surface resulting when an applied substance does not adhere
  649. blister blight = a disease of tea plants / a disease of Scotch pines
  650. blister rust = any of several diseases of pines caused by rust fungi of the genus Cronartium and marked by destructive invasion of bark and sapwood and producing blisters externally
  651. bloat = swelling of the rumen or intestinal tract of domestic animals caused by excessive gas
  652. block anaesthesia = anesthesia of an area supplied by a nerve
  653. block anesthesia = anesthesia of an area supplied by a nerve
  654. blockage = the physical condition of blocking or filling a passage with an obstruction
  655. blood blister = blister containing blood or bloody serum usually caused by an injury
  656. blood brotherhood = the friendship characteristic of blood brothers
  657. blood cyst = a cyst containing blood
  658. blood disease = a disease or disorder of the blood
  659. blood disorder = a disease or disorder of the blood
  660. blood dyscrasia = any abnormal condition of the blood
  661. blood extravasation = the leakage of blood from a vessel into tissues surrounding it
  662. blood poisoning = invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
  663. blood spavin = spavin caused by distension of the veins
  664. bloodguilt = the state of being guilty of bloodshed and murder
  665. bloodiness = the state of being bloody
  666. bloom = a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health
  667. blue devils = a state of depression
  668. blue funk = a state of nervous depression
  669. blue-blindness = rare form of dichromacy characterized by a lowered sensitivity to blue light resulting in an inability to distinguish blue and yellow
  670. blues = a state of depression
  671. bluetongue = a viral disease of sheep and cattle that is transmitted by biting midges
  672. blunt trauma = injury incurred when the human body hits or is hit by a large outside object
  673. blush = a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health
  674. bluster = noisy confusion and turbulence
  675. bog spavin = spavin caused by collection of fluids
  676. boil = a painful sore with a hard core filled with pus
  677. boisterousness = a turbulent and stormy state of the sea
  678. bondage = the state of being under the control of another person / the state of being under the control of a force or influence or abstract power
  679. bonded labor = a practice in which employers give high-interest loans to workers whose entire families then labor at low wages to pay off the debt
  680. bone spavin = spavin caused by a bony growth
  681. boom = a state of economic prosperity
  682. boon = a desirable state
  683. borderline schizophrenia = schizophrenia characterized by mild symptoms or by some preexisting tendency to schizophrenia
  684. Bornholm disease = an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain
  685. Bosin's disease = a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years
  686. bosom = the chest considered as the place where secret thoughts are kept
  687. botheration = the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed
  688. bottom rot = fungous disease of lettuce that first rots lower leaves and spreads upward
  689. botulism = food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS
  690. boutonneuse fever = a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
  691. bovine spongiform encephalitis = a fatal disease of cattle that affects the central nervous system
  692. bow leg = outward curvature of the legs
  693. bow legs = outward curvature of the legs
  694. box = a predicament from which a skillful or graceful escape is impossible
  695. BPH = enlarged prostate
  696. brachydactylia = abnormal shortness of fingers and toes
  697. brachydactyly = abnormal shortness of fingers and toes
  698. bradycardia = abnormally slow heartbeat
  699. brain damage = injury to the brain that impairs its functions
  700. brain disease = any disorder or disease of the brain
  701. brain disorder = any disorder or disease of the brain
  702. brain edema = swelling of the brain due to the uptake of water in the neuropile and white matter
  703. brain fever = meningitis caused by bacteria and often fatal
  704. brain tumor = a tumor in the brain
  705. brain tumour = a tumor in the brain
  706. brain-fag = exhaustion that affects mental keenness
  707. branched chain ketoaciduria = an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup
  708. brandy nose = enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
  709. brass ring = a rich opportunity or a prize
  710. break = breaking of hard tissue such as bone
  711. breakbone fever = an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
  712. breakdown = a mental or physical breakdown
  713. breaking point = stress at which a person breaks down or a situation becomes crucial
  714. breast cancer = cancer of the breast
  715. breathlessness = a dyspneic condition
  716. breeziness = a mildly windy state of the air
  717. Bright's disease = an inflammation of the kidney
  718. Broca's aphasia = aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
  719. broken wind = a chronic emphysema of the horse that causes difficult expiration and heaving of the flanks
  720. bronchial asthma = respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing
  721. bronchial pneumonia = pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles
  722. bronchiolitis = inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles
  723. bronchitis = inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  724. bronchopneumonia = pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles
  725. bronzed diabetes = pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues
  726. brooder pneumonia = severe respiratory disease of birds that takes the form of an acute rapidly fatal pneumonia in young chickens and turkeys
  727. brow ptosis = sagging eyebrows
  728. brown rot = any of certain fungous diseases of plants characterized by browning and decay of tissues
  729. brown rot gummosis = disease of citrus trees caused by the fungus Phytophthora citrophthora
  730. brownout = darkness resulting from the extinction of lights
  731. brucellosis = infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache / an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion
  732. bruise = an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
  733. brutalisation = the condition of being treated in a cruel and savage manner
  734. brutalization = the condition of being treated in a cruel and savage manner
  735. BSE = a fatal disease of cattle that affects the central nervous system
  736. bubble gum dermatitis = an allergic contact dermatitis developed around the lips of children who chew bubble gum
  737. bubo = a lymph node that is inflamed and swollen because of plague or gonorrhea or tuberculosis
  738. bubonic plague = the most common form of the plague in humans; characterized by chills, prostration, delirium and the formation of buboes in the armpits and groin
  739. bug = a fault or defect in a computer program, system, or machine
  740. bugginess = the state of having bugs
  741. bulima nervosa = a disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food
  742. bulimarexia = a disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food
  743. bulimia = pathologically insatiable hunger (especially when caused by brain lesions) / a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self-condemnation
  744. bull nose = a disease of pigs resulting in swelling of the snout
  745. bummer = a bad reaction to a hallucinogenic drug / an experience that is irritating or frustrating or disappointing
  746. bump = a lump on the body caused by a blow
  747. bunion = a painful swelling of the bursa of the first joint of the big toe
  748. bunt = disease of wheat characterized by replacement of the grains with greasy masses of smelly smut spores
  749. burn = an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation / a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun / pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
  750. burning = pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
  751. bursitis = inflammation of a bursa
  752. business relationship = a formal contractual relationship established to provide for regular banking or brokerage or business services
  753. busyness = the state of being or appearing to be actively engaged in an activity
  754. cachexia = any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
  755. cachexy = any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
  756. cacogenesis = inability to produce hybrids that are both viable and fertile
  757. caffein addiction = an addiction to caffein
  758. caffeine intoxication = poisoning resulting from excessive intake of caffeine containing products
  759. caffeinism = poisoning resulting from excessive intake of caffeine containing products
  760. cage = something that restricts freedom as a cage restricts movement
  761. caisson disease = pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  762. calcification = an inflexible and unchanging state / tissue hardened by deposition of lime salts
  763. callosity = an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction
  764. callowness = lacking and evidencing lack of experience of life
  765. callus = bony tissue formed during the healing of a fractured bone / an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction
  766. calmness = an absence of strong winds or rain
  767. camelpox = a viral disease of camels closely related to smallpox
  768. cancer = any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division
  769. cancer of the blood = malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes
  770. cancer of the liver = malignant neoplastic disease of the liver usually occurring as a metastasis from another cancer
  771. cancroid = the most common form of skin cancer
  772. candidiasis = an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida
  773. cane blight = a disease affecting the canes of various bush fruits
  774. canicola fever = an acute feverish disease in people and in dogs marked by gastroenteritis and mild jaundice
  775. canine chorea = chorea in dogs
  776. canine distemper = a viral disease of young dogs characterized by high fever and respiratory inflammation
  777. canker = an ulceration (especially of the lips or lining of the mouth) / a fungal disease of woody plants that causes localized damage to the bark
  778. canker sore = an ulceration
  779. cantering rhythm = cardiac rhythm characterized by the presence of an extra sound
  780. canvas = the setting for a narrative or fictional or dramatic account
  781. canvass = the setting for a narrative or fictional or dramatic account
  782. capability = the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
  783. capacity = the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
  784. capillary fracture = a fracture without separation of the fragments and the line of the break being very thin
  785. captivation = the state of being intensely interested
  786. captivity = the state of being a slave / the state of being imprisoned
  787. car sickness = motion sickness experienced while traveling in a car
  788. carbon dioxide acidosis = acidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs
  789. carbon monoxide poisoning = a toxic condition that results from inhaling and absorbing carbon monoxide gas
  790. carbuncle = an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus
  791. carcinoid = a small tumor (benign or malignant) arising from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract
  792. carcinoma = any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue
  793. carcinoma in situ = a cluster of malignant cells that has not yet invaded the deeper epithelial tissue or spread to other parts of the body
  794. carcinomatous myopathy = a disease seen in patients with lung cancer and characterized by weakness and fatigue of hip and thigh muscles and an aching back
  795. carcinosarcoma = a malignant neoplasm composed of carcinoma and sarcoma extensively intermixed
  796. cardiac arrest = absence of systole
  797. cardiac arrhythmia = an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
  798. cardiac insufficiency = inadequate blood flow to the heart muscles
  799. cardiac murmur = an abnormal sound of the heart
  800. cardiac tamponade = mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion
  801. cardiogenic shock = shock caused by cardiac arrest
  802. cardiomegaly = an abnormal enlargement of the heart
  803. cardiomyopathy = a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle
  804. cardiopathy = a disease of the heart
  805. cardiopulmonary arrest = absence of systole
  806. cardiovascular disease = a disease of the heart or blood vessels
  807. carditis = inflammation of the heart
  808. carotenemia = excess carotene in the blood stream
  809. carpal tunnel syndrome = a painful disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel
  810. cartilaginification = abnormal formation of cartilage from other tissues
  811. case = a special set of circumstances / a specific state of mind that is temporary
  812. caste = social status or position conferred by a system based on class
  813. castration anxiety = anxiety resulting from real or imagined threats to your sexual functions
  814. cat scratch disease = a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat
  815. catalepsy = a trancelike state with loss of voluntary motion and failure to react to stimuli
  816. cataphasia = a speech disorder in which the same word is repeated several times in succession
  817. cataract = an eye disease that involves the clouding or opacification of the natural lens of the eye
  818. catarrh = inflammation of the nose and throat with increased production of mucus
  819. catarrhal fever = any of several disease of livestock marked by fever and edema of the respiratory tract
  820. catastrophe = a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune
  821. catastrophic illness = severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery
  822. catatonia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement / extreme tonus; muscular rigidity
  823. catatonic schizophrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods
  824. catatonic type schizophrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods
  825. cattle plague = an acute infectious viral disease of cattle
  826. caudal anaesthesia = regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the caudal end of the spinal canal
  827. caudal anesthesia = regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the caudal end of the spinal canal
  828. caudal block = regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the caudal end of the spinal canal
  829. causalgia = a burning pain in a limb along the course of a peripheral nerve
  830. cause of death = the causal agent resulting in death
  831. cease-fire = a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
  832. cecity = the state of being blind or lacking sight
  833. celebrity = the state or quality of being widely honored and acclaimed
  834. celery blight = a fungous leaf spot disease of the celery plant
  835. celiac disease = a disorder in children and adults; inability to tolerate wheat protein (gluten); symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation
  836. celibacy = an unmarried status
  837. celioma = an abdominal tumor
  838. cellularity = the state of having cells
  839. cellulitis = an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
  840. censure = the state of being excommunicated
  841. center stage = a position of prominence or importance
  842. central scotoma = a scotoma that involves the fixation point
  843. centre stage = a position of prominence or importance
  844. cephalalgia = pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs
  845. cephalhematoma = a collection of blood under the scalp of a newborn
  846. cephalitis = inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus
  847. cephalohematoma = a collection of blood under the scalp of a newborn
  848. cerebral aneurysm = an aneurysm of the carotid artery
  849. cerebral edema = swelling of the brain due to the uptake of water in the neuropile and white matter
  850. cerebral hemorrhage = bleeding from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain
  851. cerebral palsy = a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
  852. cerebral thrombosis = a blood clot in a cerebral artery or vein
  853. cerebromeningitis = inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
  854. cerebrospinal fever = meningitis caused by bacteria and often fatal
  855. cerebrospinal meningitis = meningitis caused by bacteria and often fatal
  856. cerebrovascular accident = a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  857. cervical disc syndrome = an abnormal condition resulting from compression of spinal nerve roots in the neck region
  858. cervical root syndrome = an abnormal condition resulting from compression of spinal nerve roots in the neck region
  859. cervicitis = inflammation of the uterine cervix
  860. cervicofacial actinomycosis = the commonest and least severe form of actinomycosis
  861. CF = the most common hereditary disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene
  862. ch'i = the circulating life energy that in Chinese philosophy is thought to be inherent in all things
  863. chafe = soreness and warmth caused by friction
  864. chalazion = a small sebaceous cyst of the eyelid resulting when a Meibomian gland is blocked
  865. challenge = a demanding or stimulating situation
  866. championship = the status of being a champion
  867. chance = the possibility of future success / a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances
  868. chancre = a small hard painless nodule at the site of entry of a pathogen
  869. chancroid = infectious venereal ulcer
  870. chaos = a state of extreme confusion and disorder
  871. character = good repute
  872. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease = a form of neuropathy that can begin between childhood and young adulthood; characterized by weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the hands and lower legs; progression is slow and individuals affected can have a normal life span
  873. charley horse = a muscular cramp (especially in the thigh or calf) following vigorous exercise
  874. charley-horse = a muscular cramp (especially in the thigh or calf) following vigorous exercise
  875. check = the state of inactivity following an interruption
  876. cheilitis = inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
  877. cheiloschisis = a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
  878. cheilosis = a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth
  879. cheloid = raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury
  880. chemical diabetes = a mild form of diabetes mellitus in which there are no overt symptoms but there are abnormal responses to some diagnostic procedures
  881. chemosis = edema of the mucous membrane of the eyeball and eyelid lining
  882. chest pain = pain in the chest
  883. chestnut blight = a disease of American chestnut trees
  884. chestnut canker = a disease of American chestnut trees
  885. chestnut-bark disease = a disease of American chestnut trees
  886. chi = the circulating life energy that in Chinese philosophy is thought to be inherent in all things
  887. chicken breast = abnormal protrusion of the breastbone caused by rickets
  888. chickenpox = an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus
  889. chilblain = inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  890. chilblains = inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  891. childbed = concluding state of pregnancy
  892. childbed fever = serious form of septicemia contracted by a woman during childbirth or abortion
  893. childhood = the state of a child between infancy and adolescence
  894. childlessness = the condition of being without offspring
  895. chill = a sensation of cold that often marks the start of an infection and the development of a fever
  896. chills and fever = successive stages of chills and fever that is a symptom of malaria
  897. Chinese restaurant syndrome = headache and tingling or burning feelings and sweating caused by eating food that contains monosodium glutamate
  898. chiralgia = a pain in the hand that is not traumatic
  899. chlamydia = a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia
  900. chloasma = a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  901. chlorosis = iron deficiency anemia in young women
  902. choking = a condition caused by blocking the airways to the lungs
  903. cholangitis = inflammation of the bile ducts
  904. cholecystitis = inflammation of the gall bladder
  905. cholelithiasis = the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  906. cholera = an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  907. cholera infantum = often fatal form of gastroenteritis occurring in children
  908. cholera morbus = severe gastroenteritis of unknown etiology
  909. cholestasis = a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  910. cholesterosis cutis = widespread xanthomas
  911. chondrodystrophy = an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth
  912. chondroma = a common benign tumor of cartilage cells
  913. chondrosarcoma = a malignant neoplasm of cartilage cells
  914. choppiness = used of the sea during inclement or stormy weather
  915. chorditis = inflammation of the vocal cords / inflammation of the spermatic cord
  916. chorea = any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs / chorea in dogs
  917. choreic abasia = abasia related to abnormal movements of the legs
  918. choriomeningitis = a cerebral meningitis with cellular infiltration of the meninges
  919. chorioretinitis = inflammation of the choroid layer behind the retina
  920. Christmas disease = a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX
  921. chromatism = hallucinatory perception of colored lights
  922. chromoblastomycosis = a fungal infection characterized by itchy warty nodules on the skin
  923. chromosomal aberration = any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes
  924. chromosomal anomaly = any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes
  925. chromosonal disorder = any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes
  926. chronic bronchitis = a form of bronchitis characterized by excess production of sputum leading to a chronic cough and obstruction of air flow
  927. chronic eczema = eczema characterized by thickening of the skin with accentuated skin lines
  928. chronic gastritis = persistent gastritis can be a symptom of a gastric ulcer or pernicious anemia or stomach cancer or other disorders
  929. chronic glaucoma = glaucoma caused by blockage of the canal of Schlemm
  930. chronic glossitis = glossitis with atrophy of tongue tissue
  931. chronic kidney failure = renal failure that can result from a variety of systemic disorders
  932. chronic leukemia = slowly progressing leukemia
  933. chronic lymphocytic leukemia = chronic leukemia characterized by lymphoblast-like cells
  934. chronic myelocytic leukemia = chronic leukemia characterized by granular leukocytes
  935. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease = a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  936. chronic pyelonephritis = pyelonephritis that develops slowly and can lead to renal failure if untreated
  937. chronic renal failure = renal failure that can result from a variety of systemic disorders
  938. chronic wasting disease = a wildlife disease (akin to bovine spongiform encephalitis) that affects deer and elk
  939. chrosomal abnormality = any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes
  940. chyloderma = swelling of the scrotum resulting from chronic lymphatic obstruction
  941. cicatrice = a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue
  942. cicatrix = a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue
  943. circulatory failure = failure of the cardiovascular system to supply adequate amounts of blood to body tissues
  944. circumstance = a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity / the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event
  945. circumstances = your overall circumstances or condition in life
  946. cirrhosis = a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver
  947. cirrhosis of the liver = a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver
  948. citizenship = the status of a citizen with rights and duties
  949. civil death = the legal status of a person who is alive but who has been deprived of the rights and privileges of a citizen or a member of society
  950. civil liberty = one's freedom to exercise one's rights as guaranteed under the laws of the country
  951. civil order = the form of government of a social organization
  952. civil union = a voluntary union for life (or until divorce) of adult parties of the same sex
  953. CJD = rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus
  954. clamminess = unpleasant wetness
  955. clap = a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  956. clash = a state of conflict between persons / a state of conflict between colors
  957. classic hemochromatosis = inherited form of hemochromatosis
  958. classical haemophilia = hemophilia caused by a congenital deficiency of factor VIII
  959. classical hemophilia = hemophilia caused by a congenital deficiency of factor VIII
  960. claudication = disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  961. claustrophobia = a morbid fear of being closed in a confined space
  962. clavus = a hard thickening of the skin (especially on the top or sides of the toes) caused by the pressure of ill-fitting shoes
  963. clawfoot = a deformity of the foot characterized by an abnormally high arch and hyperextension of the toes which gives the foot the appearance of a claw
  964. clean slate = an opportunity to start over without prejudice
  965. cleanliness = the habit of keeping free of superficial imperfections
  966. cleanness = without moral defects / the state of being clean
  967. clear = the state of being free of suspicion
  968. clear and present danger = a standard for judging when freedom of speech can be abridged
  969. clear-air turbulence = strong turbulence in an otherwise cloudless region that subjects aircraft to violent updrafts or downdrafts
  970. cleavage = the state of being split or cleft
  971. cleft foot = a deformity in which the space between the third and fourth toes extends up into the foot
  972. cleft lip = a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
  973. cleft palate = a congenital fissure of the hard palate
  974. clemency = good weather with comfortable temperatures
  975. climate = the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time / the prevailing psychological state
  976. climax = the most severe stage of a disease
  977. clime = the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
  978. clinical depression = a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
  979. clinocephalism = a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed
  980. clinocephaly = a congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed
  981. clinodactyly = a congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
  982. clonus = convulsion characterized by alternating contractions and relaxations
  983. closed fracture = an uncomplicated fracture in which the broken bones to not pierce the skin
  984. closed-angle glaucoma = glaucoma in which the iris blocks the outflow of aqueous humor
  985. clostridial myonecrosis = a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death
  986. cloud = out of touch with reality / suspicion affecting your reputation / a cause of worry or gloom or trouble
  987. cloud cover = the state of the sky when it is covered by clouds
  988. cloud nine = a state of extreme happiness
  989. cloudiness = gloomy semidarkness caused by cloud cover / the state of the sky when it is covered by clouds
  990. clubbing = a condition in which the ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick
  991. clubfoot = congenital deformity of the foot usually marked by a curled shape or twisted position of the ankle and heel and toes
  992. cluster headache = a painful recurring headache associated with the release of histamine from cells
  993. clutch = a tense critical situation
  994. clutter = a confused multitude of things
  995. coal miner's lung = lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
  996. coalition = the state of being combined into one body
  997. cocaine addiction = an addiction to cocaine
  998. coccidioidomycosis = an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  999. coccidiomycosis = an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  1000. coccidiosis = infestation with coccidia
  1001. coexistence = existing peacefully together
  1002. coffee blight = a blight affecting the coffee plant
  1003. coherence = the state of cohering or sticking together
  1004. coherency = the state of cohering or sticking together
  1005. cohesion = the state of cohering or sticking together
  1006. cohesiveness = the state of cohering or sticking together
  1007. cold = a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages
  1008. cold gangrene = gangrene that develops in the presence of arterial obstruction and is characterized by dryness of the dead tissue and a dark brown color
  1009. cold sore = caused by herpes simplex virus type 1
  1010. cold storage = in a state of abeyance or postponement
  1011. cold sweat = the physical condition of concurrent perspiration and chill
  1012. cold war = a state of political hostility between countries using means short of armed warfare / a state of political hostility that existed from 1945 until 1990 between countries led by the Soviet Union and countries led by the United States
  1013. colic = acute abdominal pain
  1014. colitis = inflammation of the colon
  1015. collapse = an abrupt failure of function or complete physical exhaustion
  1016. collar blight = a disease affecting the trunks of pear and apple trees
  1017. collective security = a system for international peace
  1018. college level = the level of education that college students are assumed to have attained
  1019. colligation = the state of being joined together
  1020. collywobbles = severe gastroenteritis of unknown etiology
  1021. colon cancer = a malignant tumor of the colon
  1022. color blindness = genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
  1023. color vision deficiency = genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
  1024. colour blindness = genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
  1025. colour vision deficiency = genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
  1026. colpitis = inflammation of the vagina
  1027. colpocele = hernia projecting into the vagina
  1028. colpocystitis = inflammation of the vagina and bladder
  1029. colpocystocele = hernia in which the urinary bladder protrudes through the wall of the vagina
  1030. colpoxerosis = a condition in which the vagina is unusually dry
  1031. combat fatigue = a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare
  1032. combat neurosis = a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare
  1033. combustion = a state of violent disturbance and excitement
  1034. comfort = satisfaction or physical well-being provided by a person or thing / a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain / a freedom from financial difficulty that promotes a comfortable state
  1035. comfortableness = a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain
  1036. comity = a state or atmosphere of harmony or mutual civility and respect
  1037. comity of nations = courteous respect by one nation for the laws and institutions of another
  1038. command = a position of highest authority
  1039. comminuted fracture = fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
  1040. commission = the state of being in good working order and ready for operation
  1041. common cold = a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages
  1042. common-law marriage = a marriage relationship created by agreement and cohabitation rather than by ceremony
  1043. commonness = the state of being that is commonly observed
  1044. commotion = a disorderly outburst or tumult
  1045. communicable disease = a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
  1046. community = agreement as to goals
  1047. community of interests = agreement as to goals
  1048. companionship = the state of being with someone
  1049. company = the state of being with someone
  1050. compartmentalisation = a mild state of dissociation
  1051. compartmentalization = a mild state of dissociation
  1052. complaint = an often persistent bodily disorder or disease
  1053. complete fracture = break involving the entire width of the bone
  1054. completeness = the state of being complete and entire
  1055. complex absence = an absence seizure accompanied by other abnormalities
  1056. complication = a situation or condition that is complex or confused / any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease
  1057. complicity = guilt as an accomplice in a crime or offense
  1058. compound fracture = bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
  1059. comprehensiveness = completeness over a broad scope
  1060. compression fracture = fracture in which the bone collapses
  1061. concatenation = the state of being linked together as in a chain
  1062. concealment = the condition of being concealed or hidden
  1063. conceivability = the state of being conceivable
  1064. conceivableness = the state of being conceivable
  1065. concentration camp = a situation characterized by crowding and extremely harsh conditions
  1066. conciliation = the state of manifesting goodwill and cooperation after being reconciled
  1067. concord = a harmonious state of things in general and of their properties
  1068. concordance = a harmonious state of things in general and of their properties
  1069. concurrence = a state of cooperation
  1070. condemnation = the condition of being strongly disapproved of
  1071. condition = a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing / a state at a particular time / an illness, disease, or other medical problem / the state of (good) health
  1072. conditionality = the state of being conditional
  1073. conditions = the set of circumstances that affect someone's welfare / the prevailing context that influences the performance or the outcome of a process
  1074. conduction anaesthesia = anesthesia of an area supplied by a nerve
  1075. conduction anesthesia = anesthesia of an area supplied by a nerve
  1076. conduction aphasia = aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various language centers in the brain
  1077. conduction deafness = hearing loss due to problems with the bones of the middle ear
  1078. conductive hearing loss = hearing loss due to problems with the bones of the middle ear
  1079. confederation = the state of being allied or confederated
  1080. confidence = a trustful relationship / a state of confident hopefulness that events will be favorable
  1081. confidentiality = the state of being secret
  1082. confinement = the state of being confined / concluding state of pregnancy
  1083. conflict = a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests
  1084. conflict of interest = a situation in which a public official's decisions are influenced by the official's personal interests
  1085. confusion = disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
  1086. congenital abnormality = a defect that is present at birth
  1087. congenital afibrinogenemia = a rare congenital disorder of blood coagulation in which no fibrinogen is found in the blood plasma
  1088. congenital anomaly = a defect that is present at birth
  1089. congenital defect = a defect that is present at birth
  1090. congenital disease = a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
  1091. congenital disorder = a defect that is present at birth
  1092. congenital heart defect = a birth defect involving the heart
  1093. congenital megacolon = congenital condition in which the colon does not have the normal network of nerves
  1094. congenital pancytopenia = a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
  1095. congestion = excessive crowding / excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part
  1096. congestive heart failure = inability to pump enough blood to avoid congestion in the tissues
  1097. conjugation = the state of being joined together
  1098. conjunction = the state of being joined together
  1099. conjunctivitis = inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
  1100. conjunctivitis arida = abnormal dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eyes
  1101. Conn's syndrome = disturbances in saltwater balance and symptoms of weakness and muscular cramps and twitching and convulsions and sometimes paralysis
  1102. connectedness = the state of being connected
  1103. connection = the state of being connected
  1104. conniption = a display of bad temper
  1105. consensus = agreement in the judgment or opinion reached by a group as a whole
  1106. consistency = logical coherence and accordance with the facts
  1107. conspicuousness = the state of being conspicuous
  1108. constipation = irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels
  1109. constraint = the state of being physically constrained
  1110. consumption = involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  1111. contact = the state or condition of touching or of being in immediate proximity
  1112. contact dermatitis = a delayed type of allergic reaction of the skin resulting from skin contact with a specific allergen
  1113. contagion = any disease easily transmitted by contact
  1114. contagious abortion = an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion
  1115. contagious disease = any disease easily transmitted by contact
  1116. contamination = the state of being contaminated
  1117. content = the state of being contented with your situation in life
  1118. contentedness = the state of being contented with your situation in life
  1119. context = the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event
  1120. contingency = the state of being contingent on something
  1121. continuity = uninterrupted connection or union
  1122. control = the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
  1123. contusion = an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
  1124. convenience = the state of being suitable or opportune
  1125. convergent strabismus = strabismus in which one or both eyes turn inward toward the nose
  1126. conversion disorder = a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms
  1127. conversion hysteria = a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms
  1128. conversion reaction = a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms
  1129. convulsion = a violent disturbance / violent uncontrollable contractions of muscles / a sudden uncontrollable attack
  1130. Cooley's anaemia = a fatal form of homozygous thalassemia (inherited from both parents) in which there is no hemoglobin; skeletal deformations
  1131. Cooley's anemia = a fatal form of homozygous thalassemia (inherited from both parents) in which there is no hemoglobin; skeletal deformations
  1132. copper nose = enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
  1133. coprolalia = an uncontrollable use of obscene language
  1134. cor pulmonale = enlargement of the right ventricle of the heart due to disease of the lungs or of the pulmonary blood vessels
  1135. corditis = inflammation of the spermatic cord
  1136. corn = a hard thickening of the skin (especially on the top or sides of the toes) caused by the pressure of ill-fitting shoes
  1137. corner = a predicament from which a skillful or graceful escape is impossible / a temporary monopoly on a kind of commercial trade
  1138. coronary = obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot
  1139. coronary artery disease = a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls, thus narrowing the arteries
  1140. coronary failure = inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain normal bodily functions
  1141. coronary heart disease = a heart disease due to an abnormality of the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart
  1142. coronary insufficiency = inadequate blood flow to the heart muscles
  1143. coronary occlusion = occlusion of a coronary artery caused either by progressive atherosclerosis or by a blood clot
  1144. coronary thrombosis = obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot
  1145. coronary-artery disease = sclerosis of the arterial walls
  1146. corrosion = a state of deterioration in metals caused by oxidation or chemical action
  1147. corruption = in a state of progressive putrefaction
  1148. corruptness = the state of being corrupt
  1149. cortical cataract = a cataract that affects the lens cortex
  1150. cortical epilepsy = epilepsy in which the attacks begins with an isolated disturbance of cerebral function
  1151. coryza = an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose
  1152. cosiness = a state of warm snug comfort
  1153. costalgia = pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs
  1154. costiasis = a fatal disease of freshwater fish caused by a flagellated protozoan invading the skin
  1155. costochondritis = inflammation at the junction of a rib and its cartilage
  1156. cot death = sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
  1157. cotton ball = a fungus disease of cranberries
  1158. cough = a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages
  1159. coughing = a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages
  1160. countercheck = a check that restrains another check
  1161. counterreformation = a reformation intended to counter the results of a prior reformation
  1162. couth = refinement
  1163. Coventry = the state of being banished or ostracized
  1164. covertness = the state of being covert and hidden
  1165. cowpox = a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder
  1166. coziness = a state of warm snug comfort
  1167. crabs = infestation of the pubic hair by crab lice
  1168. crack = a chance to do something
  1169. crack-up = a mental or physical breakdown
  1170. cradle cap = a dermatitis of the scalp that is common in infants
  1171. cramp = a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
  1172. craze = state of violent mental agitation
  1173. craziness = informal terms for insanity
  1174. credit crunch = a state in which there is a short supply of cash to lend to businesses and consumers and interest rates are high
  1175. creeps = a disease of cattle and sheep attributed to a dietary deficiency
  1176. crescent-cell anaemia = a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks
  1177. crescent-cell anemia = a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks
  1178. cretinism = severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
  1179. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease = rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus
  1180. crib death = sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
  1181. crick = a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back
  1182. Crimea-Congo hemorrhagic fever = an infection common in Arab states caused by a bunyavirus
  1183. criminalism = the state of being a criminal
  1184. criminality = the state of being a criminal
  1185. criminalness = the state of being a criminal
  1186. crisis = an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
  1187. critical point = a crisis situation or point in time when a critical decision must be made
  1188. criticality = a critical state
  1189. criticalness = a state of critical urgency
  1190. Crohn's disease = a serious chronic and progressive inflammation of the ileum producing frequent bouts of diarrhea with abdominal pain and nausea and fever and weight loss
  1191. crop failure = the failure of crops to produce a marketable surplus
  1192. cross = any affliction that causes great suffering
  1193. cross infection = an infection that is acquired at a hospital or other healthcare facility
  1194. cross-eye = strabismus in which one or both eyes turn inward toward the nose
  1195. crossed eye = strabismus in which one or both eyes turn inward toward the nose
  1196. crossroads = a crisis situation or point in time when a critical decision must be made
  1197. croup = a disease of infants and young children
  1198. crowding = a situation in which people or things are crowded together
  1199. crown gall = a bacterial disease of plants (especially pome and stone fruits and grapes and roses) which forms excrescences on the stem near the ground
  1200. crown of thorns = any affliction that causes great suffering
  1201. crown wart = a fungous disease of alfalfa which forms white excrescences at the base of the stem
  1202. cruciality = a state of critical urgency
  1203. crud = an ill-defined bodily ailment
  1204. crudeness = a wild or unrefined state
  1205. crudity = a wild or unrefined state
  1206. crunch = a critical situation that arises because of a shortage
  1207. cryaesthesia = hypersensitivity to cold
  1208. cryesthesia = hypersensitivity to cold
  1209. cryoanaesthesia = insensibility resulting from cold
  1210. cryoanesthesia = insensibility resulting from cold
  1211. cryopathy = destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
  1212. cryophobia = a morbid fear of freezing
  1213. cryptobiosis = a state in which an animal's metabolic activities come to a reversible standstill
  1214. cryptococcosis = a fungal infection characterized by nodular lesions--first in the lungs and spreading to the nervous system
  1215. cryptorchidism = failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
  1216. cryptorchidy = failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
  1217. cryptorchism = failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
  1218. Cuban itch = a mild form of smallpox caused by a less virulent form of the virus
  1219. cuckoldom = the state of a husband whose wife has committed adultery
  1220. culpability = a state of guilt
  1221. culpableness = a state of guilt
  1222. cultivation = a highly developed state of perfection
  1223. culture = a highly developed state of perfection
  1224. Cupid's disease = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  1225. Cupid's itch = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  1226. curse = something causing misery or death
  1227. curvature = a curving or bending
  1228. Cushing's disease = a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland
  1229. Cushing's syndrome = a glandular disorder caused by excessive cortisol
  1230. custody = a state of being confined
  1231. cut = a wound made by cutting / a step on some scale
  1232. cutaneous anthrax = a form of anthrax infection that begins as papule that becomes a vesicle and breaks with a discharge of toxins; symptoms of septicemia are severe with vomiting and high fever and profuse sweating
  1233. cutaneous leishmaniasis = leishmaniasis of the skin
  1234. CVA = a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  1235. cyanide poisoning = poisoning due to ingesting or inhaling cyanide
  1236. cyanosis = a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
  1237. cyberphobia = irrational fear of computers or technology
  1238. cybersex = sexual arousal involving communication on the internet
  1239. cyclic disorder = a mild bipolar disorder that persists over a long time
  1240. cyclic neutropenia = neutropenia that occurs periodically
  1241. cyclone = rapid inward circulation of air masses about a low pressure center
  1242. cyclopia = a developmental abnormality in which there is only one eye
  1243. cyclothymia = a mild bipolar disorder that persists over a long time
  1244. cyclothymic disorder = a mild bipolar disorder that persists over a long time
  1245. cynophobia = a morbid fear of dogs
  1246. cyst = a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure
  1247. cystic breast disease = the presence of one or more cysts in a breast
  1248. cystic fibrosis = the most common hereditary disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene
  1249. cystic mastitis = the presence of one or more cysts in a breast
  1250. cystitis = inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  1251. cystocele = hernia in which the urinary bladder protrudes through the wall of the vagina
  1252. cystoid macular edema = a specific pattern of swelling in the central retina
  1253. cystoparalysis = paralysis of the urinary bladder
  1254. cystoplegia = paralysis of the urinary bladder
  1255. cytopenia = a deficiency of some cellular element of the blood
  1256. dacryocystitis = inflammation of the lacrimal sac causing obstruction of the tube draining tears into the nose
  1257. dactylomegaly = abnormally large fingers or toes
  1258. daftness = informal terms for insanity
  1259. Daltonism = dichromacy characterized by a lowered sensitivity to green light resulting in an inability to distinguish green and purplish-red
  1260. damnation = the state of being condemned to eternal punishment in Hell
  1261. damp = a slight wetness
  1262. damping off = a plant disease caused by a fungus
  1263. dampness = a slight wetness
  1264. dandruff = a condition in which white scales of dead skin are shed by the scalp
  1265. dandy fever = an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
  1266. danger = the condition of being susceptible to harm or injury / a cause of pain or injury or loss
  1267. dankness = unpleasant wetness
  1268. Darier's disease = a rare hereditary condition marked by dark crusted patches
  1269. dark = absence of light or illumination / absence of moral or spiritual values
  1270. darkness = absence of light or illumination / absence of moral or spiritual values
  1271. Dawson's encephalitis = a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years
  1272. day = a period of opportunity
  1273. day blindness = inability to see clearly in bright light
  1274. dead duck = something doomed to failure
  1275. dead end = a situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
  1276. dead letter = the state of something that has outlived its relevance
  1277. deadlock = a situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
  1278. deaf-muteness = congenital deafness that results in inability to speak
  1279. deaf-mutism = congenital deafness that results in inability to speak
  1280. deafness = partial or complete loss of hearing
  1281. dearth = an acute insufficiency
  1282. death = the absence of life or state of being dead / a final state
  1283. debarment = the state of being debarred
  1284. debasement = being mixed with extraneous material
  1285. debility = the state of being weak in health or body
  1286. debt = the state of owing something
  1287. decadence = the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  1288. decadency = the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  1289. decay = an inferior state resulting from the process of decaying
  1290. declination = a condition inferior to an earlier condition
  1291. decline = a condition inferior to an earlier condition
  1292. decomposition = in a decomposed state
  1293. decompression sickness = pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  1294. decrepitude = a state of deterioration due to old age or long use
  1295. decubitus ulcer = a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it
  1296. deep freeze = temporary inactivity or suspension
  1297. deer fly fever = a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
  1298. defect = an imperfection in a bodily system / an imperfection in an object or machine
  1299. defect of speech = a disorder of oral speech
  1300. defection = the state of having rejected your religious beliefs or your political party or a cause
  1301. defectiveness = the state of being defective
  1302. deferral = a state of abeyance or suspended business
  1303. deficiency = the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  1304. deficiency disease = any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient
  1305. deficit = a deficiency or failure in neurological or mental functioning
  1306. defilement = the state of being polluted
  1307. deflection = a twist or aberration
  1308. deforestation = the state of being clear of trees
  1309. deformity = an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed
  1310. defunctness = no longer in existence
  1311. degeneracy = the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  1312. degeneration = the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  1313. degenerative arthritis = chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints
  1314. degenerative disorder = condition leading to progressive loss of function
  1315. degenerative joint disease = chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints
  1316. degradation = a low or downcast state
  1317. degree = a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process
  1318. dehydration = depletion of bodily fluids / dryness resulting from the removal of water
  1319. deification = the condition of being treated like a god
  1320. dejection = a state of melancholy depression
  1321. delayed allergy = an allergic reaction that becomes apparent only hours after contact
  1322. delegacy = the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
  1323. Delhi boil = leishmaniasis of the skin
  1324. delirium = a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations / state of violent mental agitation
  1325. delirium tremens = acute delirium caused by alcohol poisoning
  1326. delta hepatitis = a severe form of hepatitis
  1327. delusion = an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
  1328. delusional disorder = any mental disorder in which delusions play a significant role
  1329. delusions of grandeur = a delusion (common in paranoia) that you are much greater and more powerful and influential than you really are
  1330. delusions of persecution = a delusion (common in paranoia) that others are out to get you and frustrate and embarrass you or inflict suffering on you
  1331. demand = a condition requiring relief
  1332. dementedness = mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  1333. dementia = mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  1334. dementia praecox = any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
  1335. demineralisation = abnormal loss of mineral salts
  1336. demineralization = abnormal loss of mineral salts
  1337. demoralisation = a state of disorder and confusion
  1338. demoralization = a state of disorder and confusion
  1339. demyelination = loss of the myelin covering of some nerve fibers resulting in their impaired function
  1340. dengue = an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
  1341. dengue fever = an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
  1342. dependance = the state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else / being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming
  1343. dependence = the state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else / being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming
  1344. dependency = the state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else / being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming
  1345. depersonalisation = a loss of personal identity
  1346. depersonalisation disorder = emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  1347. depersonalisation neurosis = emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  1348. depersonalization = a loss of personal identity
  1349. depersonalization disorder = emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  1350. depersonalization neurosis = emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  1351. depilation = the condition of being void of hair
  1352. depletion = the state of being depleted
  1353. depopulation = the condition of having reduced numbers of inhabitants
  1354. depressed fracture = fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in
  1355. depression = a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention / a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity / a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment / an air mass of lower pressure
  1356. depressive disorder = a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
  1357. deprivation = a state of extreme poverty
  1358. depth = a low moral state
  1359. derangement = a state of mental disturbance and disorientation
  1360. dermatitis = inflammation of the skin
  1361. dermatomycosis = fungal infection of the skin
  1362. dermatomyositis = myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and swelling accompanied by skin rash affecting cheeks and eyelids and neck and chest and limbs
  1363. dermatophytosis = fungal infection of the skin
  1364. dermatosclerosis = an autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissue
  1365. dermatosis = disorder involving lesions or eruptions of the skin
  1366. dermoid cyst = a cystic tumor (usually benign) with a wall lined with epithelium and a cavity containing other material
  1367. descensus = the slipping or falling out of place of an organ
  1368. descensus uteri = prolapse of the uterus
  1369. desert rheumatism = an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  1370. deshabille = the state of being carelessly or partially dressed
  1371. desiccation = dryness resulting from the removal of water
  1372. desire = something that is desired
  1373. desolation = a bleak and desolate atmosphere / the state of being decayed or destroyed
  1374. despair = a state in which all hope is lost or absent
  1375. desperate straits = a state of extreme distress
  1376. desperation = a state in which all hope is lost or absent
  1377. despotism = dominance through threat of punishment and violence
  1378. destiny = your overall circumstances or condition in life
  1379. destitution = a state without friends or money or prospects
  1380. destruction = a final state
  1381. desuetude = a state of inactivity or disuse
  1382. detached retina = visual impairment resulting from the retina becoming separated from the choroid in the back of the eye
  1383. detachment = the state of being isolated or detached
  1384. detachment of the retina = visual impairment resulting from the retina becoming separated from the choroid in the back of the eye
  1385. detainment = a state of being confined
  1386. detention = a state of being confined
  1387. deterioration = a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  1388. deuce = a tie in tennis or table tennis that requires winning two successive points to win the game
  1389. deuteranopia = dichromacy characterized by a lowered sensitivity to green light resulting in an inability to distinguish green and purplish-red
  1390. devastation = the state of being decayed or destroyed
  1391. development = a state in which things are improving
  1392. deviance = a state or condition markedly different from the norm
  1393. deviated nasal septum = abnormal shift in location of the nasal septum
  1394. deviated septum = abnormal displacement of any wall that separates two chambers
  1395. dextrocardia = abnormal condition where the heart is located toward the right side of the chest
  1396. dhobi itch = fungal infection attacking moist parts of the body
  1397. diabetes = a polygenic disease characterized by abnormally high glucose levels in the blood
  1398. diabetes insipidus = a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin
  1399. diabetes mellitus = diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  1400. diabetic acidosis = acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies
  1401. diabetic retinopathy = retinopathy involving damage to the small blood vessels in the retina
  1402. diaper dermatitis = dermatitis of the thighs and buttocks of infants
  1403. diaper rash = dermatitis of the thighs and buttocks of infants
  1404. diaphragmatic hernia = hernia resulting from the protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm
  1405. diaphragmatic pleurisy = an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain
  1406. diarrhea = frequent and watery bowel movements
  1407. diarrhoea = frequent and watery bowel movements
  1408. diastasis = separation of an epiphysis from the long bone to which it is normally attached without fracture of the bone
  1409. diathesis = constitutional predisposition to a particular disease or abnormality
  1410. dichromacy = a deficiency of color vision in which the person can match any given hue by mixing only two other wavelengths of light
  1411. dichromasy = a deficiency of color vision in which the person can match any given hue by mixing only two other wavelengths of light
  1412. dichromatism = a deficiency of color vision in which the person can match any given hue by mixing only two other wavelengths of light
  1413. dichromatopsia = a deficiency of color vision in which the person can match any given hue by mixing only two other wavelengths of light
  1414. dichromia = a deficiency of color vision in which the person can match any given hue by mixing only two other wavelengths of light
  1415. dieback = a disease of plants characterized by the gradual dying of the young shoots starting at the tips and progressing to the larger branches
  1416. diestrum = a state or interval of sexual inactivity or quiescence between periods of activity
  1417. diestrus = a state or interval of sexual inactivity or quiescence between periods of activity
  1418. difficulty = a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome
  1419. dignity = high office or rank or station
  1420. dilapidation = a state of deterioration due to old age or long use
  1421. dilatation = the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
  1422. dimness = the state of being poorly illuminated
  1423. dimout = darkness resulting from the extinction of lights
  1424. dinge = discoloration due to dirtiness
  1425. dinginess = discoloration due to dirtiness
  1426. diphtheria = acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  1427. diplegia = paralysis of corresponding parts on both sides of the body
  1428. diploidy = the condition of being diploid
  1429. diplomatic immunity = exemption from taxation or normal processes of law that is offered to diplomatic personnel in a foreign country
  1430. diplopia = visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
  1431. dire straits = a state of extreme distress
  1432. dirt = the state of being covered with unclean things
  1433. dirtiness = the state of containing dirty impurities / the state of being unsanitary
  1434. disability = the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  1435. disability of walking = a disability that interferes with or prevents walking
  1436. disablement = the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  1437. disagreement = a conflict of people's opinions or actions or characters
  1438. disarrangement = a condition in which an orderly system has been disrupted
  1439. disassociation = a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently / the state of being unconnected in memory or imagination
  1440. disaster = a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune
  1441. discoid lupus erythematosus = a chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40
  1442. discomfort = the state of being tense and feeling pain
  1443. disconnectedness = state of being disconnected
  1444. disconnection = state of being disconnected
  1445. discontinuity = lack of connection or continuity
  1446. discord = lack of agreement or harmony
  1447. discredit = the state of being held in low esteem
  1448. discreteness = the state of being several and distinct
  1449. discretion = freedom to act or judge on one's own
  1450. disease = an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  1451. disease of the neuromuscular junction = a disease characterized by impairment of neuromuscular junctions
  1452. disease of the skin = a disease affecting the skin
  1453. disequilibrium = loss of equilibrium attributable to an unstable situation in which some forces outweigh others
  1454. disesteem = the state in which esteem has been lost
  1455. disfavor = the state of being out of favor
  1456. disfavour = the state of being out of favor
  1457. disfunction = any disturbance in the functioning of an organ or body part or a disturbance in the functioning of a social group
  1458. disgrace = a state of dishonor
  1459. dishabille = the state of being carelessly or partially dressed
  1460. dishonor = a state of shame or disgrace
  1461. dishonour = a state of shame or disgrace
  1462. disintegration = in a decomposed state / a loss (or serious disruption) of organization in some system
  1463. disjointedness = lacking order or coherence
  1464. disjunction = state of being disconnected
  1465. disjuncture = state of being disconnected
  1466. dislocation = a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position
  1467. disorder = a disturbance of the peace or of public order / a physical condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning / a condition in which things are not in their expected places
  1468. disorderliness = rowdy behavior / a condition in which things are not in their expected places
  1469. disorganisation = a condition in which an orderly system has been disrupted
  1470. disorganization = a condition in which an orderly system has been disrupted
  1471. disorganized schizophrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty
  1472. disorganized type schizophrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty
  1473. displaced fracture = fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another
  1474. disrepair = in need of repairs
  1475. disrepute = the state of being held in low esteem
  1476. disruption = a disorderly outburst or tumult
  1477. disseminated lupus erythematosus = an inflammatory disease of connective tissue with variable features including fever and weakness and fatigability and joint pains and skin lesions on the face or neck or arms
  1478. disseminated multiple sclerosis = a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
  1479. disseminated sclerosis = a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
  1480. dissension = a conflict of people's opinions or actions or characters
  1481. dissociation = a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently
  1482. dissociative disorder = dissociation so severe that the usually integrated functions of consciousness and perception of self break down
  1483. dissonance = a conflict of people's opinions or actions or characters
  1484. distaff = the sphere of work by women
  1485. distal muscular dystrophy = a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in between 40 and 60 years of age and is characterized by weakness and wasting of the muscles of the hands and forearms and lower legs
  1486. distemper = any of various infectious viral diseases of animals
  1487. distension = the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
  1488. distention = the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
  1489. distinction = high status importance owing to marked superiority
  1490. distinctness = the state of being several and distinct
  1491. distomatosis = a disease of the liver (especially in sheep and cattle) caused by liver flukes and their by-products
  1492. distress = extreme physical pain / a state of adversity
  1493. distributive shock = shock caused by poor distribution of the blood flow
  1494. disturbance = a disorderly outburst or tumult / (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion
  1495. disunity = lack of unity
  1496. disuse = the state of something that has been unused and neglected
  1497. dither = an excited state of agitation
  1498. diuresis = increased secretion of urine
  1499. divergent strabismus = strabismus in which one or both eyes are directed outward
  1500. diversification = the condition of being varied
  1501. diverticulitis = inflammation of a diverticulum in the digestive tract
  1502. diverticulosis = presence of multiple diverticula in the walls of the colon
  1503. diverticulum = a herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ
  1504. divide = a serious disagreement between two groups of people
  1505. dizziness = a reeling sensation
  1506. DLE = a chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40
  1507. DM = diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  1508. dog bite = a bite inflicted by a dog
  1509. dog's breakfast = a poor job
  1510. dog's dinner = a poor job
  1511. doldrums = a state of inactivity
  1512. domain = a particular environment or walk of life
  1513. dominance = the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
  1514. domination = power to dominate or defeat
  1515. dominion = dominance or power through legal authority
  1516. dormancy = a state of quiet (but possibly temporary) inaction
  1517. dose = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  1518. double pneumonia = lobar pneumonia involving both lungs
  1519. double vision = visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
  1520. dowager's hump = abnormal spinal curvature that results when osteoporosis causes the spine to collapse
  1521. Down syndrome = a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome
  1522. Down's syndrome = a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome
  1523. dracunculiasis = a painful and debilitating infestation contracted by drinking stagnant water contaminated with Guinea worm larvae that can mature inside a human's abdomen until the worm emerges through a painful blister in the person's skin
  1524. dream = someone or something wonderful
  1525. drepanocytic anaemia = a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks
  1526. drepanocytic anemia = a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks
  1527. drive = a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire
  1528. dropsy = swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
  1529. drought = a shortage of rainfall
  1530. drouth = a shortage of rainfall
  1531. drowsiness = a very sleepy state
  1532. drug addiction = an addiction to a drug
  1533. drunkenness = a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol / habitual intoxication
  1534. drusen = an eye disease resulting from small accumulations of hyaline bodies underneath the retina
  1535. dry gangrene = gangrene that develops in the presence of arterial obstruction and is characterized by dryness of the dead tissue and a dark brown color
  1536. dry mouth = abnormal dryness of the mouth resulting from decreased secretion of saliva
  1537. dry rot = a crumbling and drying of timber or bulbs or potatoes or fruit caused by a fungus
  1538. dry socket = inflammation in the socket of a tooth
  1539. dryness = the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid
  1540. DTs = acute delirium caused by alcohol poisoning
  1541. Duchenne's muscular dystrophy = the most common form of muscular dystrophy
  1542. dukedom = the dignity or rank or position of a duke
  1543. dumdum fever = leishmaniasis of the viscera
  1544. dumps = an informal expression for a mildly depressed state
  1545. dunghill = a foul or degraded condition
  1546. Dunkirk = a crisis in which a desperate effort is the only alternative to defeat
  1547. duodenal ulcer = a peptic ulcer of the duodenum
  1548. durance = imprisonment
  1549. duskiness = the state of being poorly illuminated
  1550. dust contamination = state of being contaminated with dust
  1551. dustiness = the state of being covered with dust
  1552. Dutch elm disease = disease of elms caused by a fungus
  1553. dwarfism = a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
  1554. dynamic balance = the state of equilibrium in which centrifugal forces due to a rotating mass (e.g., a propeller) do not produce force in the shaft and so vibration is reduced
  1555. dysaphia = a disorder in the sense of touch
  1556. dysarthria = impaired articulatory ability resulting from defects in the peripheral motor nerves or in the speech musculature
  1557. dyscalculia = impaired ability to learn grade-appropriate mathematics
  1558. dyschezia = difficulty in defecating
  1559. dyscrasia = an abnormal or physiologically unbalanced state of the body
  1560. dysentery = an infection of the intestines marked by severe diarrhea
  1561. dysfunction = any disturbance in the functioning of an organ or body part or a disturbance in the functioning of a social group
  1562. dysgenesis = infertility between hybrids
  1563. dysgraphia = impaired ability to learn to write
  1564. dyskinesia = abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements
  1565. dyslexia = impaired ability to learn to read
  1566. dyslogia = impaired ability to express ideas verbally
  1567. dysmenorrhea = painful menstruation
  1568. dysomia = impairment of the sense of smell
  1569. dysosmia = a disorder in the sense of smell
  1570. dysostosis multiplex = hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism
  1571. dyspepsia = a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
  1572. dysphagia = condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
  1573. dysphasia = an impairment of language (especially speech production) that is usually due to brain damage
  1574. dysphonia = speech disorder attributable to a disorder of phonation
  1575. dysplasia = abnormal development (of organs or cells) or an abnormal structure resulting from such growth
  1576. dyspnea = difficult or labored respiration
  1577. dyspnoea = difficult or labored respiration
  1578. dyssynergia = inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements
  1579. dysthymia = mild chronic depression
  1580. dysthymic depression = mild chronic depression
  1581. dystopia = state in which the conditions of life are extremely bad as from deprivation or oppression or terror
  1582. dystrophy = any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition / any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
  1583. dysuria = painful or difficult urination
  1584. earache = an ache localized in the middle or inner ear
  1585. earldom = the dignity or rank or position of an earl or countess
  1586. earthquake = a disturbance that is extremely disruptive
  1587. ease = the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress) / a freedom from financial difficulty that promotes a comfortable state
  1588. eating disorder = a disorder of the normal eating routine
  1589. Eaton-Lambert syndrome = a disease seen in patients with lung cancer and characterized by weakness and fatigue of hip and thigh muscles and an aching back
  1590. Ebola = a severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus; characterized by high fever and severe internal bleeding; can be spread from person to person
  1591. Ebola fever = a severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus; characterized by high fever and severe internal bleeding; can be spread from person to person
  1592. Ebola hemorrhagic fever = a severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus; characterized by high fever and severe internal bleeding; can be spread from person to person
  1593. ecchymosis = the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise
  1594. ecclesiastical province = the district within the jurisdiction of an archbishop or a metropolitan or one of the territorial divisions of an ecclesiastical order
  1595. eccyesis = pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
  1596. echelon = status in a society or organization
  1597. echinococcosis = infestation with larval echinococci
  1598. eclampsia = a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
  1599. ecological niche = the status of an organism within its environment and community
  1600. ecology = the environment as it relates to living organisms
  1601. economic condition = the condition of the economy
  1602. economic crisis = a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
  1603. ecstasy = a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion / a state of elated bliss
  1604. ectasia = dilatation or distension of a hollow organ
  1605. ectasis = dilatation or distension of a hollow organ
  1606. ectopic gestation = pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
  1607. ectopic pregnancy = pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
  1608. ectrodactyly = congenital abnormality involving the absence of some fingers or toes
  1609. eczema = generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin
  1610. eczema herpeticum = eczema characterized by a feverish condition and widespread eruption of vesicles
  1611. eczema hypertrophicum = eczema characterized by thickening of the skin with accentuated skin lines
  1612. eczema marginatum = fungal infection of the groin
  1613. eczema vaccinatum = a now rare complication of vaccinia superimposed on atopic dermatitis with high fever and generalized vesicles and papulovesicles
  1614. ED = impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
  1615. edacity = excessive desire to eat
  1616. edema = swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
  1617. effect = a symptom caused by an illness or a drug
  1618. efflorescence = any red eruption of the skin
  1619. egalite = social and political equality
  1620. egality = social and political equality
  1621. Ekbom syndrome = feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed
  1622. elastosis = breakdown of elastic tissue
  1623. elation = an exhilarating psychological state of pride and optimism
  1624. election = the status or fact of being elected
  1625. electric burn = a burn caused by heat produced by an electric current
  1626. electric shock = trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body
  1627. electrolyte balance = an equilibrium between the amounts of electrolytes (as calcium and sodium and potassium) that is essential for normal health and functioning
  1628. element = the situation in which you are happiest and most effective
  1629. elephantiasis = hypertrophy of certain body parts
  1630. elephantiasis neuromatosa = hypertrophy of a limb
  1631. elephantiasis scroti = swelling of the scrotum resulting from chronic lymphatic obstruction
  1632. elevation = the highest level or degree attainable
  1633. embarrassment = the state of being embarrassed
  1634. embitterment = the state of being embittered
  1635. embolism = occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus
  1636. embolus = an abnormal particle (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot) circulating in the blood
  1637. embrace = the state of taking in or encircling
  1638. embroilment = an intricate and confusing interpersonal or political situation
  1639. embryoma of the kidney = malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass
  1640. embryonal carcinoma = malignant neoplasm of the testis
  1641. embryonal carcinosarcoma = a tumor composed of immature undifferentiated cells
  1642. embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma = form of rhabdomyosarcoma occurring mainly in infants and children
  1643. embryonal rhabdosarcoma = form of rhabdomyosarcoma occurring mainly in infants and children
  1644. emergency = a state in which martial law applies
  1645. eminence = high status importance owing to marked superiority
  1646. emmetropia = the normal refractive condition of the eye in which there is clear focus of light on the retina
  1647. emotional arousal = the arousal of strong emotions and emotional behavior
  1648. emotional disorder = any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant
  1649. emotional disturbance = any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant
  1650. emotional state = the state of a person's emotions
  1651. emphasis = special importance or significance
  1652. emphysema = an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function
  1653. emphysematous gangrene = a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death
  1654. emphysematous phlegmon = a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death
  1655. employ = the state of being employed or having a job
  1656. employment = the state of being employed or having a job
  1657. emptiness = having an empty stomach / the state of containing nothing
  1658. empyema = a collection of pus in a body cavity
  1659. enanthem = eruption on a mucous membrane (as the inside of the mouth) occurring as a symptom of a disease
  1660. enanthema = eruption on a mucous membrane (as the inside of the mouth) occurring as a symptom of a disease
  1661. encapsulation = the condition of being enclosed
  1662. encephalitis = inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus
  1663. encephalitis lethargica = an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926
  1664. encephalocele = protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
  1665. encephalomeningitis = inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
  1666. encephalomyelitis = inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
  1667. encephalopathy = any disorder or disease of the brain
  1668. enchantment = a psychological state induced by (or as if induced by) a magical incantation
  1669. enchondroma = benign slow-growing tumor of cartilaginous cells at the ends of tubular bones
  1670. encompassment = including entirely
  1671. encopresis = involuntary defecation not attributable to physical defects or illness
  1672. end = a final state
  1673. end point = the final point in a process
  1674. endangerment = a source of danger
  1675. endarteritis = inflammation of the inner lining of an artery
  1676. endemic = a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
  1677. endemic disease = a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
  1678. endemic typhus = acute infection caused by rickettsia and transmitted by the bite of an infected flea
  1679. endocarditis = inflammation of the endocardium and heart valves
  1680. endocervicitis = inflammation of the mucous lining of the uterine cervix
  1681. endogamy = marriage within one's own tribe or group as required by custom or law
  1682. endogenous depression = a state of depression for which there is no apparent precipitating cause
  1683. endometrial cancer = cancer of the uterine lining
  1684. endometrial carcinoma = cancer of the uterine lining
  1685. endometriosis = the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus
  1686. endometritis = inflammation of the lining of the uterus
  1687. endothelial myeloma = malignant tumor in bone marrow
  1688. endurance = a state of surviving
  1689. energy = a healthy capacity for vigorous activity
  1690. enfranchisement = freedom from political subjugation or servitude
  1691. engorgement = congestion with blood
  1692. ENL = an inflammatory complication of leprosy that results in painful skin lesions on the arms and legs and face
  1693. enlarged heart = an abnormal enlargement of the heart
  1694. enlargement = the state of being enlarged
  1695. enlightenment = the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation
  1696. enmity = a state of deep-seated ill-will
  1697. ennoblement = the state of being noble
  1698. enslavement = the state of being a slave
  1699. entelechy = the state of something that is fully realized
  1700. enteric fever = serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration
  1701. enteritis = inflammation of the intestine
  1702. enterobiasis = an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by the pinworm Enterobius vermicularis
  1703. enterolithiasis = the presence of calculi in the intestines
  1704. enteropathy = a disease of the intestinal tract
  1705. enteroptosis = an abnormally downward position of the intestines in the abdominal cavity
  1706. enterostenosis = abnormal narrowing of the intestine
  1707. enterotoxemia = a disease of cattle and sheep that is attributed to toxins absorbed from the intestines
  1708. entireness = the state of being total and complete
  1709. entirety = the state of being total and complete
  1710. entomophobia = a morbid fear of insects
  1711. entopic pregnancy = pregnancy resulting from normal gestation in the uterus
  1712. environment = the totality of surrounding conditions
  1713. environmental condition = the state of the environment
  1714. eosinopenia = a decrease in the number of eosinophils in the blood
  1715. eosinophilia = a symptom of allergic states
  1716. epicondylitis = painful inflammation of the muscles and soft tissues around an epicondyle
  1717. epidemic cholera = an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  1718. epidemic disease = any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people
  1719. epidemic encephalitis = an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926
  1720. epidemic hysertia = a condition in which a large group of people exhibit the same state of violent mental agitation
  1721. epidemic meningitis = meningitis caused by bacteria and often fatal
  1722. epidemic myalgia = an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain
  1723. epidemic parotitis = an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
  1724. epidemic pleurodynia = an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain
  1725. epidemic roseola = a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days
  1726. epididymitis = painful inflammation of the epididymis
  1727. epidural = regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas
  1728. epidural anaesthesia = regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas
  1729. epidural anesthesia = regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas
  1730. epiglottitis = inflammation of the epiglottis
  1731. epilepsia major = a seizure during which the patient becomes unconscious and has convulsions over the entire body / epilepsy in which the attacks involve loss of consciousness and tonic spasms of the musculature followed by generalized jerking
  1732. epilepsia minor = a seizure of short duration characterized by momentary unconsciousness and local muscle spasms or twitching / epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness
  1733. epilepsy = a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
  1734. epileptic seizure = convulsions accompanied by impaired consciousness
  1735. episcleritis = inflammation of the sclera of the eye
  1736. epispadias = a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
  1737. epistaxis = bleeding from the nose
  1738. epithelioma = a malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue
  1739. equality = a state of being essentially equal or equivalent
  1740. equation = a state of being essentially equal or equivalent
  1741. equilibrium = a stable situation in which forces cancel one another
  1742. equine distemper = an acute bacterial disease of horses characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes
  1743. equine encephalitis = encephalitis caused by a virus that is transmitted by a mosquito from an infected horse
  1744. equine encephalomyelitis = encephalitis caused by a virus that is transmitted by a mosquito from an infected horse
  1745. equivalence = a state of being essentially equal or equivalent
  1746. Erb's palsy = paralysis of the arm resulting from injury to the brachial plexus
  1747. Erb-Duchenne paralysis = paralysis of the arm resulting from injury to the brachial plexus
  1748. erectile dysfunction = impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
  1749. erection = an erect penis
  1750. erethism = an abnormally high degree of irritability or sensitivity to stimulation of an organ or body part
  1751. ergot = a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
  1752. ergotism = poisoning by ingestion of ergot-infected grain products; characterized by thirst and diarrhea and nausea and cramping and vomiting and abnormal cardiac rhythms
  1753. erosion = condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind
  1754. eroticism = a state of anticipation of sexuality
  1755. erotism = a state of anticipation of sexuality
  1756. eructation = pouring out fumes or lava
  1757. eruption = pouring out fumes or lava (or a deposit so formed) / symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
  1758. erysipelas = an acute streptococcal infection characterized by deep-red inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes
  1759. erythema = abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels
  1760. erythema multiforme = a red rash caused by hypersensitivity to a drug or disease or other allergen
  1761. erythema nodosum = skin condition characterized by tender red nodules on the shins and legs
  1762. erythema nodosum leprosum = an inflammatory complication of leprosy that results in painful skin lesions on the arms and legs and face
  1763. erythema solare = redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sun
  1764. erythroblastosis = a blood disease characterized by the abnormal presence of erythroblasts in the blood
  1765. erythroblastosis fetalis = severe anemia in newborn babies; the result of Rh incompatibility between maternal and fetal blood; typically occurs when the child of an Rh-negative mother inherits Rh-positive blood from the father
  1766. erythroderma = any skin disorder involving abnormal redness
  1767. esophageal reflux = reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus
  1768. esophagitis = inflammation of the esophagus
  1769. esotropia = strabismus in which one or both eyes turn inward toward the nose
  1770. essential hypertension = persistent and pathological high blood pressure for which no specific cause can be found
  1771. essential thrombocytopenia = the primary form of thrombocytopenia
  1772. essential tremor = tremor of unknown cause (usually of the hands and head) that develops in older people
  1773. esteem = the condition of being honored
  1774. estivation = cessation or slowing of activity during the summer
  1775. estrangement = separation resulting from hostility
  1776. estrus = applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or period of heightened sexual arousal and activity
  1777. esurience = excessive desire to eat
  1778. eternal damnation = the state of being condemned to eternal punishment in Hell
  1779. eternal life = life without beginning or end
  1780. eternal rest = euphemisms for death
  1781. eternal sleep = euphemisms for death
  1782. eternity = a state of eternal existence believed in some religions to characterize the afterlife
  1783. eudaemonia = a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  1784. eudaimonia = a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  1785. eunuchoidism = the state of being a eunuch
  1786. event = a special set of circumstances
  1787. eventration = protrusion of the intestine through the abdominal wall
  1788. Ewing's sarcoma = malignant tumor in bone marrow
  1789. Ewing's tumor = malignant tumor in bone marrow
  1790. Ewing's tumour = malignant tumor in bone marrow
  1791. exaltation = a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion
  1792. exanthem = eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
  1793. exanthema = eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
  1794. exanthema subitum = a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat
  1795. excess = the state of being more than full
  1796. excitation = the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland / the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  1797. excitement = the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  1798. exclusion = the state of being excluded / the state of being excommunicated
  1799. excommunication = the state of being excommunicated
  1800. excoriation = an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
  1801. excruciation = a state of acute pain
  1802. executive clemency = the power (usually of a president or governor) to pardon or commute the sentence of someone convicted in that jurisdiction
  1803. exemption = immunity from an obligation or duty
  1804. exhaustion = extreme fatigue
  1805. exigency = a pressing or urgent situation
  1806. existence = the state or fact of existing
  1807. exogamy = marriage to a person belonging to a tribe or group other than your own as required by custom or law
  1808. exogenous depression = an inappropriate state of depression that is precipitated by events in the person's life
  1809. exomphalos = an umbilical hernia at birth in which some abdominal organs push into the umbilical cord
  1810. exoneration = the condition of being relieved from blame or obligation
  1811. exophthalmic goiter = exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter
  1812. exophthalmos = protrusion of the eyeball from the socket
  1813. exostosis = a benign outgrowth from a bone
  1814. exotropia = strabismus in which one or both eyes are directed outward
  1815. expectation = anticipating with confidence of fulfillment
  1816. expectedness = the state of being that is commonly observed
  1817. exposure = the state of being vulnerable or exposed
  1818. expressive aphasia = aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
  1819. extent = the point or degree to which something extends
  1820. extinction = no longer in existence / no longer active
  1821. extrauterine gestation = pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
  1822. extrauterine pregnancy = pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
  1823. extravasation = pouring out fumes or lava
  1824. extremity = the greatest or utmost degree / an extreme condition or state
  1825. eye condition = the condition of the optical properties of the eye
  1826. eye disease = any disease of the eye
  1827. eye infection = an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  1828. eyelessness = blindness due to loss of the eyes
  1829. eyestrain = a tiredness of the eyes caused by prolonged close work by a person with an uncorrected vision problem
  1830. face of the earth = the state or fact of existing
  1831. facilitation = the condition of being made easy
  1832. fact = an event known to have happened or something known to have existed
  1833. failing = a flaw or weak point
  1834. failure = loss of ability to function normally / lack of success / inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
  1835. Fallot's syndrome = a congenital heart defect producing cyanosis
  1836. Fallot's tetralogy = a congenital heart defect producing cyanosis
  1837. false pregnancy = physiological state in which a woman exhibits symptoms of pregnancy but is not pregnant
  1838. false smut = disease of rice
  1839. falseness = the state of being false or untrue
  1840. falsity = the state of being false or untrue
  1841. fame = the state or quality of being widely honored and acclaimed / favorable public reputation
  1842. familial hypercholesterolemia = congenital disorder characterized by high levels of cholesterol and early development of atherosclerosis
  1843. famine = an acute insufficiency
  1844. famishment = a state of extreme hunger resulting from lack of essential nutrients over a prolonged period
  1845. Fanconi's anaemia = a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
  1846. Fanconi's anemia = a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
  1847. fantods = an ill-defined state of irritability and distress
  1848. fare-thee-well = state of perfection
  1849. farmer's lung = alveolitis caused by an allergic reaction to fungal spores in the dust that is inhaled from moldy hay
  1850. farsightedness = abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects / a reduced ability to focus on near objects caused by loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens after age 45
  1851. FAS = a congenital medical condition in which body deformation occurs or facial development or mental ability is impaired because the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy
  1852. fasciculation = muscular twitching of contiguous groups of muscle fibers
  1853. fascination = the state of being intensely interested
  1854. fascioliasis = infestation with the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica; liver damage sometimes occurs
  1855. fasciolopsiasis = infestation with the large intestinal fluke Fasciolopsis buski
  1856. fasciolosis = infestation with the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica; liver damage sometimes occurs
  1857. fat embolism = serious condition in which fat blocks an artery
  1858. fate = your overall circumstances or condition in life
  1859. fatigue = temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work / used of materials (especially metals) in a weakened state caused by long stress
  1860. fatigue fracture = fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury
  1861. fatty liver = yellow discoloration as a result of the accumulation of certain fats (triglycerides) in the liver
  1862. fault = an imperfection in an object or machine
  1863. faultiness = the state of being defective
  1864. favism = anemia resulting from eating fava beans
  1865. favorable reception = acceptance as satisfactory
  1866. favourable reception = acceptance as satisfactory
  1867. favus = a contagious fungal infection of the scalp
  1868. febricity = a rise in the temperature of the body
  1869. febrility = a rise in the temperature of the body
  1870. fecal impaction = accumulation of hardened feces in the rectum or lower colon which the person cannot move
  1871. feculence = something that is feculent
  1872. fecundity = the state of being fertile
  1873. federalisation = the state of being under federal control
  1874. federalization = the state of being under federal control
  1875. feebleness = the state of being weak in health or body
  1876. feel = the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
  1877. feeling = the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
  1878. felicity = state of well-being characterized by emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy
  1879. fellowship = the state of being with someone
  1880. felon = a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail
  1881. ferment = a state of agitation or turbulent change or development
  1882. fermentation = a state of agitation or turbulent change or development
  1883. fertility = the state of being fertile
  1884. fervor = the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  1885. fervour = the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  1886. fester = a sore that has become inflamed and formed pus
  1887. festination = involuntary shortening of stride and quickening of gait that occurs in some diseases
  1888. fetal alcohol syndrome = a congenital medical condition in which body deformation occurs or facial development or mental ability is impaired because the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy
  1889. fetal distress = an abnormal condition of a fetus
  1890. fettle = a state of fitness and good health
  1891. fever = a rise in the temperature of the body
  1892. fever blister = caused by herpes simplex virus type 1
  1893. fever pitch = a state of extreme excitement
  1894. feverishness = a rise in the temperature of the body
  1895. fibrillation = muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
  1896. fibroadenoma = benign and movable and firm and not tender tumor of the breast
  1897. fibrocystic breast disease = the presence of one or more cysts in a breast
  1898. fibrocystic disease of the breast = the presence of one or more cysts in a breast
  1899. fibrocystic disease of the pancreas = the most common hereditary disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene
  1900. fibroid = benign tumor containing fibrous tissue
  1901. fibroid tumor = benign tumor containing fibrous tissue
  1902. fibroma = nonmalignant tumor of connective tissue
  1903. fibromyositis = local inflammation of muscle and connective tissue
  1904. fibrosis = development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
  1905. fibrositis = inflammation of white fibrous tissues
  1906. fibrous dysplasia of bone = a disturbance in which bone that is undergoing lysis is replaced by an abnormal proliferation of fibrous tissue resulting in bone lesions or skin lesions
  1907. field = a particular environment or walk of life
  1908. figural blindness = inability to see shapes and contours
  1909. filariasis = a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
  1910. filth = a state characterized by foul or disgusting dirt and refuse / the state of being covered with unclean things
  1911. filthiness = a state characterized by foul or disgusting dirt and refuse
  1912. financial condition = the condition of (corporate or personal) finances
  1913. financial obligation = an obligation to pay money to another party
  1914. finish = a highly developed state of perfection
  1915. fire and brimstone = God's means of destroying sinners
  1916. fire blight = a disease blackening the leaves of pear and apple trees
  1917. first-degree burn = burn causing redness of the skin surface
  1918. fish bowl = a state of affairs in which you have no privacy
  1919. fishbowl = a state of affairs in which you have no privacy
  1920. fistula = a chronic inflammation of the withers of a horse
  1921. fistulous withers = a chronic inflammation of the withers of a horse
  1922. fit = a sudden uncontrollable attack / a display of bad temper
  1923. fitness = good physical condition
  1924. fix = informal terms for a difficult situation
  1925. fixation = an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  1926. fixedness = remaining in place
  1927. flaccid bladder = a urinary bladder disorder resulting from interruption of the reflex arc normally associated with voiding urine
  1928. flaccid paralysis = weakness or loss of muscle tone resulting from injury or disease of the nerves innervating the muscles
  1929. flag rank = the rank of a flag officer
  1930. flag smut = smut affecting leaves and stems of cereals and other grasses
  1931. flakiness = informal terms for insanity
  1932. flap = an excited state of agitation
  1933. flare = a sudden recurrence or worsening of symptoms / reddening of the skin spreading outward from a focus of infection or irritation
  1934. flash point = point at which something is ready to blow up
  1935. flashpoint = point at which something is ready to blow up
  1936. flatulence = a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal
  1937. flatulency = a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal
  1938. flavor = the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
  1939. flavour = the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
  1940. flaw = an imperfection in a plan or theory or legal document that causes it to fail or that reduces its effectiveness / defect or weakness in a person's character / an imperfection in an object or machine
  1941. flawlessness = the state of being without a flaw or defect
  1942. flea bite = sting inflicted by a flea
  1943. flection = the state of being flexed
  1944. flexion = the state of being flexed
  1945. flexure = the state of being flexed
  1946. flittering scotoma = a localized area of diminished vision edged by shimmering colored lights
  1947. floater = spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens
  1948. flow = something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously
  1949. flu = an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  1950. fluent aphasia = aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words
  1951. fluorosis = a pathological condition resulting from an excessive intake of fluorine
  1952. flush = a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health / sudden brief sensation of heat
  1953. flutter = a disorderly outburst or tumult / abnormally rapid beating of the auricles of the heart
  1954. flux = a state of uncertainty about what should be done (usually following some important event) preceding the establishment of a new direction of action / excessive discharge of liquid from a cavity or organ
  1955. focal epilepsy = epilepsy in which the attacks begins with an isolated disturbance of cerebral function
  1956. focal infection = bacterial infection limited to a specific organ or region especially one causing symptoms elsewhere
  1957. focal point = a central point or locus of an infection in an organism
  1958. focal seizure = transitory disturbance in motor or sensory function resulting from abnormal cortical activity
  1959. focus = a central point or locus of an infection in an organism / special emphasis attached to something
  1960. foetal distress = an abnormal condition of a fetus
  1961. fog = an atmosphere in which visibility is reduced because of a cloud of some substance
  1962. fogginess = an atmosphere in which visibility is reduced because of a cloud of some substance
  1963. folie = a psychological disorder of thought or emotion
  1964. folie a deux = the simultaneous occurrence of symptoms of a mental disorder (as delusions) in two persons who are closely related
  1965. folliculitis = inflammation of a hair follicle
  1966. food allergy = allergic reaction to a substance ingested in food
  1967. food poisoning = illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
  1968. fool's paradise = an illusory state of wellbeing
  1969. foot rot = contagious degenerative infection of the feet of hoofed animals (especially cattle and sheep) / plant disease in which the stem or trunk rots at the base
  1970. foot-and-mouth disease = acute contagious disease of cloven-footed animals marked by ulcers in the mouth and around the hoofs
  1971. footing = status with respect to the relations between people or groups
  1972. form = a distinct state of matter in a system
  1973. formication = hallucinated sensation that insects or snakes are crawling over the skin
  1974. forthcomingness = the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon
  1975. fortune = your overall circumstances or condition in life
  1976. foulness = a state characterized by foul or disgusting dirt and refuse / disgusting wickedness and immorality
  1977. founder = inflammation of the laminated tissue that attaches the hoof to the foot of a horse
  1978. fowl cholera = an acute diarrheal disease (especially of chickens) caused by the microorganism that causes hemorrhagic septicemia
  1979. fowl pest = either of two acute viral diseases of domestic fowl
  1980. fracture = breaking of hard tissue such as bone
  1981. fragmentation = the disintegration of social norms governing behavior and thought and social relationships
  1982. frailness = the state of being weak in health or body
  1983. frailty = the state of being weak in health or body
  1984. frambesia = an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages
  1985. framboesia = an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages
  1986. frame of mind = a temporary psychological state
  1987. Frankenstein = an agency that escapes control and destroys its creator
  1988. frazzle = a state of extreme exhaustion
  1989. free agency = the state of a professional athlete who is free to negotiate a contract to play for any team
  1990. free hand = freedom to do as you see fit
  1991. free rein = the removal of constraints
  1992. freedom = the condition of being free
  1993. freedom of the seas = the right of merchant ships to travel freely in international waters
  1994. freemasonry = a natural or instinctive fellowship between people of similar interests
  1995. frenzy = state of violent mental agitation
  1996. fresh start = an opportunity to start over without prejudice
  1997. freshness = an alert and refreshed state
  1998. fret = agitation resulting from active worry
  1999. friction = a state of conflict between persons
  2000. Friedreich's ataxia = sclerosis of the posterior and lateral columns of the spinal cord; characterized by muscular weakness and abnormal gait
  2001. friendly relationship = the state of being friends
  2002. friendship = the state of being friends
  2003. frizz = the condition of being formed into small tight curls
  2004. front = a sphere of activity involving effort
  2005. front burner = top priority
  2006. frostbite = destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
  2007. fructosuria = the presence of levulose is the urine
  2008. fruition = the condition of bearing fruit
  2009. fuddle = a confused multitude of things
  2010. fug = an airless smoky smelly atmosphere
  2011. fugue = a dreamlike state of altered consciousness that may last for hours or days / dissociative disorder in which a person forgets who they are and leaves home to create a new life; during the fugue there is no memory of the former life
  2012. full employment = the economic condition when everyone who wishes to work at the going wage rate for their type of labor is employed
  2013. full treatment = everything available
  2014. fullness = the condition of being filled to capacity / completeness over a broad scope
  2015. functional disorder = disorder showing symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
  2016. fungal infection = an inflammatory condition caused by a fungus
  2017. funiculitis = inflammation of a funiculus
  2018. funk = a state of nervous depression
  2019. furring = a furlike coating of matter as on the tongue
  2020. furry tongue = a benign side effect of some antibiotics
  2021. furuncle = a painful sore with a hard core filled with pus
  2022. furunculosis = acute skin disease characterized by the presence of many furuncles
  2023. fury = state of violent mental agitation
  2024. fusarium wilt = wilt caused by fungi of the genus Fusarium
  2025. fusion = the state of being combined into one body
  2026. fuss = an excited state of agitation
  2027. GAD = an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free-floating anxiety and such symptoms as tension or sweating or trembling or lightheadedness or irritability etc that has lasted for more than six months
  2028. galactocele = a cystic tumor containing milk or a milky substance
  2029. galactosemia = a genetic disease (autosomal recessive) in which an enzyme needed to metabolize galactose is deficient or absent
  2030. gall = a skin sore caused by chafing / an open sore on the back of a horse caused by ill-fitting or badly adjusted saddle
  2031. gallop rhythm = cardiac rhythm characterized by the presence of an extra sound
  2032. gameness = disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  2033. gammopathy = a disturbance in the synthesis of immunoglobulins
  2034. gangrene = necrotic tissue
  2035. gangrenous emphysema = a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death
  2036. garboil = a state of commotion and noise and confusion
  2037. gargoylism = hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism
  2038. gas = a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal / the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily
  2039. gas embolism = pain resulting from rapid change in pressure / obstruction of the circulatory system caused by an air bubble as, e.g., accidentally during surgery or hypodermic injection or as a complication from scuba diving
  2040. gas gangrene = a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death
  2041. gas phlegmon = a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death
  2042. gaseous state = the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily
  2043. gash = a wound made by cutting
  2044. gastralgia = an ache localized in the stomach or abdominal region
  2045. gastric ulcer = a peptic ulcer of the stomach
  2046. gastritis = inflammation of the lining of the stomach
  2047. gastroenteritis = inflammation of the stomach and intestines
  2048. gastroesophageal reflux = reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus
  2049. gastrointestinal disorder = illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
  2050. Gaucher's disease = a rare chronic disorder of lipid metabolism of genetic origin
  2051. GCSE = the basic level of a subject taken in school
  2052. general anaesthesia = a state of total unconsciousness resulting from anesthetic drugs
  2053. general anesthesia = a state of total unconsciousness resulting from anesthetic drugs
  2054. General Certificate of Secondary Education = the basic level of a subject taken in school
  2055. generalized anxiety disorder = an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free-floating anxiety and such symptoms as tension or sweating or trembling or lightheadedness or irritability etc that has lasted for more than six months
  2056. generalized epilepsy = epilepsy in which the attacks involve loss of consciousness and tonic spasms of the musculature followed by generalized jerking
  2057. generalized seizure = a seizure during which the patient becomes unconscious and has convulsions over the entire body
  2058. genetic abnormality = a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
  2059. genetic defect = a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
  2060. genetic disease = a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
  2061. genetic disorder = a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
  2062. genital herpes = an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) that is usually transmitted by sexual contact
  2063. genius loci = the special atmosphere of a place
  2064. genu valgum = an inward slant of the thigh
  2065. genuineness = the state of being genuine
  2066. German measles = a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days
  2067. gestation = the state of being pregnant
  2068. ghetto = any segregated mode of living or working that results from bias or stereotyping
  2069. giant hives = recurrent large circumscribed areas of subcutaneous edema; onset is sudden and it disappears within 24 hours
  2070. giantism = excessive size
  2071. giardiasis = infection of the intestines with protozoa found in contaminated food and water
  2072. Gibraltar fever = infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products
  2073. giddiness = a reeling sensation
  2074. gigantism = excessive size
  2075. Gilles de la Tourette syndrome = neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces and tics and movements of the upper body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia
  2076. gimp = disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  2077. gimpiness = disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  2078. gingivitis = inflammation of the gums
  2079. glaciation = the condition of being covered with glaciers or masses of ice
  2080. gland disease = a disorder of the glands of the body
  2081. glanders = a destructive and contagious bacterial disease of horses that can be transmitted to humans
  2082. glandular cancer = malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  2083. glandular carcinoma = malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  2084. glandular disease = a disorder of the glands of the body
  2085. glandular disorder = a disorder of the glands of the body
  2086. glandular fever = an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious
  2087. glandular plague = the most common form of the plague in humans; characterized by chills, prostration, delirium and the formation of buboes in the armpits and groin
  2088. glare = a focus of public attention
  2089. glaucoma = an eye disease that damages the optic nerve and impairs vision
  2090. glioblastoma = a fast-growing malignant brain tumor composed of spongioblasts
  2091. glioma = a tumor of the brain consisting of neuroglia
  2092. glitch = a fault or defect in a computer program, system, or machine
  2093. global aphasia = loss of all ability to communicate
  2094. glomerulonephritis = nephritis marked by inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
  2095. gloom = a state of partial or total darkness / an atmosphere of depression and melancholy
  2096. gloominess = an atmosphere of depression and melancholy
  2097. glorification = a state of high honor
  2098. glory = a state of high honor
  2099. glossalgia = pain in the tongue
  2100. glossitis = inflammation of the tongue
  2101. glossodynia = pain in the tongue
  2102. glossodynia exfoliativa = a superficial form of glossitis marked by irregular red patches on the tongue and sensitivity to hot or spicy food
  2103. glossolalia = repetitive nonmeaningful speech
  2104. glossoptosis = abnormal downward or back placement of the tongue
  2105. glove anesthesia = a mental disorder involving loss of sensitivity in the hand and wrist
  2106. glow = an alert and refreshed state
  2107. glucosuria = the presence of abnormally high levels of glucose in the urine
  2108. glumness = an atmosphere of depression and melancholy
  2109. glycosuria = the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
  2110. God's Will = the omnipotence of a divine being
  2111. God's Wisdom = the omniscience of a divine being
  2112. goiter = abnormally enlarged thyroid gland
  2113. goitre = abnormally enlarged thyroid gland
  2114. goldfish bowl = a state of affairs in which you have no privacy
  2115. gonorrhea = a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  2116. gonorrhoea = a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  2117. good fortune = an auspicious state resulting from favorable outcomes
  2118. good health = the state of being vigorous and free from bodily or mental disease
  2119. good luck = an auspicious state resulting from favorable outcomes
  2120. good weather = weather suitable for outdoor activities
  2121. gout = a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
  2122. gouty arthritis = a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
  2123. grace = a state of sanctification by God
  2124. gradation = relative position in a graded series
  2125. grade = a relative position or degree of value in a graded group
  2126. grand mal = a seizure during which the patient becomes unconscious and has convulsions over the entire body / epilepsy in which the attacks involve loss of consciousness and tonic spasms of the musculature followed by generalized jerking
  2127. grand mal epilepsy = epilepsy in which the attacks involve loss of consciousness and tonic spasms of the musculature followed by generalized jerking
  2128. grandfather clause = an exemption based on circumstances existing prior to the adoption of some policy
  2129. grandness = a prominent status
  2130. granulation = new connective tissue and tiny blood vessels that form on the surfaces of a wound during the healing process
  2131. granulation tissue = new connective tissue and tiny blood vessels that form on the surfaces of a wound during the healing process
  2132. granulocytic leukemia = a malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues
  2133. granulocytopenia = an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
  2134. granuloma = a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection
  2135. granuloma inguinale = a venereal disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Calymmatobacterium
  2136. granuloma venereum = a venereal disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Calymmatobacterium
  2137. granville wilt = a bacterial wilt of tobacco plants
  2138. graphospasm = muscular spasms of thumb and forefinger while writing with a pen or pencil
  2139. gratification = state of being gratified or satisfied
  2140. Graves' disease = exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter
  2141. gravida = the number of the pregnancy that a woman is in
  2142. gravidation = technical terms for pregnancy
  2143. gravidity = technical terms for pregnancy
  2144. gravidness = technical terms for pregnancy
  2145. graze = a superficial abrasion
  2146. grease = the state of being covered with unclean things
  2147. Great Depression = the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
  2148. green monkey disease = a viral disease of green monkeys caused by the Marburg virus
  2149. green smut = disease of rice
  2150. green-blindness = dichromacy characterized by a lowered sensitivity to green light resulting in an inability to distinguish green and purplish-red
  2151. greenness = the state of not being ripe
  2152. greensickness = iron deficiency anemia in young women
  2153. greenstick fracture = a partial fracture of a bone
  2154. grime = the state of being covered with unclean things
  2155. griminess = the state of being grimy
  2156. gripes = acute abdominal pain
  2157. griping = acute abdominal pain
  2158. grippe = an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  2159. grogginess = a groggy state resulting from weariness / a dazed and staggering state caused by alcohol
  2160. ground state = the lowest energy state of an atom or other particle
  2161. growing pains = pain in muscles or joints sometimes experienced by children and often attributed to rapid growth
  2162. growth = an abnormal proliferation of tissue
  2163. growth-onset diabetes = severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis
  2164. grubbiness = the state of being grimy
  2165. grunge = the state of being covered with unclean things
  2166. Guillain-Barre syndrome = a form of peripheral polyneuritis characterized by pain and weakness and sometimes paralysis of the limbs
  2167. guilt = the state of having committed an offense
  2168. guilt by association = the attribution of guilt (without proof) to individuals because the people they associate with are guilty
  2169. guiltiness = the state of having committed an offense
  2170. guiltlessness = a state of innocence
  2171. Guinea worm = a painful and debilitating infestation contracted by drinking stagnant water contaminated with Guinea worm larvae that can mature inside a human's abdomen until the worm emerges through a painful blister in the person's skin
  2172. Guinea worm disease = a painful and debilitating infestation contracted by drinking stagnant water contaminated with Guinea worm larvae that can mature inside a human's abdomen until the worm emerges through a painful blister in the person's skin
  2173. Gulf War syndrome = a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War
  2174. gumboil = a boil or abscess on the gums
  2175. gumma = a small rubbery granuloma that is characteristic of an advanced stage of syphilis
  2176. gummosis = disease of citrus trees caused by the fungus Phytophthora citrophthora / pathological production of gummy exudates in citrus and various stone-fruit trees
  2177. gutter = misfortune resulting in lost effort or money
  2178. gynecomastia = excessive development of the breasts in males
  2179. gynophobia = a morbid fear of women
  2180. habituation = being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming
  2181. habitus = person's predisposition to be affected by something
  2182. haemangioma = benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels
  2183. haematocele = swelling caused by blood collecting in a body cavity
  2184. haematocoele = swelling caused by blood collecting in a body cavity
  2185. haematocolpometra = accumulation of blood in the vagina and uterus
  2186. haematocolpos = accumulation of menstrual blood in the vagina
  2187. haematocytopenia = an abnormally low number of red blood cells in the blood
  2188. haematocyturia = the presence of red blood cells in the urine
  2189. haematoma = a localized swelling filled with blood
  2190. haematuria = the presence of blood in the urine
  2191. haemoglobinemia = presence of excessive hemoglobin in the blood plasma
  2192. haemoglobinopathy = a blood disease characterized by the presence of abnormal hemoglobins in the blood
  2193. haemoglobinuria = presence of hemoglobin in the urine
  2194. haemolytic anaemia = anemia resulting from destruction of erythrocytes
  2195. haemophilia = congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding
  2196. haemophilia A = hemophilia caused by a congenital deficiency of factor VIII
  2197. haemophilia B = a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX
  2198. haemoptysis = coughing up blood from the respiratory tract
  2199. haemorrhage = the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel
  2200. haemorrhagic fever = a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection
  2201. haemorrhagic stroke = stroke caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
  2202. haemorrhoid = venous swelling external or internal to the anal sphincter
  2203. haemosiderosis = abnormal deposit of hemosiderin
  2204. haemothorax = accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity
  2205. hairlessness = the condition of being void of hair
  2206. hairline fracture = a fracture without separation of the fragments and the line of the break being very thin
  2207. hairy root = a phase of crown gall (especially in apples) during which there is abnormal development of fine fibrous roots
  2208. hairy tongue = a benign side effect of some antibiotics
  2209. haleness = a state of robust good health
  2210. hallucination = illusory perception
  2211. hallucinosis = a mental state in which the person has continual hallucinations
  2212. halo blight = a blight of bean plants / a blight affecting the leaves of oats and other grasses
  2213. halo spot = a blight of bean plants
  2214. halt = the state of inactivity following an interruption
  2215. hamartia = the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall
  2216. hamartoma = a focal growth that resembles a neoplasm but results from faulty development in an organ
  2217. hammer nose = enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
  2218. Hand-Schuller-Christian disease = inflammatory histiocytosis associated with disturbance of cholesterol metabolism
  2219. handicap = the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  2220. handmaid = in a subordinate position
  2221. handmaiden = in a subordinate position
  2222. hangover = disagreeable aftereffects from the use of drugs
  2223. Hansen's disease = chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts
  2224. haploidy = the condition of being haploid
  2225. happiness = state of well-being characterized by emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy
  2226. hard cheese = bad luck
  2227. hard knocks = a state of misfortune or affliction
  2228. hard time = a difficulty that can be overcome with effort
  2229. hard-on = an erect penis
  2230. hardening = abnormal hardening or thickening of tissue
  2231. hardening of the arteries = sclerosis of the arterial walls
  2232. hardship = a state of misfortune or affliction
  2233. harelip = a congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
  2234. harm = any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
  2235. harmony = a harmonious state of things in general and of their properties
  2236. Hashimoto's disease = autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland
  2237. haste = a condition of urgency making it necessary to hurry
  2238. Haverhill fever = the form of ratbite fever occurring in the United States
  2239. hay fever = a seasonal rhinitis resulting from an allergic reaction to pollen
  2240. hazard = a source of danger
  2241. hazardousness = the state of being dangerous
  2242. head = the tip of an abscess
  2243. head ache = pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs
  2244. head blight = a blight of the heads of cereals
  2245. head cold = a common cold affecting the nasal passages and resulting in congestion and sneezing and headache
  2246. head lice = infestation of the scalp with lice
  2247. headache = pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs
  2248. health = the general condition of body and mind / a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
  2249. health hazard = hazard to the health of those exposed to it
  2250. health problem = a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
  2251. healthiness = the state of being vigorous and free from bodily or mental disease
  2252. hearing = an opportunity to state your case and be heard
  2253. hearing disorder = impairment of the sense of hearing
  2254. hearing impairment = impairment of the sense of hearing
  2255. hearing loss = partial or complete loss of hearing
  2256. heart attack = a sudden severe instance of abnormal heart function
  2257. heart block = recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat
  2258. heart disease = a disease of the heart
  2259. heart failure = inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain normal bodily functions
  2260. heart murmur = an abnormal sound of the heart
  2261. heartburn = a painful burning sensation in the chest caused by gastroesophageal reflux
  2262. heartrot = any plant disease in which the central part of a plant rots
  2263. heat = applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or period of heightened sexual arousal and activity
  2264. heat exhaustion = a condition marked by dizziness and nausea and weakness caused by depletion of body fluids and electrolytes
  2265. heat hyperpyrexia = collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
  2266. heat prostration = a condition marked by dizziness and nausea and weakness caused by depletion of body fluids and electrolytes
  2267. heat rash = obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  2268. heatstroke = collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
  2269. heaves = a chronic emphysema of the horse that causes difficult expiration and heaving of the flanks
  2270. hebephrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty
  2271. hebephrenic schizophrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty
  2272. heebie-jeebies = extreme nervousness
  2273. height = the highest level or degree attainable
  2274. helminthiasis = infestation of the body with parasitic worms
  2275. helplessness = the state of needing help from something
  2276. hemangioma = benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels
  2277. hematocele = swelling caused by blood collecting in a body cavity
  2278. hematocoele = swelling caused by blood collecting in a body cavity
  2279. hematocolpometra = accumulation of blood in the vagina and uterus
  2280. hematocolpos = accumulation of menstrual blood in the vagina
  2281. hematocyst = a cyst containing blood
  2282. hematocytopenia = an abnormally low number of red blood cells in the blood
  2283. hematocyturia = the presence of red blood cells in the urine
  2284. hematoma = a localized swelling filled with blood
  2285. hematuria = the presence of blood in the urine
  2286. hemeralopia = inability to see clearly in bright light
  2287. hemianopia = blindness in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes
  2288. hemianopic scotoma = a scotoma involving half of the visual field
  2289. hemianopsia = blindness in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes
  2290. hemicrania = a severe recurring vascular headache
  2291. hemiplegia = paralysis of one side of the body
  2292. hemochromatosis = pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues
  2293. hemoglobinemia = presence of excessive hemoglobin in the blood plasma
  2294. hemoglobinopathy = a blood disease characterized by the presence of abnormal hemoglobins in the blood
  2295. hemoglobinuria = presence of hemoglobin in the urine
  2296. hemolytic anemia = anemia resulting from destruction of erythrocytes
  2297. hemophilia = congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding
  2298. hemophilia A = hemophilia caused by a congenital deficiency of factor VIII
  2299. hemophilia B = a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX
  2300. hemoptysis = coughing up blood from the respiratory tract
  2301. hemorrhage = the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel
  2302. hemorrhagic cyst = a cyst containing blood
  2303. hemorrhagic fever = a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection
  2304. hemorrhagic septicemia = an acute infectious disease characterized by pneumonia and blood infection
  2305. hemorrhagic stroke = stroke caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
  2306. hemorrhoid = venous swelling external or internal to the anal sphincter
  2307. hemosiderosis = abnormal deposit of hemosiderin
  2308. hemothorax = accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity
  2309. hepatitis = inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
  2310. hepatitis A = an acute but benign form of viral hepatitis caused by an RNA virus that does not persist in the blood serum and is usually transmitted by ingesting food or drink that is contaminated with fecal matter
  2311. hepatitis B = an acute (sometimes fatal) form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted by sexual contact or by transfusion or by ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids
  2312. hepatitis C = a viral hepatitis clinically indistinguishable from hepatitis B but caused by a single-stranded RNA virus
  2313. hepatitis delta = a severe form of hepatitis
  2314. hepatocarcinoma = carcinoma of the liver
  2315. hepatocellular carcinoma = carcinoma of the liver
  2316. hepatojugular reflux = a venous reflux occurring in congestive heart failure
  2317. hepatolenticular degeneration = a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism
  2318. hepatoma = carcinoma of the liver
  2319. hepatomegaly = abnormal enlargement of the liver
  2320. herediatry spinal ataxia = sclerosis of the posterior and lateral columns of the spinal cord; characterized by muscular weakness and abnormal gait
  2321. hereditary cerebellar ataxia = nervous disorder of late childhood and early adulthood
  2322. hereditary condition = a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
  2323. hereditary disease = a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
  2324. hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy = a form of neuropathy that can begin between childhood and young adulthood; characterized by weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the hands and lower legs; progression is slow and individuals affected can have a normal life span
  2325. hereness = the state of being here in this place
  2326. hermaphrodism = congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
  2327. hermaphroditism = congenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics
  2328. hernia = rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  2329. herniated disc = a painful rupture of the fibrocartilage of the disc between spinal vertebrae
  2330. herniation = rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  2331. heroin addiction = an addiction to heroin
  2332. herpangia = a viral infection (usually in children) marked by sore throat and fever and papules in the mouth and throat and headache and abdominal pain
  2333. herpes = viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
  2334. herpes encephalitis = common form of acute encephalitis caused by herpes simplex 1
  2335. herpes genitalis = an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) that is usually transmitted by sexual contact
  2336. herpes labialis = caused by herpes simplex virus type 1
  2337. herpes simplex = an infection caused by the herpes simplex virus; affects the skin and nervous system
  2338. herpes simplex encephalitis = common form of acute encephalitis caused by herpes simplex 1
  2339. herpes zoster = eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  2340. heteroploidy = the condition of being heteroploid
  2341. heterotaxy = any abnormal position of the organs of the body
  2342. heterozygosity = the state of being heterozygous
  2343. hiatal hernia = hernia resulting from the protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm
  2344. hiatus hernia = hernia resulting from the protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm
  2345. hibernation = cessation from or slowing of activity during the winter
  2346. hiccough = the state of having reflex spasms of the diaphragm accompanied by a rapid closure of the glottis producing an audible sound
  2347. hiccup = the state of having reflex spasms of the diaphragm accompanied by a rapid closure of the glottis producing an audible sound
  2348. hickey = a temporary red mark on a person's skin resulting from kissing or sucking by their lover / a small inflamed elevation of the skin; a pustule or papule
  2349. hiddenness = the state of being covert and hidden
  2350. hiding = the state of being hidden
  2351. high = a state of altered consciousness induced by alcohol or narcotics / a state of sustained elation / an air mass of higher than normal pressure
  2352. high blood pressure = a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high
  2353. high ground = a position of superiority over opponents or competitors
  2354. high profile = a position attracting much attention and publicity
  2355. high status = a position of superior status
  2356. higher rank = higher rank than that of others especially by reason of longer service
  2357. higher status = higher rank than that of others especially by reason of longer service
  2358. hinge = a circumstance upon which subsequent events depend
  2359. Hirschsprung's disease = congenital condition in which the colon does not have the normal network of nerves
  2360. histamine headache = a painful recurring headache associated with the release of histamine from cells
  2361. histiocytic leukaemia = leukemia characterized by the proliferation of monocytes and monoblasts in the blood
  2362. histiocytic leukemia = leukemia characterized by the proliferation of monocytes and monoblasts in the blood
  2363. histiocytosis = a blood disease characterized by an abnormal multiplication of macrophages
  2364. histoincompatibility = incompatibility in which one person's tissue cannot be transplanted to another person
  2365. historicalness = the state of having in fact existed in the past
  2366. hitch = the state of inactivity following an interruption
  2367. HIV = infection by the human immunodeficiency virus
  2368. hives = an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins
  2369. Hodgkin's disease = a malignant disorder in which there is progressive (but painless) enlargement of lymph tissue followed by enlargement of the spleen and liver
  2370. hog cholera = highly infectious virus disease of swine
  2371. hold = a state of being confined
  2372. holding pattern = a state of inaction with no progress and no change
  2373. hole = informal terms for a difficult situation / a fault
  2374. hollow-back = an abnormal inward (forward) curvature of the vertebral column
  2375. hollowness = the state of being hollow: having an empty space within
  2376. Hollywood = a flashy vulgar tone or atmosphere believed to be characteristic of the American film industry
  2377. Holy Order = the status or rank or office of a Christian clergyman in an ecclesiastical hierarchy
  2378. home = an environment offering affection and security
  2379. home rule = self-government in local matters by a city or county that is part of a national government
  2380. homelessness = the state or condition of having no home
  2381. homeostasis = metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
  2382. homozygosity = the state of being homozygous
  2383. honor = the state of being honored
  2384. honour = the state of being honored
  2385. hoo-ha = a disorderly outburst or tumult
  2386. hoo-hah = a disorderly outburst or tumult
  2387. hoof-and-mouth disease = acute contagious disease of cloven-footed animals marked by ulcers in the mouth and around the hoofs
  2388. hookworm = infestation of the intestines by hookworms which enter the body (usually) through the skin
  2389. hookworm disease = infestation of the intestines by hookworms which enter the body (usually) through the skin
  2390. hopefulness = full of hope
  2391. hordeolum = an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  2392. Horner's syndrome = a pattern of symptoms occurring as a result of damage to nerves in the cervical region of the spine
  2393. hornet's nest = a highly contentious or hazardous situation
  2394. hornets' nest = a highly contentious or hazardous situation
  2395. horniness = a state of sexual arousal
  2396. hospitalization = the condition of being treated as a patient in a hospital
  2397. hostility = a state of deep-seated ill-will
  2398. hot flash = sudden brief sensation of heat
  2399. hot pants = a state of sexual arousal
  2400. hot potato = a difficult situation
  2401. hot war = actual fighting between the warring parties
  2402. hot water = a dangerous or distressing predicament
  2403. hotbed = a situation that is ideal for rapid development
  2404. hotness = a state of sexual arousal
  2405. housemaid's knee = swelling of the bursa in the knee
  2406. how-d'ye-do = an awkward situation
  2407. how-do-you-do = an awkward situation
  2408. huff = a state of irritation or annoyance
  2409. hugger-mugger = a state of confusion
  2410. hum = the state of being or appearing to be actively engaged in an activity
  2411. humbleness = the state of being humble and unimportant
  2412. humidity = wetness in the atmosphere
  2413. humidness = wetness in the atmosphere
  2414. humiliation = state of disgrace or loss of self-respect
  2415. humpback = an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
  2416. hunchback = an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
  2417. hunger = a physiological need for food
  2418. hungriness = a physiological need for food
  2419. hunting ground = a place where opportunities abound
  2420. Huntington's chorea = hereditary disease
  2421. Huntington's disease = hereditary disease
  2422. Hurler's disease = hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism
  2423. Hurler's syndrome = hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism
  2424. hurly burly = a disorderly outburst or tumult
  2425. hurry = a condition of urgency making it necessary to hurry
  2426. hurt = any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
  2427. hurting = a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
  2428. hyaline membrane disease = an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking
  2429. hyalinisation = the state of being hyaline or having become hyaline
  2430. hyalinization = the state of being hyaline or having become hyaline
  2431. hydatid = cyst filled with liquid
  2432. hydatid disease = infestation with larval echinococci
  2433. hydatid mole = an abnormality during pregnancy; chorionic villi around the fetus degenerate and form clusters of fluid-filled sacs
  2434. hydatidiform mole = an abnormality during pregnancy; chorionic villi around the fetus degenerate and form clusters of fluid-filled sacs
  2435. hydatidosis = infestation with larval echinococci
  2436. hydramnios = an abnormality of pregnancy
  2437. hydrarthrosis = inflammation and swelling of a movable joint because of excess synovial fluid
  2438. hydremia = blood disorder in which there is excess fluid volume compared with the cell volume of the blood
  2439. hydrocele = disorder in which serous fluid accumulates in a body sac
  2440. hydrocephalus = an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face
  2441. hydrocephaly = an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face
  2442. hydronephrosis = accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter
  2443. hydrophobia = an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals
  2444. hydrops = swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
  2445. hydrothorax = accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest) often resulting from disease of the heart or kidneys
  2446. hygiene = a condition promoting sanitary practices
  2447. hyperactivity = a condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement
  2448. hyperacusia = abnormal acuteness of hearing due to increased irritability of the sensory neural mechanism
  2449. hyperacusis = abnormal acuteness of hearing due to increased irritability of the sensory neural mechanism
  2450. hyperadrenalism = a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland
  2451. hyperadrenocorticism = a glandular disorder caused by excessive cortisol
  2452. hyperaemia = increased blood in an organ or other body part
  2453. hyperaldosteronism = a condition caused by overproduction of aldosterone
  2454. hyperbetalipoproteinemia = a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of beta-lipoproteins and cholesterol
  2455. hyperbilirubinemia = abnormally high amounts of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
  2456. hyperbilirubinemia of the newborn = a common disorder that is usually due to immaturity of the liver
  2457. hypercalcaemia = the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood
  2458. hypercalcemia = the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood
  2459. hypercalcinuria = the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the urine
  2460. hypercalciuria = the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the urine
  2461. hypercapnia = the physical condition of having the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
  2462. hypercarbia = the physical condition of having the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
  2463. hypercellularity = the state of having abnormally many cells
  2464. hypercholesteremia = the presence of an abnormal amount of cholesterol in the cells and plasma of the blood
  2465. hypercholesterolemia = the presence of an abnormal amount of cholesterol in the cells and plasma of the blood
  2466. hyperchromic anaemia = anemia characterized by an increase in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
  2467. hyperchromic anemia = anemia characterized by an increase in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
  2468. hyperdactyly = birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
  2469. hyperemia = increased blood in an organ or other body part
  2470. hyperglycaemia = abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
  2471. hyperglycemia = abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
  2472. hypericism = a severe dermatitis of herbivorous domestic animals attributable to photosensitivity from eating Saint John's wort
  2473. hyperkalemia = higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood
  2474. hyperkinetic syndrome = a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  2475. hyperlipaemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  2476. hyperlipemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  2477. hyperlipidaemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  2478. hyperlipidemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  2479. hyperlipoidaemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  2480. hyperlipoidemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  2481. hyperlipoproteinemia = any of various disorders of lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism that result in high levels of lipoprotein and cholesterol in the circulating blood
  2482. hypermetropia = abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  2483. hypermetropy = abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  2484. hypermotility = excessive movement
  2485. hypernatremia = excessive amounts of sodium in the blood
  2486. hyperopia = abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  2487. hyperparathyroidism = excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood
  2488. hyperpiesia = persistent and pathological high blood pressure for which no specific cause can be found
  2489. hyperpiesis = persistent and pathological high blood pressure for which no specific cause can be found
  2490. hyperpigmentation = unusual darkening of the skin
  2491. hyperpituitarism = excessive activity of the pituitary gland
  2492. hyperplasia = abnormal increase in number of cells
  2493. hyperpyrexia = extremely high fever
  2494. hypersensitivity = pathological sensitivity
  2495. hypersensitivity reaction = an inappropriate and excessive reaction to an allergen
  2496. hypersomnia = an inability to stay awake
  2497. hypersplenism = enlarged spleen and a decrease in one or more types of blood cells
  2498. hypertension = a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high
  2499. hyperthermia = abnormally high body temperature
  2500. hyperthermy = abnormally high body temperature
  2501. hyperthyroidism = an overactive thyroid gland
  2502. hypertonia = the state of being hypertonic
  2503. hypertonicity = the state of being hypertonic / (of a solution) the extent to which a solution has a higher osmotic pressure than some other
  2504. hypertonus = the state of being hypertonic
  2505. hypertrophic cardiomyopathy = a disorder in which the heart muscle is so strong that it does not relax enough to fill with the heart with blood and so has reduced pumping ability
  2506. hypertrophic rosacea = enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
  2507. hypertrophy = abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ
  2508. hypervitaminosis = an abnormal condition resulting from taking vitamins excessively
  2509. hypervolaemia = a blood disorder consisting of an increase in the volume of circulating blood
  2510. hypervolemia = a blood disorder consisting of an increase in the volume of circulating blood
  2511. hypesthesia = impairment of tactile sensitivity
  2512. hyphema = bleeding into the interior chamber of the eye
  2513. hypnophobia = a morbid fear of falling asleep
  2514. hypnosis = a state that resembles sleep but that is induced by suggestion
  2515. hypoadrenalism = a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
  2516. hypoadrenocorticism = a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
  2517. hypobetalipoproteinemia = a hereditary disorder characterized by low levels of beta-lipoproteins and lipids and cholesterol
  2518. hypocalcaemia = abnormally low level of calcium in the blood
  2519. hypocalcemia = abnormally low level of calcium in the blood
  2520. hypocapnia = a state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal
  2521. hypocellularity = the state of having abnormally few cells
  2522. hypochondria = chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments
  2523. hypochondriasis = chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments
  2524. hypochromic anaemia = anemia characterized by a decrease in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
  2525. hypochromic anemia = anemia characterized by a decrease in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
  2526. hypoesthesia = impairment of tactile sensitivity
  2527. hypogammaglobulinemia = an abnormally low concentration of gamma globulin in the blood and increased risk of infection
  2528. hypoglycaemia = abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  2529. hypoglycemia = abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  2530. hypogonadism = incompetence of the gonads
  2531. hypokalemia = abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities
  2532. hypolipoproteinemia = any of various disorders of lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism that result in low levels of lipoprotein and cholesterol in the circulating blood
  2533. hyponatremia = abnormally low level of sodium in the blood
  2534. hypoparathyroidism = inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  2535. hypopigmentation = unusual lack of skin color
  2536. hypoplasia = underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells
  2537. hypoplastic anaemia = anemia resulting from inadequately functioning bone marrow
  2538. hypoplastic anemia = anemia resulting from inadequately functioning bone marrow
  2539. hypoproteinemia = abnormally low level of protein in the blood
  2540. hyposmia = lessened sensitivity to odors
  2541. hypospadias = an abnormal condition in males in which the urethra opens on the under surface of the penis
  2542. hypotension = abnormally low blood pressure
  2543. hypothermia = subnormal body temperature
  2544. hypothrombinemia = a low level of prothrombin (factor II) in the circulating blood; results in long clotting time and poor clot formation and sometimes excessive bleeding
  2545. hypothyroidism = an underactive thyroid gland
  2546. hypotonia = the state of being hypotonic
  2547. hypotonicity = the state of being hypotonic / (of a solution) the extent to which a solution has a lower osmotic pressure than some other
  2548. hypotonus = the state of being hypotonic
  2549. hypovitaminosis = any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins
  2550. hypovolaemia = a blood disorder consisting of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  2551. hypovolemia = a blood disorder consisting of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  2552. hypovolemic shock = shock caused by severe blood or fluid loss
  2553. hypoxia = oxygen deficiency causing a very strong drive to correct the deficiency
  2554. hypoxic hypoxia = hypoxia resulting from defective oxygenation of the blood in the lungs
  2555. hysteria = state of violent mental agitation / neurotic disorder characterized by violent emotional outbreaks and disturbances of sensory and motor functions
  2556. hysterical neurosis = neurotic disorder characterized by violent emotional outbreaks and disturbances of sensory and motor functions
  2557. hysterics = an attack of hysteria
  2558. hysterocatalepsy = hysteria with cataleptic symptoms
  2559. ichthyosis = any of several congenital diseases in which the skin is dry and scaly like a fish
  2560. icterus = yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
  2561. icterus neonatorum = yellowish appearance in newborn infants
  2562. ictus = a sudden occurrence (or recurrence) of a disease
  2563. IDDM = severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis
  2564. identification = the condition of having the identity (of a person or object) established
  2565. identity crisis = distress and disorientation (especially in adolescence) resulting from conflicting pressures and uncertainty about one's self and one's role in society
  2566. idiopathic disease = any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause
  2567. idiopathic disorder = any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause
  2568. idiopathic hemochromatosis = inherited form of hemochromatosis
  2569. idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura = purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
  2570. idiopathy = any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause
  2571. idle = the state of an engine or other mechanism that is idling
  2572. ignominy = a state of dishonor
  2573. ileitis = inflammation of the ileum
  2574. ileus = blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
  2575. ill = an often persistent bodily disorder or disease
  2576. ill fame = the state of being known for some unfavorable act or quality
  2577. ill health = a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
  2578. ill luck = an unfortunate state resulting from unfavorable outcomes
  2579. ill-being = lack of prosperity or happiness or health
  2580. illegitimacy = the status of being born to parents who were not married
  2581. illness = impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
  2582. illumination = the degree of visibility of your environment / a condition of spiritual awareness
  2583. imbalance = a lack of balance or state of disequilibrium
  2584. imbroglio = an intricate and confusing interpersonal or political situation
  2585. immaculateness = the state of being spotlessly clean
  2586. immanence = the state of being within or not going beyond a given domain
  2587. immanency = the state of being within or not going beyond a given domain
  2588. immatureness = not having reached maturity
  2589. immaturity = not having reached maturity
  2590. immediate allergy = an allergic reaction that becomes apparent in a sensitized person only minutes after contact
  2591. immersion foot = resembling frostbite but without freezing
  2592. imminence = the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon
  2593. imminency = the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon
  2594. imminentness = the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon
  2595. immobility = remaining in place
  2596. immunity = the state of not being susceptible / (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  2597. immunocompetence = the ability to develop an immune response following exposure to an antigen
  2598. immunodeficiency = immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
  2599. immunogenicity = the property of eliciting an immune response
  2600. immunological disorder = a disorder of the immune system
  2601. immunosuppression = lowering the body's normal immune response to invasion by foreign substances
  2602. immurement = the state of being imprisoned
  2603. impacted fracture = fracture in which one broken end is wedged into the other broken end
  2604. impacted tooth = a disorder in which a tooth is so crowded in its socket that it cannot erupt normally
  2605. impaction = a disorder in which a tooth is so crowded in its socket that it cannot erupt normally / a disorder in which feces are impacted in the lower colon / the condition of being pressed closely together and firmly fixed
  2606. impairment = the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness / a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  2607. impasse = a situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
  2608. impatience = a lack of patience
  2609. impeachability = the state of being liable to impeachment
  2610. impecuniousness = a state of lacking money
  2611. impendence = the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon
  2612. impendency = the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon
  2613. imperativeness = the state of demanding notice or attention
  2614. imperfection = the state or an instance of being imperfect
  2615. imperfectness = the state or an instance of being imperfect
  2616. impetigo = a very contagious infection of the skin; common in children
  2617. importance = a prominent status
  2618. impossibility = incapability of existing or occurring
  2619. impossibleness = incapability of existing or occurring
  2620. impotence = an inability (usually of the male animal) to copulate
  2621. impotency = an inability (usually of the male animal) to copulate
  2622. impoverishment = the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions
  2623. impregnability = having the strength to withstand attack
  2624. impressive aphasia = aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words
  2625. imprisonment = the state of being imprisoned
  2626. impropriety = the condition of being improper
  2627. improvement = a condition superior to an earlier condition
  2628. impunity = exemption from punishment or loss
  2629. impureness = the condition of being impure
  2630. impurity = the condition of being impure
  2631. inaction = the state of being inactive
  2632. inactiveness = the state of being inactive
  2633. inactivity = the state of being inactive
  2634. inadequacy = a lack of competence
  2635. inborn error of metabolism = any of a number of diseases in which an inherited defect (usually a missing or inadequate enzyme) results in an abnormality of metabolism
  2636. incarceration = the state of being imprisoned
  2637. incident = a public disturbance
  2638. inclemency = weather unsuitable for outdoor activities
  2639. inclementness = weather unsuitable for outdoor activities
  2640. inclusion = the state of being included
  2641. inclusion body encephalitis = a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years
  2642. inclusion body myositis = myositis characterized by weakness of limb muscles (especially the thighs and wrists and fingers); sometimes involves swallowing muscles; onset after 50 and slowly progressive
  2643. incoherence = lack of cohesion or clarity or organization
  2644. incoherency = lack of cohesion or clarity or organization
  2645. incommodiousness = an inconvenient discomfort
  2646. incompatibility = the degree to which the body's immune system will try to reject foreign material
  2647. incompetence = inability of a part or organ to function properly
  2648. incomplete fracture = fracture that does not go across the entire width of the bone
  2649. incompleteness = the state of being crude and incomplete and imperfect
  2650. inconceivability = the state of being impossible to conceive
  2651. inconceivableness = the state of being impossible to conceive
  2652. inconvenience = an inconvenient discomfort
  2653. incubus = a situation resembling a terrifying dream
  2654. inculpability = a state of innocence
  2655. inculpableness = a state of innocence
  2656. indebtedness = an obligation to pay money to another party
  2657. indemnity = legal exemption from liability for damages / protection against future loss
  2658. independence = freedom from control or influence of another or others
  2659. independency = freedom from control or influence of another or others
  2660. Indian cholera = an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  2661. Indian tick fever = a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
  2662. indictability = the state of being liable to impeachment
  2663. indigence = a state of extreme poverty or destitution
  2664. indigestion = a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
  2665. indisposition = a slight illness
  2666. induration = any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
  2667. induration of the arteries = sclerosis of the arterial walls
  2668. industrial air pollution = pollution resulting from an industrial plant discharging pollutants into the atmosphere
  2669. industrial disease = disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment
  2670. inebriation = a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol / habitual intoxication
  2671. inebriety = a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol
  2672. infamy = evil fame or public reputation / a state of extreme dishonor
  2673. infancy = the earliest state of immaturity
  2674. infant death = sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
  2675. infantile amaurotic idiocy = a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occurring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe
  2676. infantile fixation = an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  2677. infantile paralysis = an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  2678. infantilism = an abnormal condition in which an older child or adult retains infantile characteristics
  2679. infarct = localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  2680. infarction = localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  2681. infection = the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
  2682. infectious disease = a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
  2683. infectious hepatitis = an acute but benign form of viral hepatitis caused by an RNA virus that does not persist in the blood serum and is usually transmitted by ingesting food or drink that is contaminated with fecal matter
  2684. infectious mononucleosis = an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious
  2685. infectious polyneuritis = a form of peripheral polyneuritis characterized by pain and weakness and sometimes paralysis of the limbs
  2686. inferiority = the state of being inferior
  2687. infertility = the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive
  2688. infestation = the state of being invaded or overrun by parasites
  2689. infirmity = the state of being weak in health or body
  2690. inflammation = the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up / a response of body tissues to injury or irritation
  2691. inflammatory bowel disease = inflammation of the colon
  2692. inflammatory disease = a disease characterized by inflammation
  2693. influenza = an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  2694. inguinal hernia = hernia in which a loop of intestine enters the inguinal canal
  2695. inhalation anesthesia = general anesthesia achieved by administration of an inhalation anesthetic
  2696. inhalation anthrax = a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis
  2697. inherence = the state of inhering
  2698. inherency = the state of inhering
  2699. inherited disease = a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
  2700. inherited disorder = a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
  2701. inherited wealth = wealth that is inherited rather than earned
  2702. inhospitableness = the environmental condition in a region that lacks a favorable climate or terrain for life or growth
  2703. injury = any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
  2704. inmarriage = marriage within one's own tribe or group as required by custom or law
  2705. innate immunity = immunity to disease that occurs as part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  2706. innervation = the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland
  2707. innocence = a state or condition of being innocent of a specific crime or offense / the state of being unsullied by sin or moral wrong
  2708. insaneness = obsolete terms for legal insanity
  2709. insanity = relatively permanent disorder of the mind
  2710. insect bite = a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin
  2711. insecureness = the state of being exposed to risk or anxiety
  2712. insecurity = the state of being subject to danger or injury
  2713. insistence = the state of demanding notice or attention
  2714. insistency = the state of demanding notice or attention
  2715. insobriety = a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol
  2716. insolation = sudden prostration due to exposure to the sun or excessive heat
  2717. insolvency = the lack of financial resources
  2718. insomnia = an inability to sleep
  2719. instability = an unstable order / a lack of balance or state of disequilibrium
  2720. insufficiency = inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally / a lack of competence
  2721. insularism = the state of being isolated or detached
  2722. insularity = the state of being isolated or detached
  2723. insulation = the state of being isolated or detached
  2724. insulin reaction = hypoglycemia produced by excessive insulin in the system causing coma
  2725. insulin shock = hypoglycemia produced by excessive insulin in the system causing coma
  2726. insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus = severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis
  2727. insurance = protection against future loss
  2728. intactness = the state of being unimpaired
  2729. integrality = the state of being total and complete
  2730. integrity = an undivided or unbroken completeness or totality with nothing wanting
  2731. interconnectedness = a state of being connected reciprocally
  2732. interconnection = a state of being connected reciprocally
  2733. intermarriage = marriage within one's own tribe or group as required by custom or law / marriage to a person belonging to a tribe or group other than your own as required by custom or law
  2734. intermittent claudication = lameness due to pain in leg muscles because the blood supply is inadequate
  2735. intermittent cramp = clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures
  2736. intermittent tetanus = clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures
  2737. internment = confinement during wartime
  2738. interstitial plasma cell pneumonia = pneumonia occurring in infants or in persons with impaired immune systems
  2739. interstitial pneumonia = chronic lung disease affecting the interstitial tissue of the lungs
  2740. intestacy = the situation of being or dying without a legally valid will
  2741. intestinal colic = acute abdominal pain
  2742. intestinal flu = inflammation of the stomach and intestines
  2743. intestinal obstruction = blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
  2744. intimacy = a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship
  2745. intoxication = a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol / the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  2746. intracranial aneurysm = an aneurysm of a cranial artery
  2747. intravasation = entry of foreign matter into a blood vessel
  2748. intrigue = a clandestine love affair
  2749. introversion = the condition of being folded inward or sheathed
  2750. intumescence = swelling up with blood or other fluids
  2751. intumescency = swelling up with blood or other fluids
  2752. invagination = the condition of being folded inward or sheathed
  2753. invalidism = chronic ill health
  2754. inversion = abnormal condition in which an organ is turned inward or inside out
  2755. involutional depression = a major depressive episode associated with the climacteric
  2756. involvement = the condition of sharing in common with others (as fellows or partners etc.) / a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship
  2757. invulnerability = having the strength to withstand attack
  2758. ionisation = the condition of being dissociated into ions
  2759. ionization = the condition of being dissociated into ions
  2760. iridocyclitis = inflammation of the iris and ciliary body of the eye
  2761. iridokeratitis = inflammation of the iris and cornea of the eye
  2762. iridoncus = swelling of the iris of the eye
  2763. iritis = inflammation of the iris
  2764. iron cage = a cage from which there is no escape
  2765. iron deficiency anaemia = a form of anemia due to lack of iron in the diet or to iron loss as a result of chronic bleeding
  2766. iron deficiency anemia = a form of anemia due to lack of iron in the diet or to iron loss as a result of chronic bleeding
  2767. iron overload = pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues
  2768. iron-storage disease = pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues
  2769. irradiation = the condition of being exposed to radiation
  2770. irrationality = the state of being irrational
  2771. irreality = the state of being insubstantial or imaginary
  2772. irregularity = irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels
  2773. irritable bowel syndrome = recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea
  2774. irritation = the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland / the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed / (pathology) abnormal sensitivity to stimulation
  2775. ischaemia = local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  2776. ischaemic stroke = the most common kind of stroke
  2777. ischemia = local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  2778. ischemic anoxia = anoxia resulting from slow peripheral circulation
  2779. ischemic hypoxia = hypoxia resulting from slow peripheral circulation
  2780. ischemic stroke = the most common kind of stroke
  2781. isolation = a state of separation between persons or groups
  2782. isomerism = the state of being an isomer
  2783. isometropia = equality of refractive power in the two eyes
  2784. isostasy = a general equilibrium of the forces tending to elevate or depress the earth's crust
  2785. itch = a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite
  2786. Jacksonian epilepsy = focal epilepsy in which the attack usually moves from distal to proximal limb muscles on the same side of the body
  2787. Jacquemier's sign = a purplish discoloration of the mucous membrane of the vagina that occurs early in pregnancy
  2788. Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease = rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus
  2789. jam = informal terms for a difficult situation
  2790. jaundice = yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
  2791. jaundice of the newborn = yellowish appearance in newborn infants
  2792. jejuneness = lacking and evidencing lack of experience of life
  2793. jejunitis = inflammation of the jejunum of the small intestine
  2794. jejunoileitis = inflammation of the jejunum and the ileum of the small intestine
  2795. jeopardy = a source of danger
  2796. jet lag = fatigue and sleep disturbance resulting from disruption of the body's normal circadian rhythm as a result of jet travel
  2797. jitters = extreme nervousness
  2798. job = a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved
  2799. jock itch = fungal infection of the groin
  2800. juice = energetic vitality
  2801. jumble = a confused multitude of things
  2802. junction = the state of being joined together
  2803. juncture = a crisis situation or point in time when a critical decision must be made
  2804. jungle fever = severe form of malaria occurring in tropical regions
  2805. jungle rot = skin disorder induced by a tropical climate
  2806. junior status = in a junior position
  2807. juvenile amaurotic idiocy = a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death
  2808. juvenile diabetes = severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis
  2809. juvenile rheumatoid arthritis = a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children
  2810. juvenile-onset diabetes = severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis
  2811. juvenility = lacking and evidencing lack of experience of life
  2812. Kaffir pox = a mild form of smallpox caused by a less virulent form of the virus
  2813. kakke disease = the endemic form of beriberi
  2814. kala azar = sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies
  2815. kala-azar = leishmaniasis of the viscera
  2816. kalemia = the presence of excess potassium in the circulating blood
  2817. kaliuresis = the presence of excess potassium in the urine
  2818. Kallman's syndrome = hypogonadism with anosmia
  2819. kaluresis = the presence of excess potassium in the urine
  2820. Kaposi's sarcoma = a sarcoma that starts with purplish spots on the feet and legs and spreads from the skin to lymph nodes and internal organs
  2821. Kaposi's varicelliform eruption = a now rare complication of vaccinia superimposed on atopic dermatitis with high fever and generalized vesicles and papulovesicles
  2822. katzenjammer = disagreeable aftereffects from the use of drugs
  2823. Kawasaki disease = an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever
  2824. Kayser-Fleischer ring = a pigmented ring at the outer edge of the cornea of the eye
  2825. keloid = raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury
  2826. kelter = in working order
  2827. Kenya fever = a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
  2828. keratalgia = pain in the cornea
  2829. keratectasia = abnormal bulging of the cornea of the eye
  2830. keratitis = inflammation of the cornea causing watery painful eyes and blurred vision
  2831. keratoacanthoma = skin tumor that grows rapidly (especially in older people) and resembles a carcinoma but does not spread
  2832. keratocele = hernia of the cornea
  2833. keratoconjunctivitis = inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva
  2834. keratoconus = abnormal cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea of the eye
  2835. keratoderma = any skin disorder consisting of a growth that appears horny
  2836. keratoderma blennorrhagica = skin disease characterized by a scaly rash on the palms and soles
  2837. keratodermia = any skin disorder consisting of a growth that appears horny
  2838. keratoiritis = inflammation of the cornea and the iris of the eye
  2839. keratomalacia = softening and drying and ulceration of the cornea resulting from vitamin A deficiency
  2840. keratomycosis = fungal infection of the cornea
  2841. keratonosis = any abnormal condition of the outer skin
  2842. keratonosus = any disease of the cornea
  2843. keratoscleritis = inflammation of the cornea and sclera of the eye
  2844. keratosis = a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
  2845. keratosis blennorrhagica = skin disease characterized by a scaly rash on the palms and soles
  2846. keratosis follicularis = a rare hereditary condition marked by dark crusted patches
  2847. keratosis nigricans = a skin disease characterized by dark wartlike patches in the body folds
  2848. keratosis pilaris = keratosis characterized by hard conical elevations in the openings of sebaceous glands
  2849. kerfuffle = a disorderly outburst or tumult
  2850. kerion = ringworm infection of the hair follicles of the scalp and beard that usually results in a swelling that is covered with pustules and oozes fluid
  2851. kernicterus = an abnormal accumulation of bile pigment in the brain and other nerve tissue
  2852. Kernig's sign = symptom of meningitis
  2853. ketoacidosis = acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies
  2854. ketoacidosis-prone diabetes = severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis
  2855. ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  2856. ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes mellitus = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  2857. ketoaciduria = excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
  2858. ketonemia = an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
  2859. ketonuria = excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
  2860. ketosis = an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
  2861. ketosis-prone diabetes = severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis
  2862. ketosis-resistant diabetes = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  2863. ketosis-resistant diabetes mellitus = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  2864. kettle of fish = informal terms for a difficult situation
  2865. ki = the circulating life energy that in Chinese philosophy is thought to be inherent in all things
  2866. kibe = ulcerated chilblain on the heel
  2867. kidney disease = a disease affecting the kidneys
  2868. kidney failure = inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
  2869. killer = the causal agent resulting in death
  2870. kilter = in working order
  2871. kinetosis = the state of being dizzy or nauseated because of the motions that occur while traveling in or on a moving vehicle
  2872. king = preeminence in a particular category or group or field
  2873. king's evil = a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
  2874. kingdom = a domain in which something is dominant
  2875. kingship = the dignity or rank or position of a king
  2876. kink = a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back
  2877. kissing disease = an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious
  2878. kit and boodle = everything available
  2879. kit and caboodle = everything available
  2880. Klinefelter syndrome = syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation
  2881. Klinefelter's syndrome = syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation
  2882. knock-knee = an inward slant of the thigh
  2883. Koplik's spots = small red spots with white centers found on the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue
  2884. Korsakoff's psychosis = dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism
  2885. Korsakoff's syndrome = dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism
  2886. Korsakov's psychosis = dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism
  2887. Korsakov's syndrome = dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism
  2888. kraurosis = atrophy and shriveling of the skin or mucous membrane
  2889. kraurosis vulvae = kraurosis of the vulva
  2890. kuru = a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms
  2891. kwashiorkor = severe malnutrition in children resulting from a diet excessively high in carbohydrates and low in protein
  2892. kyphosis = an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
  2893. labor = concluding state of pregnancy
  2894. labor pain = pain and discomfort associated with contractions of the uterus during labor
  2895. labor pains = a regularly recurrent spasm of pain that is characteristic of childbirth
  2896. labour = concluding state of pregnancy
  2897. labour pains = a regularly recurrent spasm of pain that is characteristic of childbirth
  2898. labyrinthitis = inflammation of the inner ear
  2899. laceration = a torn ragged wound
  2900. lack = the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  2901. lactase deficiency = congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products
  2902. lactose intolerance = congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products
  2903. lactosuria = presence of lactose in the urine
  2904. ladder = ascending stages by which somebody or something can progress
  2905. Lafora's disease = epilepsy characterized by clonus of muscle groups and progressive mental deterioration and genetic origin
  2906. lagophthalmos = abnormal condition in which an eye cannot close completely
  2907. lallation = defective articulation of the `l' phoneme or the phoneme `r' is pronounced as `l'
  2908. lambdacism = speech defect involving excessive use or unusual pronunciation of the phoneme `l'
  2909. Lambert-Eaton syndrome = a disease seen in patients with lung cancer and characterized by weakness and fatigue of hip and thigh muscles and an aching back
  2910. lameness = an imperfection or defectiveness / disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  2911. laminitis = inflammation of the laminated tissue that attaches the hoof to the foot of a horse
  2912. land = a domain in which something is dominant
  2913. Landry's paralysis = a form of peripheral polyneuritis characterized by pain and weakness and sometimes paralysis of the limbs
  2914. lap = an area of control or responsibility
  2915. lap of luxury = in conditions of wealth and comfort
  2916. lap of the gods = beyond human control or responsibility
  2917. laparocele = hernia through the abdomen
  2918. laryngitis = inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx
  2919. laryngopharyngitis = inflammation of the larynx and pharynx
  2920. laryngospasm = a closure of the larynx that blocks the passage of air to the lungs
  2921. laryngostenosis = abnormal narrowing of the larynx
  2922. laryngotracheobronchitis = inflammation of the larynx and trachea and bronchial passageways
  2923. Lassa fever = an acute contagious viral disease of central western Africa; characterized by fever and inflammation and muscular pains and difficulty swallowing
  2924. lassitude = a state of comatose torpor
  2925. late blight = blight in which symptoms appear late in the growing season especially a disease of solanaceous plants caused by the fungus Phytophthora infestans
  2926. latency = the state of being not yet evident or active
  2927. latent diabetes = a mild form of diabetes mellitus in which there are no overt symptoms but there are abnormal responses to some diagnostic procedures
  2928. latent hostility = feelings of hostility that are not manifest
  2929. latent schizophrenia = schizophrenia characterized by mild symptoms or by some preexisting tendency to schizophrenia
  2930. lateral epicondylitis = painful inflammation of the tendon at the outer border of the elbow resulting from overuse of lower arm muscles
  2931. lateral humeral epicondylitis = painful inflammation of the tendon at the outer border of the elbow resulting from overuse of lower arm muscles
  2932. lather = agitation resulting from active worry
  2933. latitude = freedom from normal restraints in conduct
  2934. laurels = the state of being honored
  2935. lawlessness = a state of lawlessness and disorder
  2936. laxity = the condition of being physiologically lax
  2937. laxness = the condition of being physiologically lax
  2938. LE = a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue
  2939. lead colic = symptom of chronic lead poisoning and associated with obstinate constipation
  2940. lead poisoning = toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
  2941. leadership = the status of a leader
  2942. leaf blight = any blight causing a browning and falling of the leaves of a plant
  2943. leaf cast = a disease of conifers causing the needles to fall
  2944. leaf disease = any plant disease localized in the foliage
  2945. leaf scorch = plant disease causing a burned or scorched appearance of the foliage
  2946. leak = soft watery rot in fruits and vegetables caused by fungi
  2947. leakiness = the condition of permitting leaks or leakage
  2948. learning disability = a disorder found in children of normal intelligence who have difficulties in learning specific skills
  2949. learning disorder = a disorder found in children of normal intelligence who have difficulties in learning specific skills
  2950. left-handedness = the status of being born of a morganatic marriage
  2951. legal blindness = vision that is 20/200 or worse in both eyes
  2952. legal representation = personal representation that has legal status
  2953. legal status = a status defined by law
  2954. Legionnaires' disease = acute (sometimes fatal) lobar pneumonia caused by bacteria of a kind first recognized after an outbreak of the disease at an American Legion convention in Philadelphia in 1976
  2955. leiomyoma = benign tumor of smooth muscle
  2956. leiomyosarcoma = sarcoma of smooth muscle
  2957. leishmaniasis = sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies
  2958. leishmaniasis americana = a form of leishmaniasis endemic in Mexico and Central American and South America
  2959. leishmaniosis = sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies
  2960. lepidophobia = a morbid fear of snakes
  2961. lepromatous leprosy = a very serious form of leprosy characterized by lesions that spread over much of the body and affecting many systems of the body
  2962. leprosy = chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts
  2963. leptomeningitis = inflammation of the leptomeninges
  2964. leptospirosis = an infectious disease cause by leptospira and transmitted to humans from domestic animals
  2965. lesion = any localized abnormal structural change in a bodily part / an injury to living tissue
  2966. lethargic encephalitis = an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926
  2967. lethargy = a state of comatose torpor
  2968. leucaemia = malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes
  2969. leucocytosis = an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection
  2970. leucoma = eye disease consisting of an opaque white spot on the cornea
  2971. leucopenia = an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
  2972. leukaemia = malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes
  2973. leukemia = malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes
  2974. leukocytosis = an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection
  2975. leukoderma = a congenital skin condition characterized by spots or bands of unpigmented skin
  2976. leukoencephalitis = inflammation of the white matter of the brain
  2977. leukoma = eye disease consisting of an opaque white spot on the cornea
  2978. leukopenia = an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
  2979. level = a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process / a relative position or degree of value in a graded group
  2980. LGV = infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact
  2981. liability = an obligation to pay money to another party / the state of being legally obliged and responsible
  2982. liaison = a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship
  2983. liberty = immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence / freedom of choice / personal freedom from servitude or confinement or oppression
  2984. licence = freedom to deviate deliberately from normally applicable rules or practices (especially in behavior or speech) / excessive freedom
  2985. license = freedom to deviate deliberately from normally applicable rules or practices (especially in behavior or speech) / excessive freedom
  2986. lichen = any of several eruptive skin diseases characterized by hard thick lesions grouped together and resembling lichens growing on rocks
  2987. lichen planus = an eruption of shiny flat-topped purplish (usually itchy) papules on the wrist and forearms and thighs
  2988. lichen ruber planus = an eruption of shiny flat-topped purplish (usually itchy) papules on the wrist and forearms and thighs
  2989. lichtenoid eczema = eczema characterized by thickening of the skin with accentuated skin lines
  2990. life = the course of existence of an individual
  2991. life eternal = life without beginning or end
  2992. life imprisonment = a sentence of imprisonment until death
  2993. lifelessness = a state of no motion or movement
  2994. light = having abundant light or illumination / a condition of spiritual awareness
  2995. lightheadedness = a reeling sensation
  2996. lighting = having abundant light or illumination
  2997. lightlessness = total absence of light
  2998. limb-girdle muscular dystrophy = an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy that appears anywhere from late childhood to middle age; characterized by progressive muscular weakness beginning either in the shoulder or pelvic girdle
  2999. limbo = the state of being disregarded or forgotten
  3000. limelight = a focus of public attention
  3001. limping = disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  3002. link = the state of being connected
  3003. lipaemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  3004. lipemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  3005. lipid granulomatosis = widespread xanthomas
  3006. lipidaemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  3007. lipidemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  3008. lipidosis = a disorder of lipid metabolism
  3009. lipochondrodystrophy = hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism
  3010. lipoid granulomatosis = widespread xanthomas
  3011. lipoidaemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  3012. lipoidemia = presence of excess lipids in the blood
  3013. lipoma = a tumor consisting of fatty tissue
  3014. lipomatosis = pathology in which fat accumulates in lipomas in the body
  3015. liposarcoma = sarcoma of fat cells
  3016. liquid = the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility
  3017. liquid state = the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility
  3018. liquidity = the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility
  3019. liquidity crisis = a state in which there is a short supply of cash to lend to businesses and consumers and interest rates are high
  3020. liquidness = the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility
  3021. lisp = a speech defect that involves pronouncing `s' like voiceless `th' and `z' like voiced `th'
  3022. listeria meningitis = an infectious disease of animals and humans (especially newborn or immunosuppressed persons) caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes
  3023. listeriosis = an infectious disease of animals and humans (especially newborn or immunosuppressed persons) caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes
  3024. lithiasis = the formation of stones (calculi) in an internal organ
  3025. little potato = rhizoctinia disease of potatoes
  3026. livedo = skin disorder characterized by patchy bluish discolorations on the skin
  3027. liver cancer = malignant neoplastic disease of the liver usually occurring as a metastasis from another cancer
  3028. liver disease = a disease affecting the liver
  3029. liver rot = a disease of the liver (especially in sheep and cattle) caused by liver flukes and their by-products
  3030. living = the condition of living or the state of being alive
  3031. living death = a state of constant misery
  3032. living standards = a level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone or some group
  3033. lobar pneumonia = pneumonia affecting one or more lobes of the lung
  3034. local anaesthesia = loss of sensation in a small area of the body
  3035. local anesthesia = loss of sensation in a small area of the body
  3036. local option = freedom of a local government to determine by popular vote the applicability of a controversial law in their jurisdiction
  3037. lockjaw = an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds
  3038. loco disease = a disease of livestock caused by locoweed poisoning
  3039. locoism = a disease of livestock caused by locoweed poisoning
  3040. locomotor ataxia = syphilis of the spinal cord characterized by degeneration of sensory neurons and stabbing pains in the trunk and legs and unsteady gait and incontinence and impotence
  3041. logagraphia = a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
  3042. logginess = a dull and listless state resulting from weariness
  3043. loginess = a dull and listless state resulting from weariness
  3044. logjam = any stoppage attributable to unusual activity
  3045. loneliness = the state of being alone in solitary isolation
  3046. longsightedness = abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects
  3047. look = the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
  3048. looping ill = an acute viral disease of the nervous system in sheep
  3049. loose smut = disease of grains
  3050. looseness = frequent and watery bowel movements
  3051. looseness of the bowels = frequent and watery bowel movements
  3052. lordosis = an abnormal inward (forward) curvature of the vertebral column
  3053. lot = your overall circumstances or condition in life
  3054. lotus land = an idyllic realm of contentment and self-indulgence
  3055. lotusland = an idyllic realm of contentment and self-indulgence
  3056. Lou Gehrig's disease = thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord
  3057. lousiness = infestation with lice (Pediculus humanus) resulting in severe itching
  3058. love affair = a relationship between two lovers
  3059. love bite = a temporary red mark on a person's skin resulting from kissing or sucking by their lover
  3060. low = an air mass of lower pressure
  3061. low profile = a state of low visibility in which public notice is avoided
  3062. low spirits = a state of mild depression
  3063. low status = a position of inferior status
  3064. low-water mark = an extreme state of adversity
  3065. lower rank = the state of being inferior
  3066. lower respiratory infection = infection of the lower respiratory tract
  3067. lower status = the state of being inferior
  3068. lowliness = a position of inferior status
  3069. lowness = a position of inferior status
  3070. lubrication = the condition of having been made smooth or slippery by the application of a lubricant
  3071. lucidity = a lucid state of mind
  3072. luck = your overall circumstances or condition in life
  3073. luckiness = an auspicious state resulting from favorable outcomes
  3074. lues = a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages
  3075. lues venerea = a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages
  3076. lull = a period of calm weather
  3077. lumbago = backache affecting the lumbar region or lower back
  3078. lumbar pain = backache affecting the lumbar region or lower back
  3079. lump = an abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement
  3080. lumpy jaw = the commonest and least severe form of actinomycosis
  3081. lunacy = obsolete terms for legal insanity
  3082. lung cancer = carcinoma of the lungs
  3083. lupus = any of several forms of ulcerative skin disease
  3084. lupus erythematosus = a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue
  3085. lupus vulgaris = tuberculosis of the skin
  3086. luxuriousness = wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living
  3087. luxury = wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living
  3088. lying-in = concluding state of pregnancy
  3089. Lyme arthritis = an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever
  3090. Lyme disease = an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever
  3091. lymphadenitis = inflammation of lymph nodes
  3092. lymphadenoma = an abnormally enlarged lymph node
  3093. lymphadenopathy = chronic abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes
  3094. lymphangiectasia = dilatation of a lymph vessel
  3095. lymphangiectasis = dilatation of a lymph vessel
  3096. lymphangioma = benign angioma consisting of a mass of lymphatic vessels
  3097. lymphangitis = inflammation of a lymph vessel
  3098. lymphedema = swelling (usually in the legs) caused by lymph accumulating in the tissues in the affected areas
  3099. lymphoblastic leukemia = a form of lymphocytic leukemia in which the abnormal cells in the circulating blood are almost totally lymphoblasts
  3100. lymphocytic choriomeningitis = a form of viral meningitis caused by a virus carried by the common house mouse
  3101. lymphocytic leukemia = leukemia characterized by enlargement of lymphoid tissues and lymphocytic cells in the circulating blood
  3102. lymphocytopenia = an abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  3103. lymphocytosis = an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  3104. lymphogranuloma = swelling of a lymph node
  3105. lymphogranuloma venereum = infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact
  3106. lymphoma = a neoplasm of lymph tissue that is usually malignant
  3107. lymphopathia venereum = infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact
  3108. lymphopenia = an abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  3109. lymphuria = the presence of lymph in the urine
  3110. lysine intolerance = a disorder in which a lack of certain enzymes makes it impossible to digest the amino acid lysine
  3111. lysinemia = an inborn error of metabolism in which the lack of certain enzymes leads to an inability to metabolize the amino acid lysine
  3112. lysogenicity = the condition of a host bacterium that has incorporated a phage into its own genetic material
  3113. lysogeny = the condition of a host bacterium that has incorporated a phage into its own genetic material
  3114. lyssa = an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals
  3115. macrencephaly = an abnormally large braincase
  3116. macrocephaly = an abnormally large head
  3117. macrocytic anaemia = anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is larger than normal
  3118. macrocytic anemia = anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is larger than normal
  3119. macrocytosis = the presence of macrocytes in the blood
  3120. macroglossia = a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue
  3121. macular degeneration = eye disease caused by degeneration of the cells of the macula lutea and results in blurred vision
  3122. macular edema = an eye disease caused by a swelling of the macula resulting from leakage and accumulation of fluid
  3123. mad cow disease = a fatal disease of cattle that affects the central nervous system
  3124. madness = an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals
  3125. maidism = a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders
  3126. major affective disorder = any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant
  3127. major depressive episode = a state of depression with all the classic symptoms (anhedonia and lethargy and sleep disturbance and despondency and morbid thoughts and feelings of worthlessness and sometimes attempted suicide) but with no known organic dysfunction
  3128. mal de la rosa = a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders
  3129. mal de mer = motion sickness experienced while traveling on water
  3130. mal rosso = a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders
  3131. malabsorption syndrome = a pattern of symptoms including loss of appetite and bloating and weight loss and muscle pain and steatorrhea
  3132. malacia = a state of abnormal softening of tissue
  3133. maladjustment = the condition of being unable to adapt properly to your environment with resulting emotional instability
  3134. malady = impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism / any unwholesome or desperate condition
  3135. malaise = physical discomfort
  3136. malaria = an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito
  3137. malathion poisoning = a toxic condition caused by inhaling or ingesting the insecticide Malathion
  3138. male erecticle dysfunction = impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
  3139. male hypogonadism = the state of being a eunuch
  3140. male pattern baldness = loss of hair on the crown of the head
  3141. male-patterned baldness = loss of hair on the crown of the head
  3142. malformation = an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed
  3143. malignance = a malignant state
  3144. malignancy = a malignant state
  3145. malignant anaemia = a chronic progressive anemia of older adults
  3146. malignant anemia = a chronic progressive anemia of older adults
  3147. malignant hepatoma = carcinoma of the liver
  3148. malignant hypertension = severe hypertension that runs a rapid course and damages the inner linings of the blood vessels and the heart and spleen and kidneys and brain
  3149. malignant hyperthermia = hereditary condition in which certain anesthetics (e.g., halothane) cause high body temperatures and muscle rigidity
  3150. malignant melanoma = any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
  3151. malignant neoplasm = a tumor that is malignant and tends to spread to other parts of the body
  3152. malignant neoplastic disease = any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division
  3153. malignant neuroma = a malignant neoplasm of nerve tissue and fibrous tissue and connective tissue
  3154. malignant pustule = a form of anthrax infection that begins as papule that becomes a vesicle and breaks with a discharge of toxins; symptoms of septicemia are severe with vomiting and high fever and profuse sweating
  3155. malignant tumor = a tumor that is malignant and tends to spread to other parts of the body
  3156. malnourishment = not having enough food to develop or function normally
  3157. malnutrition = a state of poor nutrition
  3158. malocclusion = a condition in which the opposing teeth do not mesh normally
  3159. Malta fever = infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products
  3160. mammon = wealth regarded as an evil influence
  3161. mange = a persistent and contagious disease of the skin causing inflammation and itching and loss of hair
  3162. manhood = the state of being a man
  3163. mania = a mood disorder
  3164. manic depression = a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  3165. manic depressive illness = a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  3166. manic disorder = a mood disorder
  3167. manic-depressive psychosis = a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  3168. maple syrup urine disease = an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup
  3169. marasmus = extreme malnutrition and emaciation
  3170. marble bones disease = an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density
  3171. Marburg disease = a viral disease of green monkeys caused by the Marburg virus
  3172. Marburg hemorrhagic fever = a viral disease of green monkeys caused by the Marburg virus
  3173. mare's nest = a confused multitude of things
  3174. Marfan's syndrome = an autosomal dominant disease characterized by elongated bones (especially of limbs and digits) and abnormalities of the eyes and circulatory system
  3175. Marie-Strumpell disease = a chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine
  3176. marital status = the condition of being married or unmarried
  3177. marriage = the state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for life (or until divorce) / a close and intimate union
  3178. marriage of convenience = a marriage for expediency rather than love
  3179. Marseilles fever = a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
  3180. mask of pregnancy = a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  3181. mass hysteria = a condition in which a large group of people exhibit the same state of violent mental agitation
  3182. mastalgia = pain in the breast
  3183. mastery = power to dominate or defeat
  3184. mastitis = inflammation of a breast
  3185. mastoiditis = inflammation of the mastoid
  3186. mastopathy = any pathology of the breast
  3187. materialism = a desire for wealth and material possessions with little interest in ethical or spiritual matters
  3188. maternity = the state of being pregnant
  3189. matrimony = the state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for life
  3190. mature-onset diabetes = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  3191. matureness = state of being mature
  3192. maturity = state of being mature
  3193. maturity-onset diabetes = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  3194. maturity-onset diabetes mellitus = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  3195. mayidism = a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders
  3196. mazopathy = any pathology of the breast
  3197. MBD = a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  3198. McArdle's disease = an inherited disease in which abnormal amounts of glycogen accumulate in skeletal muscle
  3199. measles = an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash
  3200. mechanisation = the condition of having a highly technical implementation
  3201. mechanization = the condition of having a highly technical implementation
  3202. Meckel's diverticulum = a congenital diverticulum in the ileum resulting from incomplete closure of the yolk sac
  3203. Mediterranean anaemia = an inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin
  3204. Mediterranean anemia = an inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin
  3205. Mediterranean fever = infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products
  3206. medium = a state that is intermediate between extremes
  3207. meeting of minds = a state of cooperation
  3208. megacardia = an abnormal enlargement of the heart
  3209. megacephaly = an abnormally large head
  3210. megaloblastic anaemia = anemia characterized by many large immature and dysfunctional red blood cells (megaloblasts) in the bone marrow
  3211. megaloblastic anemia = anemia characterized by many large immature and dysfunctional red blood cells (megaloblasts) in the bone marrow
  3212. megalocardia = an abnormal enlargement of the heart
  3213. megalocephaly = an abnormally large head
  3214. megalohepatia = abnormal enlargement of the liver
  3215. megalomania = a psychological state characterized by delusions of grandeur
  3216. megrim = a severe recurring vascular headache
  3217. megrims = a state of depression
  3218. Meibomian cyst = a small sebaceous cyst of the eyelid resulting when a Meibomian gland is blocked
  3219. melagra = rheumatic or myalgic pains in the arms or legs
  3220. melancholia = extreme depression characterized by tearful sadness and irrational fears
  3221. melancholy = a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed
  3222. melanism = a condition characterized by abnormal deposits of melanin
  3223. melanoma = any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
  3224. melanosis = a condition characterized by abnormal deposits of melanin
  3225. melasma = a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  3226. melioration = a condition superior to an earlier condition
  3227. membership = the state of being a member
  3228. menace = something that is a source of danger
  3229. mendicancy = the state of being a beggar or mendicant
  3230. mendicity = the state of being a beggar or mendicant
  3231. Meniere's disease = a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss
  3232. meningioma = a tumor arising in the meninges which surround the brain and spinal cord
  3233. meningism = symptoms that mimic those of meningitis but without inflammation of the meninges
  3234. meningitis = infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection
  3235. meningocele = a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid
  3236. meningoencephalitis = inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
  3237. mental abnormality = any abnormality of mental function
  3238. mental balance = the healthy psychological state of someone with good judgment
  3239. mental condition = a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic
  3240. mental disease = any disease of the mind
  3241. mental disorder = a psychological disorder of thought or emotion
  3242. mental disturbance = a psychological disorder of thought or emotion
  3243. mental exhaustion = exhaustion that affects mental keenness
  3244. mental health = the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment
  3245. mental illness = any disease of the mind
  3246. mental soundness = the healthy psychological state of someone with good judgment
  3247. mental state = a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic
  3248. mental strain = nervousness resulting from mental stress
  3249. mental unsoundness = a state of mental disturbance and disorientation
  3250. meralgia = pain in the thigh
  3251. merchantability = the state of being fit for market
  3252. mercury poisoning = a toxic condition caused by ingesting or inhaling mercury
  3253. mercy = something for which to be thankful
  3254. meridian = the highest level or degree attainable
  3255. meromelia = congenital absence of part of an arm or leg
  3256. mesalliance = a marriage with a person of inferior social status
  3257. mesothelioma = a form of carcinoma of the mesothelium lining lungs or abdomen or heart
  3258. mess = informal terms for a difficult situation / a state of confusion and disorderliness
  3259. messiness = a state of confusion and disorderliness
  3260. metabolic acidosis = acidosis and bicarbonate concentration in the body fluids resulting either from the accumulation of acids or the abnormal loss of bases from the body
  3261. metabolic alkalosis = alkalosis resulting from hydrogen-ion loss or excessive intake of alkaline substances
  3262. metabolic disorder = a disorder or defect of metabolism
  3263. metacyesis = pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus
  3264. metamorphopsia = a defect of vision in which objects appear to be distorted
  3265. metaplastic anaemia = pernicious anemia in which the various formed elements in the blood are changed
  3266. metaplastic anemia = pernicious anemia in which the various formed elements in the blood are changed
  3267. metastatic tumor = a tumor that is malignant and tends to spread to other parts of the body
  3268. meteorological conditions = the prevailing environmental conditions as they influence the prediction of weather
  3269. metralgia = pain in the uterus
  3270. metritis = inflammation of the lining of the uterus
  3271. metroptosis = prolapse of the uterus
  3272. metrorrhagia = bleeding from the uterus that is not due to menstruation
  3273. Mexican standoff = a situation in which no one can emerge as a clear winner
  3274. MI = destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
  3275. miasm = unhealthy vapors rising from the ground or other sources / an unwholesome atmosphere
  3276. miasma = unhealthy vapors rising from the ground or other sources / an unwholesome atmosphere
  3277. microbrachia = abnormally small arms
  3278. microcephalus = an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
  3279. microcephaly = an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
  3280. microcytic anaemia = anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is smaller than normal
  3281. microcytic anemia = anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is smaller than normal
  3282. microcytosis = a blood disorder characterized by the presence of microcytes (abnormally small red blood cells) in the blood
  3283. middle-ear deafness = hearing loss due to problems with the bones of the middle ear
  3284. miff = a state of irritation or annoyance
  3285. migraine = a severe recurring vascular headache
  3286. mildness = good weather with comfortable temperatures
  3287. miliaria = obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  3288. miliary fever = epidemic in the 15th and 16th centuries and characterized by profuse sweating and high mortality
  3289. miliary tuberculosis = acute tuberculosis characterized by the appearance of tiny tubercles on one or more organs of the body
  3290. milieu = the environmental condition
  3291. military rank = rank in a military organization
  3292. military rating = rank in a military organization
  3293. milk intolerance = congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products
  3294. milk leg = painful thrombosis of the femoral vein in the leg following childbirth
  3295. milk pox = a mild form of smallpox caused by a less virulent form of the virus
  3296. milk sickness = caused by consuming milk from cattle suffering from trembles / disease of livestock and especially cattle poisoned by eating certain kinds of snakeroot
  3297. mimesis = any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease
  3298. Minamata disease = a form of mercury poisoning among people who ate fish from mercury-contaminated waters of Minamata Bay off Japan in the 1950s
  3299. mineral deficiency = lack of a mineral micronutrient that is essential for normal nutrition or metabolism
  3300. minimal brain damage = a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  3301. minimal brain dysfunction = a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  3302. mire = a difficulty or embarrassment that is hard to extricate yourself from
  3303. misalliance = an unsuitable alliance
  3304. miserableness = a state of ill-being due to affliction or misfortune
  3305. misery = a state of ill-being due to affliction or misfortune
  3306. misfortune = an unfortunate state resulting from unfavorable outcomes
  3307. misshapenness = an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed
  3308. mitral stenosis = obstruction or narrowing of the mitral valve
  3309. mitral valve prolapse = cardiopathy resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart
  3310. mitral valve stenosis = obstruction or narrowing of the mitral valve
  3311. mode = a particular functioning condition or arrangement
  3312. Moeller's glossitis = a superficial form of glossitis marked by irregular red patches on the tongue and sensitivity to hot or spicy food
  3313. moistness = a slight wetness
  3314. moisture = wetness caused by water
  3315. molar pregnancy = an abnormality during pregnancy; chorionic villi around the fetus degenerate and form clusters of fluid-filled sacs
  3316. mollification = a state of being appeased or ameliorated or tempered
  3317. molluscum = any skin disease characterized by soft pulpy nodules
  3318. molluscum contagiosum = a virus disease of the skin marked by round white swellings
  3319. monandry = the state of having only one husband at a time
  3320. mongolianism = a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome
  3321. mongolism = a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome
  3322. monilia disease = an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida
  3323. moniliasis = an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida
  3324. mono = an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious
  3325. monoblastic leukaemia = leukemia characterized by the proliferation of monocytes and monoblasts in the blood
  3326. monoblastic leukemia = leukemia characterized by the proliferation of monocytes and monoblasts in the blood
  3327. monochromacy = complete color blindness
  3328. monochromasy = complete color blindness
  3329. monochromatic vision = complete color blindness
  3330. monochromatism = complete color blindness
  3331. monochromia = complete color blindness
  3332. monocytic leukaemia = leukemia characterized by the proliferation of monocytes and monoblasts in the blood
  3333. monocytic leukemia = leukemia characterized by the proliferation of monocytes and monoblasts in the blood
  3334. monocytosis = increase in the number of monocytes in the blood
  3335. monogamousness = the practice or state of having only one spouse at a time
  3336. monogamy = the practice or state of having only one spouse at a time
  3337. monogenic disease = an inherited disease controlled by a single pair of genes
  3338. monogenic disorder = an inherited disease controlled by a single pair of genes
  3339. monogyny = having only one wife at a time
  3340. mononeuropathy = any neuropathy of a single nerve trunk
  3341. mononucleosis = an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious
  3342. monoplegia = paralysis of a single limb
  3343. monopoly = exclusive control or possession of something / (economics) a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller
  3344. monopsony = a market in which goods or services are offered by several sellers but there is only one buyer
  3345. monorchidism = failure of one testes to descend into the scrotum
  3346. monorchism = failure of one testes to descend into the scrotum
  3347. monosomy = chromosomal abnormality consisting of the absence of one chromosome from the normal diploid number
  3348. monostotic fibrous dysplasia = fibrous dysplasia of bone confined to a single bone
  3349. Montezuma's revenge = diarrhea contracted in Mexico or Central America
  3350. mood = the prevailing psychological state
  3351. moon blindness = recurrent eye inflammation in horses; sometimes resulting in blindness / inability to see clearly in dim light
  3352. mooneye = recurrent eye inflammation in horses
  3353. mopes = an informal expression for a mildly depressed state
  3354. moral hazard = the lack of any incentive to guard against a risk when you are protected against it
  3355. morale = a state of individual psychological well-being based upon a sense of confidence and usefulness and purpose
  3356. moratorium = suspension of an ongoing activity
  3357. morbilli = an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash
  3358. morning sickness = nausea early in the day
  3359. morphea = localized scleroderma
  3360. mosaic = viral disease in solanaceous plants (tomatoes, potatoes, tobacco) resulting in mottling and often shriveling of the leaves
  3361. mosaicism = the condition in which an organism has two or more cell populations that differ in genetic makeup
  3362. mosquito bite = a sting inflicted by a mosquito
  3363. motion = a state of change
  3364. motion sickness = the state of being dizzy or nauseated because of the motions that occur while traveling in or on a moving vehicle
  3365. motionlessness = a state of no motion or movement
  3366. motivation = the condition of being motivated
  3367. motor aphasia = aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
  3368. motor ataxia = inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements
  3369. mountain fever = caused by rickettsial bacteria and transmitted by wood ticks
  3370. mountain sickness = nausea and shortness of breath experienced by mountain climbers above ten thousand feet
  3371. mourning = state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one
  3372. mouse = a swollen bruise caused by a blow to the eye
  3373. MS = a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
  3374. mucocutaneous leishmaniasis = a form of leishmaniasis endemic in Mexico and Central American and South America
  3375. mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome = an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever
  3376. mucopolysaccharidosis = any of a group of genetic disorders involving a defect in the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides resulting in greater than normal levels of mucopolysaccharides in tissues
  3377. mucous colitis = recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea
  3378. mucoviscidosis = the most common hereditary disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene
  3379. muddiness = the wetness of ground that is covered or soaked with water
  3380. muddle = informal terms for a difficult situation / a confused multitude of things
  3381. mugginess = a state of warm humidity
  3382. muliebrity = the state of being an adult woman
  3383. multiple mononeuropathy = pathology of several individual nerve trunks
  3384. multiple myeloma = myeloma that develops in several places at the same time
  3385. multiple neuritis = inflammation of many or all of the peripheral nerves
  3386. multiple personality = a relatively rare dissociative disorder in which the usual integrity of the personality breaks down and two or more independent personalities emerge
  3387. multiple sclerosis = a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
  3388. multivalence = the state of having a valence greater than two
  3389. multivalency = the state of having a valence greater than two
  3390. mumification necrosis = gangrene that develops in the presence of arterial obstruction and is characterized by dryness of the dead tissue and a dark brown color
  3391. mummification = gangrene that develops in the presence of arterial obstruction and is characterized by dryness of the dead tissue and a dark brown color / a condition resembling that of a mummy
  3392. mumps = an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
  3393. Munchausen syndrome = syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
  3394. Munchausen's syndrome = syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
  3395. murine typhus = acute infection caused by rickettsia and transmitted by the bite of an infected flea
  3396. murk = an atmosphere in which visibility is reduced because of a cloud of some substance
  3397. murkiness = an atmosphere in which visibility is reduced because of a cloud of some substance
  3398. murmur = an abnormal sound of the heart
  3399. murrain = any disease of domestic animals that resembles a plague
  3400. musca volitans = spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens
  3401. muscae volitantes = spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens
  3402. muscle spasm = a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
  3403. muscle tone = normal tonicity of the muscles
  3404. muscular dystrophy = any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
  3405. muscular tonus = normal tonicity of the muscles
  3406. muscularity = the physiological state of having or consisting of muscle
  3407. mushroom poisoning = toxic condition caused by eating certain species of mushrooms
  3408. musicogenic epilepsy = reflex epilepsy induced by music
  3409. musophobia = a morbid fear of mice
  3410. muss = a state of confusion and disorderliness
  3411. mussiness = a state of confusion and disorderliness
  3412. muteness = the condition of being unable or unwilling to speak
  3413. mutism = the condition of being unable or unwilling to speak
  3414. myalgia = pain in a muscle or group of muscles
  3415. myasthenia = any muscular weakness / a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness
  3416. myasthenia gravis = a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness
  3417. myasthenic syndrome = a disease seen in patients with lung cancer and characterized by weakness and fatigue of hip and thigh muscles and an aching back
  3418. mycoplasmal pneumonia = an acute respiratory disease marked by high fever and coughing; caused by mycoplasma
  3419. mycosis = an inflammatory condition caused by a fungus
  3420. myelatelia = any developmental defect of the spinal cord
  3421. myelitis = inflammation of the spinal cord
  3422. myeloblastic leukemia = a malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues
  3423. myelocytic leukemia = a malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues
  3424. myelofibrosis = fibrosis of the bone marrow
  3425. myeloid leukemia = chronic leukemia characterized by granular leukocytes
  3426. myeloma = a tumor of the bone marrow (usually malignant) composed of cells normally found in bone marrow
  3427. myelomeningocele = a congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column
  3428. myiasis = infestation of the body by the larvae of flies (usually through a wound or other opening) or any disease resulting from such infestation
  3429. myocardial infarct = destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
  3430. myocardial infarction = destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
  3431. myocardial inflammation = inflammation of the myocardium
  3432. myocardiopathy = a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle
  3433. myocarditis = inflammation of the myocardium
  3434. myoclonus = a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
  3435. myoclonus epilepsy = epilepsy characterized by clonus of muscle groups and progressive mental deterioration and genetic origin
  3436. myodynia = pain in a muscle or group of muscles
  3437. myoglobinuria = the presence of myoglobin in the urine
  3438. myoma = a benign tumor composed of muscle tissue
  3439. myometritis = inflammation of the myometrium
  3440. myopathy = any pathology of the muscles that is not attributable to nerve dysfunction
  3441. myopia = eyesight abnormality resulting from the eye's faulty refractive ability
  3442. myosarcoma = sarcoma of muscle tissue
  3443. myosis = an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain
  3444. myositis = inflammation of muscle tissue
  3445. myositis trichinosa = infestation by trichina larvae that are transmitted by eating inadequately cooked meat
  3446. myotonia = abnormally long muscular contractions
  3447. myotonia atrophica = a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow
  3448. myotonia congenita = a mild, rare, congenital form of myotonia characterized by muscle stiffness
  3449. myotonic dystrophy = a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow
  3450. myotonic muscular dystrophy = a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow
  3451. mysophobia = a morbid fear of dirt or contamination
  3452. myxedema = hypothyroidism marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
  3453. myxoedema = hypothyroidism marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
  3454. myxoma = a benign tumor of connective tissue containing jellylike material
  3455. myxomatosis = a viral disease (usually fatal) of rabbits
  3456. nabothian cyst = a cyst that forms in the nabothian glands of the uterine cervix
  3457. nabothian follicle = a cyst that forms in the nabothian glands of the uterine cervix
  3458. nadir = an extreme state of adversity
  3459. nakedness = the state of being without clothing or covering of any kind / a bleak and desolate atmosphere
  3460. name = a person's reputation
  3461. namelessness = the state of being anonymous
  3462. nanism = a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
  3463. nanocephaly = an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
  3464. nanophthalmos = condition in which both eyes are abnormally small but otherwise normal
  3465. naphthalene poisoning = toxic condition resulting from inhaling or ingesting naphthalene
  3466. narcolepsy = a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep
  3467. Nash equilibrium = a stable state of a system that involves several interacting participants in which no participant can gain by a change of strategy as long as all the other participants remain unchanged
  3468. nasopharyngeal leishmaniasis = a form of leishmaniasis endemic in Mexico and Central American and South America
  3469. nastiness = a state characterized by foul or disgusting dirt and refuse
  3470. nationality = the status of belonging to a particular nation by birth or naturalization
  3471. nationhood = the state of being a nation
  3472. natriuresis = the presence of abnormally large amounts of sodium in the urine
  3473. natural immunity = immunity to disease that occurs as part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  3474. natural state = a wild primitive state untouched by civilization
  3475. naupathia = motion sickness experienced while traveling on water
  3476. nausea = the state that precedes vomiting
  3477. ne plus ultra = the state of being without a flaw or defect
  3478. nearsightedness = eyesight abnormality resulting from the eye's faulty refractive ability
  3479. neatness = the state of being neat and smart and trim
  3480. nebula = cloudiness of the urine
  3481. NEC = an acute inflammatory disease occurring in the intestines of premature infants
  3482. necessity = the condition of being essential or indispensable
  3483. necrobiosis lipoidica = skin disease marked by thin shiny patches
  3484. necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum = skin disease marked by thin shiny patches
  3485. necrotizing enteritis = enteritis characterized by bloody diarrhea and severe abdominal pain
  3486. necrotizing enterocolitis = an acute inflammatory disease occurring in the intestines of premature infants
  3487. need = a condition requiring relief / a state of extreme poverty or destitution
  3488. neediness = a state of extreme poverty
  3489. needle blight = a disease of conifers causing the needles to fall
  3490. needle cast = a disease of conifers causing the needles to fall
  3491. neglect = the state of something that has been unused and neglected
  3492. nemesis = something causing misery or death
  3493. neonatal death = death of a liveborn infant within the first 28 days of life
  3494. neonatal hyperbilirubinemia = a common disorder that is usually due to immaturity of the liver
  3495. neophobia = a morbid fear of novelty
  3496. neoplasm = an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  3497. neotony = the state resulting when juvenile characteristics are retained by the adults of a species
  3498. nephralgia = pain in the kidney
  3499. nephritis = an inflammation of the kidney
  3500. nephroangiosclerosis = kidney disease that is usually associated with hypertension
  3501. nephroblastoma = malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass
  3502. nephrocalcinosis = renal lithiasis in which calcium deposits form in the renal parenchyma and result in reduced kidney function and blood in the urine
  3503. nephrogenic diabetes insipidus = diabetes insipidus caused by a failure of the kidney to respond to normal levels of vasopressin
  3504. nephrolithiasis = the presence of kidney stones (calculi) in the kidney
  3505. nephropathy = a disease affecting the kidneys
  3506. nephroptosia = prolapse of the kidney
  3507. nephroptosis = prolapse of the kidney
  3508. nephrosclerosis = kidney disease that is usually associated with hypertension
  3509. nephrosis = a disease affecting the kidneys / a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol
  3510. nephrotic syndrome = a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol
  3511. nerve block anaesthesia = anesthesia of an area supplied by a nerve
  3512. nerve block anesthesia = anesthesia of an area supplied by a nerve
  3513. nerve compression = harmful pressure on a nerve
  3514. nerve deafness = hearing loss due to failure of the auditory nerve
  3515. nerve entrapment = repeated and long-term nerve compression
  3516. nerves = an uneasy psychological state
  3517. nervous breakdown = a severe or incapacitating emotional disorder
  3518. nervous disorder = a disorder of the nervous system
  3519. nervous exhaustion = an emotional disorder that leaves you exhausted and unable to work
  3520. nervous prostration = an emotional disorder that leaves you exhausted and unable to work
  3521. nervous strain = nervousness resulting from mental stress
  3522. nervousness = an uneasy psychological state
  3523. nettle rash = an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins
  3524. neuralgia = acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
  3525. neuralgy = acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
  3526. neurasthenia = nervous breakdown
  3527. neurilemoma = tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve
  3528. neurinoma = tumor (usually benign) of the sheath surrounding a nerve
  3529. neuritis = inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function
  3530. neuroblastoma = malignant tumor containing embryonic nerve cells
  3531. neurodermatitis = dermatitis in which localized areas (especially the forearms or back of the neck or outer part of the ankle) itch persistently
  3532. neuroepithelioma = malignant tumor of the neuroepithelium
  3533. neurofibroma = tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve
  3534. neurofibromatosis = autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities
  3535. neurogenic bladder = a urinary bladder disorder caused by a lesion in the nervous system
  3536. neurological disease = a disorder of the nervous system
  3537. neurological disorder = a disorder of the nervous system
  3538. neuroma = any tumor derived from cells of the nervous system
  3539. neuropathy = any pathology of the peripheral nerves
  3540. neurosarcoma = a malignant neoplasm of nerve tissue and fibrous tissue and connective tissue
  3541. neurosis = a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
  3542. neurosyphilis = syphilis of the central nervous system
  3543. neurotic depression = a term used for any state of depression that is not psychotic
  3544. neuroticism = a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
  3545. neutropenia = leukopenia in which the decrease is primarily in number of neutrophils
  3546. nevoid elephantiasis = thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction
  3547. new ballgame = a particular situation that is radically different from the preceding situation
  3548. New World leishmaniasis = a form of leishmaniasis endemic in Mexico and Central American and South America
  3549. Newcastle disease = disease of domestic fowl and other birds
  3550. NGU = sexually transmitted urethritis
  3551. niche = the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species) / a position particularly well suited to the person who occupies it
  3552. nicotine addiction = an addiction to nicotine
  3553. nicotine poisoning = toxic condition caused by the ingestion or inhalation of large amounts of nicotine
  3554. NIDDM = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  3555. nidus = a central point or locus of an infection in an organism
  3556. Niemann-Pick disease = a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
  3557. night = darkness
  3558. night blindness = inability to see clearly in dim light
  3559. nightmare = a situation resembling a terrifying dream
  3560. nihilism = complete denial of all established authority and institutions / the delusion that things (or everything, including the self) do not exist
  3561. nihilistic delusion = the delusion that things (or everything, including the self) do not exist
  3562. nihility = the state of nonexistence
  3563. nirvana = the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation
  3564. nitrogen balance = the balance between the amount of nitrogen taken in (to the soil or the body) and the amount given off
  3565. no-win situation = a situation in which a favorable outcome is impossible
  3566. nobility = the state of being of noble birth
  3567. noblesse = the state of being of noble birth
  3568. noise conditions = the condition of being noisy
  3569. noise pollution = annoying and potentially harmful environmental noise
  3570. noli-me-tangere = a cancerous ulcer of soft tissue and bone
  3571. noma = acute ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals
  3572. nominal aphasia = inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
  3573. nomination = the condition of having been proposed as a suitable candidate for appointment or election
  3574. non-insulin-dependent diabetes = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  3575. non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  3576. non-issue = the state of something that has outlived its relevance
  3577. nonbeing = the state of not being
  3578. nonbiodegradable pollution = pollution that accumulates in the environment and may appear in the food chain
  3579. nonentity = the state of not existing
  3580. nonexistence = the state of not existing
  3581. nonfluent aphasia = aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
  3582. nongonococcal urethritis = sexually transmitted urethritis
  3583. nonmalignant neoplasm = a tumor that is not cancerous
  3584. nonmalignant tumor = a tumor that is not cancerous
  3585. nonmalignant tumour = a tumor that is not cancerous
  3586. nonoccurrence = absence by virtue of not occurring
  3587. nonrapid eye movement = a recurring sleep state during which rapid eye movements do not occur and dreaming does not occur
  3588. nonrapid eye movement sleep = a recurring sleep state during which rapid eye movements do not occur and dreaming does not occur
  3589. nonsocial infection = an infection that is acquired at a hospital or other healthcare facility
  3590. nonspecific urethritis = inflammation of the urethra of unknown cause
  3591. nonthrombocytopenic purpura = purpura resulting from a defect in the capillaries caused by bacteria or drugs
  3592. Noonan's syndrome = syndrome seen only in males
  3593. normal tension glaucoma = glaucoma that results from damage to the optic nerve although the intraocular pressure is normal
  3594. normalcy = being within certain limits that define the range of normal functioning
  3595. normality = being within certain limits that define the range of normal functioning
  3596. normothermia = normal body temperature
  3597. nosebleed = bleeding from the nose
  3598. note = high status importance owing to marked superiority
  3599. nothingness = the state of nonexistence
  3600. notoriety = the state of being known for some unfavorable act or quality
  3601. nowhere = an insignificant place
  3602. NREM = a recurring sleep state during which rapid eye movements do not occur and dreaming does not occur
  3603. NREM sleep = a recurring sleep state during which rapid eye movements do not occur and dreaming does not occur
  3604. NSU = inflammation of the urethra of unknown cause
  3605. nuclear cataract = a cataract that affects the nucleus of the lens
  3606. nude = without clothing
  3607. nudeness = the state of being without clothing or covering of any kind
  3608. nudity = the state of being without clothing or covering of any kind
  3609. nullity = the state of nonexistence
  3610. numbness = partial or total lack of sensation in a part of the body
  3611. nyctalopia = inability to see clearly in dim light
  3612. nyctophobia = a morbid fear of night or darkness
  3613. nympholepsy = a frenzy of emotion
  3614. O level = the basic level of a subject taken in school
  3615. oak blight = a black plant louse that lives on oaks and dogwoods
  3616. oat cell carcinoma = highly malignant carcinoma composed of small round or egg-shaped cells with little cytoplasm
  3617. obligation = the state of being obligated to do or pay something
  3618. obliquity = the presentation during labor of the head of the fetus at an abnormal angle
  3619. oblivion = the state of being disregarded or forgotten
  3620. obloquy = state of disgrace resulting from public abuse
  3621. obscureness = the state of being indistinct or indefinite for lack of adequate illumination / the state of being humble and unimportant
  3622. obscurity = the state of being indistinct or indefinite for lack of adequate illumination / an obscure and unimportant standing
  3623. obsessive-compulsive disorder = an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent and persistent thoughts and feelings and repetitive, ritualized behaviors
  3624. obstipation = severe constipation resulting from an obstruction in the intestines
  3625. obstruction = the physical condition of blocking or filling a passage with an obstruction
  3626. obstructive shock = shock caused by obstruction of blood flow
  3627. occasion = an opportunity to do something
  3628. occlusion = closure or blockage
  3629. occupational disease = disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment
  3630. occupational hazard = any condition of a job that can result in illness or injury
  3631. occurrence = an instance of something occurring
  3632. ochronosis = an accumulation of dark pigment in cartilage and other connective tissue
  3633. oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy = a form of muscular dystrophy that usually begins between early adulthood and middle age and first affects muscles of the eyelid and throat; progresses slowly with swallowing problems common as the disease progresses
  3634. odium = state of disgrace resulting from detestable behavior
  3635. odontalgia = an ache localized in or around a tooth
  3636. odynophagia = severe pain on swallowing due to a disorder of the esophagus
  3637. oedema = swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
  3638. oesophageal reflux = reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus
  3639. oesophagitis = inflammation of the esophagus
  3640. oestrus = applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or period of heightened sexual arousal and activity
  3641. office = holding an office means being in power
  3642. old money = the inherited wealth of established upper-class families
  3643. Old World leishmaniasis = leishmaniasis of the skin
  3644. olfactory impairment = a disorder in the sense of smell
  3645. oligodactyly = congenital condition in which some fingers or toes are missing
  3646. oligodontia = congenital condition in which some of the teeth are missing
  3647. oligopoly = a market in which control over the supply of a commodity is in the hands of a small number of producers and each one can influence prices and affect competitors
  3648. oligospermia = insufficient spermatozoa in the semen
  3649. oliguria = abnormally small production of urine
  3650. omission = something that has been omitted
  3651. omnipotence = the state of being omnipotent
  3652. omnipresence = the state of being everywhere at once
  3653. omniscience = the state of being omniscient
  3654. omphalocele = protrusion of the intestine and omentum through a hernia in the abdominal wall near the navel
  3655. onchocerciasis = infestation with slender threadlike roundworms (filaria) deposited under the skin by the bite of black fleas; when the eyes are involved it can result in blindness
  3656. onion yellow dwarf = the yellow dwarf disease of onion plants
  3657. onycholysis = separation of a nail from its normal attachment to the nail bed
  3658. onychosis = any disease or disorder of the nails
  3659. oophoritis = inflammation of one or both ovaries
  3660. open fracture = bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
  3661. open marriage = a marriage in which each partner is free to enter into extraneous sexual relationships without guilt or jealousy from the other
  3662. open-angle glaucoma = glaucoma caused by blockage of the canal of Schlemm
  3663. opening = opportunity especially for employment or promotion
  3664. operation = the state of being in effect or being operative
  3665. ophidism = poisoning by snake venom
  3666. ophthalmia = severe conjunctivitis
  3667. ophthalmia neonatorum = ophthalmia in newborns; contracted while passing through the birth canal
  3668. ophthalmitis = severe conjunctivitis
  3669. ophthalmoplegia = paralysis of the motor nerves of the eye
  3670. opisthorchiasis = infestation with flukes obtained from eating raw fish
  3671. opisthotonos = severe spasm in which the back arches and the head bends back and heels flex toward the back
  3672. opportunistic infection = any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans
  3673. opportunity = a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances
  3674. oppression = the state of being kept down by unjust use of force or authority:
  3675. opprobrium = a state of extreme dishonor / state of disgrace resulting from public abuse
  3676. opulence = wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living
  3677. oral cancer = malignant neoplasm of the lips of mouth
  3678. oral herpes = caused by herpes simplex virus type 1
  3679. orbit = a particular environment or walk of life
  3680. orchidalgia = pain in the testes
  3681. orchitis = inflammation of one or both testes
  3682. Order = the status or rank or office of a Christian clergyman in an ecclesiastical hierarchy / established customary state (especially of society) / a condition of regular or proper arrangement
  3683. orderliness = a condition of regular or proper arrangement
  3684. ordinary = the expected or commonplace condition or situation
  3685. ordination = the status of being ordained to a sacred office
  3686. organic brain syndrome = mental abnormality resulting from disturbance of the structure or function of the brain
  3687. organic disorder = disorder caused by a detectable physiological or structural change in an organ
  3688. oriental sore = leishmaniasis of the skin
  3689. ornamentation = the state of being ornamented
  3690. ornithosis = an atypical pneumonia caused by a rickettsia microorganism and transmitted to humans from infected birds
  3691. orphanage = the condition of being a child without living parents
  3692. orphanhood = the condition of being a child without living parents
  3693. orthochorea = a form of chorea in which spasms occur mainly when the patient is erect
  3694. orthodox sleep = a recurring sleep state during which rapid eye movements do not occur and dreaming does not occur
  3695. orthopnea = form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect
  3696. orthostatic hypotension = low blood pressure occurring in some people when they stand up
  3697. oscheocele = swelling of the scrotum
  3698. oscheocoele = swelling of the scrotum
  3699. oscitance = drowsiness and dullness manifested by yawning
  3700. oscitancy = drowsiness and dullness manifested by yawning
  3701. osculation = a contact of two curves (or two surfaces) at which they have a common tangent
  3702. osteitis = inflammation of a bone as a consequence of infection or trauma or degeneration
  3703. osteitis deformans = a disease of bone occurring in the middle aged and elderly
  3704. osteoarthritis = chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints
  3705. osteoblastoma = benign tumor of bone and fibrous tissue
  3706. osteochondroma = benign tumor containing both bone and cartilage
  3707. osteodystrophy = defective bone development
  3708. osteogenesis imperfecta = autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue characterized by brittle bones that fracture easily
  3709. osteogenic sarcoma = malignant bone tumor
  3710. osteoma = a slow growing benign tumor of consisting of bone tissue
  3711. osteomalacia = abnormal softening of bones caused by deficiencies of phosphorus or calcium or vitamin D
  3712. osteomyelitis = an inflammation of bone and bone marrow
  3713. osteopetrosis = an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density
  3714. osteoporosis = abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium
  3715. osteosarcoma = malignant bone tumor
  3716. osteosclerosis = abnormal hardening or eburnation of bone
  3717. osteosclerosis congenita = an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth
  3718. ostracism = the state of being banished or ostracized
  3719. otalgia = an ache localized in the middle or inner ear
  3720. otitis = inflammation of the ear
  3721. otitis externa = inflammation of the external ear
  3722. otitis interna = inflammation of the inner ear
  3723. otitis media = inflammation of the middle ear
  3724. otorrhea = discharge from the external ear
  3725. otosclerosis = hereditary disorder in which ossification of the labyrinth of the inner ear causes tinnitus and eventual deafness
  3726. ovarian cyst = a cystic tumor (usually benign) of the ovary
  3727. ovarian pregnancy = ectopic pregnancy in the ovary
  3728. ovaritis = inflammation of the ovaries
  3729. over-crowding = excessive crowding
  3730. overabundance = the state of being more than full
  3731. overanxiety = excessive anxiety
  3732. overbite = malocclusion in which the upper teeth extend abnormally far over the lower teeth
  3733. overcast = gloomy semidarkness caused by cloud cover / the state of the sky when it is covered by clouds
  3734. overdrive = the state of high or excessive activity or productivity or concentration
  3735. overgrowth = excessive size
  3736. ownership = the state or fact of being an owner
  3737. oxycephaly = a congenital abnormality of the skull
  3738. oxygen debt = a cumulative deficit of oxygen resulting from intense exercise
  3739. ozaena = a chronic disease of the nose characterized by a foul-smelling nasal discharge and atrophy of nasal structures
  3740. ozena = a chronic disease of the nose characterized by a foul-smelling nasal discharge and atrophy of nasal structures
  3741. ozone sickness = illness that can occur to persons exposed to ozone in high-altitude aircraft
  3742. pachycheilia = an abnormal thickness of the lips
  3743. pachyderma = thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction
  3744. Paget's disease = a disease of bone occurring in the middle aged and elderly
  3745. pain = a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
  3746. painter's colic = symptom of chronic lead poisoning and associated with obstinate constipation
  3747. palilalia = a pathological condition in which a word is rapidly and involuntarily repeated
  3748. palmature = an abnormality in which the fingers are webbed
  3749. palpitation = a shaky motion / a rapid and irregular heart beat
  3750. palsy = a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor / loss of the ability to move a body part
  3751. pancarditis = inflammation of the entire heart
  3752. pancreatic cancer = cancer of the pancreas
  3753. pancreatic fibrosis = the most common hereditary disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene
  3754. pancreatitis = inflammation of the pancreas
  3755. pancytopenia = an abnormal deficiency in all blood cells
  3756. pandemonium = a state of extreme confusion and disorder
  3757. panencephalitis = diffuse inflammation of the entire brain
  3758. pang = a sharp spasm of pain / a mental pain or distress
  3759. panic = sudden mass fear and anxiety over anticipated events
  3760. panic disorder = an anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks
  3761. pansinusitis = inflammation of all of the paranasal sinuses
  3762. papillary tumor = a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
  3763. papillary tumour = a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
  3764. papilledema = swelling of the optic disc
  3765. papilloma = a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
  3766. pappataci fever = a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii
  3767. papule = a small inflamed elevation of skin that is nonsuppurative
  3768. papulovesicle = a papule that changes into a blister
  3769. par = a state of being essentially equal or equivalent
  3770. para = the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered
  3771. paracentral scotoma = a scotoma that is adjacent to the fixation point
  3772. paracervical block = regional anesthesia resulting from the injection of a local anesthetic on each side of the cervix
  3773. paradoxical sleep = a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs
  3774. paraesthesia = abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning) usually associated with peripheral nerve damage
  3775. paralysis = loss of the ability to move a body part
  3776. paralysis agitans = a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  3777. paralytic abasia = abasia related to paralysis of the leg muscles
  3778. parametritis = inflammation of connective tissue adjacent to the uterus
  3779. paramountcy = the state of being paramount
  3780. paranoia = a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution or grandeur
  3781. paranoic type schizophrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity
  3782. paranoid schizophrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity
  3783. paraparesis = a slight paralysis or weakness of both legs
  3784. paraphrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity
  3785. paraphrenic schizophrenia = a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity
  3786. paraplegia = paralysis of the lower half of the body
  3787. paraquat poisoning = poisoning caused by ingestion of paraquat
  3788. parasitaemia = a condition in which parasites are present in the blood
  3789. parasitemia = a condition in which parasites are present in the blood
  3790. parathion poisoning = a toxic condition resulting from inhalation or ingestion of the insecticide parathion
  3791. paratyphoid = any of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever
  3792. paratyphoid fever = any of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever
  3793. parentage = the state of being a parent
  3794. parenthood = the state of being a parent
  3795. paresis = a slight or partial paralysis
  3796. paresthesia = abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning) usually associated with peripheral nerve damage
  3797. parity = the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered
  3798. Parkinson's = a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  3799. Parkinson's disease = a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  3800. Parkinson's syndrome = a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  3801. Parkinsonism = a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  3802. paronychia = infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe
  3803. parosamia = a disorder in the sense of smell
  3804. parotitis = inflammation of one or both parotid glands
  3805. paroxysm = a sudden uncontrollable attack
  3806. paroxysmal trepidant abasia = abasia related to spasticity of the legs
  3807. parrot disease = infectious disease of birds
  3808. parrot fever = an atypical pneumonia caused by a rickettsia microorganism and transmitted to humans from infected birds
  3809. partialness = the state of being only a part; not total
  3810. participation = the condition of sharing in common with others
  3811. parturiency = concluding state of pregnancy
  3812. pass = a bad or difficult situation or state of affairs
  3813. passion = something that is desired intensely / the suffering of Jesus at the Crucifixion
  3814. Passion of Christ = the suffering of Jesus at the Crucifixion
  3815. passive immunity = an impermanent form of acquired immunity in which antibodies against a disease are acquired naturally (as through the placenta to an unborn child) or artificially
  3816. pasteurellosis = an acute infectious disease characterized by pneumonia and blood infection
  3817. paternity = the state of being a father
  3818. pathological state = a physical condition that is caused by disease
  3819. pathology = any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
  3820. pauperism = a state of extreme poverty or destitution
  3821. pauperization = a state of extreme poverty or destitution
  3822. pavor nocturnus = a disorder of sleep characterized by a dream of terrifying dimensions far worse than a typical nightmare
  3823. Pax Romana = the Roman peace
  3824. pay dirt = a profitable success
  3825. payable = a liability account showing how much is owed for goods and services purchased on credit
  3826. paygrade = rank in a military organization
  3827. peace = harmonious relations
  3828. peaceableness = a state that is calm and tranquil
  3829. peacefulness = a state that is calm and tranquil
  3830. peach blight = a disease of trees bearing drupes
  3831. peak = the highest level or degree attainable
  3832. pear blight = a disease blackening the leaves of pear and apple trees
  3833. pedestal = a position of great esteem
  3834. pediculosis = infestation with lice (Pediculus humanus) resulting in severe itching
  3835. pediculosis capitis = infestation of the scalp with lice
  3836. pediculosis corporis = infestation of body skin with lice
  3837. pediculosis pubis = infestation of the pubic hair by crab lice
  3838. peduncle = the thin process of tissue that attaches a polyp to the body
  3839. pedunculated polyp = a polyp with a stalk or peduncle
  3840. peliosis = any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
  3841. pellagra = a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders
  3842. pelvic inflammatory disease = inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms
  3843. pemphigus = a skin disease characterized by large thin-walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane
  3844. penetrating injury = injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body
  3845. penetrating trauma = injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body
  3846. pennilessness = a state of lacking money
  3847. penumbra = a fringe region of partial shadow around an umbra
  3848. penuriousness = a state of lacking money
  3849. penury = a state of extreme poverty or destitution
  3850. peonage = the condition of a peon
  3851. peptic ulcer = an ulcer of the mucous membrane lining of the alimentary tract
  3852. peptic ulceration = an ulcer of the mucous membrane lining of the alimentary tract
  3853. perfection = the state of being without a flaw or defect
  3854. periarteritis = inflammation of the outer coat of an artery
  3855. periarteritis nodosa = a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries
  3856. pericarditis = inflammation of the pericardium
  3857. pericementoclasia = pus pocket formation around a tooth
  3858. peril = a source of danger
  3859. perilousness = the state of being dangerous
  3860. periodic apnea of the newborn = irregular breathing of newborns; periods of rapid breathing followed by apnea
  3861. periodic edema = recurrent large circumscribed areas of subcutaneous edema; onset is sudden and it disappears within 24 hours
  3862. periodontal disease = a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
  3863. periodontitis = a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
  3864. peritoneal inflammation = inflammation of the peritoneum
  3865. peritonitis = inflammation of the peritoneum
  3866. peritonsillar abscess = a painful pus filled inflammation of the tonsils and surrounding tissues
  3867. perleche = a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth
  3868. pernicious anaemia = a chronic progressive anemia of older adults
  3869. pernicious anemia = a chronic progressive anemia of older adults
  3870. pernio = inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  3871. perpetual motion = motion that continues indefinitely without any external source of energy
  3872. Persian Gulf illness = a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War
  3873. personality disorder = inflexible and maladaptive patterns of behavior
  3874. perturbation = an unhappy and worried mental state
  3875. pertussis = a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
  3876. pes cavus = a deformity of the foot characterized by an abnormally high arch and hyperextension of the toes which gives the foot the appearance of a claw
  3877. pest = any epidemic disease with a high death rate / a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal
  3878. pesticide poisoning = toxic condition resulting from ingesting or inhaling a pesticide
  3879. pestilence = any epidemic disease with a high death rate / a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal
  3880. pestis = a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal
  3881. pestis ambulans = a mild form of bubonic plague
  3882. pestis bubonica = the most common form of the plague in humans; characterized by chills, prostration, delirium and the formation of buboes in the armpits and groin
  3883. petechia = a minute red or purple spot on the surface of the skin as the result of tiny hemorrhages of blood vessels in the skin
  3884. petit mal = a seizure of short duration characterized by momentary unconsciousness and local muscle spasms or twitching / epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness
  3885. petit mal epilepsy = epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness
  3886. phaeochromocytoma = a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland
  3887. phalacrosis = the condition of having no hair on the top of the head
  3888. phalangitis = inflammation of a finger or toe
  3889. phantom limb syndrome = syndrome consisting of discomfort or pain in a limb that has been amputated
  3890. pharyngitis = inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
  3891. phase = a distinct state of matter in a system
  3892. phenylketonuria = a genetic disorder of metabolism
  3893. pheochromocytoma = a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland
  3894. philistinism = a desire for wealth and material possessions with little interest in ethical or spiritual matters
  3895. phimosis = an abnormal tightness of the foreskin preventing retraction over the glans
  3896. phlebitis = inflammation of a vein
  3897. phlebothrombosis = thrombosis of a vein without prior inflammation of the vein
  3898. phlebotomus = a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii
  3899. phlegmasia alba dolens = painful thrombosis of the femoral vein in the leg following childbirth
  3900. phobia = an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
  3901. phobic disorder = an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
  3902. phobic neurosis = an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
  3903. phobophobia = a morbid fear of developing a phobia
  3904. phocomelia = an abnormality of development in which the upper part of an arm or leg is missing so the hands or feet are attached to the body like stumps
  3905. phonophobia = a morbid fear of sounds including your own voice
  3906. photalgia = pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light
  3907. photogenic epilepsy = reflex epilepsy induced by a flickering light
  3908. photophobia = pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism) / a morbid fear of light
  3909. photoretinitis = damage to the retina resulting from exposure of the eye to the sun without adequate protection
  3910. phrenitis = inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus
  3911. phthisis = involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  3912. phycomycosis = any fungal infection caused by fungi of the Phycomycetes group
  3913. physical condition = the condition or state of the body or bodily functions
  3914. physical fitness = good physical condition
  3915. physiological condition = the condition or state of the body or bodily functions
  3916. physiological jaundice of the newborn = yellowish appearance in newborn infants
  3917. physiological state = the condition or state of the body or bodily functions
  3918. pica = an eating disorder, frequent in children, in which non-nutritional objects are eaten persistently
  3919. Pick's disease = a progressive form of presenile dementia found most often in middle-aged and elderly women and characterized by degeneration of the frontal and temporal lobes with loss of intellectual ability and transitory aphasia
  3920. pickle = informal terms for a difficult situation
  3921. picture = a situation treated as an observable object
  3922. PID = inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms
  3923. pigeon breast = abnormal protrusion of the breastbone caused by rickets
  3924. pigeon toes = disability in which the toes are turned inward
  3925. pilar cyst = a common cyst of the skin
  3926. piles = venous swelling external or internal to the anal sphincter
  3927. pimple = a small inflamed elevation of the skin; a pustule or papule
  3928. pinch = an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed / a painful or straitened circumstance
  3929. pinealoma = tumor of the pineal gland
  3930. pink disease = serious bark disease of many tropical crop trees
  3931. pink elephants = any visual hallucination arising from heavy drinking
  3932. pinkeye = inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
  3933. pinkroot = a fungal disease of onions
  3934. pinnacle = the highest level or degree attainable
  3935. pinprick = a minor annoyance
  3936. pip = a minor nonspecific ailment / a disease of poultry
  3937. pitch blackness = total absence of light
  3938. pityriasis = any of several skin disorders characterized by shedding dry flakes of skin
  3939. pityriasis alba = common form of pityriasis (usually in children or young adults) characterized by round patches of depigmentation
  3940. pityriasis rosea = pityriasis in which an itchy rash develops over the trunk and extremities
  3941. PKD = kidney disease characterized by enlarged kidneys containing many cysts
  3942. PKU = a genetic disorder of metabolism
  3943. place = a particular situation / proper or designated social situation / proper or appropriate position or location
  3944. placenta previa = pregnancy in which the placenta is implanted in the lower part of the uterus (instead of the upper part); can cause bleeding late in pregnancy
  3945. plagiocephaly = congenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
  3946. plague = any epidemic disease with a high death rate / a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal
  3947. plague pneumonia = a rapidly progressive and frequently fatal form of the plague that can spread through the air from person to person
  3948. plainness = the state of being unmixed with other material
  3949. plane = a level of existence or development
  3950. plant disease = a disease that affects plants
  3951. plasma = a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors
  3952. plasmacytoma = neoplasm of plasma cells
  3953. play = the removal of constraints / a state in which action is feasible
  3954. playing field = the circumstances under which competition occurs
  3955. pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma = form of rhabdomyosarcoma that affects limb muscles of older adults
  3956. pleomorphic rhabdosarcoma = form of rhabdomyosarcoma that affects limb muscles of older adults
  3957. pleuralgia = pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs
  3958. pleurisy = inflammation of the pleura of the lungs
  3959. pleurodynia = pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs
  3960. pleuropneumonia = pleurisy and pneumonia
  3961. plight = a situation from which extrication is difficult especially an unpleasant or trying one
  3962. plumbism = toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
  3963. plurality = the state of being plural
  3964. PMS = a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
  3965. pneumococcal pneumonia = pneumonia caused by bacteria of the genus pneumococcus
  3966. pneumoconiosis = chronic respiratory disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
  3967. pneumocystis carinii pneumonia = pneumonia occurring in infants or in persons with impaired immune systems
  3968. pneumocystis pneumonia = pneumonia occurring in infants or in persons with impaired immune systems
  3969. pneumocytosis = pneumonia occurring in infants or in persons with impaired immune systems
  3970. pneumonia = respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
  3971. pneumonic plague = a rapidly progressive and frequently fatal form of the plague that can spread through the air from person to person
  3972. pneumonitis = inflammation of the lungs
  3973. pneumonoconiosis = chronic respiratory disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
  3974. pneumothorax = abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung
  3975. pock = a pustule in an eruptive disease
  3976. pockmark = a scar or pit on the skin that is left by a pustule of smallpox or acne or other eruptive disease
  3977. podalgia = foot pain
  3978. poetic license = license used by a writer or artist to heighten the effect of their work
  3979. poignance = a state of deeply felt distress or sorrow
  3980. poignancy = a state of deeply felt distress or sorrow
  3981. point = a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process
  3982. poise = a state of being balanced in a stable equilibrium
  3983. poison ivy = dermatitis resulting from contact with the poison ivy plant
  3984. poison oak = dermatitis resulting from contact with a poison oak plant
  3985. poison sumac = dermatitis resulting from contact with a poison sumac plant
  3986. poisoning = the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  3987. polarisation = the condition of having or giving polarity
  3988. polarization = the condition of having or giving polarity
  3989. polio = an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  3990. poliomyelitis = an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  3991. polish = a highly developed state of perfection
  3992. political arena = a sphere of intense political activity
  3993. political liberty = one's freedom to exercise one's rights as guaranteed under the laws of the country
  3994. political sphere = a sphere of intense political activity
  3995. polity = the form of government of a social organization
  3996. pollinosis = a seasonal rhinitis resulting from an allergic reaction to pollen
  3997. pollution = the state of being polluted / undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities
  3998. polyandry = polygamy in which a woman has more than one husband at a time
  3999. polyarteritis = inflammation of several arteries
  4000. polyarteritis nodosa = a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries
  4001. polycystic kidney disease = kidney disease characterized by enlarged kidneys containing many cysts
  4002. polycythemia = a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood
  4003. polydactyly = birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
  4004. polydipsia = excessive thirst
  4005. polygamy = the condition or practice of having more than one spouse at a time
  4006. polygenic disease = an inherited disease controlled by several genes at once
  4007. polygenic disorder = an inherited disease controlled by several genes at once
  4008. polygyny = polygamy in which a man has more than one wife at a time
  4009. polymyositis = myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and swelling
  4010. polyneuritic psychosis = dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism
  4011. polyneuritis = inflammation of many or all of the peripheral nerves
  4012. polyostotic fibrous dysplasia = fibrous dysplasia of bone affecting multiple bones
  4013. polyp = a small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane
  4014. polyploidy = the condition of being polyploid
  4015. polypus = a small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane
  4016. polysomy = congenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
  4017. polyuria = renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine
  4018. polyvalence = the state of being capable of counteracting more than one toxin or antigen or kind of microorganism / (chemistry) the state of having a valence greater than two
  4019. polyvalency = the state of being capable of counteracting more than one toxin or antigen or kind of microorganism / (chemistry) the state of having a valence greater than two
  4020. poorness = the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions
  4021. porphyria = a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
  4022. portal hypertension = increase in blood pressure in the veins of the portal system caused by obstruction in the liver (often associated with alcoholic cirrhosis), causing enlargement of the spleen and collateral veins
  4023. portion = your overall circumstances or condition in life
  4024. position = a condition or position in which you find yourself / the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society
  4025. possession = being controlled by passion or the supernatural
  4026. possibility = capability of existing or happening or being true
  4027. possibleness = capability of existing or happening or being true
  4028. post-maturity = the state in which women have stopped ovulating
  4029. post-menopause = the state in which women have stopped ovulating
  4030. posterior subcapsular cataract = a cataract in the rear of the lens capsule
  4031. posterior synechia = adhesion between the iris and the lens
  4032. posthitis = inflammation of the foreskin of the penis
  4033. postnasal drip = chronic secretion of mucus from the rear of the nasal cavity into the nasopharynx
  4034. posttraumatic epilepsy = a convulsive epileptic state caused by a head injury
  4035. posttraumatic stress disorder = an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
  4036. postural hypotension = low blood pressure occurring in some people when they stand up
  4037. potato blight = a blight of potatoes
  4038. potato disease = a blight of potatoes
  4039. potato mildew = a blight of potatoes
  4040. potato mold = a blight of potatoes
  4041. potato mosaic = a disease of the leaves of potato plants
  4042. potato murrain = a blight of potatoes
  4043. potato nose = enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
  4044. potato wart = fungous disease causing dark warty spongy excrescences in the eyes of potato tubers
  4045. potato yellow dwarf = the yellow dwarf disease of potato plants
  4046. potence = the state of being potent
  4047. potency = the state of being potent
  4048. potential = the inherent capacity for coming into being
  4049. potentiality = the inherent capacity for coming into being
  4050. pother = an excited state of agitation
  4051. Pott's disease = TB of the spine with destruction of vertebrae resulting in curvature of the spine
  4052. poverty = the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions
  4053. poverty trap = a situation in which an increase in income results in a loss of benefits so that you are no better off
  4054. powder keg = a potentially explosive state
  4055. power = holding an office means being in power
  4056. pox = a contagious disease characterized by purulent skin eruptions that may leave pock marks / a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages
  4057. pre-eclampsia = abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria
  4058. precedence = status established in order of importance or urgency
  4059. precedency = status established in order of importance or urgency
  4060. precession = the motion of a spinning body (as a top) in which it wobbles so that the axis of rotation sweeps out a cone
  4061. predicament = a situation from which extrication is difficult especially an unpleasant or trying one
  4062. predisposition = susceptibility to a pathogen
  4063. predominance = the state of being predominant over others
  4064. predomination = the state of being predominant over others
  4065. preeclampsia = abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria
  4066. preeminence = high status importance owing to marked superiority
  4067. preexistence = existing in a former state or previous to something else
  4068. pregnancy = the state of being pregnant
  4069. preinvasive cancer = a cluster of malignant cells that has not yet invaded the deeper epithelial tissue or spread to other parts of the body
  4070. premature labor = labor beginning prior to the 37th week of gestation
  4071. premature labour = labor beginning prior to the 37th week of gestation
  4072. premature ventricular contraction = irregularity of cardiac rhythm
  4073. prematureness = the state of being premature
  4074. prematurity = the state of being premature
  4075. premenstrual syndrome = a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
  4076. preparation = the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action
  4077. preparedness = the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action
  4078. prepossession = the condition of being prepossessed
  4079. prepotency = the state of being predominant over others
  4080. presbyopia = a reduced ability to focus on near objects caused by loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens after age 45
  4081. presence = the state of being present
  4082. presenile dementia = dementia with onset before the age of 65
  4083. preservation = the condition of being (well or ill) preserved
  4084. preserve = a domain that seems to be specially reserved for someone
  4085. press = the state of demanding notice or attention
  4086. pressure = the state of demanding notice or attention / an oppressive condition of physical or mental or social or economic distress
  4087. pressure sore = a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it
  4088. prestige = a high standing achieved through success or influence or wealth etc.
  4089. prestigiousness = a high standing achieved through success or influence or wealth etc.
  4090. priapism = condition in which the penis is continually erect
  4091. prickly heat = obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  4092. primacy = the state of being first in importance
  4093. primary amenorrhea = delay of menarche beyond age 18
  4094. primary atypical pneumonia = an acute respiratory disease marked by high fever and coughing; caused by mycoplasma
  4095. primary dysmenorrhea = painful menstruation that is intrinsic to menstruation and not the result of a disease
  4096. primary syphilis = the first stage
  4097. primitiveness = a wild or unrefined state
  4098. primitivism = a wild or unrefined state
  4099. princedom = the dignity or rank or position of a prince
  4100. priority = status established in order of importance or urgency
  4101. prison = a prisonlike situation
  4102. prison house = a prisonlike situation
  4103. privacy = the condition of being concealed or hidden
  4104. privateness = the condition of being concealed or hidden
  4105. privation = a state of extreme poverty
  4106. problem = a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved
  4107. proctalgia = pain in the rectum
  4108. proctitis = inflammation of the rectum; marked by bloody stools and a frequent urge to defecate
  4109. proctocele = protrusion or herniation of the rectum into the vagina
  4110. procursive epilepsy = epilepsy in which a seizure is induced by whirling or running
  4111. prodroma = an early symptom that a disease is developing or that an attack is about to occur
  4112. prodrome = an early symptom that a disease is developing or that an attack is about to occur
  4113. profile = degree of exposure to public notice
  4114. profoundness = extremeness of degree
  4115. progeria = a rare abnormality marked by premature aging (grey hair and wrinkled skin and stooped posture) in a child
  4116. prognathism = the condition of being prognathous
  4117. progressive emphysematous necrosis = a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death
  4118. progressive vaccinia = a severe or even fatal form of vaccinia that occurs mainly in persons with an immunological deficiency
  4119. prolapse = the slipping or falling out of place of an organ
  4120. prolapsus = the slipping or falling out of place of an organ
  4121. prominence = the state of being prominent: widely known or eminent
  4122. prospect = the possibility of future success
  4123. prosperity = the condition of prospering
  4124. prostate cancer = cancer of the prostate gland
  4125. prostatic adenocarcinoma = cancer of the prostate gland
  4126. prostatitis = inflammation of the prostate gland characterized by perineal pain and irregular urination and (if severe) chills and fever
  4127. prostration = an abrupt failure of function or complete physical exhaustion
  4128. protanopia = dichromacy characterized by lowered sensitivity to long wavelengths of light resulting in an inability to distinguish red and purplish blue
  4129. protection = the condition of being protected
  4130. proteinuria = the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine
  4131. protozoal infection = any infection caused by a protozoan
  4132. protuberance = the condition of being protuberant
  4133. proud flesh = the swollen tissue around a healing wound or ulcer
  4134. providence = a manifestation of God's foresightful care for his creatures
  4135. province = the proper sphere or extent of your activities
  4136. proxy war = a war instigated by a major power that does not itself participate
  4137. prurigo = chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by blister capped papules and intense itching
  4138. psammoma = a tumor derived from fibrous tissue of the meninges or choroid plexus or certain other structures associated with the brain
  4139. pseudocyesis = physiological state in which a woman exhibits symptoms of pregnancy but is not pregnant
  4140. pseudohallucination = an image vivid enough to be a hallucination but recognized as unreal
  4141. pseudohermaphroditism = congenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
  4142. pseudohypertrophic dystrophy = the most common form of muscular dystrophy
  4143. pseudorubella = a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat
  4144. pseudosmallpox = a mild form of smallpox caused by a less virulent form of the virus
  4145. pseudovariola = a mild form of smallpox caused by a less virulent form of the virus
  4146. psilosis = a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and non-tropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed
  4147. psittacosis = an atypical pneumonia caused by a rickettsia microorganism and transmitted to humans from infected birds / infectious disease of birds
  4148. psoriasis = a chronic skin disease characterized by dry red patches covered with scales
  4149. psoriatic arthritis = a form of rheumatoid arthritis usually affecting fingers and toes and associated with psoriasis
  4150. psychic trauma = an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects
  4151. psychogenic fugue = dissociative disorder in which a person forgets who they are and leaves home to create a new life; during the fugue there is no memory of the former life
  4152. psychological condition = a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic
  4153. psychological disorder = a psychological disorder of thought or emotion
  4154. psychological state = a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic
  4155. psychomotor epilepsy = epilepsy characterized clinically by impairment of consciousness and amnesia for the episode
  4156. psychoneurosis = a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
  4157. psychopathic personality = a personality disorder characterized by amorality and lack of affect
  4158. psychopathy = any disease of the mind
  4159. psychosis = any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
  4160. psychosomatic disorder = a mental disorder that causes somatic symptoms
  4161. psychotic belief = an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
  4162. psychotic depression = a state of depression so severe that the person loses contact with reality and suffers a variety of functional impairments
  4163. ptomaine = a term for food poisoning that is no longer in scientific use
  4164. ptomaine poisoning = a term for food poisoning that is no longer in scientific use
  4165. ptosis = drooping of the upper eyelid caused by muscle paralysis and weakness
  4166. PTSD = an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
  4167. public eye = a focus of public attention
  4168. public security = the general security of public places
  4169. pudendal block = regional anesthesia resulting from the use of a local anesthetic to deaden the pudendal nerves in the region of the vulva and labia majora
  4170. puerility = the state of a child between infancy and adolescence
  4171. puerperal fever = serious form of septicemia contracted by a woman during childbirth or abortion
  4172. puffiness = an abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement
  4173. pull = a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments
  4174. pullorum disease = a serious bacterial disease of young chickens
  4175. pulmonary anthrax = a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis
  4176. pulmonary congestion = congestion in the lungs
  4177. pulmonary embolism = blockage of the pulmonary artery by foreign matter or by a blood clot
  4178. pulmonary emphysema = an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function
  4179. pulmonary stenosis = abnormal narrowing of the opening into the pulmonary artery from the right ventricle
  4180. pulmonary tuberculosis = involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  4181. pulmonic plague = a rapidly progressive and frequently fatal form of the plague that can spread through the air from person to person
  4182. pulseless disease = disorder characterized by the absence of a pulse in both arms and in the carotid arteries
  4183. purdah = a state of social isolation
  4184. pure absence = an absence seizure without other complications
  4185. pureness = the state of being unsullied by sin or moral wrong
  4186. purgatory = a temporary condition of torment or suffering
  4187. purity = the state of being unsullied by sin or moral wrong
  4188. purple = position of imperial status
  4189. purpura = any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
  4190. purpura hemorrhagica = purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
  4191. purulence = symptom of being purulent
  4192. purulency = symptom of being purulent
  4193. purulent pleurisy = a collection of pus in the lung cavity
  4194. pustule = a small inflamed elevation of skin containing pus
  4195. putrefaction = a state of decay usually accompanied by an offensive odor
  4196. putrescence = in a state of progressive putrefaction
  4197. putridity = the state of being putrid
  4198. putridness = in a state of progressive putrefaction
  4199. PVC = irregularity of cardiac rhythm
  4200. pyaemia = septicemia caused by pus-forming bacteria being released from an abscess
  4201. pycnodysostosis = a form of dwarfism accompanied by fragile bones and bad teeth
  4202. pycnosis = a degenerative state of the cell nucleus
  4203. pyelitis = inflammation of the renal pelvis
  4204. pyelonephritis = inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
  4205. pyemia = septicemia caused by pus-forming bacteria being released from an abscess
  4206. pyknosis = a degenerative state of the cell nucleus
  4207. pyloric stenosis = narrowing of the pyloric sphincter that blocks the passage of food from the stomach into the duodenum
  4208. pyorrhea = chronic periodontitis
  4209. pyorrhea alveolaris = chronic periodontitis
  4210. pyorrhoea = chronic periodontitis
  4211. pyrexia = a rise in the temperature of the body
  4212. pyrophobia = a morbid fear of fire
  4213. pyrosis = a painful burning sensation in the chest caused by gastroesophageal reflux
  4214. pyuria = presence of white blood cells in the urine
  4215. Q fever = an acute disease resembling influenza
  4216. qi = the circulating life energy that in Chinese philosophy is thought to be inherent in all things
  4217. quadrantanopia = blindness in one fourth of the visual field
  4218. quadriplegia = paralysis of both arms and both legs
  4219. quality = high social status
  4220. quality of life = your personal satisfaction (or dissatisfaction) with the cultural or intellectual conditions under which you live
  4221. qualm = a mild state of nausea
  4222. quandary = a situation from which extrication is difficult especially an unpleasant or trying one
  4223. quarantine = enforced isolation of patients suffering from a contagious disease in order to prevent the spread of disease
  4224. quartan = a malarial fever that recurs every fourth day
  4225. quarter crack = a crack on the inside of a horse's forefoot
  4226. queasiness = a mild state of nausea
  4227. qui vive = condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
  4228. quickening = the stage of pregnancy at which the mother first feels the movements of the fetus
  4229. quicksand = a treacherous situation that tends to entrap and destroy
  4230. quiescence = a state of quiet (but possibly temporary) inaction
  4231. quiescency = a state of quiet (but possibly temporary) inaction
  4232. quiet = an untroubled state
  4233. quietus = euphemisms for death
  4234. Quincke's edema = recurrent large circumscribed areas of subcutaneous edema; onset is sudden and it disappears within 24 hours
  4235. quinsy = a painful pus filled inflammation of the tonsils and surrounding tissues
  4236. quiver = a shaky motion
  4237. quivering = a shaky motion
  4238. rabbit fever = a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
  4239. rabies = an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals
  4240. race problem = a social and political problem caused by conflict between races occupying the same or adjacent regions
  4241. rachischisis = a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms
  4242. rachitis = childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus / inflammation of the vertebral column
  4243. racial immunity = natural immunity shared by all members of a particular race
  4244. radiance = an attractive combination of good health and happiness
  4245. radiation = syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases
  4246. radiation sickness = syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases
  4247. radiation syndrome = syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases
  4248. radiculitis = inflammation of the radicle of a nerve
  4249. radioprotection = protection against harmful effects of radiation
  4250. rage = violent state of the elements / a state of extreme anger / something that is desired intensely
  4251. ragpicker's disease = a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis
  4252. ragsorter's disease = a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis
  4253. raj = British dominion over India
  4254. Ramsay Hunt syndrome = syndrome resulting from infection by the herpes varicella zoster virus
  4255. rancidity = the state of being rancid
  4256. rank = position in a social hierarchy / relative status
  4257. ranking = position on a scale in relation to others in status or rank or achievement
  4258. ranula = a cyst on the underside of the tongue
  4259. rapid eye movement = a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs
  4260. rapid eye movement sleep = a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs
  4261. rapture = a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion / a state of elated bliss
  4262. raptus = a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion / a sudden occurrence (or recurrence) of a disease
  4263. raptus hemorrhagicus = seizure caused by a sudden profuse hemorrhage
  4264. rash = any red eruption of the skin
  4265. rat typhus = acute infection caused by rickettsia and transmitted by the bite of an infected flea
  4266. ratability = the state of being liable to assessment or taxation
  4267. ratbite fever = either of two infectious diseases transmitted to humans by the bite of a rat or mouse
  4268. rateability = the state of being liable to assessment or taxation
  4269. rating = standing or position on a scale / rank in a military organization
  4270. rationality = the state of having good sense and sound judgment
  4271. rattrap = a difficult entangling situation
  4272. ravenousness = excessive desire to eat
  4273. raw = informal terms for nakedness
  4274. raw throat = inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
  4275. raw weather = unpleasantly cold and damp weather
  4276. raw wound = a wound that exposes subcutaneous tissue
  4277. rawness = a pain that is felt (as when the area is touched) / the state of being crude and incomplete and imperfect / a chilly dampness
  4278. Raynaud's sign = cyanosis of the extremities
  4279. reactive depression = an inappropriate state of depression that is precipitated by events in the person's life
  4280. reactive schizophrenia = schizophrenia of abrupt onset and relatively short duration
  4281. reactivity = ready susceptibility to chemical change
  4282. readiness = the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action
  4283. ready = poised for action
  4284. realism = the state of being actual or real
  4285. reality = the state of being actual or real / the state of the world as it really is rather than as you might want it to be
  4286. realm = a domain in which something is dominant
  4287. realness = the state of being actual or real
  4288. reason = the state of having good sense and sound judgment
  4289. reasonableness = the state of having good sense and sound judgment
  4290. rebound tenderness = pain felt when a hand pressing on the abdomen is suddenly released
  4291. receivership = the state of property that is in the hands of a receiver
  4292. receptive aphasia = aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words
  4293. recess = a state of abeyance or suspended business
  4294. recession = the state of the economy declines
  4295. recognition = the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged
  4296. rectocele = protrusion or herniation of the rectum into the vagina
  4297. recurrent fever = marked by recurring high fever and transmitted by the bite of infected lice or ticks
  4298. red alert = the highest level of alert when an attack by the enemy seems imminent
  4299. red scare = a period of general fear of communists
  4300. red water = a disease of cattle
  4301. red-blindness = dichromacy characterized by lowered sensitivity to long wavelengths of light resulting in an inability to distinguish red and purplish blue
  4302. red-green color blindness = confusion of red and green
  4303. red-green colour blindness = confusion of red and green
  4304. red-green dichromacy = confusion of red and green
  4305. redness = a response of body tissues to injury or irritation
  4306. referred pain = pain that is felt at a place in the body different from the injured or diseased part where the pain would be expected
  4307. refinement = a highly developed state of perfection
  4308. reflex epilepsy = a form of epilepsy in which attacks are induced by peripheral stimulation
  4309. reflux = an abnormal backward flow of body fluids
  4310. reformation = improvement (or an intended improvement) in the existing form or condition of institutions or practices etc.
  4311. refractory anaemia = any of various anemic conditions that are not successfully treated by any means other than blood transfusions
  4312. refractory anemia = any of various anemic conditions that are not successfully treated by any means other than blood transfusions
  4313. refurbishment = the state of being restored to its former good condition
  4314. regard = the condition of being honored
  4315. regional anaesthesia = loss of sensation in a region of the body produced by application of an anesthetic agent to all the nerves supplying that region
  4316. regional anesthesia = loss of sensation in a region of the body produced by application of an anesthetic agent to all the nerves supplying that region
  4317. regional enteritis = a serious chronic and progressive inflammation of the ileum producing frequent bouts of diarrhea with abdominal pain and nausea and fever and weight loss
  4318. regional ileitis = a serious chronic and progressive inflammation of the ileum producing frequent bouts of diarrhea with abdominal pain and nausea and fever and weight loss
  4319. regression = an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  4320. regularisation = the condition of having been made regular
  4321. regularization = the condition of having been made regular
  4322. regulation = the state of being controlled or governed
  4323. reign = royal authority
  4324. reinstatement = the condition of being reinstated
  4325. Reiter's disease = an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males
  4326. Reiter's syndrome = an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males
  4327. rejection = the state of being rejected
  4328. relapsing fever = marked by recurring high fever and transmitted by the bite of infected lice or ticks
  4329. relationship = a state of connectedness between people (especially an emotional connection) / a state involving mutual dealings between people or parties or countries
  4330. reliance = the state of relying on something
  4331. relief = the condition of being comfortable or relieved
  4332. REM = a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs
  4333. REM sleep = a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs
  4334. renal colic = sharp pain in the lower back that radiates into the groin
  4335. renal disorder = a disease affecting the kidneys
  4336. renal failure = inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
  4337. renal insufficiency = insufficient excretion of wastes by the kidneys
  4338. renal lithiasis = the presence of kidney stones (calculi) in the kidney
  4339. renovation = the state of being restored to its former good condition
  4340. renown = the state or quality of being widely honored and acclaimed
  4341. renunciation = the state of having rejected your religious beliefs or your political party or a cause
  4342. repair = a formal way of referring to the condition of something
  4343. repletion = the state of being satisfactorily full and unable to take on more
  4344. representation = the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
  4345. repression = a state of forcible subjugation
  4346. reprieve = a (temporary) relief from harm or discomfort
  4347. reproach = disgrace or shame
  4348. reprobation = rejection by God
  4349. reputation = the state of being held in high esteem and honor / notoriety for some particular characteristic
  4350. repute = the state of being held in high esteem and honor
  4351. requisiteness = the state of being absolutely required
  4352. resistance = the capacity of an organism to defend itself against harmful environmental agents / (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  4353. respect = the condition of being honored
  4354. respiratory acidosis = acidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs
  4355. respiratory alkalosis = alkalosis resulting from increased gas exchange in the lungs
  4356. respiratory disease = a disease affecting the respiratory system
  4357. respiratory disorder = a disease affecting the respiratory system
  4358. respiratory distress syndrome = an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking
  4359. respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn = an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking
  4360. respiratory illness = a disease affecting the respiratory system
  4361. respiratory infection = any infection of the respiratory tract
  4362. respiratory tract infection = any infection of the respiratory tract
  4363. respite = a (temporary) relief from harm or discomfort
  4364. responsibility = the proper sphere or extent of your activities
  4365. rest = euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb) / a state of inaction
  4366. restless legs = feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed
  4367. restless legs syndrome = feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed
  4368. restlessness = a lack of patience
  4369. restoration = the state of being restored to its former good condition
  4370. restraint = the state of being physically constrained
  4371. resultant = the final point in a process
  4372. retarded depression = a state of clinical depression in which the individual is lethargic and slow to initiate action
  4373. retinal detachment = visual impairment resulting from the retina becoming separated from the choroid in the back of the eye
  4374. retinitis = inflammation of the retina
  4375. retinoblastoma = malignant ocular tumor of retinal cells; usually occurs before the third year of life
  4376. retinopathy = a disease of the retina that can result in loss of vision
  4377. retirement = the state of being retired from one's business or occupation
  4378. retrobulbar neuritis = inflammation of the optic nerve behind the eye
  4379. retroflection = a turning or tilting backward of an organ or body part
  4380. retroflexion = a turning or tilting backward of an organ or body part
  4381. retroversion = a turning or tilting backward of an organ or body part
  4382. revocation = the state of being cancelled or annulled
  4383. Reye's syndrome = acquired encephalopathy following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children
  4384. Rh incompatibility = incompatibility of Rh blood types
  4385. rhabdomyoma = benign tumor of striated muscle
  4386. rhabdomyosarcoma = a highly malignant neoplasm derived from striated muscle
  4387. rhabdosarcoma = a highly malignant neoplasm derived from striated muscle
  4388. rhagades = cracks or fissures in the skin
  4389. rheumatic aortitis = aortitis occurring in rheumatic fever
  4390. rheumatic fever = a severe disease chiefly of children and characterized by painful inflammation of the joints and frequently damage to the heart valves
  4391. rheumatic heart disease = heart disease caused by recurrent episodes of rheumatic fever
  4392. rheumatism = any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues / a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities
  4393. rheumatoid arthritis = a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities
  4394. rheumatoid factor = autoantibody that is usually present in the serum of people with rheumatoid arthritis
  4395. rheumatoid spondylitis = a chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine
  4396. rhinitis = an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose
  4397. rhinopathy = any disease or malformation of the nose
  4398. rhinophyma = enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
  4399. rhinorrhea = persistent watery mucus discharge from the nose
  4400. rhinosporidiosis = fungal infection of the nose
  4401. rhinostenosis = narrowing of the passages in the nasal cavities
  4402. rhinotracheitis = a respiratory infection of the nose and throat in cattle
  4403. rhizoctinia disease = disease caused by rhizoctinia or fungi of Pellicularia and Corticium
  4404. Rhus dermatitis = contact dermatitis resulting from contact with plants of the genus Toxicodendron
  4405. richness = abundant wealth
  4406. rick = a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back
  4407. rickets = childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus
  4408. rickettsial disease = infectious disease caused by ticks or mites or body lice infected with rickettsial bacteria
  4409. rickettsialpox = mild infectious rickettsial disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Rickettsia transmitted to humans by the bite a mite that lives on rodents
  4410. rickettsiosis = infectious disease caused by ticks or mites or body lice infected with rickettsial bacteria
  4411. Rift Valley fever = an infection common in Africa caused by a bunyavirus
  4412. Riggs' disease = chronic periodontitis
  4413. rigor mortis = temporary stiffness of joints and muscular rigidity occurring after death
  4414. rim blight = a disease of tea plants
  4415. rinderpest = an acute infectious viral disease of cattle
  4416. ring disease = disease of tomatoes and potatoes and tobacco etc caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas solanacearum
  4417. ring rot = disease of tomatoes and potatoes and tobacco etc caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas solanacearum
  4418. ringworm = infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
  4419. riot = a state of disorder involving group violence
  4420. rioting = a state of disorder involving group violence
  4421. ripeness = the state of being ripe
  4422. risk = a source of danger
  4423. riskiness = a state of danger involving risk
  4424. risklessness = safety as a consequence of entailing no risk
  4425. river blindness = infestation with slender threadlike roundworms (filaria) deposited under the skin by the bite of black fleas; when the eyes are involved it can result in blindness
  4426. Rock fever = infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products
  4427. Rocky Mountain spotted fever = caused by rickettsial bacteria and transmitted by wood ticks
  4428. roller coaster = anything characterized by abrupt and extreme changes
  4429. romance = a relationship between two lovers
  4430. room = opportunity for
  4431. root rot = disease characterized by root decay
  4432. rootage = fixedness by or as if by roots
  4433. roots = the condition of belonging to a particular place or group by virtue of social or ethnic or cultural lineage
  4434. rope burn = abrasion (usually on the hands) caused by friction from a rope
  4435. rosacea = a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance
  4436. roseola = any red eruption of the skin
  4437. roseola infantilis = a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat
  4438. roseola infantum = a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat
  4439. rosette = rhizoctinia disease of potatoes
  4440. rosiness = a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health
  4441. rot = a state of decay usually accompanied by an offensive odor
  4442. rottenness = in a state of progressive putrefaction
  4443. rough sledding = a difficulty that can be overcome with effort
  4444. rough water = used of the sea during inclement or stormy weather
  4445. roughness = rowdy behavior / used of the sea during inclement or stormy weather
  4446. roundworm = infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
  4447. rowdiness = rowdy behavior
  4448. rowdyism = rowdy behavior
  4449. rubella = a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days
  4450. rubella panencephalitis = a rare loss of mental and physical skills in adolescents
  4451. rubeola = an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash
  4452. rubor = a response of body tissues to injury or irritation
  4453. rudeness = a wild or unrefined state
  4454. ruin = an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction
  4455. ruination = an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction
  4456. rule = dominance or power through legal authority
  4457. rule of law = a state of order in which events conform to the law
  4458. rum nose = enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
  4459. rum-blossom = enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
  4460. rummage = a jumble of things to be given away
  4461. run = unrestricted freedom to use
  4462. running = the state of being in operation
  4463. rupture = state of being torn or burst open
  4464. ruptured intervertebral disc = a painful rupture of the fibrocartilage of the disc between spinal vertebrae
  4465. russet scab = rhizoctinia disease of potatoes
  4466. rust = a plant disease that produces a reddish-brown discoloration of leaves and stems
  4467. rustication = the condition naturally attaching to life in the country
  4468. rustiness = the condition of being coated or clogged with rust
  4469. rut = applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or period of heightened sexual arousal and activity
  4470. Sachs disease = a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occurring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe
  4471. saddle block anaesthesia = the parts of a patient's body that would touch a saddle if the patient were sitting in one are anesthetized by injecting a local anesthetic into the spinal cord
  4472. saddle block anesthesia = the parts of a patient's body that would touch a saddle if the patient were sitting in one are anesthetized by injecting a local anesthetic into the spinal cord
  4473. saddle sore = sore on a horseback rider chafed by a saddle / an open sore on the back of a horse caused by ill-fitting or badly adjusted saddle
  4474. sadness = the state of being sad
  4475. safety = the state of being certain that adverse effects will not be caused by some agent under defined conditions
  4476. Saint Anthony's fire = any of several inflammatory or gangrenous skin conditions
  4477. Saint Ignatius' itch = a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders
  4478. Saint Vitus dance = chorea occurring chiefly in children and associated with rheumatic fever
  4479. sale = the state of being purchasable
  4480. salicylate poisoning = poisoning caused by the excessive ingestion of salicylates
  4481. salience = the state of being salient
  4482. saliency = the state of being salient
  4483. salmonellosis = a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
  4484. salpingitis = inflammation of a Fallopian tube (usually the result of infection spreading from the vagina or uterus) or of a Eustachian tube
  4485. salt depletion = loss of salt from the body without replacement (loss by vomiting or profuse perspiration or urination or diarrhea) thus upsetting the electrolyte balance
  4486. salvation = the state of being saved or preserved from harm
  4487. sand crack = a fissure in the wall of a horse's hoof often causing lameness
  4488. sand tumor = a tumor derived from fibrous tissue of the meninges or choroid plexus or certain other structures associated with the brain
  4489. sandfly fever = a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii
  4490. saneness = normal or sound powers of mind
  4491. sanitariness = the state of being conducive to health
  4492. sanitary condition = the state of sanitation
  4493. sanitation = the state of being clean and conducive to health
  4494. sanity = normal or sound powers of mind
  4495. sapraemia = blood poisoning caused by putrefactive bacteria
  4496. sapremia = blood poisoning caused by putrefactive bacteria
  4497. sarcoidosis = a chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs and liver and lymph glands and salivary glands
  4498. sarcoma = a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue
  4499. SARS = a respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia
  4500. satanophobia = an abnormal fear of Satan
  4501. satiation = the state of being satisfactorily full and unable to take on more
  4502. satiety = the state of being satisfactorily full and unable to take on more
  4503. satisfaction = state of being gratified or satisfied
  4504. saturation = a condition in which a quantity no longer responds to some external influence
  4505. saturation point = the stage at which a substance will receive no more of another substance in solution or in a vapor
  4506. saturnism = toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
  4507. saving grace = a state of sanctification by God
  4508. say = the chance to speak
  4509. scabies = a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite
  4510. scald = a burn cause by hot liquid or steam
  4511. scalenus syndrome = discomfort and vascular symptoms and loss of sensation in a shoulder and arm
  4512. scandalisation = the condition of being shocked
  4513. scandalization = the condition of being shocked
  4514. scaphocephaly = congenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow
  4515. scar = a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue
  4516. scare = sudden mass fear and anxiety over anticipated events
  4517. scarlatina = an acute communicable disease (usually in children) characterized by fever and a red rash
  4518. scarlet fever = an acute communicable disease (usually in children) characterized by fever and a red rash
  4519. scene = a situation treated as an observable object / a display of bad temper
  4520. scepter = the imperial authority symbolized by a scepter
  4521. sceptre = the imperial authority symbolized by a scepter
  4522. schemozzle = a confused situation or affair
  4523. schistorrhachis = a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms
  4524. schistosome dermatitis = a sensitization reaction to repeated invasion of the skin by cercariae of schistosomes
  4525. schistosomiasis = an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East
  4526. schizoid = characterized by symptoms similar to but less severe than schizophrenia
  4527. schizophrenia = any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
  4528. schizophrenic disorder = any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
  4529. schizophrenic psychosis = any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
  4530. schizothymia = resembling schizophrenia but remaining within the bounds of normality
  4531. schizotypal personality = characterized by symptoms similar to but less severe than schizophrenia
  4532. school phobia = a child's sudden fear of attending school
  4533. Schuller-Christian disease = inflammatory histiocytosis associated with disturbance of cholesterol metabolism
  4534. sciatica = neuralgia along the sciatic nerve
  4535. SCID = a congenital disease affecting T cells that can result from a mutation in any one of several different genes; children with it are susceptible to infectious disease
  4536. scintillating scotoma = a localized area of diminished vision edged by shimmering colored lights
  4537. scleredema = a skin disease marked by hard edema of the tissue usually beginning in the face
  4538. scleritis = inflammation of the sclera
  4539. scleroderma = an autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissue
  4540. sclerosing leukoencephalitis = a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years
  4541. sclerosis = any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
  4542. sclerotium disease = plant disease cause by fungi of the genus Sclerotium
  4543. sclerotium rot = plant disease cause by fungi of the genus Sclerotium
  4544. scoliosis = an abnormal lateral curve to the vertebral column
  4545. scope = the state of the environment in which a situation exists
  4546. scorbutus = a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid
  4547. scorch = a plant disease that produces a browning or scorched appearance of plant tissues / a surface burn
  4548. score = an amount due
  4549. scot and lot = obligations of all kinds taken as a whole
  4550. scotoma = an isolated area of diminished vision within the visual field
  4551. scourge = something causing misery or death
  4552. scours = diarrhea in livestock
  4553. scrape = an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
  4554. scrapie = a fatal disease of sheep characterized by chronic itching and loss of muscular control and progressive degeneration of the central nervous system
  4555. scratch = an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
  4556. screaming meemies = extreme nervousness
  4557. scrofula = a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
  4558. scrub typhus = transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asia
  4559. scurvy = a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid
  4560. seal limbs = an abnormality of development in which the upper part of an arm or leg is missing so the hands or feet are attached to the body like stumps
  4561. seasickness = motion sickness experienced while traveling on water
  4562. seaworthiness = fitness to traverse the seas
  4563. sebaceous cyst = a common cyst of the skin
  4564. seborrhea = a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily
  4565. seborrheic dermatitis = a chronic skin disease associated with seborrhea and greasy scales on the scalp or eyelids or other parts of the skin
  4566. seborrheic eczema = a chronic skin disease associated with seborrhea and greasy scales on the scalp or eyelids or other parts of the skin
  4567. seborrheic keratosis = a skin condition characterized by circumscribed wartlike lesions that can be itchy and covered with a greasy crust
  4568. second class = not the highest rank in a classification
  4569. second-degree burn = burn causing blisters on the skin and superficial destruction of the dermis
  4570. secondary amenorrhea = cessation of menstruation in a woman who had previously menstruated
  4571. secondary dysmenorrhea = painful menstruation that is caused by some specific disorder
  4572. secondary hypertension = hypertension that is secondary to another disease
  4573. secondary syphilis = the second stage
  4574. secrecy = the condition of being concealed or hidden
  4575. secureness = the state of freedom from fear or danger
  4576. security = the state of being free from danger or injury
  4577. sedation = a state of reduced excitement or anxiety that is induced by the administrative of a sedative agent
  4578. seeing red = a state of irritation or annoyance
  4579. seizure = a sudden occurrence (or recurrence) of a disease
  4580. self-determination = government of a political unit by its own people
  4581. self-direction = personal independence
  4582. self-government = government of a political unit by its own people
  4583. self-hypnosis = hypnosis induced by yourself
  4584. self-reliance = personal independence
  4585. self-rule = government of a political unit by its own people
  4586. self-sufficiency = personal independence
  4587. semidarkness = partial darkness
  4588. seminoma = malignant tumor of the testis
  4589. senile dementia = dementia of the aged
  4590. senile psychosis = dementia of the aged
  4591. senior status = higher rank than that of others especially by reason of longer service
  4592. seniority = higher rank than that of others especially by reason of longer service
  4593. sensation = a state of widespread public excitement and interest
  4594. sense of the meeting = general agreement reached by an assembled group
  4595. sensitisation = the state of being sensitive
  4596. sensitivity = susceptibility to a pathogen
  4597. sensitization = the state of being sensitive
  4598. sensorineural hearing loss = hearing loss due to failure of the auditory nerve
  4599. sensory aphasia = aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words
  4600. sensory epilepsy = focal epilepsy initiated by somatosensory phenomena
  4601. separability = the capability of being separated
  4602. separateness = political independence / the state of being several and distinct
  4603. separation = the state of lacking unity
  4604. sepsis = the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues
  4605. septal defect = a congenital abnormality in the septum between the left and right sides of the heart
  4606. septic sore throat = an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
  4607. septicaemia = invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
  4608. septicemia = invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
  4609. septicemic plague = an especially dangerous and generally fatal form of the plague in which infecting organisms invade the bloodstream
  4610. sequela = any abnormality following or resulting from a disease or injury or treatment
  4611. sereness = a withered dryness
  4612. serfdom = the state of a serf
  4613. serfhood = the state of a serf
  4614. serial monogamy = a succession of short monogamous relationships
  4615. serration = the condition of being serrated
  4616. serum disease = a delayed allergic reaction to the injection of an antiserum caused by an antibody reaction to an antigen in the donor serum
  4617. serum hepatitis = an acute (sometimes fatal) form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted by sexual contact or by transfusion or by ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids
  4618. serum sickness = a delayed allergic reaction to the injection of an antiserum caused by an antibody reaction to an antigen in the donor serum
  4619. servant = in a subordinate position
  4620. servitude = state of subjection to an owner or master or forced labor imposed as punishment
  4621. sessile polyp = a relatively flat polyp
  4622. setting = the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event / the state of the environment in which a situation exists
  4623. seventh heaven = a state of extreme happiness
  4624. severalty = the state of being several and distinct
  4625. severe acute respiratory syndrome = a respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia
  4626. severe combined immunodeficiency = a congenital disease affecting T cells that can result from a mutation in any one of several different genes; children with it are susceptible to infectious disease
  4627. severe combined immunodeficiency disease = a congenital disease affecting T cells that can result from a mutation in any one of several different genes; children with it are susceptible to infectious disease
  4628. sewer = misfortune resulting in lost effort or money
  4629. sex drive = a physiological need for sexual activity
  4630. sex-linked disorder = any disease or abnormality that is determined by the sex hormones
  4631. sexual arousal = the arousal of sexual desires in preparation for sexual behavior
  4632. sexual relationship = a relationship involving sexual intimacy
  4633. sexually transmitted disease = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  4634. shade = a position of relative inferiority / relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by an opaque body
  4635. shadiness = relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by an opaque body
  4636. shadow = a dominating and pervasive presence / shade within clear boundaries
  4637. shadowiness = relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by an opaque body
  4638. shagginess = unkemptness of hair
  4639. shakeout = an economic condition that results in the elimination of marginally financed participants in an industry
  4640. shakiness = a shaky motion
  4641. shaking = a shaky motion
  4642. shaking palsy = a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  4643. shambles = a condition of great disorder
  4644. shame = a state of dishonor
  4645. shape = the state of (good) health
  4646. sheep rot = a disease of the liver (especially in sheep and cattle) caused by liver flukes and their by-products
  4647. shell shock = a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare
  4648. shelter = the condition of being protected
  4649. shemozzle = a confused situation or affair
  4650. shigellosis = an acute infection of the intestine by shigella bacteria
  4651. shin splints = painful inflammation of the muscles around the shins
  4652. shiner = a swollen bruise caused by a blow to the eye
  4653. shingles = eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  4654. shipping fever = a deadly form of septicemia in cattle and sheep; involves high fever and pneumonia
  4655. shipping pneumonia = a deadly form of septicemia in cattle and sheep; involves high fever and pneumonia
  4656. shirtsleeves = not wearing a jacket
  4657. shivering = a sensation of cold that often marks the start of an infection and the development of a fever
  4658. shock = bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells
  4659. shoes = a particular situation
  4660. short account = a brokerage account of someone who sells short
  4661. shortage = an acute insufficiency
  4662. shortness = the condition of being short of something
  4663. shortness of breath = a dyspneic condition
  4664. shortsightedness = eyesight abnormality resulting from the eye's faulty refractive ability
  4665. shot = a chance to do something
  4666. show window = a setting in which something can be displayed to best effect
  4667. showcase = a setting in which something can be displayed to best effect
  4668. shut-eye = informal term for sleep
  4669. shuteye = informal term for sleep
  4670. sialadenitis = inflammation of the salivary glands
  4671. sick headache = a severe recurring vascular headache
  4672. sickle-cell anaemia = a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks
  4673. sickle-cell anemia = a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks
  4674. sickle-cell disease = a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks
  4675. sickness = impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism / the state that precedes vomiting / defectiveness or unsoundness
  4676. side effect = a secondary and usually adverse effect of a drug or therapy
  4677. sideroblastic anaemia = refractory anemia characterized by sideroblasts in the bone marrow
  4678. sideroblastic anemia = refractory anemia characterized by sideroblasts in the bone marrow
  4679. siderochrestic anaemia = refractory anemia characterized by sideroblasts in the bone marrow
  4680. siderochrestic anemia = refractory anemia characterized by sideroblasts in the bone marrow
  4681. sideropenia = a deficiency of iron
  4682. siderosis = fibrosis of the lung caused by iron dust
  4683. SIDS = sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
  4684. sigeh = a Shiite tradition of temporary marriage permitted in Iran that allows a couple to specify the terms of their relationship
  4685. sightlessness = the state of being blind or lacking sight
  4686. sign = any objective evidence of the presence of a disorder or disease
  4687. silence = the state of being silent
  4688. silicosis = a lung disease caused by inhaling particles of silica or quartz or slate
  4689. silver spoon = the inherited wealth of established upper-class families
  4690. simple absence = an absence seizure without other complications
  4691. simple fracture = an uncomplicated fracture in which the broken bones to not pierce the skin
  4692. simple phobia = any phobia (other than agoraphobia) associated with relatively simple well-defined stimuli
  4693. singe = a surface burn
  4694. singultus = the state of having reflex spasms of the diaphragm accompanied by a rapid closure of the glottis producing an audible sound
  4695. sinlessness = the state of being unsullied by sin or moral wrong
  4696. sinus headache = a headache resulting from congestion or infection in the paranasal sinuses
  4697. sinusitis = inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
  4698. siriasis = sudden prostration due to exposure to the sun or excessive heat
  4699. situation = a condition or position in which you find yourself / the general state of things
  4700. size = the actual state of affairs
  4701. size of it = the actual state of affairs
  4702. sketchiness = incompleteness of details
  4703. ski conditions = the amount and state of snow for skiing
  4704. skin = a person's skin regarded as their life
  4705. skin cancer = a malignant neoplasm of the skin
  4706. skin disease = a disease affecting the skin
  4707. skin disorder = a disease affecting the skin
  4708. skin eruption = eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
  4709. skin rash = any red eruption of the skin
  4710. skin tumor = a neoplasm originating in the epidermis
  4711. slash = a wound made by cutting
  4712. slavery = the state of being under the control of another person
  4713. SLE = an inflammatory disease of connective tissue with variable features including fever and weakness and fatigability and joint pains and skin lesions on the face or neck or arms
  4714. sleep = euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb) / a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended / a torpid state resembling deep sleep
  4715. sleep apnea = apnea that occurs during sleep
  4716. sleep disorder = a disturbance of the normal sleep pattern
  4717. sleep terror disorder = a disorder of sleep characterized by a dream of terrifying dimensions far worse than a typical nightmare
  4718. sleepiness = a very sleepy state
  4719. sleeping sickness = an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926
  4720. sleeplessness = a temporary state in which you are unable (or unwilling) to sleep
  4721. sleepy sickness = an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926
  4722. slice = a wound made by cutting
  4723. slipped disc = a painful rupture of the fibrocartilage of the disc between spinal vertebrae
  4724. sloppiness = a lack of order and tidiness
  4725. slot = a position in a hierarchy or organization
  4726. slough = necrotic tissue
  4727. slough of despond = extreme depression
  4728. slovenliness = a lack of order and tidiness
  4729. sluggishness = a state of comatose torpor
  4730. slumber = a dormant or quiescent state / a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended
  4731. slump = a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
  4732. small cell carcinoma = highly malignant carcinoma composed of small round or egg-shaped cells with little cytoplasm
  4733. small-particle pollution = air pollution caused by fine particles of soot
  4734. smallpox = a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
  4735. smart = a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore
  4736. smarting = a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore
  4737. smartness = a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore
  4738. smell = the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
  4739. smog = air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog
  4740. smogginess = air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog
  4741. smother = a confused multitude of things
  4742. smut = destructive diseases of plants (especially cereal grasses) caused by fungi that produce black powdery masses of spores
  4743. smuttiness = the state of being dirty with soot
  4744. snakebite = a bite inflicted by a (venomous) snake
  4745. sneeze = a symptom consisting of the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose
  4746. sneezing = a symptom consisting of the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose
  4747. snit = a state of agitated irritation
  4748. snow-blindness = temporary blindness caused by exposure to sunlight reflected from snow or ice
  4749. snowblindness = temporary blindness caused by exposure to sunlight reflected from snow or ice
  4750. snugness = a state of warm snug comfort
  4751. SOB = a dyspneic condition
  4752. soberness = the state of being sober and not intoxicated by alcohol
  4753. sobriety = the state of being sober and not intoxicated by alcohol
  4754. social contract = an implicit agreement among people that results in the organization of society
  4755. social disease = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  4756. social phobia = any phobia (other than agoraphobia) associated with situations in which you are subject to criticism by others
  4757. social rank = position in a social hierarchy
  4758. social station = position in a social hierarchy
  4759. social status = position in a social hierarchy
  4760. social stratification = the condition of being arranged in social strata or classes within a group
  4761. society = the state of being with someone
  4762. sociopathic personality = a personality disorder characterized by amorality and lack of affect
  4763. sodoku = the form of ratbite fever occurring in the Far East
  4764. soft rot = mushy or slimy decay of plants caused by bacteria or fungi
  4765. softness = a state of declining economic condition / the quality of weather that is deliciously mild and soothing / poor physical condition
  4766. sogginess = a heavy wetness
  4767. soil = the state of being covered with unclean things
  4768. solace = comfort in disappointment or misery
  4769. solacement = comfort in disappointment or misery
  4770. solid = the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it
  4771. solid state = the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it
  4772. solidity = state of having the interior filled with matter
  4773. solidness = the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it
  4774. solitariness = the state of being alone in solitary isolation
  4775. solitary = confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisoners
  4776. solitary confinement = confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisoners
  4777. solitude = the state or situation of being alone / a state of social isolation
  4778. solvency = the ability to meet maturing obligations as they come due
  4779. somatic delusion = a delusion concerning the body image or parts of the body
  4780. somberness = a state of partial or total darkness
  4781. sombreness = a state of partial or total darkness
  4782. somnolence = a very sleepy state
  4783. sootiness = the state of being dirty with soot
  4784. sopor = a torpid state resembling deep sleep
  4785. sordidness = sordid dirtiness
  4786. sore = an open skin infection
  4787. sore throat = inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
  4788. soreness = a pain that is felt
  4789. sorrow = the state of being sad
  4790. sorrowfulness = the state of being sad
  4791. sottishness = stupefaction from drink
  4792. sound pollution = annoying and potentially harmful environmental noise
  4793. soundness = a state or condition free from damage or decay
  4794. soup = an unfortunate situation
  4795. sovereignty = government free from external control / royal authority
  4796. spasm = a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
  4797. spasmodic laryngitis = a disease of infants and young children
  4798. spastic abasia = abasia due to spastic contractions of the leg muscles
  4799. spastic bladder = a urinary bladder disorder resulting from spinal cord lesion or multiple sclerosis or trauma
  4800. spastic colon = recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea
  4801. spastic paralysis = a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
  4802. spavin = a swelling of the hock joint of a horse
  4803. speculativeness = financial risk
  4804. speech defect = a disorder of oral speech
  4805. speech disorder = a disorder of oral speech
  4806. spell = a psychological state induced by (or as if induced by) a magical incantation
  4807. sphacelus = necrotic tissue
  4808. sphere = a particular environment or walk of life
  4809. spider angioma = a dilation of superficial capillaries with a central red dot from which blood vessels radiate
  4810. spider nevus = a dilation of superficial capillaries with a central red dot from which blood vessels radiate
  4811. Spielmeyer-Vogt disease = a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death
  4812. spina bifida = a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms
  4813. spinach blight = a disease of spinach plants
  4814. spinal = anesthesia of the lower half of the body
  4815. spinal anaesthesia = anesthesia of the lower half of the body
  4816. spinal anesthesia = anesthesia of the lower half of the body
  4817. spinal curvature = an abnormal curvature of the vertebral column
  4818. spinocerebellar disorder = any of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
  4819. spinsterhood = the state of being a spinster
  4820. spirillum fever = the form of ratbite fever occurring in the Far East
  4821. spirit = the state of a person's emotions (especially with regard to pleasure or dejection) / the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
  4822. spit and polish = careful attention to order and appearance
  4823. splash = a prominent or sensational but short-lived news event
  4824. splenic fever = a highly infectious animal disease
  4825. splenitis = inflammation of the spleen
  4826. splenomegaly = an abnormal enlargement of the spleen
  4827. split personality = a relatively rare dissociative disorder in which the usual integrity of the personality breaks down and two or more independent personalities emerge
  4828. spondylarthritis = arthritis that affects one or more of the intervertebral joints in the spine
  4829. spondylitis = inflammation of a spinal joint
  4830. spondylolisthesis = a forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one beneath it producing pressure on spinal nerves
  4831. spongioblastoma = a fast-growing malignant brain tumor composed of spongioblasts
  4832. sporotrichosis = a chronic fungal infection of the skin and lymph nodes
  4833. spot = a slight attack of illness
  4834. spotlessness = the state of being spotlessly clean
  4835. spotlight = a focus of public attention
  4836. spots = spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens
  4837. spotted fever = any of several severe febrile diseases characterized by skin rashes or spots on the skin
  4838. spousal relationship = the state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for life
  4839. sprain = a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
  4840. spruceness = the state of being neat and smart and trim
  4841. sprue = a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and non-tropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed
  4842. spur blight = a disease of raspberries
  4843. spuriousness = state of lacking genuineness
  4844. squalidness = sordid dirtiness
  4845. squalor = sordid dirtiness
  4846. squamous cell carcinoma = the most common form of skin cancer
  4847. square one = the situation in which you begin an endeavor and to which you return if your efforts fail
  4848. squeamishness = a mild state of nausea
  4849. squeeze = a state in which there is a short supply of cash to lend to businesses and consumers and interest rates are high
  4850. squint = abnormal alignment of one or both eyes
  4851. SSPE = a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years
  4852. St. Vitus dance = chorea occurring chiefly in children and associated with rheumatic fever
  4853. stability = a stable order
  4854. stage = a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process
  4855. staggers = a disease of the central nervous system affecting especially horses and cattle
  4856. stagnancy = a state of inactivity (in business or art etc) / inactivity of liquids; being stagnant; standing still
  4857. stagnant anoxia = anoxia resulting from slow peripheral circulation
  4858. stagnant hypoxia = hypoxia resulting from slow peripheral circulation
  4859. stagnation = a state of inactivity (in business or art etc) / inactivity of liquids; being stagnant; standing still
  4860. stain = the state of being covered with unclean things
  4861. stalemate = a situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
  4862. stammer = a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds
  4863. stand-down = a suspension and relaxation from an alert state or a state of readiness
  4864. standard of life = a level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone or some group
  4865. standard of living = a level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone or some group
  4866. standardisation = the condition in which a standard has been successfully established
  4867. standardization = the condition in which a standard has been successfully established
  4868. standdown = a suspension and relaxation from an alert state or a state of readiness
  4869. standing = social or financial or professional status or reputation
  4870. standstill = a situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
  4871. staphylococcal infection = an infection with staphylococcus bacteria
  4872. stardom = the status of being acknowledged as a star
  4873. starvation = a state of extreme hunger resulting from lack of essential nutrients over a prolonged period
  4874. starvation acidosis = acidosis in which the acidity results from lack of food which leads to fat catabolism which in turn releases acidic ketone bodies
  4875. stasis = inactivity resulting from a static balance between opposing forces / an abnormal state in which the normal flow of a liquid (such as blood) is slowed or stopped
  4876. state = a state of depression or agitation / (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases
  4877. state of affairs = the general state of things
  4878. state of flux = a state of uncertainty about what should be done (usually following some important event) preceding the establishment of a new direction of action
  4879. state of grace = a state of sanctification by God
  4880. state of matter = the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases
  4881. state of mind = a temporary psychological state
  4882. state of nature = a wild primitive state untouched by civilization
  4883. state of the art = the highest degree of development of an art or technique at a particular time
  4884. state of war = a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply
  4885. station = proper or designated social situation
  4886. stationariness = remaining in place
  4887. stature = high level of respect gained by impressive development or achievement
  4888. status = a state at a particular time / the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society
  4889. status asthmaticus = a prolonged and severe asthma attack that does not respond to standard treatment
  4890. status epilepticus = a condition in which there are continuing attacks of epilepsy without intervals of consciousness
  4891. status quo = the existing state of affairs
  4892. stay = the state of inactivity following an interruption
  4893. STD = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  4894. steatocystoma = a common cyst of the skin
  4895. steatorrhea = the presence of greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces which are frothy and foul smelling and floating
  4896. Steinert's disease = a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow
  4897. stem blight = a fungous blight attacking the stems of plants
  4898. stem canker = rhizoctinia disease of potatoes
  4899. stenosis = abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
  4900. step = relative position in a graded series
  4901. sterileness = the state of being free of pathogenic organisms
  4902. sterility = the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive
  4903. sternutation = a symptom consisting of the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose
  4904. stew = agitation resulting from active worry
  4905. stigmata = marks resembling the wounds on the crucified body of Christ
  4906. stigmatism = condition of an optical system (as a lens) in which light rays from a single point converge in a single focal point / the condition of having or being marked by stigmata
  4907. Still's disease = a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children
  4908. stillness = a state of no motion or movement / calmness without winds
  4909. sting = a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin / a mental pain or distress / a kind of pain
  4910. stinging = a kind of pain
  4911. stinking smut = disease of wheat characterized by replacement of the grains with greasy masses of smelly smut spores
  4912. stir = a prominent or sensational but short-lived news event
  4913. stitch = a sharp spasm of pain in the side resulting from running
  4914. stock = the reputation and popularity a person has
  4915. Stokes-Adams syndrome = recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat
  4916. stomach ache = an ache localized in the stomach or abdominal region
  4917. stomach flu = inflammation of the stomach and intestines
  4918. stomach upset = a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
  4919. stomachache = an ache localized in the stomach or abdominal region
  4920. stomatitis = inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
  4921. stop = the state of inactivity following an interruption
  4922. stoppage = the state of inactivity following an interruption
  4923. storm = a violent commotion or disturbance
  4924. storm center = a center of trouble or disturbance
  4925. storm centre = a center of trouble or disturbance
  4926. storminess = the state of being stormy
  4927. strabismus = abnormal alignment of one or both eyes
  4928. strain = injury to a muscle
  4929. strait = a bad or difficult situation or state of affairs
  4930. straits = a bad or difficult situation or state of affairs
  4931. strangles = an acute bacterial disease of horses characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes
  4932. strangulation = the condition of having respiration stopped by compression of the air passage
  4933. stratification = the condition of being arranged in social strata or classes within a group
  4934. strawberry haemangioma = a congenital bright red superficial vascular tumor resembling a strawberry
  4935. strawberry hemangioma = a congenital bright red superficial vascular tumor resembling a strawberry
  4936. stream = something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously
  4937. street = a situation offering opportunities / the streets of a city viewed as a depressed environment in which there is poverty and crime and prostitution and dereliction
  4938. strength = the condition of financial success
  4939. strep throat = an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
  4940. streptococcal sore throat = an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
  4941. streptococcus tonsilitis = an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
  4942. stress = a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense / difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension / special emphasis attached to something
  4943. stress fracture = fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury
  4944. stricture = abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
  4945. stridor = a whistling sound when breathing
  4946. strife = lack of agreement or harmony
  4947. strikingness = the state of being salient
  4948. stringency = a state occasioned by scarcity of money and a shortage of credit
  4949. strip alert = a state of readiness for domestic defense aircraft
  4950. stripe blight = a disease of oats
  4951. stroke = a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  4952. struma = a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands / abnormally enlarged thyroid gland
  4953. stuffiness = state of obstruction or stoppage or air in the nose or throat
  4954. sturdiness = the state of being vigorous and robust
  4955. Sturm und Drang = a state of violent disturbance and disorder
  4956. stutter = a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds
  4957. sty = an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  4958. stye = an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  4959. stymie = a situation in golf where an opponent's ball blocks the line between your ball and the hole
  4960. stymy = a situation in golf where an opponent's ball blocks the line between your ball and the hole
  4961. subacute bacterial endocarditis = a chronic bacterial infection of the endocardium and heart valves
  4962. subacute inclusion body encephalitis = a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years
  4963. subacute sclerosing leukoencephalitis = a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years
  4964. subacute sclerosing panencephalitis = a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years
  4965. subclinical absence = a transient impairment of cortical function demonstrable only by 3-per-second brainwave spikes
  4966. subjection = forced submission to control by others
  4967. subjugation = forced submission to control by others
  4968. submission = the condition of having submitted to control by someone or something else
  4969. subnormality = the state of being less than normal
  4970. subordinateness = secondary importance
  4971. subordination = the state of being subordinate to something
  4972. subservience = in a subservient state / the condition of being something that is useful in reaching an end or carrying out a plan
  4973. subservientness = in a subservient state
  4974. subsidiarity = secondary importance
  4975. subsistence = the state of existing in reality
  4976. success = a state of prosperity or fame
  4977. successfulness = the condition of prospering
  4978. sudden infant death syndrome = sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
  4979. suffering = a state of acute pain / misery resulting from affliction
  4980. sufficiency = sufficient resources to provide comfort and meet obligations
  4981. suffocation = the condition of being deprived of oxygen
  4982. suggestibility = susceptibility or responsiveness to suggestion
  4983. summit = the highest level or degree attainable
  4984. sumptuousness = wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living
  4985. sunburn = redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sun / a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun
  4986. sunstroke = sudden prostration due to exposure to the sun or excessive heat
  4987. suntan = a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun
  4988. superinfection = infection that occurs while you are being treated for another infection
  4989. superiority = the state of excelling or surpassing or going beyond usual limits
  4990. superlative = the highest level or degree attainable
  4991. suppurating sore = a sore that has become inflamed and formed pus
  4992. suprainfection = secondary infection caused by an opportunistic infection
  4993. supremacy = power to dominate or defeat
  4994. surfeit = the state of being more than full
  4995. surroundings = the environmental condition
  4996. survival = a state of surviving
  4997. susceptibility = the state of being susceptible
  4998. susceptibleness = the state of being susceptible
  4999. suspended animation = a temporary cessation of vital functions with loss of consciousness resembling death
  5000. suspension = temporary cessation or suspension
  5001. suspicion = the state of being suspected
  5002. suzerainty = the position or authority of a suzerain
  5003. svoboda = freedom
  5004. swamp = a situation fraught with difficulties and imponderables
  5005. swamp fever = an infectious disease cause by leptospira and transmitted to humans from domestic animals
  5006. sweat = agitation resulting from active worry
  5007. sweating sickness = epidemic in the 15th and 16th centuries and characterized by profuse sweating and high mortality / a disease of cattle
  5008. sweet-potato ring rot = disease of sweet potatoes in which roots are girdled by rings of dry rot
  5009. swelling = an abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement
  5010. swimmer's itch = a sensitization reaction to repeated invasion of the skin by cercariae of schistosomes
  5011. swine flu = an acute and highly contagious respiratory disease of swine caused by the orthomyxovirus thought to be the same virus that caused the 1918 influenza pandemic
  5012. swine influenza = an acute and highly contagious respiratory disease of swine caused by the orthomyxovirus thought to be the same virus that caused the 1918 influenza pandemic
  5013. swing = a state of steady vigorous action that is characteristic of an activity
  5014. swither = agitation resulting from active worry
  5015. sword of Damocles = a constant and imminent peril
  5016. sword-cut = a scar from a cut made by a sword
  5017. Sydenham's chorea = chorea occurring chiefly in children and associated with rheumatic fever
  5018. sympatry = the occurrence of organisms in overlapping geographical areas, but without interbreeding
  5019. symphysis = an abnormal adhesion of two or more structures
  5020. symptom = any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
  5021. syncretism = the union (or attempted fusion) of different systems of thought or belief
  5022. syndactylism = birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
  5023. syndactyly = birth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
  5024. syndrome = a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
  5025. synechia = adhesions between the iris and the lens or cornea resulting from trauma or eye surgery or as a complication of glaucoma or cataract
  5026. synovitis = inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines a synovial joint
  5027. syph = a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages
  5028. syphilis = a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages
  5029. systemic lupus erythematosus = an inflammatory disease of connective tissue with variable features including fever and weakness and fatigability and joint pains and skin lesions on the face or neck or arms
  5030. systolic murmur = a murmur heard during systole
  5031. T.B. = infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions
  5032. tabes = wasting of the body during a chronic disease
  5033. tabes dorsalis = syphilis of the spinal cord characterized by degeneration of sensory neurons and stabbing pains in the trunk and legs and unsteady gait and incontinence and impotence
  5034. tabula rasa = an opportunity to start over without prejudice
  5035. tachycardia = abnormally rapid heartbeat
  5036. tactile agnosia = a loss of the ability to recognize objects by handling them
  5037. tailspin = loss of emotional control often resulting in emotional collapse
  5038. taint = the state of being contaminated
  5039. Takayasu's arteritis = disorder characterized by the absence of a pulse in both arms and in the carotid arteries
  5040. talipes = congenital deformity of the foot usually marked by a curled shape or twisted position of the ankle and heel and toes
  5041. talipes calcaneus = talipes in which the toes are pointed upward and the person walks on the heel of the foot
  5042. talipes equinus = talipes in which the toes are pointed downward
  5043. talipes valgus = deformity of the foot in which the foot is twisted outward
  5044. tamponade = blockage or closure (as of a wound or body cavity) by (or as if by) a tampon
  5045. tamponage = blockage or closure (as of a wound or body cavity) by (or as if by) a tampon
  5046. tan = a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun
  5047. tangency = the state of being tangent
  5048. tantrum = a display of bad temper
  5049. tapeworm infection = intestinal infection by a species of parasitic tapeworm
  5050. taphephobia = a morbid fear of being buried alive
  5051. tarantism = a nervous disorder characterized by an uncontrollable impulse to dance
  5052. tardive dyskinesia = involuntary rolling of the tongue and twitching of the face or trunk or limbs
  5053. tarsitis = inflammation of the eyelid
  5054. tautness = the physical condition of being stretched or strained
  5055. taxability = liability to taxation
  5056. Tay-Sachs = a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occurring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe
  5057. Tay-Sachs disease = a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occurring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe
  5058. TB = infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions
  5059. technicality = the state of being technical as in the use of technical terms or methods
  5060. tempest = a violent commotion or disturbance
  5061. tempestuousness = a state of agitation or turbulent change or development / a state of wild storminess
  5062. temporal arteritis = inflammation of the temporal arteries
  5063. temporal lobe epilepsy = epilepsy characterized clinically by impairment of consciousness and amnesia for the episode
  5064. temporary state = a state that continues for a limited time
  5065. tenderness = a pain that is felt
  5066. tendinitis = inflammation of a tendon
  5067. tendonitis = inflammation of a tendon
  5068. tendonous synovitis = inflammation of a tendon and its enveloping sheath
  5069. tendosynovitis = inflammation of a tendon and its enveloping sheath
  5070. tenesmus = painful spasm of the anal sphincter along with an urgent desire to defecate without the significant production of feces
  5071. tennis elbow = painful inflammation of the tendon at the outer border of the elbow resulting from overuse of lower arm muscles
  5072. tenonitis = inflammation of a tendon
  5073. tenosynovitis = inflammation of a tendon and its enveloping sheath
  5074. tenseness = a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense / the physical condition of being stretched or strained
  5075. tension = feelings of hostility that are not manifest / a balance between and interplay of opposing elements or tendencies (especially in art or literature) / (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense / the physical condition of being stretched or strained
  5076. tension headache = a headache located at the back of the head
  5077. tensity = the physical condition of being stretched or strained
  5078. teratoma = a tumor consisting of a mixture of tissues not normally found at that site
  5079. terms = status with respect to the relations between people or groups
  5080. tertiary syphilis = the third stage
  5081. testicular cancer = malignant tumor of the testis
  5082. tetanilla = clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures
  5083. tetanus = an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds
  5084. tetany = clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures
  5085. tetartanopia = a form of dichromacy characterized by lowered sensitivity to yellow light
  5086. tetralogy of Fallot = a congenital heart defect producing cyanosis
  5087. Texas fever = an infectious disease of cattle transmitted by the cattle tick
  5088. thalassaemia = an inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin
  5089. thalassaemia major = a fatal form of homozygous thalassemia (inherited from both parents) in which there is no hemoglobin; skeletal deformations
  5090. thalassemia = an inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin
  5091. thalassemia major = a fatal form of homozygous thalassemia (inherited from both parents) in which there is no hemoglobin; skeletal deformations
  5092. thanatophobia = a morbid fear of death
  5093. the absurd = a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless
  5094. the purple = position of imperial status
  5095. the shits = obscene terms for diarrhea
  5096. the trots = obscene terms for diarrhea
  5097. the true = conformity to reality or actuality
  5098. thereness = the state of being there--not here--in position / real existence
  5099. thermal equilibrium = a state in which all parts of a system are at the same temperature
  5100. thermal pollution = harm to lakes and rivers resulting from the release of excessive waste heat into them
  5101. thermalgesia = pain caused by heat
  5102. thermic fever = sudden prostration due to exposure to the sun or excessive heat
  5103. thin air = nowhere to be found in a giant void
  5104. thing = a special situation
  5105. thinking cap = a state in which one thinks
  5106. third-degree burn = burn characterized by destruction of both epidermis and dermis
  5107. thirst = a physiological need to drink
  5108. thirstiness = a physiological need to drink / a deficiency of moisture
  5109. Thomsen's disease = a mild, rare, congenital form of myotonia characterized by muscle stiffness
  5110. thoracic actinomycosis = a serious form of actinomycosis that affects the chest
  5111. thoracic outlet syndrome = tingling sensations in the fingers
  5112. thraldom = the state of being under the control of another person
  5113. thrall = the state of being under the control of another person
  5114. thralldom = the state of being under the control of another person
  5115. thread blight = a disease of tropical woody plants
  5116. threat = something that is a source of danger
  5117. three-day measles = a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days
  5118. thresher's lung = alveolitis caused by an allergic reaction to fungal spores in the dust that is inhaled from moldy hay
  5119. throat infection = an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus
  5120. throb = a deep pulsating type of pain
  5121. throe = severe spasm of pain / hard or painful trouble or struggle
  5122. thrombasthenia = a rare autosomal recessive disease in which the platelets do not produce clots in the normal way and hemorrhage results
  5123. thrombocytopenia = a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood
  5124. thrombocytopenic purpura = purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
  5125. thrombocytosis = increase in the number of platelets in the blood which tends to cause clots to form
  5126. thromboembolism = occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus that has broken away from a thrombus
  5127. thrombopenia = a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood
  5128. thrombophlebitis = phlebitis in conjunction with the formation of a blood clot
  5129. thrombosis = the formation or presence of a thrombus (a clot of coagulated blood attached at the site of its formation) in a blood vessel
  5130. thrombus = a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin
  5131. throw = a single chance or instance
  5132. thrush = candidiasis of the oral cavity
  5133. thyroiditis = inflammation of the thyroid gland
  5134. thyromegaly = abnormally enlarged thyroid gland
  5135. thyrotoxicosis = an overactive thyroid gland
  5136. TIA = brief episode in which the brain gets insufficient blood supply
  5137. tibia valga = an inward slant of the thigh
  5138. tic = a local and habitual twitching especially in the face
  5139. tic douloureux = intense paroxysmal neuralgia along the trigeminal nerve
  5140. tick fever = caused by rickettsial bacteria and transmitted by wood ticks
  5141. ticking bomb = a problematic situation that will eventually become dangerous if not addressed
  5142. tidiness = the habit of being tidy
  5143. tie = a social or business relationship / equality of score in a contest
  5144. tie-up = a social or business relationship
  5145. tier = a relative position or degree of value in a graded group
  5146. Tietze's syndrome = syndrome characterized by swelling of rib cartilage
  5147. tightness = a state occasioned by scarcity of money and a shortage of credit
  5148. tilth = the state of aggregation of soil and its condition for supporting plant growth
  5149. time bomb = a problematic situation that will eventually become dangerous if not addressed
  5150. timeless existence = a state of eternal existence believed in some religions to characterize the afterlife
  5151. timelessness = a state of eternal existence believed in some religions to characterize the afterlife
  5152. tin ear = an inability to distinguish differences in pitch
  5153. tinderbox = a dangerous state of affairs
  5154. tinea = infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
  5155. tinea barbae = fungal infection of the face and neck
  5156. tinea capitis = fungal infection of the scalp characterized by bald patches
  5157. tinea corporis = fungal infection of nonhairy parts of the skin
  5158. tinea cruris = fungal infection of the groin
  5159. tinea pedis = fungal infection of the feet
  5160. tinea unguium = fungal infection of the nails
  5161. tinnitus = a ringing or booming sensation in one or both ears
  5162. tipsiness = a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol
  5163. tiptop = the highest level or degree attainable
  5164. tiredness = temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work
  5165. title = the status of being a champion
  5166. tizzy = an excited state of agitation
  5167. to-do = a disorderly outburst or tumult
  5168. tobacco mosaic = a plant disease causing discoloration of the leaves of tobacco plants
  5169. tobacco wilt = disease of tomatoes and potatoes and tobacco etc caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas solanacearum
  5170. toe crack = a crack on the forepart of a horse's hindfoot
  5171. toehold = a relatively insignificant position from which future progress might be made
  5172. toilet = misfortune resulting in lost effort or money
  5173. tomato blight = a disease of tomato plants
  5174. tomato streak = disease of a wide range of plants (tomatoes, potatoes, peas) resulting from a mixed infection of potato and tomato mosaic
  5175. tomato yellows = a disease of tomato plants
  5176. tone = the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people / the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli
  5177. tone deafness = an inability to distinguish differences in pitch
  5178. tongue tie = a congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
  5179. tonic epilepsy = epilepsy in which the body is rigid during the seizure
  5180. tonicity = the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli
  5181. tonsillitis = inflammation of the tonsils
  5182. tonus = the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli
  5183. toothache = an ache localized in or around a tooth
  5184. top = the highest level or degree attainable
  5185. toper's nose = enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
  5186. topical anaesthesia = loss of sensation confined to the skin or mucous surfaces
  5187. topical anesthesia = loss of sensation confined to the skin or mucous surfaces
  5188. topsy-turvydom = a state of extreme confusion and disorder
  5189. topsy-turvyness = a state of extreme confusion and disorder
  5190. torment = unbearable physical pain
  5191. torpidity = a state of motor and mental inactivity with a partial suspension of sensibility
  5192. torpor = a state of motor and mental inactivity with a partial suspension of sensibility
  5193. torticollis = an unnatural condition in which the head leans to one side because the neck muscles on that side are contracted
  5194. torture = unbearable physical pain
  5195. total aphasia = loss of all ability to communicate
  5196. total darkness = total absence of light
  5197. totality = the state of being total and complete
  5198. touch = a slight attack of illness
  5199. tough luck = an unfortunate state resulting from unfavorable outcomes
  5200. Tourette's syndrome = neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces and tics and movements of the upper body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia
  5201. toxaemia = blood poisoning caused by bacterial toxic substances in the blood / an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine
  5202. toxaemia of pregnancy = an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine
  5203. toxemia = blood poisoning caused by bacterial toxic substances in the blood / an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine
  5204. toxemia of pregnancy = an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine
  5205. toxic condition = the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  5206. toxic shock = syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock
  5207. toxic shock syndrome = syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock
  5208. toxoplasmosis = infection caused by parasites transmitted to humans from infected cats
  5209. tracheitis = inflammation of the trachea
  5210. tracheobronchitis = common respiratory infection characterized by inflammation of the trachea and the bronchi
  5211. trachoma = a chronic contagious disease caused by a bacterium and marked by inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eye and the formation of scar tissue
  5212. tragic flaw = the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall
  5213. trance = a psychological state induced by (or as if induced by) a magical incantation
  5214. tranquility = an untroubled state
  5215. tranquillity = an untroubled state
  5216. transcendence = the state of excelling or surpassing or going beyond usual limits / a state of being or existence above and beyond the limits of material experience
  5217. transcendency = the state of excelling or surpassing or going beyond usual limits / a state of being or existence above and beyond the limits of material experience
  5218. transcortical aphasia = a general term for aphasia that results from lesions outside of Broca's area or Wernicke's area of the cerebral cortex
  5219. transient ischemic attack = brief episode in which the brain gets insufficient blood supply
  5220. transport = a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion
  5221. transposition = any abnormal position of the organs of the body
  5222. transsexualism = condition in which a person identifies with a gender different from his or her physical gender
  5223. trauma = an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects / any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
  5224. traumatic epilepsy = a convulsive epileptic state caused by a head injury
  5225. traumatophobia = a morbid fear of battle or physical injury
  5226. travail = concluding state of pregnancy
  5227. trembles = disease of livestock and especially cattle poisoned by eating certain kinds of snakeroot
  5228. trembling = a shaky motion
  5229. tremolo = a tremulous effect produced by rapid repetition of a single tone or rapid alternation of two tones
  5230. tremor = shaking or trembling
  5231. trench fever = marked by pain in muscles and joints and transmitted by lice
  5232. trench foot = resembling frostbite but without freezing
  5233. trench mouth = an acute communicable infection of the respiratory tract and mouth marked by ulceration of the mucous membrane
  5234. tribalism = the state of living together in tribes
  5235. trichiniasis = infestation by trichina larvae that are transmitted by eating inadequately cooked meat
  5236. trichinosis = infestation by trichina larvae that are transmitted by eating inadequately cooked meat
  5237. trichomoniasis = infection of the vagina
  5238. trichuriasis = infestation by a roundworm
  5239. trigeminal neuralgia = intense paroxysmal neuralgia along the trigeminal nerve
  5240. trim = a state of arrangement or appearance
  5241. trimness = a state of arrangement or appearance
  5242. trip = a hallucinatory experience induced by drugs
  5243. triple crown = an unofficial title won by a batter who leads the league in hitting average, runs batted in, and home runs / (horse racing) a title won by a horse that can win the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes and the Preakness
  5244. triskaidekaphobia = a morbid fear of the number 13
  5245. trismus = prolonged spasm of the jaw muscles
  5246. trisomy = chrosomal abnormality in which there is one more than the normal number of chromosomes in a cell
  5247. trisomy 21 = a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome
  5248. tritanopia = rare form of dichromacy characterized by a lowered sensitivity to blue light resulting in an inability to distinguish blue and yellow
  5249. trombiculiasis = infestation with chiggers
  5250. trophoblastic cancer = malignant neoplasm of the uterus derived from the epithelium of the chorion
  5251. tropical sore = leishmaniasis of the skin
  5252. tropical sprue = a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and non-tropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed
  5253. trouble = an unwanted pregnancy
  5254. truce = a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
  5255. trueness = conformity to reality or actuality
  5256. trust = a trustful relationship
  5257. truth = conformity to reality or actuality
  5258. TSS = syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock
  5259. tsutsugamushi disease = transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asia
  5260. tubal pregnancy = ectopic pregnancy in a Fallopian tube
  5261. tubercle = a swelling that is the characteristic lesion of tuberculosis
  5262. tuberculoid leprosy = leprosy characterized by tumors in the skin and cutaneous nerves
  5263. tuberculosis = infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions
  5264. tularaemia = a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
  5265. tularemia = a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
  5266. tumescence = tumidity resulting from the presence of blood or other fluid in the tissues
  5267. tumidity = slight swelling of an organ or part
  5268. tumidness = slight swelling of an organ or part
  5269. tumor = an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  5270. tumour = an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  5271. tumult = a state of commotion and noise and confusion
  5272. tumultuousness = a state of commotion and noise and confusion
  5273. tunnel vision = visual impairment involving a loss of peripheral vision
  5274. turbulence = a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally) / instability in the atmosphere
  5275. turgor = the normal rigid state of fullness of a cell or blood vessel or capillary resulting from pressure of the contents against the wall or membrane
  5276. turmoil = a violent disturbance
  5277. Turner's syndrome = a chromosomal disorder in females who have only one X chromosome
  5278. twig blight = a disease of the ends of twigs of woody plants
  5279. twilight = a condition of decline following successes
  5280. twilight sleep = a state of general anesthesia in which the person retains a slight degree of consciousness
  5281. twist = a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments
  5282. twitch = a sudden muscle spasm
  5283. twitching = a sudden muscle spasm
  5284. tympanites = distension of the abdomen that is caused by the accumulation of gas in the intestines or the peritoneal cavity
  5285. tympanitis = inflammation of the inner ear
  5286. type I allergic reaction = an allergic reaction that becomes apparent in a sensitized person only minutes after contact
  5287. type I diabetes = severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis
  5288. type II diabetes = mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors
  5289. type IV allergic reaction = an allergic reaction that becomes apparent only hours after contact
  5290. typhoid = serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration
  5291. typhoid fever = serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration
  5292. typhus = rickettsial disease transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever
  5293. typhus fever = rickettsial disease transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever
  5294. typicality = the state of being that is typical
  5295. tyranny = dominance through threat of punishment and violence
  5296. tyrosinemia = autosomal recessive defect in tyrosine metabolism resulting in liver and kidney disturbances and mental retardation
  5297. ubiety = the state of existing and being localized in space
  5298. ubiquitousness = the state of being everywhere at once
  5299. ubiquity = the state of being everywhere at once
  5300. ulalgia = pain in the gums
  5301. ulatrophia = recession of the gums
  5302. ulcer = a circumscribed inflammatory and often suppurating lesion on the skin or an internal mucous surface resulting in necrosis of tissue
  5303. ulceration = a circumscribed inflammatory and often suppurating lesion on the skin or an internal mucous surface resulting in necrosis of tissue
  5304. ulcerative colitis = a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and fever and chills and profuse diarrhea
  5305. ulemorrhagia = bleeding of the gums
  5306. ulitis = inflammation of the gums
  5307. ultimacy = the state or degree of being ultimate
  5308. ultimateness = the state or degree of being ultimate
  5309. umbilical hernia = protrusion of the intestine and omentum through a hernia in the abdominal wall near the navel
  5310. umbra = a region of complete shadow resulting from total obstruction of light
  5311. unanimity = everyone being of one mind
  5312. unattainableness = the state of being unattainable
  5313. unbalance = a lack of balance or state of disequilibrium / a state of mental disturbance and disorientation
  5314. uncleanness = the state of being unsanitary
  5315. uncomfortableness = the state of being tense and feeling pain
  5316. underdevelopment = state of inadequate development
  5317. undernourishment = not having enough food to develop or function normally
  5318. undress = partial or complete nakedness
  5319. undulant fever = infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products
  5320. unease = physical discomfort
  5321. uneasiness = physical discomfort
  5322. unemployment = the state of being unemployed or not having a job
  5323. unfitness = poor physical condition
  5324. unhappiness = state characterized by emotions ranging from mild discontentment to deep grief
  5325. unhealthiness = a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
  5326. unification = the state of being joined or united or linked
  5327. unilateral paralysis = paralysis of one side of the body
  5328. unimportance = the state of being humble and unimportant
  5329. union = the state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for life (or until divorce) / the state of being joined or united or linked
  5330. unipolar depression = a major depressive episode that occurs without the manic phase that occurs in the classic form of bipolar disorder
  5331. unison = corresponding exactly
  5332. unity = an undivided or unbroken completeness or totality with nothing wanting
  5333. unkemptness = a lack of order and tidiness
  5334. unreality = the state of being insubstantial or imaginary
  5335. unreason = the state of being irrational
  5336. unrest = a state of agitation or turbulent change or development
  5337. unsanitariness = a state that is not conducive to health
  5338. unsoundness = a condition of damage or decay
  5339. unsusceptibility = the state of not being susceptible
  5340. untidiness = the condition of being untidy
  5341. untypicality = any state that is not typical
  5342. unwellness = impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
  5343. upbeat = a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  5344. upheaval = a violent disturbance / a state of violent disturbance and disorder
  5345. upper respiratory infection = infection of the upper respiratory tract
  5346. uproar = a state of commotion and noise and confusion
  5347. upset = a physical condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning / an unhappy and worried mental state
  5348. upset stomach = a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
  5349. uraemia = accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
  5350. urarthritis = a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
  5351. uratemia = presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid salts in the blood
  5352. uraturia = presence of abnormally large amounts of uric acid in the urine
  5353. urban typhus = acute infection caused by rickettsia and transmitted by the bite of an infected flea
  5354. urbanisation = the condition of being urbanized
  5355. urbanization = the condition of being urbanized
  5356. uremia = accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
  5357. ureteritis = inflammation of the ureter
  5358. ureterocele = prolapse of the end of the ureter into the bladder
  5359. ureterorenal reflux = a backflow of urine from the ureter into the renal pelvis
  5360. ureterostenosis = stenosis of the ureter
  5361. urethritis = inflammation of the urethra
  5362. urethrocele = prolapse of the urethra into the vagina
  5363. urgency = an urgent situation calling for prompt action / the state of being urgent
  5364. uricaciduria = presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid in the urine
  5365. urinary hesitancy = difficulty in beginning the flow of urine; associated with prostate enlargement in men and with narrowing of the urethral opening in women
  5366. urinary tract infection = any infection of any of the organs of the urinary tract
  5367. urocele = extravasation of urine into the scrotal sac
  5368. urodynia = pain during urination
  5369. uropathy = any pathology of the urinary tract
  5370. urticaria = an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins
  5371. urtication = an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins
  5372. utilization = the state of having been made use of
  5373. utopia = ideally perfect state
  5374. uveitis = inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  5375. uvulitis = inflammation of the uvula
  5376. vacancy = being unoccupied
  5377. vaccina = a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox
  5378. vaccination = the scar left following inoculation with a vaccine
  5379. vaccinia = a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox / a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox
  5380. vaccinia gangrenosa = a severe or even fatal form of vaccinia that occurs mainly in persons with an immunological deficiency
  5381. vacuity = the absence of matter
  5382. vacuolation = the state of having become filled with vacuoles
  5383. vacuolisation = the state of having become filled with vacuoles
  5384. vacuolization = the state of having become filled with vacuoles
  5385. vacuum = the absence of matter
  5386. vaginitis = inflammation of the vagina
  5387. vaginocele = hernia projecting into the vagina
  5388. vagrancy = the state of wandering from place to place
  5389. valetudinarianism = the state of being weak in health or body
  5390. valgus = a deformity in which there is an abnormal displacement of part of a limb away from the midline of the body
  5391. valley fever = an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  5392. valvular heart disease = heart disease caused by stenosis of the cardiac valves and obstructed blood flow or caused by degeneration and blood regurgitation
  5393. valvular incompetence = inability of a bodily valve to close completely
  5394. valvulitis = inflammation of a valve
  5395. Van Bogaert encephalitis = a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years
  5396. vapors = a state of depression
  5397. vapours = a state of depression
  5398. varicella = an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus
  5399. varicocele = dilatation of the veins associated with the spermatic cord in the testes
  5400. varicosis = pathological condition of being varicose or having varicose veins
  5401. varicosity = varix or varicose condition in which a vein is swollen and tortuous
  5402. variola = a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
  5403. variola major = a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
  5404. variola minor = a mild form of smallpox caused by a less virulent form of the virus
  5405. variola vaccina = a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox
  5406. variola vaccine = a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox
  5407. variola vaccinia = a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox
  5408. varix = abnormally enlarged or twisted blood vessel or lymphatic vessel
  5409. varus = a deformity in which part of a limb is turned inward to an abnormal degree
  5410. vascular hemophilia = a form of hemophilia discovered by Erik von Willebrand; a genetic disorder that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
  5411. vascular spider = a dilation of superficial capillaries with a central red dot from which blood vessels radiate
  5412. vasculitis = inflammation of a blood vessel
  5413. vasovesiculitis = inflammation of the vas deferens and seminal vesicles
  5414. vassalage = the state of a serf
  5415. VD = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  5416. vellication = a sudden muscle spasm
  5417. venereal disease = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  5418. venereal infection = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  5419. venous thrombosis = thrombosis of a vein without prior inflammation of the vein
  5420. ventricular aneurysm = a localized dilation or protrusion on the wall of the left ventricle of the heart
  5421. ventricular fibrillation = fibrillation of heart muscles resulting in interference with rhythmic contractions of the ventricles and possibly leading to cardiac arrest
  5422. ventricular septal defect = a common congenital heart defect; an abnormal opening in the septum dividing the ventricles allows blood to pass directly from the left to the right ventricle
  5423. Venus's curse = a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
  5424. verity = conformity to reality or actuality
  5425. verticilliosis = wilt caused by fungi of the genus Verticillium
  5426. vertigo = a reeling sensation
  5427. vesicopapule = a papule that changes into a blister
  5428. vesicoureteral reflux = a backflow of urine from the bladder into the ureter
  5429. vesicular stomatitis = a disease of horses, cattle, swine, and occasionally human beings
  5430. vesiculitis = inflammation of a seminal vesicle
  5431. vexation = the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed
  5432. VHF = a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection
  5433. vibration = a shaky motion
  5434. victimization = adversity resulting from being made a victim
  5435. villainage = the legal status or condition of servitude of a villein or feudal serf
  5436. villeinage = the legal status or condition of servitude of a villein or feudal serf
  5437. villoma = a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
  5438. vim = a healthy capacity for vigorous activity
  5439. Vincent's angina = an acute communicable infection of the respiratory tract and mouth marked by ulceration of the mucous membrane
  5440. Vincent's infection = an acute communicable infection of the respiratory tract and mouth marked by ulceration of the mucous membrane
  5441. violence = a turbulent state resulting in injuries and destruction etc.
  5442. viraemia = the presence of a virus in the blood stream
  5443. viral haemorrhagic fever = a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection
  5444. viral hemorrhagic fever = a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection
  5445. viral hepatitis = hepatitis caused by a virus
  5446. viral infection = infection by a virus that is pathogenic to humans
  5447. viral pneumonia = pneumonia caused by a virus
  5448. viremia = the presence of a virus in the blood stream
  5449. virginity = the condition or quality of being a virgin
  5450. virus = a harmful or corrupting agency
  5451. virus infection = infection by a virus that is pathogenic to humans
  5452. visceral leishmaniasis = leishmaniasis of the viscera
  5453. viscountcy = the dignity or rank or position of a viscount or viscountess
  5454. viscounty = the dignity or rank or position of a viscount or viscountess
  5455. visibility = degree of exposure to public notice
  5456. vision defect = impairment of the sense of sight
  5457. visual agnosia = inability to recognize or interpret objects in the visual field
  5458. visual aphasia = inability to perceive written words
  5459. visual defect = impairment of the sense of sight
  5460. visual disorder = impairment of the sense of sight
  5461. visual hallucination = illusory visual perception
  5462. visual impairment = impairment of the sense of sight
  5463. vital sign = sign of life
  5464. vitalisation = the state of being vitalized and filled with life
  5465. vitality = a healthy capacity for vigorous activity
  5466. vitalization = the state of being vitalized and filled with life
  5467. vitiligo = an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin
  5468. vogue = a current state of general acceptance and use
  5469. voicelessness = a disorder of the vocal organs that results in the loss of voice
  5470. void = the state of nonexistence
  5471. volvulus = abnormal twisting of the intestines (usually in the area of the ileum or sigmoid colon) resulting in intestinal obstruction
  5472. von Recklinghausen's disease = autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities
  5473. von Willebrand's disease = a form of hemophilia discovered by Erik von Willebrand; a genetic disorder that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
  5474. voraciousness = excessive desire to eat
  5475. voracity = excessive desire to eat
  5476. vulnerability = the state of being vulnerable or exposed
  5477. vulvitis = inflammation of the vulva
  5478. vulvovaginitis = inflammation of the vulva and the vagina
  5479. wage setter = any economic condition or variable that serves to set wage rates
  5480. wakefulness = a temporary state in which you are unable (or unwilling) to sleep
  5481. wale = a raised mark on the skin
  5482. walking on air = a state of extreme happiness
  5483. wall = a difficult or awkward situation
  5484. walleye = strabismus in which one or both eyes are directed outward
  5485. walnut blight = a disease of English walnut trees
  5486. want = the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable / a state of extreme poverty
  5487. war = a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply
  5488. war power = an extraordinary power exercised (usually by the executive branch) in the prosecution of a war and involving an extension of the powers that the government normally has in peacetime
  5489. warp = a twist or aberration
  5490. wart = an imperfection in someone or something that is suggestive of a wart
  5491. wasting = a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse / any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
  5492. wasting away = a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
  5493. wasting disease = involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  5494. water blister = blister containing a nonpurulent clear watery content
  5495. water on the knee = hydrarthrosis affecting the knee
  5496. water pollution = pollution of the water in rivers and lakes
  5497. Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome = syndrome associated with bacterial meningitis
  5498. wateriness = the wetness of ground that is covered or soaked with water
  5499. waterlessness = the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid
  5500. way = the condition of things generally
  5501. weakness = a flaw or weak point / the condition of being financially weak
  5502. weal = a raised mark on the skin
  5503. wealth = the state of being rich and affluent
  5504. wealthiness = the state of being rich and affluent
  5505. wear = impairment resulting from long use
  5506. weariness = temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work
  5507. wedlock = the state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for life
  5508. Weil's disease = a severe form of leptospirosis in human beings
  5509. welcome = the state of being welcome
  5510. welfare = a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  5511. well-being = a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  5512. wellbeing = a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  5513. wellness = a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
  5514. welt = a raised mark on the skin
  5515. welter = a confused multitude of things
  5516. wen = a common cyst of the skin
  5517. Werdnig-Hoffman disease = autosomal recessive disease in which the degeneration of spinal nerve cells and brain nerve cells leads to atrophy of skeletal muscles and flaccid paralysis
  5518. Werlhof's disease = purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
  5519. Wernicke's aphasia = aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words
  5520. Wernicke's encephalopathy = inflammatory degenerative disease of the brain caused by thiamine deficiency that is usually associated with alcoholism
  5521. West Indian smallpox = a mild form of smallpox caused by a less virulent form of the virus
  5522. West Nile encephalitis = encephalitis caused by the West Nile virus
  5523. wet = wetness caused by water
  5524. wet lung = acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen
  5525. wetness = the condition of containing or being covered by a liquid
  5526. wheal = a raised mark on the skin
  5527. wheat scab = a disease of the heads of wheat plants
  5528. wheeziness = presence of abnormal high-pitched sound heard with a stethoscope when an airway is blocked
  5529. whiplash = an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration
  5530. whiplash injury = an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration
  5531. white leg = painful thrombosis of the femoral vein in the leg following childbirth
  5532. white lung = acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen
  5533. white pine blister rust = any of several diseases of pines caused by rust fungi of the genus Cronartium and marked by destructive invasion of bark and sapwood and producing blisters externally
  5534. white plague = an addiction to a drug (especially a narcotic drug) / involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  5535. white pox = a mild form of smallpox caused by a less virulent form of the virus
  5536. white-coat hypertension = temporary rise in blood pressure in the doctor's office
  5537. white-pine rust = any of several diseases of pines caused by rust fungi of the genus Cronartium and marked by destructive invasion of bark and sapwood and producing blisters externally
  5538. whiteness = the state of being unsullied by sin or moral wrong
  5539. whitlow = a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail
  5540. whole caboodle = everything available
  5541. whole kit = everything available
  5542. whole kit and boodle = everything available
  5543. whole kit and caboodle = everything available
  5544. whole shebang = everything available
  5545. whole works = everything available
  5546. wholeness = a state of robust good health / an undivided or unbroken completeness or totality with nothing wanting
  5547. whooping cough = a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
  5548. wickedness = absence of moral or spiritual values
  5549. widowhood = the state of being a widow who has not remarried
  5550. wild = a wild primitive state untouched by civilization
  5551. wilderness = a state of disfavor
  5552. Williams syndrome = a rare congenital disorder associated with deletion of genetic material in chromosome 7
  5553. Wilms tumour = malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass
  5554. Wilms' tumor = malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass
  5555. Wilson's disease = a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism
  5556. wilt = any plant disease characterized by drooping and shriveling
  5557. wilt disease = any plant disease characterized by drooping and shriveling
  5558. windburn = redness and irritation of the skin caused by exposure to high-velocity wind
  5559. windiness = a mildly windy state of the air
  5560. windlessness = calmness without winds
  5561. withdrawal symptom = any physical or psychological disturbance (as sweating or depression) experienced by a drug addict when deprived of the drug
  5562. woe = misery resulting from affliction
  5563. womanhood = the state of being an adult woman
  5564. woolsorter's disease = a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis
  5565. woolsorter's pneumonia = a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis
  5566. word blindness = inability to perceive written words
  5567. word deafness = an impairment in understanding spoken language that is not attributable to hearing loss
  5568. works = everything available
  5569. wound = an injury to living tissue
  5570. wreck = something or someone that has suffered ruin or dilapidation
  5571. wrench = a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments
  5572. wretchedness = the character of being uncomfortable and unpleasant / a state of ill-being due to affliction or misfortune
  5573. wrick = a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back
  5574. writer's cramp = muscular spasms of thumb and forefinger while writing with a pen or pencil
  5575. wryneck = an unnatural condition in which the head leans to one side because the neck muscles on that side are contracted
  5576. X-linked SCID = SCID in male children resulting from mutation of a gene that codes for a protein on the surface of T cells that allows them to develop a growth factor receptor
  5577. X-SCID = SCID in male children resulting from mutation of a gene that codes for a protein on the surface of T cells that allows them to develop a growth factor receptor
  5578. xanthelasma = xanthoma of the eyelids
  5579. xanthemia = excess carotene in the blood stream
  5580. xanthoma = a skin problem marked by the development (on the eyelids and neck and back) of irregular yellow nodules
  5581. xanthoma disseminatum = rare chronic xanthoma of adults in which orange or brownish papules develop on many surfaces of the body
  5582. xanthoma multiplex = widespread xanthomas
  5583. xanthomatosis = widespread xanthomas
  5584. xanthopsia = visual defect in which objects appear to have a yellowish hue
  5585. xanthosis = an abnormal yellow discoloration of the skin
  5586. xenophobia = a fear of foreigners or strangers
  5587. xeroderma = a mild form of ichthyosis characterized by abnormal dryness and roughness of the skin
  5588. xeroderma pigmentosum = a rare genetic condition characterized by an eruption of exposed skin occurring in childhood and photosensitivity with severe sunburn
  5589. xerodermia = a mild form of ichthyosis characterized by abnormal dryness and roughness of the skin
  5590. xeroma = abnormal dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eyes
  5591. xerophthalmia = abnormal dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eyes
  5592. xerophthalmus = abnormal dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eyes
  5593. xerostomia = abnormal dryness of the mouth resulting from decreased secretion of saliva
  5594. xerotes = the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid
  5595. XXY-syndrome = syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation
  5596. yatobyo = a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
  5597. yaws = an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages
  5598. yellow dwarf = any of several virus diseases of plants characterized by stunting and yellowing of the leaves
  5599. yellow dwarf of potato = the yellow dwarf disease of potato plants
  5600. yellow fever = caused by a flavivirus transmitted by a mosquito
  5601. yellow jack = caused by a flavivirus transmitted by a mosquito
  5602. yellow peril = the threat to Western civilization said to arise from the power of Asiatic peoples
  5603. yellow spot = any of several fungous or viral diseases characterized by yellow spotting on the leaves
  5604. yellow-blindness = a form of dichromacy characterized by lowered sensitivity to yellow light
  5605. yellow-blue color blindness = confusion of yellow and blue
  5606. yellow-blue dichromacy = confusion of yellow and blue
  5607. yips = nervous tension that causes an athlete to fail
  5608. yoke = an oppressive power
  5609. youth = early maturity
  5610. Zeitgeist = the spirit of the time
  5611. zinc deficiency = a deficiency caused by inadequate zinc in the diet or by liver disease or cystic fibrosis or other diseases
  5612. zit = a small inflamed elevation of the skin; a pustule or papule
  5613. zoanthropy = the delusion that you have assumed the form of an animal
  5614. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome = syndrome consisting of intractable peptic ulceration with gastric hypersecretion and hyperacidity
  5615. zoonosis = an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans
  5616. zoonotic disease = an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans
  5617. zoophobia = a morbid fear of animals
  5618. zoopsia = visual hallucination of animals
  5619. zoster = eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia

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